Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering

Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering

2014 Impact Factor: 0.828
2014 Ranking: 78/130 in Engineering, Mechanical | 21/32 in Transportation Science & Technology
Source: 2014 Journal Citation Reports ® (Thomson Reuters, 2015)

Professor Colin Garner Loughborough University, UK

eISSN: 20412991| ISSN: 09544070|Current volume: 229|Current issue: 12 Frequency: 14 Times/YearTimes/Year

The Journal of Automobile Engineering is the leading international journal serving the multidisciplinary automotive industry. Contributions are welcome on all aspects of vehicle engineering, including components, and on other closely related subjects.

"The automotive industry is fast moving and global. The Journal of Automobile Engineering is an established, high quality multi-disciplinary journal which publishes the very best science and engineering in the field. If you are working in automotive engineering, we hope you will consider publishing your papers in the Journal."

Professor Colin Garner - Loughborough University, UK

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

For more information about the Journal please contact

Recommend this journal to your library

The Journal of Automobile Engineering is the leading peer-reviewed international Journal serving the multidisciplinary automotive industry. The Journal reflects the continual development and changing needs of this diverse community by means of guidance from an international Editorial Board and with the benefit of association with the Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET).

The Journal provides a forum for those involved in research, design, development, manufacture, operation, servicing and repair of cars, commercial vehicles, public service vehicles, off-highway vehicles and industrial and agricultural tractors throughout the world. The scope includes auxiliary equipment systems, components and complete vehicles for automotive transportation.

Topics include: Vehicles and components; engines and fuels; structures, mechanisms, lubrication and wear; dynamics and primary safety; control and information systems, vision and lighting; environmental impact of vehicles; operation, reliability, durability, servicing and repair; economics, legislation and management; comfort, refinement and secondary safety; manufacturing technology and systems; electronics and traffic information systems, supply chain development.

Editorial Board
M Abe Kanagawa Institute of Technology, Japan
A K Agarwal Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India
R Baranescu University of Illinois, USA
D C Barton University of Leeds, UK
K Bengler Technical University of Munich, Germany
P Campanile PHI srl, Italy
S Ciatti Argonne National Laboratory, USA
S Evans University of Cambridge, UK
Z Filipi Clemson University, USA
J Ghandhi University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA
C Guardiola Universitat Politècnica de València, Spain
M Juhala Aalto University, Finland
G Kalghatgi Saudi Aramco, Saudi Arabia
H Kim Sungkyunkwan University, South Korea
C S Lee Hanyang University, South Korea
K Lee Hanyang University, South Korea
J Macek Czech Technical University in Prague
C McTaggart-Cowan Westport Innovations Inc., Canada
K Nishida University of Hiroshima, Japan
G-J Park Hanyang University, South Korea
C D Rakopoulos National Technical University of Athens, Greece
K Siebertz Ford Forschungszentrum, Aachen, Germany
R H Thring Loughborough University, UK
N D Vaughan Cranfield University, UK
F Zhao Tsinghua University, People's Republic of China
  • Applied Science & Technology Abstract
  • Applied Science & Technology Index
  • Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Current Contents / Engineering, Comp, & Tech
  • Current Contents, Engineering, Comp, & Tech
  • Engineered Materials Abstracts
  • Global Mobility Database
  • Highway Vehicle Safety Database
  • ISI Alerting Services
  • Inspec
  • Mechanical & Transportation Engineering Abstracts
  • Mechanical Engineering Abstracts
  • Metals Abs./METADEX
  • SciSearch
  • Science Citation Index
  • Transportation Research Board
    1. Article types
    2. Editorial Policies
      2.1 Peer review policy
      2.2 Authorship
      2.3 Acknowledgments
      2.4 Funding
      2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
      2.6 Data
    3. Publishing Policies
      3.1 Publication Ethics
      3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement
      3.3 Open Access and author archiving
      3.4 Permissions
    4. Preparing your manuscript
      4.1 Word processing formats
      4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
      4.3 Supplementary material
      4.4 Journal layout
      4.5 Reference style
      4.6 English language editing services
    5. Submitting your manuscript
      5.1 How to submit your manuscript
      5.2 Title, keywords and abstracts
      5.3 Corresponding author contact details
    6. On acceptance and publication
      6.1 SAGE Production
      6.2 Access to your published article
      6.3 Online First publication
    7. Further Information

    This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics

    There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this journal.

    Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s submission site to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Proc IMechE, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering will be reviewed.

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.

    Back to top


    1. Article Types

    Original Article: Describes a piece of original or substantially original research, or some aspect of design development, manufacture, operation and maintenance, or engineering education
    Review Article: A critical review of the state-of-the-art with examples of applications in design and profitable manufacture without extensive analysis
    Case Study: Describes the application of a technique, procedure or management concept in a real situation
    Technical Note: A short, interim statement on a research project or description of some new development


    1. In general, Original Articles, Review Papers and Case Studies should not normally exceed 5000 words (with up to 10 illustrations). Longer articles will be considered, however, as our criterion is that the content justifies the length of the article.
    2. Technical Notes should not exceed 1500 words and 5 illustrations.
    3. Discussions on papers already published should not exceed 500 words and 2 illustrations.

    Back to top

    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy

    Submissions to the journal are assessed by independent referees who make recommendations on the suitability of the articles for publication. We are committed to providing timely assessment of articles and authors are informed of the publication decision as soon as possible.

    It should be noted that our refereeing process, common to many other publishers, is single-blind, that is, the referees remain anonymous and their identities are not released to authors. The referees, however, are informed of the authors’ names and affiliations.

    As part of the submission process you will be asked to provide the names of peers who could be called upon to review your manuscript. Recommended reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Please be aware of any conflicts of interest when recommending reviewers. Examples of conflicts of interest include (but are not limited to) the below: 

    • The reviewer should have no prior knowledge of your submission
    • The reviewer should not have recently collaborated with any of the authors
    • Reviewer nominees from the same institution as any of the authors are not permitted

    Please note that the Editors are not obliged to invite any recommended/opposed reviewers to assess your manuscript.

    2.2 Authorship

    Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.
    The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:

    1. Made a substantial contribution to the concept and design, acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data,
    2. Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,
    3. Approved the version to be published.

    Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.
    When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.

    Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section. Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on authorship.

    2.3 Acknowledgements

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.

    2.3.1 Writing Assistance

    Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communciations company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance.
    It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.

    Any acknowledgements should appear first at the end of your article prior to your Declaration of Conflicting Interests (if applicable), any notes and your References.

    2.4 Funding

    Proc IMechE, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading.  Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. 

    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests

    It is the policy of Proc IMechE, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineeringto require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.
    Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’.

    For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations here

    2.6 Data

    SAGE acknowledges the importance of research data availability as an integral part of the research and verification process for academic journal articles.

    Proc IMechE, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineeringrequests all authors submitting any primary data used in their research articles alongside their article submissions to be published in the online version of the journal, or provide detailed information in their articles on how the data can be obtained. This information should include links to third-party data repositories or detailed contact information for third-party data sources. Data available only on an author-maintained website will need to be loaded onto either the journal’s platform or a third-party platform to ensure continuing accessibility. Examples of data types include but are not limited to statistical data files, replication code, text files, audio files, images, videos, appendices, and additional charts and graphs necessary to understand the original research. The editor may consider limited embargoes on proprietary data. The editor can also grant exceptions for data that cannot legally or ethically be released. All data submitted should comply with Institutional or Ethical Review Board requirements and applicable government regulations. For further information, please contact the editorial office at

    Back to top

    3. Publishing policies

    3.1 Publication ethics

    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway

    3.1.1 Plagiarism

    Proc IMechE, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of articles published in the journal. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked using duplication-checking software. Where an article is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article (removing it from the journal); taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author’s institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; banning the author from publication in the journal or all SAGE journals, or appropriate legal action.

    3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement

    Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

    3.3 Open Access and author archiving

    Proc IMechE, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering offers optional open access publishing via the SAGE Choice programme. For more information please visit the SAGE Choice website. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

    3.4 Permissions

    Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. N.B. If an author is using their own work they will still require permission if they did not retain copyright of the previously published article.  Papers will not be accepted for publication without the correct permissions. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway

    Back to top

    4. Preparing your manuscript

    4.1 Word processing formats

    Preferred formats for the text and tables of your manuscript are Word DOC, RTF, XLS. LaTeX files are also accepted. The text should be double-spaced throughout and with a minimum of 3cm for left and right hand margins and 5cm at head and foot. Text should be standard 10 or 12 point. Word and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics

    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines  
    Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article.

    Please ensure that all figures are not supplied with an outer rectangular box or hairline.

    Mathematical: All vectors and matrices should be shown in bold type. Avoid confusion between ambiguous characters and take care to ensure that subscripts and superscripts are clear. Numbers below 10 should be written out in the text unless used in conjunction with units (e.g. three apples, 4 kg). Full points (not commas) should be used for decimals. For numbers less than one, a nought should be inserted before the decimal point. Equations should be numbered sequentially throughout the document, with labels on the right hand side of the page.

    4.3 Supplementary material

    This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc.) alongside the full-text of the article. These will be subjected to peer-review alongside the article.  For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files, which can be found within our Manuscript Submission Guidelines page.

    4.4 Journal layout

    Proc IMechE, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineeringconforms to the SAGE house style.  Click here to review guidelines on SAGE UK House Style.

    4.5 Reference style

    Proc IMechE, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineeringadheres to the SAGE Vancouver reference style. Click here to review the guidelines on SAGE Vancouver to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    If you use EndNote to manage references, you can download the SAGE Vancouver output file here

    The Journal should be cited in the following way:

    Proc IMechE, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering

    If you use EndNote to manage references, download the SAGE Vancouver output file by following this link and save to the appropriate folder (normally for Windows C:\Program Files\EndNote\Styles and for Mac OS X Harddrive:Applications:EndNote:Styles). Once you’ve done this, open EndNote and choose “Select Another Style...” from the dropdown menu in the menu bar; locate and choose this new style from the following screen.

    4.6 English language editing services

    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

    Back to top

    5. Submitting your manuscript

    5.1 How to submit your manuscript

    Proc IMechE, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering is hosted on SAGE Track, a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit to login and submit your article online.

    IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created.  For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.

    5.2 Title, keywords and abstracts

    Please supply a title, an abstract and keywords to accompany your article. The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article online through online search engines such as Google. Please refer to the information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords by visiting the SAGE Journal Author Gateway for guidelines on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online

    5.3 Corresponding author contact details

    Provide full contact details for the corresponding author including email, mailing address and telephone numbers. Academic affiliations are required for all co-authors. These details should be presented separately to the main text of the article to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    Back to top

    6. On acceptance and publication

    6.1 SAGE Production

    Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be sent by PDF to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly.

    6.2 Access to your published article

    SAGE provides authors with online access to their final article.

    6.3 Online First publication

    Online First allows final revision articles (completed articles in queue for assignment to an upcoming issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a final journal issue which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. For more information please visit our Online First Fact Sheet

    Back to top

    7. Further Information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the Proc IMechE, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering editorial office as follows:

    Telephone: +44(0) 20 7324 5125

    Back to top

    Please select a format:

    Institutional Subscription, E-access

    Institutional Subscription, Print Only

    Institutional Subscription, Combined (Print & E-access)

    Institutional, Single Print Issue