You are here

Journal of Adolescent Research

Journal of Adolescent Research

eISSN: 15526895 | ISSN: 07435584 | Current volume: 39 | Current issue: 3 Frequency: Bi-monthly

The aim of the Journal of Adolescent Research is to publish informative and dynamic articles from a variety of disciplines that focus on development during adolescence (ages 10 to 18) and early emerging adulthood (18-22). We are particularly interested in papers that use mixed-methods, systematically combining qualitative and quantitative data and analyses. We also seek rigorous qualitative research using a variety of strategies including ethnography, in-depth interviews, case studies, photo elicitation, and the like. We focus on work that takes a strengths-, or assets-, based approach to adolescent development. Our goal is to expand upon the understanding of a diverse range of experiences of adolescents and emerging adults across a variety of contexts.

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)

The aim of the Journal of Adolescent Research is to publish informative and dynamic articles from a variety of disciplines that focus on development during adolescence (ages 10 to 18) and early emerging adulthood (18-22). We are particularly interested in papers that use mixed-methods, systematically combining qualitative and quantitative data and analyses. We also seek rigorous qualitative research using a variety of strategies including ethnography, in-depth interviews, case studies, photo elicitation, and the like. We focus on work that takes a strengths-, or assets-, based approach to adolescent development. Our goal is to expand upon the understanding of a diverse range of experiences of adolescents and emerging adults across a variety of contexts.

Dr. Elan Hope Policy Research Associates, Inc., USA
Book Review Editor
Marilyn J. Montgomery Florida International University, USA
Founding Editors
Associate Editors
Tara Brown University of Maryland
Roderick Carey University of Delaware
Saskias Casanova University of California, Santa Cruz, USA
Susan Chuang University of Guelph
Katie Davis University of Washington, USA
Lisa Kiang Wake Forest University
Steven Krauss University of Missouri, USA
Amy B. Lewin University of Maryland, USA
Onnie Rogers Northwestern University, USA
Linda Theron University of Pretoria, South Africa
Shannon Varga Jacksonville Public Education Fund, USA
Gabriel Velez Marquette University, USA
Editorial Board
Adriana Aldana California State University Dominguez Hills
Miriam Arbeit Suffolk University, USA
Jeffrey Arnett Clark University, USA
Nickki Pearce Dawes Lasell University
Michelle Fine City University of New York Graduate Center, USA
Sandra Graham University of California, Los Angeles, USA
David Green University of Toronto
Patricia Greenfield University of California, Los Angeles, USA
Aisha Griffith University of Illinois, Chicago
Lene Arnett Jensen Clark University, USA
Dalal Katsiaficas University of Illinois, USA
Ben Kirshner University of Colorado, Boulder, USA
Mariah Kornbluh University of Oregon, USA
Fantasy Lozada Virginia Commonwealth University
Alexa Martin-Storey Université de Sherbrooke, Canada
Linda S. Martinez Boston University
Robert Marx San Jose State University
Rana Meenal Humboldt State University
Lauren Mims New York University, USA
Elizabeth Birr Moje University of Michigan, USA
Joseph Nelson Swarthmore College, USA
Bame Nsamenang Human Development Resource Centre
Jean Rhodes University of Massachusetts, Boston, USA
Yumary Ruiz Purdue University
Stephen Russell University of Arizona, USA
Edward D. Scott, Jr. University of Houston, USA
Scott Seider Boston College, USA
Zoe Higheagle Strong Washington State University
Thomas Weisner University of California, Los Angeles, USA
Joana S. Yendork University of Ghana
  • Child Development Abstracts & Bibliography
  • Clarivate Analytics: Current Contents - Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
  • Combined Health Information Database (CHID)
  • Corporate ResourceNET - Ebsco
  • Criminal Justice Abstracts
  • Current Citations Express
  • EBSCO: Family Studies Abstracts
  • Family & Society Studies Worldwide (NISC)
  • Health & Safety Sciences Abstracts
  • Health Source Plus
  • MAS FullTEXT
  • MasterFILE - Ebsco
  • Mental Health Abstracts
  • NISC
  • Pollution Abstracts
  • Prevention Evaluation Research Registry for Youth (PERRY)
  • ProQuest: Applied Social Science Index & Abstracts (ASSIA)
  • ProQuest: CSA Sociological Abstracts
  • Professional Development Collection - Ebsco
  • PsycINFO
  • PsycLIT
  • Psychological Abstracts
  • Risk Abstracts
  • Safety Science & Risk Abstracts
  • SafetyLit
  • Scopus
  • Social SciSearch
  • Social Sciences Citation Index (Web of Science)
  • Social Services Abstracts
  • Standard Periodical Directory (SPD)
  • TOPICsearch - Ebsco

    The aim of the Journal of Adolescent Research is to publish informative and dynamic articles from a variety of disciplines that focus on development during adolescence (ages 10 to 18) and early emerging adulthood (18-22). We are particularly interested in papers that use mixed-methods, systematically combining qualitative and quantitative data and analyses. We also seek rigorous qualitative research using a variety of strategies including ethnography, in-depth interviews, case studies, photo elicitation, and the like. Our goal is to expand upon the understanding of a diverse range of experiences of adolescents and emerging adults across a variety of contexts.

    This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)

    Manuscript Preparation

    Manuscripts should be prepared using the APA Style Guide (7th Edition). All pages must be typed, double-spaced (including references, footnotes, and endnotes). Text must be in 12-point Times Roman. Block quotes may be single-spaced. Must include margins of 1inch on all the four sides and number all pages sequentially. All research submitted must adhere with guidelines for the protection of human subjects. Please indicate in your cover letter and in your manuscript how you met this standard (e.g., following protocols approved by an institutional review board).

    The manuscript should include four major sections(in this order): Title Page, Abstract, Main Body, and References.

    Sections in a manuscript may include the following (in this order): (1) Title page, (2) Abstract, (3) Keywords, (4) Text, (5) Notes, (6) References, (7) Tables, (8) Figures, and (9) Appendices.

    1. Title page. Please include the following:

    • Full article title
    • Acknowledgments and credits
    • Each author’s complete name and institutional affiliation(s) and biosketch (2-3 sentences about each author)
    • Grant numbers and/or funding information
    • Corresponding author (name, address, phone/fax, e-mail)

    We strongly encourage authors to include the following key points in their Abstract. Feel free to use this as a template. Note. The Abstract should not exceed 200 words.

    2. Abstract. Print the abstract on a separate page headed by the full article title. Omit author(s)’s names.

    Aims. Describe the aims of your study.
    Demographics. Provide information about your sample of participants, including age, gender, race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, immigrant generational status, etc.
    Settings. Describe the site or context from which your sample was drawn.
    Methodology. Describe the specific qualitative or mixed-method strategy employed for the study (in-depth interviews, case studies, photo elicitation, etc.) Note. We do NOT accept manuscripts that use only quantitative methods. Please include in your methodology a statement about how your research ensured the protection of human subjects (i.e., following protocols that have been approved by an Institutional Review Board).
    Analysis. Describe the type of analysis you used (inductive analysis, deductive analysis, chi sq.; logistic regression, etc.)
    Findings. Briefly describe key findings.
    Implications. Include a concluding sentence regarding implications of study.

    3. Text. Begin article text on a new page headed by the full article title.

    a. Headings and subheadings. Subheadings should indicate the organization of the content of the manuscript. Generally, three heading levels are sufficient to organize text. Level 1 heading should be Centered, Boldface, Upper & Lowercase, Level 2 heading should be Flush Left, Boldface, Upper & Lowercase, Level 3 heading should be Indented, boldface, lowercase paragraph heading that ends with a period, Level 4 heading should be Indented, boldface, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading that ends with a period, and Level 5 heading should be Indented, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading that ends with a period.

    b. Positionality Statement. Positionality statements help the reader understand how the identities and experiences of the authors relate to the research topic and approach. Please be sure to include a positionality statement that reflects the full authorship team. For more guidance on creating a positionality statement, please see the following resources: Positionality practices and dimensions of impact on equity researchSocial identity map: A reflexivity tool for practicing explicit positionality in critical qualitative researchMoving beyond 'shopping list' positionality. Submissions that do not include a positionality statement will be returned to the author(s) without review. 

    c. Citations. For each text citation there must be a corresponding citation in the reference list and for each reference list citation there must be a corresponding text citation. Each corresponding citation must have identical spelling and year. Each text citation must include at least two pieces of information, author(s) and year of publication. Following are some examples of text citations:

    (i) Unknown Author: To cite worksthatdo not have an author, cite the source by its title in the signal phrase or use the first word or two in the parentheses. Eg. The findings are based on the study was done of students learning to format research papers ("Using XXX," 2001)

    (ii) Authors with the Same Last Name: use first initials with the last names to prevent confusion. Eg.(L. Hughes, 2001; P. Hughes, 1998)

    (iii) Two or More Works by the Same Author in the Same Year: For two sources by the same author in the same year, use lower-case letters (a, b, c) with the year to order the entries in the reference list. The lower-case letters should follow the year in the in-text citation.Eg.Research by Freud (1981a) illustrated that…

    (iv) Personal Communication: For letters, e-mails, interviews,and other person-to-person communication, citation should include the communicator's name, the fact that it was personal communication, and the date of the communication. Do not include personal communication in the reference list.Eg.(E. Clark, personal communication, January 4, 2009).

    (v) Unknown Author and Unknown Date: For citations with no author or date, use the title in the signal phrase or the first word or two of the title in the parentheses and use the abbreviation "n.d." (for "no date").Eg. The study conducted by of students and research division discovered that students succeeded with tutoring ("Tutoring and APA," n.d.).

    5. Notes. If explanatory notes are required for your manuscript, insert a number formatted in superscript following almost any punctuation mark. Footnote numbers should not follow dashes ( — ), and if they appear in a sentence in parentheses, the footnote number should be inserted within the parentheses. The Footnotes should be added at the bottom of the page after the references. The word “Footnotes” should be centered at the top of the page.

    6. References. Basic rules for the reference list:

    • The reference list should be arranged in alphabetical order according to the authors’ last names.
    • If there is more than one work by the same author, order them according to their publication date – oldest to newest (therefore a 2008 publication would appear before a 2009 publication).
    • When listing multiple authors of a source use “&” instead of “and”. 
    • Capitalize only the first word of the title and of the subtitle, if there are one, and any proper names – i. e. only those words that are normally capitalized.
    • Italicize the title of the book, the title of the journal/serial and the title of the web document.
    • Manuscripts submitted to JAR should strictly follow the APA Style Guide (7thEdition).
    • Every citation in text must have the detailed reference in the Reference section.
    • Every reference listed in the Reference section must be cited in text.
    • Do not use “et al.” in the Reference list at the end; names of all authors of a publication should be listed there.
    • Include the DOI number in the References.

    Here are a few examples of commonly found references. For more examples please check APA (7th Ed).


    Book – Airey, D. (2010). Logo design love: A guide to creating iconic brand identities. New Riders.

    Book with editors & edition -- Collins, C., & Jackson, S. (Eds.). (2007). Sport in Aotearoa/New Zealand society. Thomson.

    Book with author & publisher are the same -- MidCentral District Health Board. (2008). District annual plan 2008/09. Author.

    Chapter in an edited book -- Dear, J., & Underwood, M. (2007). What is the role of exercise in the prevention of back pain? In D. MacAuley& T. Best (Eds.), Evidence-based sports medicine (2nd ed., pp. 257-280). Blackwell.




    Journal article (more than one author) -- Gabbett, T., Jenkins, D., & Abernethy, B. (2010). Physical collisions and injury during professional rugby league skills training. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 13(6), 578-583. 

    Journal article (8 or more authors) -- Crooks, C., Ameratunga, R., Brewerton, M., Torok, M., Buetow, S., Brothers, S., Wall, C., Jorgensen, P. (2010). Adverse reactions to food in New Zealand children aged 0-5 years. New Zealand Medical Journal, 123(1327), 14-23.


    Internet Sources:

    Internet – no author, no date--Pet therapy. (n.d.). Retrieved from htttp://


    Internet – Organisation / Corporate author-- SPCA New Zealand. (2011). Your dog may be dying from the heat [Press release]. Retrieved from


    • Examples of various types of information sources:

    Act (statute / legislation)--Copyright Act 1994. (2011, October 7). Retrieved from


    Blog post-- Liz and Ellory. (2011, January 19). The day of dread(s) [Web log post]. Retrieved from


    Brochure / pamphlet (no author)--Ageing well: How to be the best you can be [Brochure]. (2009). Wellington, New Zealand: Ministry of Health.


    Conference Paper--Williams, J., &Seary, K. (2010). Bridging the divide: Scaffolding the learning experiences of the mature age student. In J. Terrell (Ed.), Making the links: Learning, teaching and high quality student outcomes. Proceedings of the 9th Conference of the New Zealand Association of Bridging Educators (pp. 104-116). Wellington, New Zealand.


    DVD / Video / Motion Picture (including Clickview&Youtube)--Gardiner, A., Curtis, C., & Michael, E. (Producers), &Waititi, T. (Director). (2010). Boy: Welcome to my interesting world [DVD]. New Zealand: Transmission.


    Magazine--Ng, A. (2011, October-December). Brush with history. Habitus, 13, 83-87.


    Newspaper article (no author)--Little blue penguins homeward bound. (2011, November 23). Manawatu Standard, p. 5


    Podcast (audio or video)--Rozaieski, B. (2011). Logan cabinet shoppe: Episode 37: Entertainment center molding [Video podcast]. Retrieved from

    Software (including apps--UBM Medica.(2010). iMIMS (Version1.2.0) [Mobile application software].Retrieved from


    Television programme--Flanagan, A., &Philipson, A. (Series producers & directors).(2011). 24 hours in A & E [Television series]. Belfast, Ireland: Channel 4.


    Thesis (print)--Smith, T. L. (2008). Change, choice and difference: The case of RN to BN degree programmes for registered nurses (Master’s thesis). Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand.


    Thesis (online)--Mann, D. L. (2010). Vision and expertise for interceptive actions in sport (Doctoral dissertation, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia). Retrieved from


    Non-English reference book, title translated in English

    Real Academia Espanola. (2001). Diccionario de la lenguaespanola [Dictionary of the Spanish Language] (22nded.). Madrid, Spain: Author

    IMPORTANT NOTE: To encourage a faster production process of your article, you are requested to closely adhere to the points above for references. Otherwise, it will entail a long process of solving copyeditor’s queries and may directly affect the publication time of your article. In case of any question, please contact the journal editor at

    7. Tables. They should be structured properly. Each table must have a clear and concise title. When appropriate, use the title to explain an abbreviation parenthetically.Eg.Comparison of Median Income of Adopted Children (AC) v. Foster Children (FC).Headings should be clear and brief.

    8. Figures. They should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they appear in the text and must include figure captions. Figures will appear in the published article in the order in which they are numbered initially. The figure resolution should be 300dpi at the time of submission.

    IMPORTANT: PERMISSION - The author(s) are responsible for securing permission to reproduce all copyrighted figures or materials before they are published in JAR. A copy of the written permission must be included with the manuscript submission.

    9. Appendices. They should be lettered to distinguish from numbered tables and figures. Include a descriptive title for each appendix (e.g., “Appendix A. Variable Names and Definitions”).Cross-check text for accuracy against appendices.

    In addition, all articles must show an awareness of the cultural context of the research questions asked, the population studied, and the results of the study. Each paper submitted MUST include a cover letter indicating how the paper meets at least one of these criteria and the cultural requirement.

    For more on the standards for publication in the JOURNAL OF ADOLESCENT RESEARCH,  please see:

    Arnett, J. J. (2005). The Vitality Criterion: A new standard of publication for Journal of Adolescent Research. Journal of Adolescent Research, 20, 3-7.

    Suárez-Orozco, C. (2015). Transitional statement from the new Journal of Adolescent Research team. Journal of Adolescent Research, 30(1), 3-6. 

    Some essays may provide a thoughtful critique of a research area while making constructive suggestions for new ways of approaching it. Other essays could analyze a recent event, commenting on the developmental context when adolescents or emerging adults are in the news for involvement in something widely discussed. Policy discussions and advocacy also are welcome in the essays. Scholars interested in writing and submitting an Editorial Essay should query the editor first to confirm the appropriateness of the proposed topic.

    The journal accepts ELECTRONIC SUBMISSIONS ONLY. Manuscripts should be submitted online at The editor (or associate editor) will review all manuscripts within 1 month and then inform the lead author whether or not the paper has met the JOURNAL OF ADOLESCENT RESEARCH criteria. The manuscript then will be sent out for peer review.

    Submission of a manuscript implies commitment to publish in the journal. Authors submitting manuscripts to the journal should not simultaneously submit them to another journal, nor should manuscripts have been published elsewhere in substantially similar form or with substantially similar content. Authors in doubt about what constitutes prior publication should consult the editor.

    In general, manuscripts should not exceed 30-35 typed, double-spaced pages, including references, tables, and figures. Figures and tables should be included as part of the manuscript, not as separate files. If your study uses multiple methods and you feel you need additional space beyond 35 pages to describe each set of methods and integrated findings in-depth, please indicate that in your cover letter. Five to six keywords, to be used in archival retrieval systems, should be indicated on the title page. The title page should also include contact information for the lead author, including affiliation, mailing address, e-mail address, and phone and fax numbers. Manuscripts should include three- to four-sentence biographical paragraphs of each author at the bottom of the title page. Following the title page, an abstract of no more than 200 words should be included. Text and references must conform to American Psychological Association style, as stated in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Seventh Edition. Permission for use of the copyrighted material is the responsibility of the author. All artwork must be camera ready.


    As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process Sage is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized.

    The collection of ORCID iDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this journal. If you already have an ORCID iD you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID iD will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID iD is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.

    If you do not already have an ORCID iD please follow this link to create one or visit our ORCID homepage to learn more.

    Sage Choice
    If you or your funder wish your article to be freely available online to nonsubscribers immediately upon publication (gold open access), you can opt for it to be included in Sage Choice, subject to the payment of a publication fee. The manuscript submission and peer review procedure is unchanged. On acceptance of your article, you will be asked to let Sage know directly if you are choosing Sage Choice. To check journal eligibility and the publication fee, please visit Sage Choice. For more information on open access options and compliance at Sage, including self/author archiving deposits (green open access) visit Sage Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

    Authors who want to refine the use of English in their manuscripts might consider utilizing the services of SPi, a non-affiliated company that offers Professional Editing Services to authors of journal articles in the areas of science, technology, medicine or the social sciences. SPi specializes in editing and correcting English-language manuscripts written by authors with a primary language other than English. Visit for more information about SPi’s Professional Editing Services, pricing, and turn-around times, or to obtain a free quote or submit a manuscript for language polishing.

    Please be aware that Sage has no affiliation with SPi and makes no endorsement of the company. An author’s use of SPi’s services in no way guarantees that his or her submission will ultimately be accepted. Any arrangement an author enters into will be exclusively between the author and SPi, and any costs incurred are the sole responsibility of the author.


    Individual Subscription, E-access

    Institutional Subscription, E-access

    Institutional Subscription & Backfile Lease, E-access Plus Backfile (All Online Content)

    Institutional Backfile Purchase, E-access (Content through 1998)