Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part F: Journal of Rail and Rapid Transit

Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part F: Journal of Rail and Rapid Transit

2015 Impact Factor: 0.900
2015 Ranking: 83/132 in Engineering, Mechanical | 68/126 in Engineering, Civil | 19/33 in Transportation Science & Technology
2016 Release of Journal Citation Reports, Source: 2015 Web of Science Data
Published in Association with Institution of Mechanical Engineers

Professor S D Iwnicki Institute of Railway Research, Huddersfield University, UK
Associate Editors
K Lee Korea Railroad Research Institute
A Hoffrichter Michigan State University, USA
A Mills Rail Safety and Standards Board, London, UK
J Tunna Independent Consultant, USA
Reviews Editor
D M Johnson City University London, UK

eISSN: 20413017 | ISSN: 09544097 | Current volume: 231 | Current issue: 4 Frequency: 8 Times/Year


The Journal of Rail and Rapid Transit is devoted to engineering in its widest interpretation applicable to rail and rapid transit. The Journal aims to promote sharing of technical knowledge, ideas and experience between engineers and researchers working in the railway field.

"The IMechE was founded by George Stephenson in 1847 and Part F of the Proceedings (the Journal of Rail and Rapid Transit) aims to continue the strong tradition of informing railway engineers of innovative concepts and advances in knowledge as well as examples of practical developments and applications. Basic research with potential rail applications is also included in the Journal's scope." Professor Simon Iwnicki - Manchester Metropolitan University, UK

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

For more information about the Journal please contact

Recommend this journal to your library

The Journal of Rail and Rapid Transit publishes peer-reviewed articles devoted to engineering in its widest interpretation applicable to rail and rapid transit. At a time of considerable change in the industry, it provides a continuing means of sharing technical knowledge, ideas and developments.

The Journal seeks to encompass innovative concepts, advances in analytical methods, and examples of actual developmental work. Basic research with identifiable rail applications is included in the Journal's scope.

The scope extends to all aspects of guided transport including:

  • Mainline and suburban railways;
  • Light rail/urban transit;
  • Maintenance;
  • Reliability and safety;
  • Interaction of vehicles with the infrastructure and the environment;
  • System infrastructure;
  • Metros;
  • Maglev;
  • Service experience;
  • Basic research;
  • Future trends in railway engineering;
  • Customer interfaces;
  • Intermodal connections.

Editorial Board
J D Andrews The University of Nottingham, UK
M Berg KTH, Stockholm, Sweden
A Broadbent Hitachi Europe Ltd., UK
S Bruni Politecnico di Milano, Italy
M Burstow Network Rail, UK
D Cadet Alstom-Transport, France
Y Chen Zhejiang University
D Connolly Heriot-Watt University, UK
M Esmaeili Iran University of Science and Technology
R Fröhling Transnet Freight Rail, South Africa
R M Goodall Loughborough University, UK
A Haigermoser Siemens AG Österreich
D Hill Bombardier Transportation Signal Ltd.
S Hillmansen University of Birmingham , UK
A Kapoor Swinburne University of Technology
S Koizumi Sumitomo Metal Industries Ltd, Osaka, Japan
R Lundén Chalmers University of Technology/CHARMEC, Gothenburg, Sweden
M. Rosário M. R. Macário Instituto Superior Técnico
A Orlova PGUPS, Saint Petersburg, Russia
M S Pereira Instituto Superior Técnico, Lisbon, Portugal
M Petkova Crossrail, UK
W Powrie University of Southampton, UK
R Riener ETH Zurich
M Roney Canadian Pacific Railway
A A Shabana University of Illinois at Chicago
M Sitarz University of Dabrowa Górnicza, Poland
D J Thompson ISVR, University of Southampton, UK
T Tomioka Railway Technical Research Institute, Japan
J Tunna Independent Consultant, USA
J Vinolas Nebrija University, Madrid, Spain
E A H Vollebregt VORtech BV
W Zhai Southwest Jiaotong University, China
  • Applied Science & Technology Abstract
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    1. Article types
    2. Editorial Policies
      2.1 Peer review policy
      2.2 Authorship
      2.3 Acknowledgments
      2.4 Funding
      2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
    3. Publishing Policies
      3.1 Publication Ethics
      3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement
      3.3 Open Access and author archiving
      3.4 Permissions
    4. How to submit your manuscript
    5. Manuscript Style
      5.1 Files types
      5.2 Journal layout
      5.3 Reference style
      5.4 Manuscript Preparation
      5.4.1 Keywords and abstracts: Helping readers find your article online
      5.4.2 Corresponding author contact details
      5.4.3 Guidelines for submitting artwork, figures and other graphics
      5.4.4 Guidelines for submitting supplemental files
      5.4.5 English language editing services
    6. After Acceptance
      6.1 Proofs
      6.2 E-Prints
      6.3 SAGE production
      6.4 OnlineFirst publication
    7. Further Information

    Manuscript Submission Guidelines: Proceedings of the Institute of Mechanical Engineers, Part F: Journal of Rail and Rapid Transit

    Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s submission site to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Proc IMechE Part F: Journal of Rail and Rapid Transit will be reviewed.

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.

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    1. Article types

    Original Article: Describes a piece of original or substantially original research, or some aspect of design development, manufacture, operation and maintenance, or engineering education
    Review Article: A critical review of the state-of-the-art with examples of applications in design and profitable manufacture without extensive analysis
    Case Study: Describes the application of a technique, procedure or management concept in a real situation
    Technical Note: A short, interim statement on a research project or description of some new development


    1. In general, Original Articles, Review Papers and Case Studies should not normally exceed 5000 words (with up to 10 illustrations). Longer articles will be considered, however, as our criterion is that the content justifies the length of the article.
    2. Technical Notes should not exceed 1500 words and 5 illustrations.
    3. Discussions on papers already published should not exceed 500 words and 2 illustrations.

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    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy

    Submissions to the journal are assessed by independent referees who make recommendations on the suitability of the articles for publication. We are committed to providing timely assessment of articles and authors are informed of the publication decision as soon as possible.

    It should be noted that our refereeing process, common to many other publishers, is single-blind, that is, the referees remain anonymous and their identities are not released to authors. The referees, however, are informed of the authors’ names and affiliations.
    As part of the submission process you will be asked to provide the names of 2 peers who could be called upon to review your manuscript. Recommended reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Please be aware of any conflicts of interest when recommending reviewers. Examples of conflicts of interest include (but are not limited to) the below: 

    • The reviewer should have no prior knowledge of your submission
    • The reviewer should not have recently collaborated with any of the authors
    • Reviewer nominees from the same institution as any of the authors are not permitted

    Please note that the Editors are not obliged to invite any recommended/opposed reviewers to assess your manuscript.

    2.2 Authorship

    Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.
    The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:

    1. Made a substantial contribution to the concept and design, acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data,
    2. Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,
    3. Approved the version to be published.

    Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.
    When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.

    Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section.

    2.3 Acknowledgements

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.

    Any acknowledgements should appear first at the end of your article prior to your Declaration of Conflicting Interests (if applicable), any notes and your References

    2.3.1 Writing Assistance

    Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communciations company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance.
    It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.

    2.4 Funding

    Proc IMechE Part F: Journal of Rail and Rapid Transit requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading.  Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. 

    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests

    It is the policy of Proc IMechE Part F: Journal of Rail and Rapid Transit to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.
    Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’.
    For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations here

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    3. Publishing policies

    3.1 Publication ethics

    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway

    3.1.1 Plagiarism

    Proc IMechE Part F: Journal of Rail and Rapid Transit and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of articles published in the journal. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked using duplication-checking software. Where an article is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article (removing it from the journal); taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author’s institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; banning the author from publication in the journal or all SAGE journals, or appropriate legal action.

    3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement

    Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. For the journals published in association with the Institution of Mechanical Engineers (‘IMechE’), this is transfer of copyright  which means that the IMechE holds copyright in the work. For more information please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

    3.3 Open Access and author archiving

    If you or your funder wish your article to be freely available online to non subscribers immediately upon publication (gold open access), you can opt for it to be included in SAGE Choice, subject to payment of a publication fee. The manuscript submission and peer review procedure is unchanged. On acceptance of your article, you will be asked to let SAGE know directly if you are choosing SAGE Choice. To check journal eligibility and the publication fee, please visit SAGE Choice. For more information on open access options and compliance at SAGE, including self-author archiving deposits (green open access) visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

    3.4 Permissions

    Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere.  N.B. If an author is using their own work they will still require permission if they did not retain copyright of the previously published article.  Papers will not be accepted for publication without the correct permissions.  For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway

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    4. How to submit your manuscript

    We have a fully-integrated online submission and peer review system for Proc IMechE Part F: Journal of Rail and Rapid.  To submit to the journal, either click on the ‘Manuscript submission’ tab on this page or go directly to

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    5. Manuscript Style

    5.1 File Types

    Preferred formats for the text and tables of your manuscript are Word DOC, RTF, XLS. LaTeX files are also accepted. The text should be double-spaced throughout and with a minimum of 3cm for left and right hand margins and 5cm at head and foot. Text should be standard 10 or 12 point. Word and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

    5.2 Journal Style

    Proc IMechE Part F: Journal of Rail and Rapid Transit conforms to the SAGE house style.  Click here to review guidelines on SAGE UK House Style

    5.3 Reference style

    Proc IMechE Part F: Journal of Rail and Rapid Transit adheres to the SAGE Vancouver reference style. Click here to review the guidelines on SAGE Vancouver to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.
    The Journal should be cited in the following way:

    Proc IMechE Part F: Journal of Rail and Rapid Transit

    If you use EndNote to manage references, download the SAGE Vancouver output file by following this link and save to the appropriate folder (normally for Windows C:\Program Files\EndNote\Styles and for Mac OS X Harddrive:Applications:EndNote:Styles). Once you’ve done this, open EndNote and choose “Select Another Style...” from the dropdown menu in the menu bar; locate and choose this new style from the following screen.

    5.4 Manuscript preparation

    The text should be double-spaced throughout and with a minimum of 3cm for left and right hand margins and 5cm at head and foot. Text should be standard 10 or 12 point.

    5.4.1 Your Title, Keywords and Abstracts: Helping readers find your article online

    The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article online through online search engines such as Google. Please refer to the information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords by visiting SAGE’s Journal Author Gateway Guidelines on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.

    5.4.2 Corresponding author contact details

    Provide full contact details for the corresponding author including email, mailing address and telephone numbers. Academic affiliations are required for all co-authors.

    5.4.3 Guidelines for submitting artwork, figures and other graphics

    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines.

    If, together with your accepted article, you submit usable colour figures, these figures will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. If a charge applies you will be informed by your SAGE Production Editor. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article.

    Mathematical: All vectors and matrices should be shown in bold type. Avoid confusion between ambiguous characters and take care to ensure that subscripts and superscripts are clear. Numbers below 10 should be written out in the text unless used in conjunction with units (e.g. three apples, 4 kg). Full points (not commas) should be used for decimals. For numbers less than one, a nought should be inserted before the decimal point. Equations should be numbered sequentially throughout the document, with labels on the right hand side of the page.

    5.4.4 Guidelines for submitting supplemental files

    This journal is able to host approved supplemental materials online, alongside the full-text of articles. Supplemental files will be subjected to peer-review alongside the article.  For more information please refer to SAGE’s Guidelines for Authors on Supplemental Files.

    5.4.5 English language editing services

    Non-English speaking authors who would like to refine their use of language in their manuscripts might consider using a professional editing service.  Visit for further information.

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    6. After Acceptance

    6.1 Proofs

    We will email a PDF of the proofs to the corresponding author.

    6.2 E-Prints and Complimentary Copies

    SAGE provides authors with access to a PDF of their final article once it has been included within an issue. For further information please visit

    6.3 SAGE Production

    At SAGE we work to the highest production standards. We attach great importance to our quality service levels in copy-editing, typesetting, printing, and online publication ( We also seek to uphold excellent author relations throughout the publication process.

    We value your feedback to ensure we continue to improve our author service levels. On publication all corresponding authors will receive a brief survey questionnaire on your experience of publishing in Proc IMechE Part F: Journal of Rail and Rapid Transit with SAGE. 

    6.4 OnlineFirst Publication

    Proc IMechE Part F: Journal of Rail and Rapid Transit benefits from OnlineFirst publishing, a feature offered through SAGE’s electronic journal platform, SAGE Journals. It allows final revision articles (completed articles in the queue for assignment to an upcoming issue) to be hosted online prior to their inclusion in a final print and online journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. For more information please visit our OnlineFirst Fact Sheet

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    7. Further Information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the Manuscript Submission process should be sent to the Editorial Office as follows:

    Publishing Editor
    SAGE Publications Ltd
    1 Oliver's Yard, 55 City Road
    London, EC1Y 1SP


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