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Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics

Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics

2017 Impact Factor: 2.936
2017 Ranking: 98/261 in Pharmacology & Pharmacy | 52/128 in Cardiac & Cardiovascular Systems
Source: Journal Citation Reports®, 2018 release, a Clarivate Analytics product; Indexed in PubMed: MEDLINE

Robert A. Kloner, MD, PhD HMRI Cardiovascular Research Institute, Huntington Medical Research Institute, Pasadena, CA, USA

eISSN: 19404034 | ISSN: 10742484 | Current volume: 24 | Current issue: 1 Frequency: Bi-monthly


Every informative issue of Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics (JCPT) offers cardiologists, clinical pharmacologists and researchers involved in disease relevant clinical and experimental investigations of newer cardiovascular drugs and other therapeutic options. Four times a year, JCPT examines and analyzes arenas such as:

    • Agents that Reduce Myocardial Infarct Size
    • Agents that Reduce Myocardial Remodeling
    • Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
    • Antihypertensive Therapy
    • Arrhythmias
    • Atrial Fibrillation
    • Beta-Blocker Therapies
    • Cardioembolic Stroke
    • Cardiomyopathy
    • Cardioprotective Agents
    • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
    • Cardiovascular Combination Therapies
    • Chronic Angina
    • Chronic Cardiac Ischemia
    • Congestive Heart Failure
    • Coronary Artery Disease
    • Coronary Revascularization
    • Heparin Therapies
    • Hypertension
    • Hypotension
    • Implantable Devices
    • Ischemic Heart Disease
    • Myocardial Infarction
    • Percutaneous Coronary Interventions
    • Peripheral Arterial Disease
    • Preconditioning/Postconditioning
    • Regenerative Cardiology
    • Stem Cell Therapy

Among the drug classes regularly evaluated are: ACE inhibitors * angiotensin receptor blockers * anti-anginals * anti-arrhythmics * anti-coagulants * anti-hypertensives * anti-thrombins * beta-blockers * calcium channel blockers * cardioprotective agents * cardiotonic agents * direct renin inhibitors * diuretics * fibrinolytic agents * heart rate modulats * plasminogen activators * QT prolonging drugs * statins * vasoconstrictor agents * and vasodilator agents.

The journal features original articles, topical journal supplements, reviews, clinical and experimental investigations, and commentaries written by respected practitioners from all over the world.


This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics is a peer-reviewed journal that publishes original basic human studies, original animal studies, and original bench research with potential clinical application to cardiovascular pharmacology and therapeutics. The focus of the experimental studies is translational research. The journal also publishes review articles on basic research, clinical research, editorials, commentaries, points of view, and controversies. Selected journal supplements will also be published. Future focus will include cardioprotective therapies, stem cell therapy, regenerative cardiology, therapies for preventive cardiology (risk factor management), and antiarrhythmic therapies.  Selected journal supplements will also be published.

Robert A. Kloner, MD, PhD HMRI Cardiovascular Research Institute, Huntington Medical Research Institute, Pasadena, CA, USA
Karin Przyklenk, PhD Director, Cardiovascular Research Institute; Professor, Physiology and Emergency Medicine, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI, USA
Managing Editor
Amanda Bockman, BS Los Angeles, CA, USA
Assistant Editor
Sharon Hale, BS Huntington Medical Research Institutes, Pasadena, CA, USA
Associate Editors (Incoming)
Bruno K. Podesser, MD Professor for Animal Research and Cardiac Surgery, Head Center for Biomedical Research, Medical University of Vienna, Austria
Richard S. Vander Heide, MD, PhD Professor and Chair, Department of Pathology, Louisiana State University, New Orleans, LA, USA
Peter Whittaker, PhD Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI, USA
Founding Editor
Bramah N. Singh, MD, DPhil, FRCP UCLA School of Medicine, USA
Editorial Board
Inder Anand, MD, FRCP, DPhil University of Minnesota Medical School, USA
Jeffrey L. Anderson, MD University of Utah, USA
Charles Antzelevitch, PhD Masonic Medical Research Laboratory, Utica, NY, USA
Rohit Arora, MD VA Hospital, North Chicago, USA
István Baczkó MD, PhD University of Szeged, Hungary
George Bakris, MD University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
Gary F. Baxter, PhD Cardiff University, UK
Luiz Belardinelli, MD Gilead, Palo Alto, CA, USA
Anil Bhandari, MD Los Angeles Cardiology Associates, USA
Deepak Bhatt, MD Brigham and Women's Hospital, USA
Yochai Birnbaum, MD Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA
William Boden, MD, FACC, FAHA Albany Medical College, USA
Eugene Braunwald, MD Brigham and Women's Hospital, USA
A. John Camm, MD, FRCP St George's Hospital Medical School
David Cannom, MD Good Samaritan Hospital, Los Angeles, USA
Christopher Cannon, MD Brigham and Women's Hospital, USA
John Canty, MD University of Buffalo, USA
Alessandro Cappuci, MD, FESC, FACC Università Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona, Italy
Bernard R. Chaitman, MD St. Louis University, USA
Harry J. G. M. Crijns, MD, PhD University Hospital Maastricht, Netherlands
William E. Dager, PharmD University of California at Davis School of Medicine, Davis, CA, USA
Wangde Dai, MD Huntington Medical Research Institutes, Pasadena, CA, USA
James M. Downey, PhD University of South Alabama, USA
Samuel C. Dudley Jr, MD, PhD Brown University, Providence, RI, USA
Moses Elisaf, MD University of Ioannina Medical School, Greece
Uri Elkayam, MD Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA
Michael D. Ezekowitz, MB, ChB, DPhil Lankenau Institute for Medical Research, USA
Loren Field, PhD Indiana University, Indianapolis, USA
Valentin Fuster, MD Mount Sinai Medical Center, USA
Mike Gaglia, MD University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
Bernard Gersh, MB, ChB, DPhil Mayo Clinic, USA
Robert Giugliano, MD Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA, USA
Samuel Goldhaber, MD Brigham and Women's Hospital, MA, USA
Gabriel B. Habib, MD Baylor College of Medicine, USA
Sharon Hale, BS Huntington Medical Research Institutes, Pasadena, CA, USA
Joshua Hare, MD University of Miami Medical School
Charles Hennekens, MD Florida Atlantic University, USA
Robert Jennings, MD Duke University, USA
Laurence H. Kedes, MD UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA
John Kostis, MD University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, USA
Cyrus R. Kumana, MBBS University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
Michael Laflamme, PhD University of Washington, USA
Richard A. Lange, MD University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, USA
Jonathan Leor, MD Sheba Medical Center, Israel
Barton Levine, MD VA Medical Center West Los Angeles, USA
Peter Libby, MD Brigham and Women's Hospital, USA
Joseph Loscalzo, MD, PhD Brigham and Women's Hospital, USA
Douglas Losordo, MD Northwestern University,Chicago, USA
Benedict R. Lucchesi, MD, PhD University of Michigan, USA
Scott A. McDonald, BS RTI International
Jawahar L. Mehta, MD, PhD University of Little Rock Medical Sciences, USA
Robert Mentzer, MD Wayne State University School of Medicine, USA
Dimitri P. Mikhailidis, M.D., FRCPATH Royal Free and University College Medical School, UK
Michael Miller, MD University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD, USA
Hideo Mitamura, MD, PhD Saiseikai Central Hospital, Japan
Gladys Mitani, PharmD University of Southern California, USA
Jochen Müller-Ehmsen, MD Universität zu Köln, Germany
Gerald V. Naccarelli, MD Penn State College of Medicine, USA
Koonlawee Nademanee, MD White Memorial Hospital, Los Angeles, USA
Haruaki Nakaya, MD, PhD Chiba University, Japan
Jagat Narula, MD, PhD University of California at Irvine
Joel Neutel, MD St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center, Orange, CA, USA
Harin Padma-Nathan, MD University of Southern California, USA
J. Gy Papp, MD, PhD, DSc, FESC Albert Szent-Gyorgyi Medical University, Hungary
Marc A. Pfeffer, MD, PhD Brigham and Women's Hospital, USA
Arshed A. Quyyumi, MD Emory Clinical Cardiovascular Research Institute, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Thorsten Reffelmann, MD Universitätsklinikum der Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität Greifswald, Germany
Shereif Rezkalla, MD Marshfield Clinic, USA
Clive Rosendorff, MD, PhD Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, USA
Ernst R. Schwarz, MD, PhD Cedar Sinai Medical Center, USA
Benjamin Scirica MD, MPH Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA, USA
Prediman K. Shah, MD Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, USA
David Shavelle, MD Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA
Boris Simkhovich, MD, PhD Good Samaritan Hospital, Los Angeles, USA
Pawan K. Singal, PhD, DSc University of Manitoba, Canada
James R. Sowers, MD University of Missouri-Columbia School of Medicine, Columbia, Missouri, USA
Gregg W. Stone, MD Columbia University Medical Center/New York Presbyterian Hospital, USA
Peter H. Stone, MD Brigham and Women's Hospital, USA
John R. Teerlink, MD University of California, San Francisco, USA
Christopher F. Toombs, PhD Ikaria Inc, USA
Paul M. Vanhoutte, MD, PhD University of Hong Kong, China
Orly Vardeny, PharmD University of Wisconsin School of Pharmacy, USA
Renu Virmani, MD CVPath Institute, Inc., USA
Michael A. Weber, MD State University of New York Downstate College of Medicine, Brooklyn, NY, USA
Myron H. Weinberger, MD Indiana University, Indianapolis, USA
James T. Willerson, MD University of Texas Medical School Houston, USA
Loren Wold, PhD Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH, USA
Derek Yellon, PhD University College London Hospital & Medical School, UK
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  • Information for Authors

    Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics publishes original basic human studies, original animal studies, and original bench research with potential clinical application to cardiovascular pharmacology and therapeutics. The focus of the experimental studies is translational research. The journal also publishes review articles on basic research, clinical research, editorials, commentaries, points of view, and controversies. Selected journal supplements will also be published. Future focus will include cardioprotective therapies, stem cell therapy, regenerative cardiology, therapies for preventive cardiology (risk factor management), and antiarrhythmic therapies. Case reports will not be accepted. Regarding basic science studies, priority will be given to in vivo studies that focus on pharmacologic therapy for disease models. In general isolated cell studies alone, without an in vivo component, will be given low priority. Meta analyses in general will not be given high priority. JCPT prefers to receive original studies and will only consider meta analyses in unusual circumstances. JCPT will no longer consider studies of herbal remedies: these contributions should be submitted to journals of alternative medicine.

    Editorial Policies

    Manuscripts are accepted for consideration on the condition that they are contributed solely to Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics. No substantial part of a paper may have been published elsewhere, including being published in another language besides English, except for a scientific abstract. All work must be original. Previously published long phrases, sentences, and paragraphs (including the author’s own work) must be properly cited in AMA format—anything else will be considered unacceptable. A direct quote of no more than 4 lines from textual material should be enclosed in double quotation marks; if longer than 4 lines it should be formatted as a block extract. Always verify the quote against the original source, and the citation should include the exact page number(s) of the source. Such directly quoted material should be used sparingly. The receipt of your manuscript by the Journal will be acknowledged and a decision regarding its status made as soon as possible. All manuscripts are subject to editorial review. Manuscripts must be written in acceptable English. Manuscripts submitted in poor English will be returned without review. Some manuscripts that are deemed inappropriate for the journal or very low priority by the editorial staff may be returned without review.

    Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics operates a conventional single-blind reviewing policy in which the reviewer’s name is always concealed from the submitting author. Each manuscript is reviewed by at least two referees.

    Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.

    The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:

    (i) Made a substantial contribution to the concept and design, acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data,

    (ii) Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,

    (iii) Approved the version to be published.

    Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.
    When a large, multicenter group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.

    Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section.

    Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on authorship.

    Due to page limitations we do not print most letters to the editor. If you have specific comments to the authors of papers we suggest that you contact them directly.

    Research Ethics and Patient Consent

    Medical research involving human subjects must be conducted according to the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki.

    Submitted manuscripts should conform to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, and all papers reporting animal and/or human studies must state in the methods section that the relevant Ethics Committee or Institutional Review Board provided (or waived) approval. Please ensure that you have provided the full name and institution of the review committee.

    For research articles, authors are also required to state in the methods section whether participants provided informed consent and whether the consent was written or verbal.

    In terms of patient privacy, authors are required to follow the ICMJE Recommendations for the Protection of Research Participants. Patients have a right to privacy that should not be infringed without informed consent. Identifying information, including patients' names, initials, or hospital numbers, should not be published in written descriptions, photographs, and pedigrees unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the patient (or parent or guardian) gives written informed consent for publication. Informed consent for this purpose requires that a patient who is identifiable be shown the manuscript to be published.

    All research submitted for publication must be approved by an ethics committee with oversight of the facility in which the studies were conducted. The journal has adopted the Consensus Author Guidelines on Animal Ethics and Welfare for Veterinary Journals published by the International Association of Veterinary Editors.


    NLM’s Research Reporting Guidelines and Initiatives reporting guidelines should be followed depending on the type of study. Other resources can be found at the EQUATOR Network.

    Clinical Trials

    JCPT conforms to the ICMJE requirement that clinical trials are registered in a WHO-approved public trials registry at or before the time of first patient enrolment as a condition of consideration for publication. The trial registry name and URL, and registration number must be included at the end of the abstract.


    SAGE acknowledges the importance of research data availability as an integral part of the research and verification process for academic journal articles. JCPT requests that all authors make primary data available upon request. All data submitted should comply with Institutional or Ethical review Board requirements and applicable government regulations.

    Publication Ethics

    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway.

    English Language Editing Services

    Authors who would like to refine the use of English in their manuscripts might consider using the services of a professional English-language editing company. We highlight some of these companies at An author's use of these services in no way guarantees that his or her submission will ultimately be accepted. Any arrangement an author enters into will be exclusively between the author and the particular company, and any costs incurred are the sole responsibility of the author.

    Plagiarism and Attestation Statement

    In order to help assure that all papers are original submitted papers are now routinely screened using a computerize plagiarism tracking system known as iThenticate. This program picks up phrases, sentences, and paragraphs that have previously been published, including the authors' own work. The program generates a similarity index. If the similarity index is greater than about 33% after removal of the bibliography, the paper will be sent back without a review.

    We request that at the time of submission, the roles of all co-authors are provided using the authorship form available here.

    Manuscript Preparation

    Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics prefers to receive all manuscript submissions electronically. To submit a manuscript, please follow the instructions below:

    Getting Started

    • Launch your web browser (supported browsers include Internet Explorer 6 or higher, Netscape 7.0, 7.1, or 7.2, Safari 1.2.4, or Firefox 1.0.4) and go to the JCPAT’S Manuscript Central homepage (
    • Log-in or click the ‘‘Create Account’’ option if you are a first-time user of Manuscript Central.
    • If you are creating a new account:
      • After clicking on ‘‘Create Account’’ enter your name and e-mail information and click ‘‘Next.’’ Your e-mail information is very important.
      • Enter your institution and address information as prompted then click ‘‘Next.’’
      • Enter a user ID and password of your choice (we recommend using your e-mail address as your user ID) and then select your area of expertise. Click ‘‘Finish’’ when done.
    • Log-in and select ‘‘Author Center.’’

    Submitting Your Manuscript

    • After you have logged in, click the ‘‘Submit a Manuscript’’ link on the Author Center screen.
    • Enter data and answer questions as prompted
    • Click on the ‘‘Next’’ button on each screen to save your work and advance to the next screen.
    • You will be prompted to upload your files:
      • Click on the ‘‘Browse’’ button and locate the file on your computer.
      • Select the description of the file in the drop down next to the Browse button.
      • When you have selected all files you wish to upload, click the ‘‘Upload’’ button.
    • Review your submission (in both PDF and HTML formats) before sending to the editors. Click the ‘‘Submit’’ button when you are done reviewing.

    You may stop a submission at any phase and save it to submit later. After submission, you will receive a confirmation via e-mail. You can also log-on to Manuscript Central any time to check the status of your manuscript. The editors will inform you via e-mail once a decision has been made. For questions regarding Manuscript Central or the status of your submission, please contact the managing editor, Amanda Richardson, at Average time from submission to first decision: 20 days.

    As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process SAGE has become a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID.

    ORCID provides a persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities ensuring that their work is recognized.

    The collection of ORCID iDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this journal. If you already have an ORCID iD you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. If you do not already have an ORCID iD please follow this link to create one.

    Submission Letter

    The manuscript is to be accompanied by a cover letter that states (1) all the authors have read and approved the final manuscript, (2) all authors have read and approve of the data being presented in the manuscript, and (3) the full name, address, e-mail address, phone, and fax number of the individual to whom correspondence concerning the manuscript is to be sent. The cover letter must also specifically state and verify that the paper being submitted has not been previously published in whole or in part in any form, including being published in another language besides English, is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, and is original. The cover letter should be addressed to

    Robert A. Kloner, MD, PhD
    Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
    Huntington Medical Research Institutes
    10 Pico St.
    Pasadena, CA 91105

    Title Page

    On the title page, please include all of the following information:

    1. The names, degrees, and professional affiliation (position, department, institution, place) of all authors.
    2. The name of the institution where the work reported was done.
    3. Acknowledgment of grant support when appropriate.
    4. Complete mailing address, telephone, and fax of corresponding author and e-mail addresses of all authors.

    The American Medical Association (AMA) Manual of Style, is the standard source of style. For more information on the AMA Manual of Style, please visit Under the right-hand sidebar ‘‘Resources for ...’’ click on ‘‘Journal Editors/Authors’’ and then click on ‘‘Editors Guide.’’ Please view page 27 of the PDF for a brief overview of AMA style points.


    The abstract should be no longer than 250-300 words in length. The abstract should summarize the main points of the paper and be descriptive, narrative, and informative and should include only information that is in the article. Avoid abbreviations. At the bottom of the abstract, please also submit 3-5 keywords for your article.

    Body of the Text

    For most original manuscripts, the subheadings Introduction, Methods and Materials, Results, Discussion, and Conclusion or Summary are suggested. The introduction should be no longer than 2-3 paragraphs and should provide background and rationale for the study and specifically state the purpose of the study. The methods section should describe what statistical tests were used. The text of the paper should be no longer than 15-20 double-spaced typed pages in most cases. All tables and figures should be referenced in the main text in the order in which they appear. The discussion should stress what is new in the paper and relate the author’s findings to the existing literature. The discussion should show how the findings add to the existing knowledge base of the subject under study.


    Please avoid excessive and unnecessary abbreviations. Keep them to a minimum. The first time an abbreviation is used it should be defined.


    All tables must be cited in text. Tables are to be numbered with Arabic numerals (Table 1, Table 2) in order of their text citation. Each table should be typed (double-spaced throughout) on a separate sheet of paper and should have a title. Use spaces, not vertical rules, to separate columns. Each table should have a legend in sufficient detail to allow understanding without reference to the text.

    Figure and Artwork Submission

    Artwork includes charts and graphs, maps, photographs, line art, and tables with 17 or more columns.

    Electronic Art
    Acceptable file formats include the following: TIFF, JPEG, and PDF. Microsoft application files are acceptable for vector art (line art). Color figures for the print issue are charged to the author at the rate of $800 for the first figure and $200 for each subsequent figure. Payment must be received before the article can appear in print; the author should note his or her desire to have figures appear in color in the print issue when he or she submits his or her article. Figures will appear in color in the online issue at no charge.

    Scanned Images
    Line art (black and white) images should be scanned as a bitmap at 900ppi. Photos should be scanned as grayscale or CMYK at 300ppi.


    References should be cited according to the AMA Manual of Style.In the text, please use a superscripted number that correlates with the reference at the end of the manuscript. When several references are cited simultaneously in the text, you can list the superscripted numbers together, for example, ‘‘Many researchers have debated this subject.1,2,5,9’’ Use ‘‘et al’’ for cites of 3 authors or more in text. However, in the references, list up to 6 authors. If there are more than 6 authors, list the first 3 authors and then ‘‘et al’’. Type references double-spaced at the end of the manuscript numbered in order of appearance in the manuscript. Unpublished data and personal communications should be given as references. Manuscripts in press may be referenced; however, manuscripts that have been submitted for publication but have not been accepted yet should not be referenced. Avoid quoting abstracts where possible.

    Michaud G, McGowan JL, van der Jagt R, et al. Are therapeutic decisions supported by evidence from health care research? Arch Intern Med. 1998;158:1665-1668.

    Book Chapters
    Cole BR. Cystinosis and cystinuria. In: Jacobson HR, Striker GE, Klahr S, eds. The Principles and Practice of Nephrology. Philadelphia, PA: BC Decker Inc; 1991:396-403.

    Sackett DL, Straus SE, Richardson WS, et al. Evidence-based Medicine: How to Practice and Teach EBM. 2nd ed. New York, NY: Churchill Livingstone; 2000.

    Declaration of conflicting interests

    It is the policy of Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.
    Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’.

    For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations here.


    Research that involves animals must adhere to the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals from the Institute for Laboratory Animal Research, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., National Academy Press, 2011, and any updates; a statement to this effect needs to be described in the methods section. In addition a statement that the protocol was approved by an IACUC (Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee) is required. Research involving humans must adhere to the principles of the Declaration of Helsinki and Title 45, U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, Part 46, Protection of Human Subjects, revised Nov 13, 2001. A statement that the protocol and informed consent were reviewed and approved by an IRB (Institutional Review Board) should be included in the methods section. The registration number and registry name for clinical trials should be provided in the methods section. See


    Prior to publication, the publisher will send a copyedited and typeset PDF of the manuscript via e-mail to the corresponding author to review. Any corrections and alterations to the article should be submitted to the publisher prior to the deadline given in the e-mail. Authors are responsible for the accuracy of references and statistical computations.

    Copyright and Contributor’s Publishing Agreement

    Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive license agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and license to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

    SAGE Choice

    If you wish your article to be freely available online immediately upon publication (as some funding bodies now require), you can opt for it to be included in SAGE Choice upon payment of a publication fee. Manuscript submission and refereeing procedure is unchanged, but on acceptance of your article you will be asked to let SAGE know directly if you are choosing SAGE Choice. For further information, please visit

    Advertising and Reprints

    Current advertising rates and specifications may be obtained by contacting the advertising coordinator at (805) 410-7772 or by sending an e-mail to Reprints may be ordered by using the special reprint order form that will accompany author proofs. If you need another copy of this order form please e-mail

    Further Information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the JCPT editorial office as follows:

    Amanda Richardson

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