How to Design and Report Experiments
Share

How to Design and Report Experiments



© 2003 | 384 pages | SAGE Publications Ltd
How to Design and Report Experiments is the perfect textbook and guide to the often bewildering world of experimental design and statistics. It provides a complete map of the entire process beginning with how to get ideas about research, how to refine your research question and the actual design of the experiment, leading on to statistical procedure and assistance with writing up of results.

While many books look at the fundamentals of doing successful experiments and include good coverage of statistical techniques, this book very importantly considers the process in chronological order with specific attention given to effective design in the context of likely methods needed and expected results. Without full assessment of these aspects, the experience and results may not end up being as positive as one might have hoped. Ample coverage is then also provided of statistical data analysis, a hazardous journey in itself, and the reporting of findings, with numerous examples and helpful tips of common downfalls throughout.

Combining light humour, empathy with solid practical guidance to ensure a positive experience overall, How to Design and Report Experiments will be essential reading for students in psychology and those in cognate disciplines with an experimental focus or content in research methods courses.

 
PART ONE: DESIGNING AN EXPERIMENT
 
Before You Begin
 
Planning an Experiment
 
Experimental Designs
 
PART TWO: ANALYZING AND INTERPRETING DATA
 
Descriptive Statistics
 
Inferential Statistics
 
Parametric Tests
 
Non-Parametric Tests
 
Choosing a Statistical Test
 
PART THREE: WRITING UP YOUR RESEARCH
 
A Quick Guide to Writing a Psychology Lab-Report
 
General Points When Writing a Report
 
Answering the Question 'Why?'
The Introduction Section  
 
Answering the Question 'How?'
The Method Section  
 
Answering the Question 'What Did I Find?'
The Results Section  
 
Answering the Question 'So What?'
The Discussion Section  
 
Title, Abstract, Reference and Formatting
 
Example of an Experimental Write-up

This book introduces students comprehensively to designing and reporting experiments and if you are familiar with scientific research, you can also use it as a reference book. The logic is easy to follow and easy to understand.
Unfortunately there are statements in Chapter 5 Inferential Statistics that puzzle me:
The authors explain that they follow Fisher’s Test of significance. But Fisher considers only one hypothesis to be tested, called the null hypothesis. There’s no alternative hypothesis (experimental hypothesis, Field & Hole, p. 145). Neyman and Pearson (NP) introduce the alternative hypothesis beside the null.
And according to Fisher the cutoff point of 5 per cent (the level of significance) is not the probability of the Type I error (Field & Hole, p. 151). This is again NP’s theory. Fisher considers neither Type I nor Type II error. Fisher explains in his paper “Statistical Methods and Scientific Induction” (1955), why he could not accept NP’s concept of test theory. Finally he states in another paper “The Arrangement of Field Experiments” (1926) that a significant result means “Either there is something in the treatment, or a coincidence has occurred …” There are always two possibilities.

Ms Irasianty Frost
Business Administration , Hochschule Fresenius University of Applied Sciences
October 13, 2016

This book introduces students comprehensively to designing and reporting experiments and if you are familiar with scientific research, you can also use it as a reference book. The logic is easy to follow and easy to understand.
Unfortunately there are statements in Chapter 5 Inferential Statistics that puzzle me:
The authors explain that they follow Fisher’s Test of significance. But Fisher considers only one hypothesis to be tested, called the null hypothesis. There’s no alternative hypothesis (experimental hypothesis, Field & Hole, p. 145). Neyman and Pearson (NP) introduce the alternative hypothesis beside the null.
And according to Fisher the cutoff point of 5 per cent (the level of significance) is not the probability of the Type I error (Field & Hole, p. 151). This is again NP’s theory. Fisher considers neither Type I nor Type II error. Fisher explains in his paper “Statistical Methods and Scientific Induction” (1955), why he could not accept NP’s concept of test theory. Finally he states in another paper “The Arrangement of Field Experiments” (1926) that a significant result means “Either there is something in the treatment, or a coincidence has occurred …” There are always two possibilities.

Ms Irasianty Frost
Business Administration , Hochschule Fresenius University of Applied Sciences
October 13, 2016

This book (How to Design and Report Experiments) introduces students comprehensively to designing and reporting experiments and if you are familiar with scientific research, you can also use it as a reference book. The logic is easy to follow and easy to understand.
Unfortunately there are statements in Chapter 5 Inferential Statistics that puzzle me:
The authors explain that they follow Fisher’s Test of significance. But Fisher considers only one hypothesis to be tested, called the null hypothesis. There’s no alternative hypothesis (experimental hypothesis, Field & Hole, p. 145). Neyman and Pearson (NP) introduce the alternative hypothesis beside the null.
And according to Fisher the cutoff point of 5 per cent (the level of significance) is not the probability of the Type I error (Field & Hole, p. 151). This is again NP’s theory. Fisher considers neither Type I nor Type II error. Fisher explains in his paper “Statistical Methods and Scientific Induction” (1955), why he could not accept NP’s concept of test theory. Finally he states in another paper “The Arrangement of Field Experiments” (1926) that a significant result means “Either there is something in the treatment, or a coincidence has occurred …” There are always two possibilities.

Ms Irasianty Frost
Business Administration , Hochschule Fresenius University of Applied Sciences
October 13, 2016

This book (How to Design and Report Experimentss) introduces students comprehensively to designing and reporting experiments and if you are familiar with scientific research, you can also use it as a reference book. The logic is easy to follow and easy to understand.
Unfortunately there are statements in Chapter 5 Inferential Statistics that puzzle me:
The authors explain that they follow Fisher’s Test of significance. But Fisher considers only one hypothesis to be tested, called the null hypothesis. There’s no alternative hypothesis (experimental hypothesis, Field & Hole, p. 145). Neyman and Pearson (NP) introduce the alternative hypothesis beside the null.
And according to Fisher the cutoff point of 5 per cent (the level of significance) is not the probability of the Type I error (Field & Hole, p. 151). This is again NP’s theory. Fisher considers neither Type I nor Type II error. Fisher explains in his paper “Statistical Methods and Scientific Induction” (1955), why he could not accept NP’s concept of test theory. Finally he states in another paper “The Arrangement of Field Experiments” (1926) that a significant result means “Either there is something in the treatment, or a coincidence has occurred …” There are always two possibilities.

Ms Irasianty Frost
Business Administration , Hochschule Fresenius University of Applied Sciences
October 13, 2016

It's a great supplement for students as they conduct individual group experiments.

Dr Angela Marie Sikorski
Clg Of Health Behavioral Sci, Texas A & M Univ-Texarkana
October 31, 2016

Preview this book

For instructors

Purchasing options

Please select a format:

ISBN: 9780761973836
ISBN: 9780761973829