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Literacy Is Still Not Enough

Literacy Is Still Not Enough
Modern Fluencies for Teaching, Learning, and Assessment

January 2021 | 248 pages | Corwin
Modern fluencies provide a platform for authentic teaching, learning, and assessment 
While reading, writing, and arithmetic remain important, they are no longer enough. For learners to thrive, they must move beyond traditional literacies to modern fluencies—the unconscious mental processes that are learned, adapted, and applied in the context of real-world problems and challenges.

In this book, the authors unpack the fluencies (solution, information, creativity, communication, collaboration, and global citizenship) to reflect the relentless social, cultural, and economic shifts of modern times. Practical resources are presented alongside:

  • Authentic Unit Plan Exemplars for each fluency
  • Assessment rubric examples
  • Discussion questions

Learners today must master an entirely different set of essential skills and knowledge needed to succeed than previous generations. This book provides a practical framework for integrating new fluencies into traditional curriculum.
Preface: Evolution of the Fluencies
About the Authors
PART I: Setting the Scene for the Modern Fluencies
Chapter 1: Highly Educated Useless People

Chapter 2: Education in the Age of Disruption
Disruptive Innovation

The iPhone as a Disruptor

Disruption Is Everywhere

What Is Exponential?


Where Do We Begin?

Chapter 3: From Literacy to Fluency: The Starting Point
Literacy Is Still Not Enough

Conscious Application of Essential Skills

Unconscious Application of Essential Skills

Modern Learning Fluencies

The Path Forward

Chapter 4: Modern Learning Pedagogy and the Learning Progression
Learning Theorists and the Modern Fluencies

The Progression of Thought and Learning

The Role of Technology in the Modern Fluencies

Using Mental Processes

Heutagogy and the Fluencies

Modern Learning Skills

Context and Meaning: The Velcro of Learning

Chapter 5: Modern and Future-Ready Learning Environments
Types of Modern Learning Environments

It’s All About Mindsets, Not Materials or Miracles

Know Thy Learner: Cultural Competency

The Learning Space: Fabricating a Place of Imagination and Endless Potential

Essential Attributes of Modern Learning Environments

Screen Time

Cultivating Optimal Learning Environments

PART II: An Introduction to the Modern Fluencies
Chapter 6: Teaching and Learning Using the Modern Fluencies
What Are the 6 Modern Fluencies?

Why There Are Nine Steps to Each Fluency

Chapter 7: Solution Fluency: Real-World Problem Solving
Step 1: Define

Step 2: Determine

Step 3: Discover

Step 4: Dream

Step 5: Design

Step 6: Deliver

Step 7: Diagnose

Step 8: Debrief

Step 9: Decide

Chapter 8: Collaboration Fluency: Global Connections
Step 1: Explain

Step 2: Establish

Step 3: Explore

Step 4: Envision

Step 5: Engineer

Step 6: Execute

Step 7: Examine

Step 8: Evaluate

Step 9: Extend

Chapter 9: Information Fluency: InfoWhelm and HyperInformation
Step 1: Ask

Step 2: Audience

Step 3: Access

Step 4: Authenticate

Step 5: Assemble

Step 6: Apply

Step 7: Assess

Step 8: Analyze

Step 9: Action

Chapter 10: Communication Fluency: Text and Multimedia
Step 1: Pose

Step 2: Pinpoint

Step 3: Prepare

Step 4: Picture

Step 5: Plan

Step 6: Produce

Step 7: Probe

Step 8: Ponder

Step 9: Pledge

Chapter 11: Creativity Fluency: Innovation and Imagination
IQ versus CQ

Step 1: Illustrate

Step 2: Identify

Step 3: Inquire

Step 4: Imagine

Step 5: Initiate

Step 6: Implement

Step 7: Inspect

Step 8: Investigate

Step 9: Inspire

Chapter 12: Global Citizenship: Citizenship in the Digital Age
Cultivating Good Citizens Online and Offline

Thinking Globally, Acting Locally

Global Citizenship Passport

Chapter 13: Authentic Assessment: Techniques and Strategies
Summative and Formative Assessments

Authentic Assessment


Types of Rubrics

Creating Assessments and Rubrics Aligned to the Modern Fluencies

The Overview of the Unit: Full of Hot Air

The Importance of Peer and Self-Assessment

Feedback and Feedforward


Tools for Formative Assessment and Rubrics

PART III: Moving Forward
Chapter 14: The Future of Education Is Now: Are You Ready?
An Overview of the Fluencies

When and How to Use the Fluencies

Today’s Learners Are Different

Chapter 15: Fluency Resources
Fluency Digital Libraries

Fluency Lesson Sparks

Fluency Lesson Planning Template


For instructors

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