Identity Development
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Identity Development
Adolescence Through Adulthood

Second Edition


© 2007 | 320 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
'This is the one book that I recommend as authoritative on life-span identity development. Written in a lively style with examples both numerous and apt, it helps practitioners and social planners to become current with research findings, and it provides researchers with both the necessary background and intriguing new ideas to advance their work. University instructors will find it invaluable as a text for a seminar in identity development as well as a highly useful supplement for courses in life-span development (adolescence through late adulthood) and personality theory. Kroger has written that rare book that is highly informative, useful, and a pleasure to read'

- James E. Marcia, Ph.D., Professor Emeritus, Simon Fraser University, British Columbia, Canada

This volume highlights key features of identity development from early adolescence and through late adulthood and provides a valuable resource for university students as well as human services professionals. The Second Edition of Identity Development: Adolescence Through Adulthood presents an overview of the five general theoretical orientations to the question of what constitutes identity, as well as the strengths and limitations of each approach. The volume then proceeds to describe key biological, psychological, and contextual issues during each phase of adolescence and adulthood. Following these major adolescence and adulthood sections, selected issues that may pose identity challenges for some are presented.

New to the Second Edition:

A thorough updating of key theories, researches, and demographic information on the course and contents of identity development from adolescence through adulthood

An international focus in the selection of researches used to examine key issues

A discussion of measurement techniques used within various theoretical orientations to investigate issues of identity

A contemporary critical analysis of current identity research within an Eriksonian framework

 
Preface
 
PART I. INTRODUCTION
 
Perspectives on Identity
Origins of Identity: Erik Erikson  
Contemporary Approaches to Identity: An Overview  
Key Similarities and Differences Across Identity Models  
Back to the Beginning  
 
PART II. ADOLESCENCE
 
Identity in Early Adolescence
Intersection of Biological, Psychological, and Societal Influences on Identity in Early Adolescence: An Overview  
Coming to Terms With Pubertal Change: Identity Implications  
Timing of Pubertal Change: Identity Implications  
Identity and Sexuality  
Contexts Affecting Early Adolescent Identity Development  
Back to the Beginning  
Answers to Chapter Questions  
 
Identity in Mid-Adolescence
Intersection of Biological, Psychological, and Societal Influences on Identity in Mid-Adolescence: An Overview  
Identity and Sexuality  
Identity and Vocation  
Identity and Meaningful Values  
Contexts Affecting Mid-Adolescent Identity Development  
Back to the Beginning  
Answers to Chapter Questions  
 
Identity in Late Adolescence
Intersection of Biological, Psychological, and Societal Influences on Identity in Late Adolescence: An Overview  
The Second Separation-Individuation Process and Identity Formation  
The Beginnings of Intimacy  
Actualizing Vocational Directions  
Identity, Meaningful Values, and Personality  
Contexts Affecting Late Adolescent Identity Development  
Back to the Beginning  
Answers to Chapter Questions  
 
Selected Identity Issues of Adolescence
Identity and Adoption  
Identity and Unemployment  
Identity and Ethnicity  
Identity and Residential Relocation  
Back to the Beginning  
Answers to Chapter Questions  
 
PART III. ADULTHOOD
 
Identity in Early Adulthood
Intersection of Biological, Psychological, and Societal Influences on Identity in Early Adulthood: An Overview  
The Course of Identity in Early Adulthood  
The Contents of Identity in Early Adulthood  
Identity and Intimacy in Early Adulthood  
Identity and Generativity in Early Adulthood  
Contexts Affecting Early Adult Identity Development  
Back to the Beginning  
Answers to Chapter Questions  
 
Identity in Middle Adulthood
Intersection of Biological, Psychological, and Societal Influences on Identity in Middle Adulthood: An Overview  
The Course of Identity in Middle Adulthood  
The Contents of Identity in Middle Adulthood  
Identity and Generativity in Middle Adulthood  
Contexts Affecting Identity Development During Middle Adulthood  
Back to the Beginning  
Answers to Chapter Questions  
 
Identity in Late Adulthood
Intersection of Biological, Psychological, and Societal Influences on Identity in Late Adulthood: An Overview  
The Course of Identity in Late Adulthood  
The Contents of Identity in Late Adulthood  
Identity and Integrity in Late Adulthood  
Contexts Affecting Identity in Late Adulthood  
Back to the Beginning  
Answers to Chapter Questions  
 
Selected Identity Issues of Adulthood
Identity and Loss of an Intimate Relationship  
Identity and Infertility  
Identity and Threats to Physical Integrity  
Identity and Coming to Terms With Death  
Back to the Beginning  
Answers to Chapter Questions  
 
PART IV. EPILOGUE
 
References
 
Author Index
 
Subject Index
 
About the Author

"This Second Edition of Jane Kroger’s Identity Development: Adolescence through Adulthood is a jewel in the publications pertaining to identity. In one book five theoretical/empirical frameworks of identity are skillfully intertwined with Erikson’s seminal work pertaining to the 'meaningful, purposeful, directed' self. The search for one’s identity with its continuities and change over the lifespan are documented with intriguing issues of transition and narrative that affords any reader the recognition of self. For those seeking empirical questions to investigate this book stands on the cutting edge providing essential directions that will greatly expand our understanding of identity development and its refinement. This volume is an essential addition to the library of any scholar or student interested in the field of identity."

Sally L. Archer
The College of New Jersey

"This book is the most thorough examination of identity formation across youth and adulthood that has ever been written.Like the great architect of identity, the late Erik H. Erikson, Jane Kroger has written a book on human development and identity that stands as a testimony to the power of the self and identity formation in understanding human beings, their anticipations, goals and aspirations, and the nature of meaningfulness to life. Through a summary of research, narratives and discourses on identity formation, Kroger has painted a fascinating and informative portrait of the landscape of identity formation across the life-span."

Gerald Adams
University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada

"This is the one book that I recommend as authoritative on life-span identity development. Written in a lively style with examples both numerous and apt, it helps practitioners and social planners to become current with research findings, and it provides researchers with both the necessary background and intriguing new ideas to advance their work. University instructors will find it invaluable as a text for a seminar in identity development as well as a highly useful supplement for courses in life-span development (adolescence through late adulthood) and personality theory.  Kroger has written that rare book that is highly informative, useful, and a pleasure to read."

James E. Marcia
Simon Fraser University, British Columbia

"Jane Kroger's Identity Development: Adolescence through Adulthood , Second Edition, provides a concise and engaging summary of the rapidly-expanding theory and research on identity development. The volume is solidly grounded in Erikson's work, yet expands to include psychological, sociological, historical, and cultural perspectives. The book is written in a very accessible way - useful to those seeking an introduction to the field as well as to established researchers who want to look beyond the boundaries of their own work. The text is richly illustrated by quotes from a wide range of adolescents and adults going about their daily lives. Especially valuable are Kroger's treatment of a number of special identity challenges faced by sub-groups and her focus throughout the book on the many ways in relationships are thoroughly interwoven with the process of identity development."

Harold D. Grotevant, Ph.D.
University of Minnesota

This book is an excellent look at identity throughout your life

Mrs Diane Forrester
Community Studies, Truro College
May 6, 2015

Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 2

Chapter 5

Chapter 8


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