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Methods in Psychological Research

Methods in Psychological Research

Fourth Edition
Additional resources:

August 2018 | 448 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Methods in Psychological Research introduces students to the rich world of research in psychology through student-friendly writing, compelling real-world examples, and frequent opportunities for practice. Using a relaxed yet supportive tone that eases student anxiety, the authors present a mixture of conceptual and practical discussions, and spark reader interest in research by covering meaningful topics that resonate with today’s students. In-text features like Conceptual Exercises, FYI sections, and FAQ sections with accompanying visual cues support learning throughout the research experience. The Fourth Edition equips students with the tools they need to understand research concepts, conduct their own experiments, and present their findings.

About the Authors
About the Contributors
Chapter 1. Introduction to Research in Psychology
Acquiring Knowledge About the World  
Conceptual Exercise 1A  
Psychology—Science and Art  
Critical Thinking  
Objectives of Science  
The Tenets of Science  
Conceptual Exercise 1B  
The Scientific Method  
Theories, Concepts, and Hypotheses  
Why We Do Research  
Approaches to Research  
Steps in Planning and Doing Research  
Conceptual Exercise 1C  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
Chapter 2. Understanding the Research Literature
Searching the Literature  
The Research Article  
Conceptual Exercise 2A  
Basic Statistical Procedures  
Conceptual Exercise 2B  
More Complex Statistical Procedures  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
Chapter 3. Research in Psychology: An Ethical Enterprise
Are Ethical Codes Necessary?  
General Principles  
Conceptual Exercise 3A  
Ethical Standards  
Conceptual Exercise 3B  
Conceptual Exercise 3C  
Conceptual Exercise 3D  
Conceptual Exercise 3E  
Special Populations  
Internet Research  
Bias and Intellectual Honesty  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
Chapter 4. Hypothesis Testing, Power, and Control: A Review of the Basics
Three Levels of Hypotheses  
Conceptual Exercise 4A  
Testing the Null Hypothesis  
Statistical Significance  
Inferential Errors: Type I and Type II  
Conceptual Exercise 4B  
Power and How to Increase It  
Effect Size  
The Role of Replication in Research  
Conceptual Exercise 4C  
External and Internal Validity  
Conceptual Exercise 4D  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
Chapter 5. Measuring Variables
Ways of Asking Questions  
Conceptual Exercise 5A  
Social Desirability and Response Set  
Measuring Observed Behavior  
Conceptual Exercise 5B  
Conceptual Exercise 5C  
The Importance of Precision in Measurement  
Conceptual Exercise 5D  
Tests, Scales, and Inventories  
Commercially Available Tests and Inventories  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
Chapter 6. Selecting Research Participants
Sampling Methods  
Conceptual Exercise 6A  
Conceptual Exercise 6B  
Conceptual Exercise 6C  
Sample and Effect Size  
Power Revisited  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
Chapter 7. Experimental Design: Independent-Groups Designs
Why We Do Experiments  
Conceptual Exercise 7A  
Where We Do Experiments  
Conceptual Exercise 7B  
How We Do Experiments: Independent-Groups Designs  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
Chapter 8. Experimental Design: Dependent-Groups and Mixed Designs
Dependent-Groups Designs  
Conceptual Exercise 8  
Mixed Designs  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
Chapter 9. Experimental Design: Single-Participant Designs/The Operant Approach
Single-Participant Design and the Experimental Analysis of Behavior  
Concepts in the Experimental Analysis of Behavior  
ABA and ABAB Withdrawal Designs  
Conceptual Exercise 9A  
Multiple-Baseline Design  
Alternating-Treatment Design  
Changing-Criterion Design  
Conceptual Exercise 9B  
Advantages and Disadvantages of Single-Participant Designs  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
Chapter 10. Nonexperimental Research: Finding Relationships Among Variables
Conceptual Exercise 10A  
Conceptual Exercise 10B  
Conceptual Exercise 10C  
Longitudinal Research  
Cross-Sectional Research  
Conceptual Exercise 10D  
Case Studies  
Correlational Research  
Conceptual Exercise 10E  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
Chapter 11. Data Collection Methods
Observational Research: Observing the Behavior of Individuals  
Advantages and Disadvantages of Observational Research  
Conceptual Exercise 11A  
Survey Research: Asking People Questions About Their Behavior  
Conceptual Exercise 11B  
Conceptual Exercise 11C  
Observing Group Behavior: The Focus Group  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
Chapter 12. Program Evaluation, Archival Research, and Meta-Analytic Designs
Program Evaluation  
Conceptual Exercise 12A  
Conceptual Exercise 12B  
Archival Research  
Conceptual Exercise 12C  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
Chapter 13. Analyzing, Interpreting, and Summarizing Research Data
What Are Statistics, and Why Are They Necessary?  
Summarizing Your Data With Descriptive Statistics  
Conceptual Exercise 13A  
Conceptual Exercise 13B  
Testing the Statistical Significance of Your Research Findings  
Conceptual Exercise 13C  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
Chapter 14. Communicating in Psychology
Writing in Psychology  
Conceptual Exercise 14A  
Conceptual Exercise 14B  
Conceptual Exercise 14C  
Conceptual Exercise 14D  
Conceptual Exercise 14E  
Conceptual Exercise 14F  
Conceptual Exercise 14G  
Conceptual Exercise 14H  
Presenting Research in Writing  
Other Ways of Presenting Research  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  


Instructor Resource Site
This password-protected SAGE edge site provides instructors helpful teaching resources. Included are PPT slides, a test bank, class activities, sample syllabi, and web resources.
Student Resource Site

This open access SAGE edge site provides students a personalized approach to accomplish coursework goals in an easy-to-use learning environment. The site includes eFlashcards for key term practice, learning objectives to reinforce key material, and open access media for concept exploration.

“This is an appealing, accessible, and highly readable introductory quantitative research textbook. The authors provide clearly written, jargon-free explanations and examples drawn from various areas of psychology to enhance a sophisticated understanding of the research process.”

Irene Karayianni
Deree College -The American College of Greece

“This book offers a straightforward progression of concepts with direct application as students prepare their research project from beginning to end.”

John E. Story
Bluegrass Community and Technical College

This book provides a good introduction to research in Psychology. The best part is the conceptual exercises at the end of each chapter. They are very engaging and stimulate critical thinking. However the book only manages to cover the topics superficially and does not provide any in-depth information. Some important concepts such as research validity, sources of threat to validity and strategies for controlling them are not covered.

Professor Usha Barahmand
Psychology Dept, Cuny Queens College
July 9, 2018

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ISBN: 9781506384931