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Journal of Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies Engineering
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Journal of Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies Engineering


Editor-in-Chief
Garth Johnson BSc, FREng, CEng, FIMechE Newcastle University, UK


eISSN: 20556683 | ISSN: 20556683 | Current volume: 3 | Current issue: 1
An open access journal, Journal of Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies Engineering is an international, peer-reviewed journal, focusing on the engineering aspects and their practical applications of rehabilitation and assistive technologies. The journal seeks high quality original research articles as well as review articles in areas of age-related rehabilitation, incontinence technology, blast injury rehabilitation, neurorehabilitation, functional rehabilitation, technologies promoting independent living and any area where the application of engineering technology can be applied.

Journal of Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies Engineering has a number of Special Collections. For more information on the Special Collection Topics and how to submit please visit the website.

Submissions are handled simply and efficiently online through SAGE Track, powered by ScholarOne ManuscriptsTM. Submit your manuscript today at: http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/jrate

The Article Processing Charge (APC) for JRATE is $2,500 USD, however, for a limited period only, the APC has been waived.

Frequently Asked Questions on Open Access: http://www.uk.sagepub.com/oa/oafaq.cp

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

The Journal of Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies Engineering is an interdisciplinary journal focusing on the engineering aspects and their practical applications of rehabilitation and assistive technologies. It covers engineering design, electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, engineering devices and their applications, robotics and biomedical engineering.

Its aim is to publish peer-reviewed work in areas of age-related rehabilitation, incontinence technology, blast injury rehabilitation, neurorehabilitation, functional rehabilitation, technologies promoting independent living and any area where the application of engineering technology can be applied.

The journal is a vital contribution to the area of rehabilitation engineering and aimed at practitioners, clinicians, engineers and project managers and charities working with people with severe disabilities.

The Scope includes but is not limited to:

· Mechanical devices used in therapeutic or supportive processes

· Electrical devices and sensors used in therapeutic or supportive processes

· Rehabilitation Robotics

· Active Orthotics

· Mobility aids such as hoists, lifts, ramps and wheelchairs

· Age-Related Rehabilitation Engineering

· Prosthetics

The Article Processing Charge (APC) for JRATE is $2,500 USD, however, for a limited period only, the APC has been waived.

Associate Editors
Farshid Amirabdollahian BSc, PhD, FHEA University of Hertfordshire, UK
Michelle Johnson BS, MS, PhD University of Pennsylvania, USA
Lorenzo Masia BS, MSc, PhD Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
Anand Pandyan BEng, PhD Keele University, UK
Raymond Tong BEng, PhD The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Editorial Advisory Board
Panos Artemiadis BS, MS, PhD Arizona State University, USA
Dan Bader BSc, MSc, PhD, DSc University of Southampton, UK
Kath Bogie PSc, D.Phil Case Western Reserve University, USA
Jane Burridge MCSP, LGSM, PhD University of Southampton, UK
Alan Cottenden MA, PhD University College London, UK
Peter Culmer MEng, PhD University of Leeds, UK
Geoff Fernie BSc, PhD, FCAHS, PEng, CEng University of Toronto, Canada
Patrick Finlay PhD, Ceng, FIMechE Medimaton, UK
Peter Gore BSc, MS. FIMechE Newcastle University, UK
William Harwin MA, PhD University of Reading, UK
Hermie Hermens PhD University of Twente, Netherlands
Deepak Joshi PhD Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), India
Bong-Keun Jung O.T.D., O.T.R. Soonchunhyang University, South Korea
Jeffrey W. Jutai BSc, MSc, PhD University of Ottawa, Canada
Rui C.V. Loureiro Ph.D., M.Sc., B.Eng. (HONS), MIET, MIEEE University College London, UK
Alex Mihailidis BASc, MASc, PhD, PEng University of Toronto, Canada
Marcus Pandy PhD University of Melbourne, Australia
Ian Swain BSc PhD CEng FIET CSci FIPEM Salisbury District Hospital, UK
Lynne Turner-Stokes PhD Cicely Saunders Institute, King's College London, UK
Saeed Zahedi BS, PhD Blatchford Clinical Services, UK
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    1. Open Access
    2. Article processing charge (APC)
    3. Article Types
      3.1 Abstracts
    4. Editorial policies
      4.1 Peer Review Policy
      4.2 Authorship
      4.3 Declarations
      4.4 Studies involving human research
      4.9 Data
    5. Publishing policies
      5.1 Publication ethics
      5.2 Contributor's publishing agreement
    6. Preparing your manuscript
      6.1 Word processing formats
      6.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
      6.3 Supplementary material
      6.4 Reference style
      6.5 English language editing services
    7. Submitting your manuscript
      7.1 ORCID
      7.2 Information required for completing your submission
      7.3 Corresponding author contact details
      7.4 Permissions
    8. On acceptance and publication
      8.1 SAGE Production
      8.2 Continuous publication
      8.3 Promoting your article
    9. Further information

    This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics

    Please read the guidelines below then visit the journal’s submission site https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/jrate to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Journal of Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies Engineering will be reviewed.

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.

    1. Open Access

    Journal of Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies Engineering is an open access, peer-reviewed journal. Each article accepted by peer review is made freely available online immediately upon publication, is published under a Creative Commons license and will be hosted online in perpetuity. Publication costs of the journal are covered by the collection of article processing charges which are paid by the funder, institution or author of each manuscript upon acceptance. There is no charge for submitting a paper to the journal.

    For general information on open access at SAGE please visit the Open Access page or view our Open Access FAQs.

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    2. Article processing charge (APC)

    If, after peer review your manuscript is accepted for publication, a one-time article processing charge (APC) is payable. This APC covers the cost of publication and ensures that your article will be freely available online in perpetuity under a Creative Commons licence.

    The Article Processing Charge (APC) for Journal of Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies Engineering is $2,500 USD, however, for a limited period only, the APC has been waived.

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    3. Article types

    Original Research Article: Describes a piece of original research, or some aspect of design development, manufacture, operation and maintenance, or engineering education. Structured headings are required.

    Review Article: A critical review of the state-of-the-art with examples of applications in design and profitable manufacture without extensive analysis.

    Case study: Describes the application of a technique, procedure or management concept in a real situation. Structured headings are desirable. Please note that written informed consent to publish the images and medical details is required for all case studies.

    Technical Note: A short, interim statement on a research project or description of some new development.

    Supplementary Material: Raw data, videos, presentation in addition to the above article types.
    Manuscripts should not normally exceed 6,000 words. The main body of the paper is to be preceded by an abstract of no more than 200 words.

    3.1 Abstracts
    An abstract of no more than 200 words must accompany all articles. Please be concise, avoid the use of acronyms and abbreviations, and do not cite references in the abstract.
    Original Research Articles require structured abstracts with the following format: Introduction (description of rationale for study), Methods (brief description of methods or study design), Results (summary of significant results), and Conclusions (succinct statement of data interpretation).

    For Review Articles the abstract should be a single, unstructured paragraph stating the scope of the review, the main themes covered, and conclusions which may be drawn from the review including implications for clinical practice and future work.

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    4. Editorial policies

    4.1 Peer review policy

    Following a preliminary triage to eliminate submissions unsuitable for Journal of Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies Engineering all papers are sent out for review. The covering letter is important. To help the Editor in his preliminary evaluation, please indicate why you think the paper is suitable for publication. If your paper should be considered for fast-track publication, please explain why. The journal’s policy is to have manuscripts reviewed by two expert reviewers. Journal of Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies Engineering utilizes a single-blind peer review process in which the reviewer’s name and information is withheld from the author. All manuscripts are reviewed as rapidly as possible, while maintaining rigor. Reviewers make comments to the author and recommendations to the Editor-in-Chief who then makes the final decision.

    As part of the submission process you will be asked to provide the names of 2 peers who could be called upon to review your manuscript. Recommended reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Please be aware of any conflict of interest when recommending reviewers. Examples of conflicts of interest include (but are not limited to) the below:

    • The reviewer should have no prior knowledge of your submission.
    • The reviewer should not have recently collaborated with any of the authors.
    • Reviewer nominees from the same institution as any of the authors are not permitted.

    Please note that the Editors are not obliged to invite any recommended/opposed reviewers to assess your manuscript.
    Journal of Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies Engineering is committed to delivering high quality, fast peer-review for your paper, and as such has partnered with Publons. Publons is a third party service that seeks to track, verify and give credit for peer review. Reviewers for Journal of Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies Engineering can opt in to Publons in order to claim their reviews or have them automatically verified and added to their reviewer profile. Reviewers claiming credit for their review will be associated with the relevant journal, but the article name, reviewer’s decision and the content of their review is not published on the site. For more information visit the Publons website.

    The Editor or members of the Editorial Board may occasionally submit their own manuscripts for possible publication in the journal. In these cases, the peer review process will be managed by alternative members of the Board and the submitting Editor/Board member will have no involvement in the decision-making process.

    4.2 Authorship

    Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.

    The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:

    (i) Made a substantial contribution to the concept or design of the work; or acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data,
    (ii) Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,
    (iii) Approved the version to be published,
    (iv) Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.

    Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.

    Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section. Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on authorship.

    4.3 Declarations
    At the end of your article the following declaration statements should be included in the order listed below:

    DECLARATIONS
    Conflicting interests
    Funding
    Guarantor**
    Contributorship
    Acknowledgements

    Please see the below example of a completed declarations section:

    DECLARATIONS
    Conflicting interests: MS is an employee of XXX. BF has received grants from XXX.
    Funding: This work was supported by the Medical Research Council [grant number XXX].
    Guarantor: BF
    Contributorship: BF and NP researched literature and conceived the study. MS was involved in protocol development, gaining ethical approval, patient recruitment and data analysis. BF wrote the first draft of the manuscript. All authors reviewed and edited the manuscript and approved the final version of the manuscript
    Acknowledgements: We would like to thank XXX XXXX for his assistance and guidance in this research.
    *Please state author names as initials*
    ** The guarantor is the person willing to take full responsibility for the article, including for the accuracy and appropriateness of the reference list. This will often be the most senior member of the research group and is commonly also the author for correspondence.**

    Please read the following information carefully for additional information regarding these declarations.

    4.3.1 Declaration of conflicting interests

    It is the policy of Journal of Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies Engineering to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.

    Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’.

    For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please refer to the ICMJE recommendations, from where you can download a disclosure of conflicts of interest form.

    4.3.2 Funding

    Journal of Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies Engineering requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading.  Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. 

    4.3.3 Acknowledgements

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.

    Any acknowledgements should appear first at the end of your article prior to your Declaration of Conflicting Interests (if applicable), any notes and your References.

    4.3.3.1 Writing assistance
    Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance.

    It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.

    4.4 Studies involving human research

    4.4.1 Research ethics and patient consent
    Medical research involving human subjects must be conducted according to the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki.

    Submitted manuscripts should conform to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, and all papers reporting animal and/or human studies must state in the methods section that the relevant Ethics Committee or Institutional Review Board provided (or waived) approval. Please ensure that you have provided the full name and institution of the review committee, in addition to the approval number. For research articles, authors are also required to state in the methods section whether participants provided informed consent and whether the consent was written or verbal.

    Information on informed consent to report individual cases or case series should be included in the manuscript text. A statement is required regarding whether written informed consent for patient information and images to be published was provided by the patient(s) or a legally authorized representative.

    For more specific details regarding patients identifying information and the protection of privacy, please refer to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Protection of Research Participants.

    4.4.2 Clinical trials
    Journal of Rehabiliation and Assistive Technologies Engineering endorses the ICMJE requirement that clinical trials are registered in a WHO-approved public trials registry at or before the time of first patient enrolment. However, consistent with the AllTrials campaign, retrospectively registered trials will be considered if the justification for late registration is acceptable. The trial registry name and URL, and registration number must be included at the end of the abstract.

    4.4.3 Reporting guidelines
    The relevant EQUATOR Network reporting guidelines should be followed depending on the type of study. For example, all randomized controlled trials submitted for publication should include a completed CONSORT flow chart as a cited figure and the completed CONSORT checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses should include the completed PRISMA flow chart as a cited figure and the completed PRISMA checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. The EQUATOR wizard can help you identify the appropriate guideline.

    Other resources can be found at NLM’s Research Reporting Guidelines and Initiatives.

    4.5 Data

    SAGE acknowledges the importance of research data availability as an integral part of the research and verification process for academic journal articles.

    Journal of Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies Engineering requests all authors submitting any primary data used in their research articles alongside their article submissions to be published in the online version of the journal, or provide detailed information in their articles on how the data can be obtained. This information should include links to third-party data repositories or detailed contact information for third-party data sources. Data available only on an author-maintained website will need to be loaded onto either the journal’s platform or a third-party platform to ensure continuing accessibility. Examples of data types include but are not limited to statistical data files, replication code, text files, audio files, images, videos, appendices, and additional charts and graphs necessary to understand the original research. The editor may consider limited embargoes on proprietary data. The editor will also grant exceptions for data that cannot legally or ethically be released. All data submitted should comply with Institutional or Ethical Review Board requirements and applicable government regulations. 

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    5. Publishing policies

    5.1 Publication ethics

    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway.

    5.1.1 Plagiarism

    Journal of Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies Engineering and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarized other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    5.1.2 Prior publication

    If material has been previously published, it is not generally acceptable for publication in a SAGE journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the SAGE Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below. 

    5.2 Contributor's publishing agreement

    Before publication SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. Journal of Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies Engineering publishes manuscripts under Creative Commons licenses. The standard license for the journal is Creative Commons by Attribution Non-Commercial (CC BY-NC), which allows others to re-use the work without permission as long as the work is properly referenced and the use is non-commercial. For more information, you are advised to visit SAGE's OA licenses page.

    Alternative license arrangements are available, for example, to meet particular funder mandates, made at the author’s request.

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    6. Preparing your manuscript

    6.1 Word processing formats

    The preferred format for your manuscript is Word. LaTeX files are also accepted. Word and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

    6.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics

    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines.

    Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online.

    6.3 Supplementary material

    This journal is able to host additional materials online alongside the full-text of the article. Supplemental files will be subjected to peer-review alongside the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files.

    6.4 Reference style

    Journal of Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies Engineering adheres to the SAGE Vancouver reference style. Please review the guidelines on SAGE Vancouver to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    If you use EndNote to manage references, you can download the SAGE Vancouver output file here.

    6.5 English language editing services

    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information. 

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    7. Submitting your manuscript

    7.1 ORCID

    As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process SAGE is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities ensuring that their work is recognised.

    We encourage all authors to add their ORCIDs to their SAGE Track accounts and include their ORCIDs as part of the submission process. If you don’t already have one you can create one here.

    7.2 Information required for completing your submission

    You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).

    7.3 Corresponding author contact details

    Provide full contact details for the corresponding author including email, mailing address and telephone numbers. Academic affiliations are required for all co-authors. These details should be presented separately to the main text of the article to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    7.4 Permissions

    Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the SAGE Author Gateway.

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    8. On acceptance and publication

    If your paper is accepted for publication after peer review, you will first be asked to complete the contributor’s publishing agreement. Once your manuscript files have been check for SAGE Production, the corresponding author will be asked to pay the article processing charge (APC) via a payment link. Once the APC has been processed, your article will be prepared for publication and can appear online within an average of 30 days. Please note that no production work will occur on your paper until the APC has been received.

    8.1 SAGE Production

    Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be sent by PDF to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly.  Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate. Please note that if there are any changes to the author list at this stage all authors will be required to complete and sign a form authorising the change.

    8.2 Online publication

    One of the many benefits of publishing your research in an open access journal is the speed to publication. With no page count constraints, your article will be published online in a fully citable form with a DOI number as soon as it has completed the production process. At this time it will be completely free to view and download for all. 

    8.3 Promoting your article

    Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The SAGE Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice. In addition, SAGE is partnered with Kudos, a free service that allows authors to explain, enrich, share, and measure the impact of their article. Find out how to maximise your article’s impact with Kudos.

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    9. Further information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the Journal of Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies Engineering editorial office as follows:

    Emeritus Professor Garth Johnson
    garth.johnson@newcastle.ac.uk

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