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Qualitative Research

Qualitative Research
Bridging the Conceptual, Theoretical, and Methodological

Second Edition

April 2020 | 624 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
The second edition of Qualitative Research focuses on cultivating and bridging theoretical, methodological, and conceptual aspects to provide insight into their interactions in qualitative research. This comprehensive text helps students understand the central concepts, topics, and skills necessary to engage in rigorous, valid, and respectful qualitative research. Authors Sharon M. Ravitch and Nicole Mittenfelner Carl have written this text with student researchers in mind, balancing communicating the foundations and processes of qualitative research with clarity and simplicity while also capturing its complexity and layers.  Whether students are new to qualitative research or not, this book will help students develop and deepen their understanding of an approach to research that seeks, designs for, and engages criticality in research.

The new edition of this book includes a more prominently-placed and expanded discussion of research ethics as crucial to students' inquiry, more information on reflexivity in data collection and individual methods for qualitative data collection, a more in-depth chapter on coding and other types of qualitative data analysis, and more thorough resource sections including connections to the extensive appendices so students can further their qualitative research journey. 

Included with this title:

The password-protected Instructor Resource Site (formally known as SAGE Edge)
offers access to all text-specific resources, including a test bank and editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides. Learn more.
Sharon Would Like to Thank
Nicole Would Like to Thank
About the Authors
Chapter 1: Qualitative Research: An Opening Orientation
An Overview of the Processes of Qualitative Research

Defining and Situating Qualitative Research

Key Components of Qualitative Research

Horizontal Values in Qualitative Research: Criticality, Reflexivity, Collaboration, and Rigor

Approaches to Qualitative Research: An Overview

A Note on the Possibilities of Qualitative Research

Chapter 2: Conceptual Frameworks in Research
Conceptual Frameworks in Research

Developing a Conceptual Framework

Building Your Conceptual Framework

Chapter 3: Qualitative Research Design
Research Design in Qualitative Research

Qualitative Research Design Processes

Sampling: Site and Participant Selection

Writing in Research Design


Chapter 4: Reflexivity in Data Collection
Defining Qualitative Research as Iterative

Reflexivity in Data Collection

Reflexivity and Researcher-Generated Data Sources

Chapter 5: Methods of Data Collection

Observational Fieldnotes

Focus Groups

Documents and Archival Data

Open-Ended Questionnaires

Participatory Methods of Data Collection

Revisiting Research Design

Chapter 6: Validity in Qualitative Research
Overview of Validity in Qualitative Research

Assessing Validity

Strategies for Achieving Qualitative Validity

Rigor and Validity in Qualitative Research

Chapter 7: Ethics and Relational Research
Relational Ethics: Taking a Relational Approach to Research

Deepening Research Ethics: Beyond IRB and Informed Consent

Beyond Negotiating Entrée and Building Rapport

Research Boundaries

Informed Consent, with an Emphasis on Informed

Transparency in Goals, Expectations, Processes, and Roles

Confidentiality and Anonymity

The Ethical Dimensions of the Researcher as Instrument

Pushing Against the Expert–Learner Binary

Ethical Collaboration: Dialectics of Mutual Influence

Balancing Design Flexibility and Rigor: Responsive Research as an Ethical Stance

Chapter 8: An Integrative Approach to Data Analysis
Defining and Critically Approaching Qualitative Data Analysis

Analysis and Interpretation

Overview of Qualitative Data Analysis Processes

An Integrative Approach to Qualitative Data Analysis

Chapter 9: Methods and Processes of Data Analysis
Data Organization and Managements

Immersive Engagement

Writing and Representation

Chapter 10: Writing and Representing Research: The Research Report
The Craft of Writing: Outlining, Drafting, and Revising

Writing a Final Report: Building On, Deepening, and Codifying Analysis

Critical Writing Considerations

Concluding Thoughts: The Ethics of Research Writing

Chapter 11: Qualitative Research Proposals
Qualitative Research Proposals

Writing Quality Research Proposals

Adapting Research Proposals

Revisiting the Horizontal Values in Qualitative Research

Closing Thoughts: The Power and Potential of Qualitative Research



Instructor Resource Site

Online resources included with this text

The online resources for your text are available via the password-protected Instructor Resource Site, which offers access to all text-specific resources, including a test bank and editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides.
Student Study Site

The open-access Student Study Site makes it easy for students to maximize their study time, anywhere, anytime. It offers flashcards that strengthen understanding of key terms and concepts, as well as learning objectives that reinforce the most important material.

For additional information, custom options, or to request a personalized walkthrough of these resources, please contact your sales representative.

Offering useful context to the cohort, who are mainly engaged in degree work for vocational purposes but who need to understand the context of the academic work they do

Miss Kathryn Reaney
Communication & Media, Sheffield Hallam University
October 19, 2022

This book gives the student great general knowledge of qualitative reserch and it's different possibilities. THe book has been written understandable, thank you for writers!

Dr Johanna Terävä
Department of Education, University of Jyväskylä
September 26, 2022

Very useful to our Masters students

Dr Eleni Tracada
Architecture & Built Environment (BMC), Derby University
December 19, 2020

Will be very helpful for my students undertaking their research projects

Mrs Emma Harvey
Education, Suffolk New College
January 13, 2021

This book will provide the content for my online qualitative methodology course. It is an excellent source.
Dr. Ballenger

Professor Julia Ballenger
Educational Admin Dept, Texas A&M University-Commerce
March 15, 2021

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