Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science

Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science

2015 Impact Factor: 0.730
2015 Ranking: 96/132 in Engineering, Mechanical
2016 Release of Journal Citation Reports, Source: 2015 Web of Science Data
Published in Association with Institution of Mechanical Engineers

J W Chew University of Surrey, UK
Editor Emeritus
Emeritus Professor Duncan Dowson University of Leeds, UK
Associate Editors
S Abrate Southern Illinois University, USA
D Croccolo University of Bologna, Italy
V Crupi University of Messina, Italy
J Dai King's College London, UK
L Dala Northumbria University, UK
R G Dominy Durham University, UK
G Epasto University of Messina, Italy
I C Gebeshuber Vienna University of Technology, Austria
G Genta Politecnico di Torino, Italy
S Leigh University of Warwick, UK
P Liatsis The Petroleum Institute, UAE
X Luo University of Strathclyde, UK
R Martinez-Botas Imperial College London, UK
G McShane University of Cambridge, UK
M Paggi IMT Insitute For Advanced Studies Lucca, Italy
F Romeo Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
D Symons University of Cambridge, UK
J Szwedowicz ALSTOM Power, Switzerland
D T Pham Cardiff University, UK
S Theodossiades University of Loughborough, UK

eISSN: 20412983 | ISSN: 09544062 | Current volume: 231 | Current issue: 9 Frequency: 18 Times/Year

The Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science advances the understanding of both the fundamentals of engineering science and its application to the solution of challenges and problems in engineering.

'The Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science is dedicated to the publication of high quality papers on all aspects of mechanical engineering science. It represents one of the oldest parts of the Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, the first issue being published under the guidance of a distinguished Editorial Board in June 1959.

The international Editorial Board ensures that significant developments in mechanical engineering science from around the world are reflected in the Journal.' Professor Matthew P Cartmell, University of Glasgow, UK

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

For more information about the Journal please contact

Recommend this journal to your library

The Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science publishes peer-reviewed original papers that advance understanding of both the fundamentals of engineering science and its application to the solution of problems in mechanical engineering systems, machines and components. The Journal has an international reputation for excellence and is regarded as core material for every engineering collection.

Principal topics include:

Materials; metrology; mechanisms; solid mechanics; dynamic systems; thermofluid mechanics; tribology; reliability engineering; mechatronics; nano-and micro-mechanical engineering devices; biomedical engineering and systems and design.

The Journal also features a Section for rapid dissemination of research in the form of Fast-Track Communications in Mechanical Engineering Science.

For editorial purposes the Journal uses the following classifications, but submissions of a multidisciplinary nature or in new and emerging areas are also welcome.


a. Properties (metals-polymers-ceramics) and processing

b. Stresses in machines and structures, Contact stresses

c. Mechanics and characterisation -- nano, micro and macro analyses


a. Noise & vibration

b. Vehicle engineering

c. Sports equipment engineering


a. All aspects of experimental, computational and theoretical fluid flow

b. Fluid-structure interaction

c. Aero-acoustics


a. Experimental, computational, and physical aspects of heat transfer and thermodynamics

b. New experimental methods for heat transfer

c. Combustion and thermodynamic aspects of machinery

d. Environmental applications of heat transfer, energy sources (renewable & non-renewable and analysis)

e. Thermodynamics of multiphase and microscale flows


a. New design theory and method

b. Design optimization

c. Design for manufacturing

d. Additive manufacturing


a. Tribology (fundamental aspects of surface interactions, lubrication, friction and wear)

b. Lubricant rheology

c. Metrology (surface representation and analysis), Measuring systems (contacting and non-contacting)

d. Corrosion and erosion


a. Biomechanics

b. Bio-tribology

c. Medical equipment and systems


a. Analysis, Design, Characteristics, Operation

b. Reliability


a. Information storage and retrieval systems

b. Artificial intelligence, neural networks

c. Machine learning, pattern recognition


a. Requirements, Design, Performance

b. Engineering science aspects of mechanical and electrical/electronic systems, Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS)

    Short (approximately 2000 words or 4 pages) communications for the rapid dissemination of significant findings in Mechanical Engineering Science. Items accepted for publication in this Section could include:

1. Early announcements of new and timely results and conclusions based upon theoretical analysis or experimental investigations;

2. New interpretations of basic concepts governing the performance of mechanical systems;

3. The announcement of successful and innovative applications of engineering science to the solution of problems in the design, manufacture and operation of mechanical systems;

4. The development and application of new experimental techniques, analytical methods and numerical procedures.

Associate Editor
Dr Lei Cui Curtin University, Australia
Editorial Board
I I Blekhman IPME RAS, Russia
S Boedo Rochester Institute of Technology, USA
D Breslavsky National Technical University 'Kharkov Polytechnic Institute', Ukraine
M Cartmell University of Sheffield, UK
F Chu Tsinghua University, China
S De Rosa Universita Degli Studi Di Napoli, Italy
J Durodola Oxford Brookes University, UK
S D Fassois University of Patras, Greece
X Gao University of Akron, USA
P Goncalves Pontifical Catholic University, Brazil
S T Halliday Rolls-Royce, UK
D Hills University of Oxford, UK
W Huang Tsinghua University, China
M Ishihama Kanagawa Institute of Technology, Japan
A Krivtsov St. Petersburg State Polytechnical University, Russia
L Li University of Manchester, UK
T Lim University of Cincinnati, USA
G Lock University of Bath, UK
M Lucas University of Glasgow, UK
Y Mikhlin National Technical University 'Kharkov Polytechnic Institute', Ukraine
G Mullineux University of Bath, UK
S A Neild University of Bristol, UK
A Neville University of Leeds, UK
Nguyen Dinh Duc Vietnam National University, Vietnam
G Niu Tongji University, China
W M Ostachowicz Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland
M Paul University of Glasgow, UK
C Putignano Politecnico di Bari, Italy
R Randall University of New South Wales, Australia
J Reese University of Edinburgh, UK
R Singh Ohio State University, USA
F B Tian University of New South Wales, Australia
G R Tomlinson University of Sheffield, UK
K Vafai University of California, USA
J Warminski Lublin University of Technology, Poland
M Wiercigroch University of Aberdeen, UK
Z You University of Oxford, UK
L C Zhang University of New South Wales, Australia
Y Zhang Tsinghua University, China
H Zhou Huazhong University of Science and Technology, China
  • Applied Science & Technology Abstract
  • Applied Science & Technology Index
  • Current Contents / Engineering, Comp, & Tech
  • Current Contents, Engineering, Comp, & Tech
  • Engineered Materials Abstracts
  • Fluid Abstracts, Process Engineering
  • Fluid Abstracts: Civil Engineering
  • Fluidex
  • Global Mobility Database
  • Highway Vehicle Safety Database
  • Inspec
  • Metal Abs./METADEX
  • Metals Abs./METADEX
  • Research Alert
  • SciSearch
  • Science Citation Index
    1. Article types
    2. Editorial Policies
      2.1 Peer review policy
      2.2 Authorship
      2.3 Acknowledgments
      2.4 Funding
      2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
    3. Publishing Policies
      3.1 Publication Ethics
      3.1.1 Plagiarism
      3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement
      3.3 Open Access and author archiving
      3.4 Permissions
    4. How to submit your manuscript
    5. Manuscript Style
      5.1 Files types
      5.2 Journal style
      5.3 Reference style
      5.4 Manuscript Preparation
      5.4.1 Keywords and Abstracts: Helping readers find your article online
      5.4.2 Corresponding author contact details
      5.4.3 Guidelines for submitting artwork, figures and other graphics
      5.4.4 Guidelines for submitting supplemental files
      5.4.5 English language editing services
    6. After Acceptance
      6.1 Proofs
      6.2 E-Prints
      6.3 SAGE Production
      6.4 Online First publication
    7. Further Information


    Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s submission site to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science will be reviewed.

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.

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    1. Article types

    Original Article: Describes a piece of original or substantially original research, or some aspect of design development, manufacture, operation and maintenance, or engineering education
    Review Article: A critical review of the state-of-the-art with examples of applications in design and profitable manufacture without extensive analysis
    Case Study: Describes the application of a technique, procedure or management concept in a real situation
    Short Communication: High quality brief articles which justify rapid publication. For example, formative conclusions from pure and applied research; concepts and paradigms and their initial validation; innovative design solutions; innovative use of materials in design and manufacture; novel industrial applications
    Technical Note:
    A short, interim statement on a research project or description of some new development


    1. In general, Original Articles, Review Papers and Case Studies should not normally exceed 5000 words (with up to 10 illustrations). Longer articles will be considered, however, as our criterion is that the content justifies the length of the article.
    2. Technical Notes should not exceed 1500 words and 5 illustrations.
    3. Short Communications should be brief (up to 2000 words and 4 illustrations). If a Short Communication exceeds this, the author(s) will be asked to shorten the article.
    4. Discussions on papers already published should not exceed 500 words and 2 illustrations.

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    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy

    Submissions to the journal are assessed by independent referees who make recommendations on the suitability of the articles for publication. We are committed to providing timely assessment of articles and authors are informed of the publication decision as soon as possible.

    It should be noted that our refereeing process, common to many other publishers, is single-blind, that is, the referees remain anonymous and their identities are not released to authors. The referees, however, are informed of the authors’ names and affiliations.
    As part of the submission process you will be asked to provide the names of 2 peers who could be called upon to review your manuscript. Recommended reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Please be aware of any conflicts of interest when recommending reviewers. Examples of conflicts of interest include (but are not limited to) the below: 

    • The reviewer should have no prior knowledge of your submission
    • The reviewer should not have recently collaborated with any of the authors
    • Reviewer nominees from the same institution as any of the authors are not permitted

    Please note that the Editors are not obliged to invite any recommended/opposed reviewers to assess your manuscript.

    2.2 Authorship

    Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.
    The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:

    1. Made a substantial contribution to the concept and design, acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data,
    2. Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,
    3. Approved the version to be published.

    Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.
    When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.
    Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section.

    2.3 Acknowledgements

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.

    Any acknowledgements should appear first at the end of your article prior to your Declaration of Conflicting Interests (if applicable), any notes and your References

    2.3.1 Writing Assistance

    Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communciations company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance.
    It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.

    2.4 Funding

    Proc IMechE Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading.  Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. 

    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests

    It is the policy of Proc IMechE Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.

    Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’.
    For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations here

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    3. Publishing policies

    3.1 Publication ethics

    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway

    3.1.1 Plagiarism

    Proc IMechE Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of articles published in the journal. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked using duplication-checking software. Where an article is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article (removing it from the journal); taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author’s institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; banning the author from publication in the journal or all SAGE journals, or appropriate legal action.

    3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement

    Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. For the journals published in association with the Institution of Mechanical Engineers (‘IMechE’), this is transfer of copyright  which means that the IMechE holds copyright in the work. For more information please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

    3.3 Open Access and author archiving

    If you or your funder wish your article to be freely available online to non subscribers immediately upon publication (gold open access), you can opt for it to be included in SAGE Choice, subject to payment of a publication fee. The manuscript submission and peer review procedure is unchanged. On acceptance of your article, you will be asked to let SAGE know directly if you are choosing SAGE Choice. To check journal eligibility and the publication fee, please visit SAGE Choice. For more information on open access options and compliance at SAGE, including self author archiving deposits (green open access) visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

    3.4 Permissions

    Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere.  N.B. If an author is using their own work they will still require permission if they did not retain copyright of the previously published article.  Papers will not be accepted for publication without the correct permissions.  For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway

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    4. How to submit your manuscript

    We have a fully-integrated online submission and peer review system for Proc IMechE Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science.  To submit to the journal, either click on the ‘Manuscript submission’ tab on this page or go directly to

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    5. Manuscript Style

    5.1 File Types

    Preferred formats for the text and tables of your manuscript are Word DOC, RTF, XLS. LaTeX files are also accepted. The text should be double-spaced throughout and with a minimum of 3cm for left and right hand margins and 5cm at head and foot. Text should be standard 10 or 12 point. Word and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

    5.2 Journal Style

    Proc IMechE Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science conforms to the SAGE house style.  Click here to review guidelines on SAGE UK House Style

    5.3 Reference style

    Proc IMechE Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science adheres to the SAGE Vancouver reference style. Click here to review the guidelines on SAGE Vancouver to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    The Journal should be cited in the following way:

    Proc IMechE Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science

    If you use EndNote to manage references, download the SAGE Vancouver output file by following this link and save to the appropriate folder (normally for Windows C:\Program Files\EndNote\Styles and for Mac OS X Harddrive:Applications:EndNote:Styles). Once you’ve done this, open EndNote and choose “Select Another Style...” from the dropdown menu in the menu bar; locate and choose this new style from the following screen.

    5.4 Manuscript preparation

    The text should be double-spaced throughout and with a minimum of 3cm for left and right hand margins and 5cm at head and foot. Text should be standard 10 or 12 point.

    5.4.1 Keywords and Abstracts: Helping readers find your article online

    The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article online through online search engines such as Google. Please refer to the information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords by visiting SAGE’s Journal Author Gateway Guidelines on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.

    5.4.2 Corresponding author contact details

    Provide full contact details for the corresponding author including email, mailing address and telephone numbers. Academic affiliations are required for all co-authors.

    5.4.3 Guidelines for submitting artwork, figures and other graphics

    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines.

    If, together with your accepted article, you submit usable colour figures, these figures will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. If a charge applies you will be informed by your SAGE Production Editor. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article.

    Mathematical: All vectors and matrices should be shown in bold type. Avoid confusion between ambiguous characters and take care to ensure that subscripts and superscripts are clear. Numbers below 10 should be written out in the text unless used in conjunction with units (e.g. three apples, 4 kg). Full points (not commas) should be used for decimals. For numbers less than one, a nought should be inserted before the decimal point. Equations should be numbered sequentially throughout the document, with labels on the right hand side of the page.

    5.4.4 Guidelines for submitting supplemental files

    This journal is able to host approved supplemental materials online, alongside the full-text of articles. Supplemental files will be subjected to peer-review alongside the article.  For more information please refer to SAGE’s Guidelines for Authors on Supplemental Files.

    5.4.5 English language editing services

    Non-English speaking authors who would like to refine their use of language in their manuscripts might consider using a professional editing service.  Visit for further information.

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    6. After Acceptance

    6.1 Proofs

    We will email a PDF of the proofs to the corresponding author.

    6.2 E-Prints and complimentary copies

    SAGE provides authors with access to a PDF of their final article once it has been included within an issue. For further information please visit

    6.3 SAGE Production

    At SAGE we work to the highest production standards. We attach great importance to our quality service levels in copy-editing, typesetting, printing, and online publication ( We also seek to uphold excellent author relations throughout the publication process.

    We value your feedback to ensure we continue to improve our author service levels. On publication all corresponding authors will receive a brief survey questionnaire on your experience of publishing in Proc IMechE Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science with SAGE. 

    6.4 OnlineFirst Publication

    Proc IMechE Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science benefits from OnlineFirst publishing, a feature offered through SAGE’s electronic journal platform, SAGE Journals. It allows final revision articles (completed articles in the queue for assignment to an upcoming issue) to be hosted online prior to their inclusion in a final print and online journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. For more information please visit our OnlineFirst Fact Sheet

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    7. Further Information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the Manuscript Submission process should be sent to the Editorial Office as follows:

    Publishing Editor
    SAGE Publications Ltd
    1 Oliver's Yard, 55 City Road
    London, EC1Y 1SP

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