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Juvenile Justice
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Juvenile Justice
A Guide to Theory, Policy, and Practice

Ninth Edition
Additional resources:


September 2017 | 488 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

“The text is written from a practical standpoint, which students are likely to understand and appreciate.”

—Lindsey Livingston Runell, J.D., Ph.D., Kutztown University

 

Brief, focused, and up-to-date, Juvenile Justice: A Guide to Theory, Policy, and Practice, Ninth Edition, is a must-have text that takes students on a journey through the practical realities of the juvenile justice system and the most current topics in the field. Students not only learn about the history, process, and theories of the juvenile justice system, but they also gain access to the latest crime measurements and explore important issues such as community-based sanctions, treatment and rehabilitation, gangs, and international youth crime. Emphasizing evidence-based practices, the authors guide readers through the methods and problems of the system and offer realistic insights for students interested in a career in juvenile justice. Real-life examples, excellent pedagogical features, and a complete online ancillary package are provided to help instructors effectively teach the course and help students learn interactively. 

 Give your students the SAGE edge!

SAGE edge offers a robust online environment featuring an impressive array of free tools and resources for review, study, and further exploration, keeping both instructors and students on the cutting edge of teaching and learning.
Learn more at edge.sagepub.com/coxjj9e.

 
Preface
 
Chapter 1. Juvenile Justice in Historical Perspective
What Would You Do?

 
Juvenile Justice Historically

 
Continuing Dilemmas in Juvenile Justice

 
Rethinking Juvenile Justice

 
Summary

 
Key Terms

 
Critical Thinking Questions

 
Suggested Readings

 
 
Chapter 2. Defining and Measuring Offenses by and Against Juveniles
What Would You Do?

 
Legal Definitions

 
Changing Definitions

 
Age Ambiguity

 
Inaccurate Images of Offenders and Victims

 
Behavioral Definitions

 
Official Statistics: Sources and Problems

 
Official Delinquency Statistics

 
Official Statistics on Abuse and Neglect

 
National Crime Victimization Survey

 
Sources of Error in Official Statistics

 
Unofficial Sources of Data

 
Self-Report Studies

 
Police Observational Studies

 
Summary

 
Key Terms

 
Critical Thinking Questions

 
Suggested Readings

 
 
Chapter 3. Characteristics of Juvenile Offenders
What Would You Do?

 
Social Factors

 
Family

 
Education

 
Social Class

 
Gangs

 
Drugs

 
Physical Factors

 
Age

 
Gender

 
Race

 
Summary

 
Key Terms

 
Critical Thinking Questions

 
Suggested Readings

 
 
Chapter 4. Theories of Causation
What Would You Do?

 
Scientific Theory

 
Some Early Theories

 
Demonology

 
Classical Theory

 
Rational Choice Theory

 
Deterrence Theory

 
Routine Activities Theory

 
The Positivist School

 
Biological Theories

 
Cesare Lombroso’s “Born Criminal” Theory

 
Other Biological Theories

 
Biosocial/Neurological Theory

 
Psychological Theories

 
Sigmund Freud’s Psychoanalytic Approach

 
Psychopathology

 
Behaviorism and Learning Theory

 
Sociological Theories

 
Anomie and Strain Theory

 
Ecological/Social Disorganization Approach

 
Edwin Sutherland’s Differential Association Theory

 
Labeling Theory

 
Conflict, Radical, Critical, and Marxist Theories

 
Feminism

 
Control Theories

 
Integrated Theories

 
Summary

 
Key Terms

 
Critical Thinking Questions

 
Suggested Readings

 
 
Chapter 5. Child Abuse and Neglect
What Would You Do?

 
Child Maltreatment

 
Physical Abuse

 
Child Neglect

 
Emotional Abuse of Children

 
Sexual Abuse of Children

 
Internet Exploitation

 
Intervention

 
Summary

 
Key Terms

 
Critical Thinking Questions

 
Suggested Readings

 
 
Chapter 6. Purpose and Scope of Juvenile Court Acts
What Would You Do?

 
Purpose

 
Comparison of Adult Criminal Justice and Juvenile Justice Systems

 
Protecting the Juvenile From Stigmatization

 
Maintaining the Family Unit

 
Preserving Constitutional Rights in Juvenile Court Proceedings

 
Scope

 
Age

 
Delinquent Acts

 
Unruly Children

 
Deprived, Neglected, or Dependent Children

 
Jurisdiction

 
Concurrent, Exclusive, and Blended Jurisdiction

 
Waiver

 
Double Jeopardy

 
Summary

 
Key Terms

 
Critical Thinking Questions

 
Suggested Readings

 
 
Chapter 7. Juvenile Justice Procedures
What Would You Do?

 
Rights of Juveniles

 
Bail

 
Taking Into Custody

 
Interrogation

 
Detention Hearing

 
Detention or Shelter Care

 
Preliminary Conference

 
Petition

 
Notification

 
Adjudicatory Hearing

 
Social Background Investigation, Social Summary Report, Presentence Investigation, or Predisposition Investigation

 
Dispositional Hearing

 
Summary

 
Key Terms

 
Critical Thinking Questions

 
Suggested Readings

 
 
Chapter 8. Juveniles and the Police
What Would You Do?

 
Police Discretion in Encounters With Juveniles

 
Unofficial Procedures

 
Official Procedures

 
Training and Competence of Juvenile Officers

 
Police–School Resource Officer and Liaison Programs

 
Community-Oriented Policing and Juveniles

 
Police and Juvenile Court

 
Summary

 
Key Terms

 
Critical Thinking Questions

 
Suggested Readings

 
 
Chapter 9. Key Figures in Juvenile Court Proceedings
What Would You Do?

 
Prosecutor

 
Defense Counsel

 
Relationship Between the Prosecutor and Defense Counsel: Adversarial or Cooperative?

 
Juvenile Court Judge

 
Juvenile Probation Officer

 
Children and Family Services Personnel

 
Court-Appointed Special Advocates

 
Training and Competence of Juvenile Court Personnel

 
Summary

 
Key Terms

 
Critical Thinking Questions

 
Suggested Readings

 
 
Chapter 10. Prevention and Diversion Programs
What Would You Do?

 
Prevention

 
Diversion Programs

 
Examples of Prevention and Diversion Programs

 
School Programs

 
Wilderness Programs

 
Restorative Justice Programs

 
Children and Family Services

 
Federal Programs

 
Other Diversion and Prevention Programs/Therapeutic Courts

 
Some Criticisms

 
Child Abuse and Neglect Prevention Programs

 
Summary

 
Key Terms

 
Critical Thinking Questions

 
Suggested Readings

 
 
Chapter 11. Dispositional Alternatives
What Would You Do?

 
Probation

 
Foster Homes

 
Treatment Centers

 
Juvenile Corrections

 
Capital Punishment and Youthful Offenders

 
Possible Solutions

 
Summary

 
Key Terms

 
Critical Thinking Questions

 
Suggested Readings

 
 
Chapter 12. Violent Juveniles and Gangs
What Would You Do?

 
Violent Juveniles

 
Juvenile Homicide and Juvenile Violence

 
Gangs

 
Brief History of Gangs

 
Defining and Identifying Street Gangs

 
Roles and Activities of Juvenile Versus Adult Gang Members

 
Gang Affiliation and Identification Along Racial Lines

 
Delinquent and Criminal Gang Activities

 
Gang Membership

 
Characteristics

 
Age

 
Gender

 
Monikers

 
Graffiti

 
Jargon

 
Recruitment

 
Juvenile Girls and Gang Membership

 
Response of Justice Network to Gangs

 
Public, Legislative, and Judicial Reaction

 
Alternatives to Incarceration for Violent Juveniles

 
Establishing a Juvenile Gang Exit Program

 
Summary

 
Key Terms

 
Critical Thinking Questions

 
Suggested Readings

 
 
Chapter 13. Global Issues in Juvenile Justice
What Would You Do?

 
Problems With Delinquency in the Global Community

 
Characteristics of Juvenile Delinquents Around the World

 
Juveniles as Victims of Crime

 
Juvenile Exploitation and Delinquency

 
Juvenile Exploitation in Underdeveloped and War-Torn Areas

 
Urbanization and Delinquency in Developed Countries

 
Age of Responsibility

 
Delinquency in Various World Regions

 
Africa

 
Asia

 
Latin America

 
Middle East

 
Eastern Europe

 
Juvenile Gangs Around the World

 
Mexico and Central America

 
Africa

 
Asia

 
Europe

 
Australia

 
International Approaches to Preventing Juvenile Gangs

 
Human Trafficking and Youth Exploitation

 
International Administration of Juvenile Justice

 
International Standards and Documents

 
Use of Restorative Justice With Young Offenders Around the World

 
Summary

 
Key Terms

 
Critical Thinking Questions

 
Suggested Readings

 
 
Chapter 14. The Future of Juvenile Justice
What Would You Do?

 
Possibilities for the Future of Juvenile Justice

 
Barriers to Change in Juvenile Justice

 
Possible Improvements to the Juvenile Justice System

 
Key Terms

 
Critical Thinking Questions

 
Suggested Readings

 
 
Appendix
 
Glossary
 
References
 
Index
 
About the Authors

Supplements

Instructor Resource Site

Instructor Teaching Site (Password Protected)

 

SAGE edge for Instructors, supports your teaching by making it easy to integrate quality content and create a rich learning environment for students.

  • Test banks provide a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity to edit any question and/or insert your own personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding.
  • Editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides offer complete flexibility for creating a multimedia presentation for your course.
  • SAGE premium video, featuring candid interviews with former offenders, connects criminological theories to real-life stories that students will remember.
  • Lecture notes summarize key concepts by chapter to help you prepare for lectures and class discussions.
  • Lively and stimulating ideas for class activities that can be used in class to reinforce active learning. The activities apply to individual or group projects.
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected to support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter is included.
  • Carefully selected, video links feature relevant interviews, lectures, personal stories, inquiries, and other content for use in independent or classroom-based explorations of key topics.
  • Web resources are included for further research and insights.
Student Study Site

Student Study Site (Open Access)

 

SAGE edge for Students provides a personalized approach to help students accomplish their coursework goals in an easy-to-use learning environment.

  • Mobile-friendly eFlashcards reinforce understanding of key terms and concepts that have been outlined in the chapters.
  • Mobile-friendly web quizzes allow for independent assessment of progress made in learning course material.
  • Web exercises direct you to useful and current web resources, along with creative activities to extend and reinforce learning or allow for further research on important chapter topics. 
  • Carefully selected, video links feature relevant interviews, lectures, personal stories, inquiries, and other content for use in independent or classroom-based explorations of key topics.
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to certain full-text SAGE journal articles have been carefully selected for each chapter. Each article supports and expands on the concepts presented in the chapter. This feature also provides questions to focus and guide your interpretation.
  • Web resources are included for further research and insights.
  • State-specific juvenile justice statutes for Texas, Illinois, and Missouri.

“The text is written from a practical standpoint, which students are likely to understand and appreciate.”

Lindsey Livingston Runell, J.D., Ph.D.
Kutztown University

“The author’s knowledge and passion for the subject matter comes through the materials. The textbook is easy to read and comprehend, though the font could be larger. The organization and transition between chapters and topics keeps the interest of the student and is fun to coordinate learning activities with.”

Keven Pellant
Washburn University

 “Students are able to easily understand the material. Good organization. Very thorough.”

Arthur G. Vasquez
University of Texas at Arlington

“Covers topic thoroughly…well organized.”

Professor Rita Hayes
College of Southern Nevada

Unlike books I have used in the past, I feel this text does a much better job of challenging students and engaging the most current research.”

Lacey N. Wallace, Ph.D.
Penn State Altoona

For instructors

This book is not available as an inspection copy. For more information contact your local sales representative.