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Foreign Trade Review

Foreign Trade Review

Published in Association with Indian Institute of Foreign Trade
Quarterly Journal of Indian Institute of Foreign Trade

Editor
Ranajoy Bhattacharyya Indian Institute of Foreign Trade, Kolkata, India
Co-Editor
Debashis Chakraborty Associate Professor of Economics, Indian Institute of Foreign Trade (IIFT), Kolkata


eISSN: 09717625 | ISSN: 00157325 | Current volume: 54 | Current issue: 2 Frequency: Quarterly

The constant evolution of the international trading system, the proliferation of regional trade blocs, the role of the WTO, the changes in production and distribution technologies, the volatility of oil prices and emergence of new financial architecture have contributed significantly to the growth of world trade.

Emergence of developing economies, especially BRICS, rise of Southeast Asian countries and South-South Cooperation have challenged the long dominance of the North. The pattern of trade among individual countries, the behaviour of MNCs and the aspirations of individual entrepreneurs have also changed immensely. Capitalization of trade gains, business opportunities, welfare of emerging countries and LDCs and instability of financial markets are constantly posing challenges to be tackled at individual, firm and countries level. All these require fundamental research to provide the necessary policy prescriptions, analysis and critical inputs suitable for a developing economy like India and the world.

The Foreign Trade Review (FTR), a peer-reviewed quarterly journal, has more than four and half decades of existence in the academic research fraternity. Throughout this period, the Journal has aimed to cater to the above-mentioned research domain.

  • The target audience of FTR includes academicians, university professors, researchers, policy makers, policy analysts, trade and industry professionals, various university libraries, management institutes, multilateral bodies like WTO, UNCTAD, World Bank etc.
  • The Journal publishes articles having academic rigour, extensive trade data analysis and serious policy implications suitable for higher academic research and policy analysis.
  • Articles published in FTR covers disciplines such as international trade, WTO issues, international finance, regional trade blocs, global financial crisis, trade facilitation, role of IT in international business, sectoral analysis, etc.

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

The Foreign Trade Review is intended to serve as a comprehensive forum for theoretical and empirical research in cross-border issues. These include, but are not limited to the following: international economics, international marketing, international finance, international logistics and international legal and technical research ideas. Papers with theoretical as well as empirical content are particularly encouraged. Rather than replication exercises, submissions are sought for new ways of estimating existing theoretical models and development of new theoretical models along with their empirical estimation. Application of newly developed statistical models (along with their computer programmes and dataset, if required) in the context of existing theory or new theory is another area of interest for the journal.

Associate Editors
Saikat Banerjee Indian Institute of Foreign Trade, Kolkata, India
Bibek Ray Chaudhuri Indian Institute of Foreign Trade, Kolkata, India
Gouranga Gopal Das Department of Economics, Hanyang University, Erica Campus, South Korea; [Adjunct:] Division of International Studies and Economics, Hanyang University Seoul Campus, Seoul, South Korea
Triptendu Prakash Ghosh Indian Institute of Foreign Trade, Kolkata, India
Sheeba Kapil Indian Institute of Foreign Trade, New Delhi, India
Sara Maioli Newcastle University Business School, UK
Masoud Moghaddam St. Cloud State University, USA
Jaydeep Mukherjee Indian Institute of Foreign Trade, New Delhi, India
Daniel Sayki Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana
Rahul Sen Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand
Dipankar Sinha Indian Institute of Foreign Trade, Kolkata, India
Editorial Advisors
Richard E Baldwin Graduate Institute, Geneva, Switzerland
Julien Chaisse Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Alan Deardorff University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
Bernard Hoekman International Trade Department , The World Bank, Washington, USA
Raghbendra Jha Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
Kala Krishna Department of Economics, The Pennsylvania State University, USA
Chang-fa Lo National Taiwan University, Taiwan
Sugata Marjit Centre for Studies in Social Sciences, Calcutta, India
Jayant Menon Lead Economist (Trade and Regional Cooperation), Office of the Chief Economist and Director-General, Economic Research and Regional Cooperation Department, Asian Development Bank (ADB), Manila
Surinder Munjal Leeds University, UK
Hildegunn Kyvik Nordas Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development, France
Manoj Pant Indian Institute of Foreign Trade, New Delhi, India
Richard Pomfret University of Adelaide, Australia
Razeen Sally Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, National university of Singapore, Singapore
Partho Sen Former Professor, Delhi School of Economics, University of Delhi, Delhi, India
Joshua Aizenman University of South California, USA
L Alan Winters University of Sussex, UK
  • Clarivate Analytics: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI)
  • DeepDyve
  • Dutch-KB
  • EconLit
  • Indian Citation Index (ICI)
  • J-Gate
  • OCLC
  • ProQuest: International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (IBSS)
  • Research Papers in Economics (RePEc)
  • Manuscript Submission Guidelines: Foreign Trade Review (FTR)

    This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics

    Manuscripts and all editorial correspondence should be submitted at ftredit@iift.edu addressing the ‘Editor’ or ‘Co-Editor’, FTR.

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Foreign Trade Review will be reviewed.

    There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this journal.

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.

    1. What do we publish?

    1.1 Aims & Scope
    1.2 Article types
    1.3 Writing your paper

    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy
    2.2 Authorship
    2.3 Acknowledgements
    2.4 Funding
    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests

    3. Publishing polices

    3.1 Publication ethics
    3.2 Contributor’s publishing agreement
    3.3 Open access and author archiving

    4. Preparing your manuscript

    4.1 Formatting
    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
    4.3 Supplementary material
    4.4 Reference style
    4.5 Book Reviews
    4.6 English language editing services

    5. Submitting your manuscript

    5.1 Information required for completing your submission
    5.2 Permissions

    6. On acceptance and publication

    6.1 SAGE Production
    6.2 Online First publication
    6.3 Access to your published article
    6.4 Promoting your article

    7. Further information

    1. What do we publish?

    1.1 Aims & Scope
    Before submitting your manuscript to Foreign Trade Review, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope

    1.2 Article types
    There could be three sections in the journal:

    • Research Articles
    • Commentaries
    • Book Reviews

    Manuscripts should normally not exceed 6,000 words and should be submitted in duplicate with the cover page bearing only the title of the article, author/s’ names, designations, official addresses, phone/fax numbers, and email addresses. In case there are two or more authors, then the corresponding author’s name and address details should be clearly specified on the first page of the article. Author/s’ name should not appear on any other page. The word limit for quality Survey Articles may be relaxed, as per the decision of the Editorial Board. Commentaries on contemporary issues should not exceed 3,000 words.

    1.3 Writing your paper
    The SAGE Author Gateway has some general advice and on how to get published, plus links to further resources.

    1.3.1 Make your article discoverable
    When writing up your paper, think about how you can make it discoverable. The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article through search engines such as Google. For information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords, have a look at this page on the Gateway: How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online

    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy
    Foreign Trade Review adheres to a rigorous double-blind reviewing policy in which the identity of both the reviewer and author are always concealed from both parties.

    2.2 Authorship
    All parties who have made a substantive contribution to the article should be listed as authors. Principal authorship, authorship order, and other publication credits should be based on the relative scientific or professional contributions of the individuals involved, regardless of their status. A student is usually listed as principal author on any multiple-authored publication that substantially derives from the student’s dissertation or thesis.

    2.3 Acknowledgements
    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.
    Please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    2.3.1 Writing assistance
    Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance. It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.

    2.4 Funding
    Foreign Trade Review requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading.  Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. 

    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
    Foreign Trade Review encourages authors to include a declaration of any conflicting interests and recommends you review the good practice guidelines on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway

    3. Publishing Policies

    3.1 Publication ethics
    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway

    3.1.1 Plagiarism
    Foreign Trade Review and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    3.1.2 Prior publication
    If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a SAGE journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the SAGE Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.

    3.2 Contributor’s publishing agreement      
    Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit the SAGE Author Gateway

    3.3 Open access and author archiving
    Foreign Trade Review offers optional open access publishing via the SAGE Choice programme. For more information please visit the SAGE Choice website. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

    4. Preparing your manuscript for submission                                                       

    4.1 Formatting
    The preferred format for your manuscript is Word. LaTeX files are also accepted. Word and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

    The manuscript should be structured as follows:

    • Articles should be written in MS Word, Times New Roman font, and should be submitted only in soft copy.
    • All articles must be accompanied by an abstract of 150–200 words and 4–6 keywords.
    • The JEL classification code for the articles should be included before Keywords.
    • Endnotes should be used instead of footnotes, and should be numbered serially using standard figures (e.g., 1, 2, 3). The notes should be linked to the note cues within the text. Notes should contain more than a citation of a work. Use notes to elaborate an issue that is already made in the main text.
    • The spellings used should be British (UK), with ‘s’ variant, e.g., globalisation instead of globalization, labour instead of labor.
    • Use single quotes throughout. Double quotes only used within single quotes. Spellings of words in quotations should not be changed. Quotations of 45 words or more should be separated from the text and indented with one space with a line space above and below. When directly quoting from a work, include the page number in the citation.
    • Use of italics and diacriticals should be minimized but consistent. For non-English and uncommon words and phrases, use italics throughout the text. Meaning of non-English words should be given in parenthesis just after the word when it is used for the first time.
    • Use capitals sparingly and double-check the logical application of any distinctions you wish to make between specific and general use.
    • Abbreviations are spelled out at first occurrence. Very common ones (US, GDP, BBC) need not be spelled out.
    • Spell out numbers from one to nine, 10 and above to remain in figures. However, for exact measurements use only figures (3 km; 9 per cent). Use thousands and millions, not lakhs and crores.
    • Use ‘per cent’ instead of % in the text. In tables, graphs, etc., % can be used.
    • Give specific dates in the form 22 November 1980. Decades should be referred to as ‘twentieth century’, ‘1980s’.
    • Ibid should not be used.
    • Number ranges should not be truncated, for example, 2017–2018.
    • Tables and figures to be indicated by numbers separately (see Table 1), not by placement (see Table below). Present each table and figure on a separate sheet of paper, gathering them together at the end of the article.

    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines  

    • All photographs and scanned images should have a resolution of minimum 300 dpi/1500 pixels and their format should be TIFF or JPEG.
    • Due permissions should be taken for copyright protected photographs/images. Even for photographs/images available in the public domain, it should be clearly ascertained whether or not their reproduction requires permission for purposes of publishing (which is a profit-making endeavour).
    • All photographs/scanned images should be provided separately in a folder along with the main article.

    Please Note: All figures and tables should be cited in the text and should have the source (a specific URL, a reference or, if it is author’s own work, ‘The Author’) mentioned irrespective of whether or not they require permissions.

    Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article.

    4.3 Supplementary material
    This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files

    4.4 Reference style
    Foreign Trade Review adheres to the APA reference style. View the APA guidelines to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    • References: A consolidated listing of all books, articles, essays, theses and documents referred to (including any referred to in the tables, graphs and maps) should be provided at the end of the article.
       
    • Arrangement of references: Reference list entries should be alphabetized by the last name of the first author of each work. In each reference, authors’ names are inverted (last name first) for all authors (first, second or subsequent ones); give the last name and initials for all authors of a particular work unless the work has more than six authors. If the work has more than six authors, list the first six authors and then use et al. after the sixth author’s name.
       
    • Chronological listing: If more than one work by the same author(s) is cited, they should be listed in order by the year of publication, starting with the earliest.
       
    • Sentence case: In references, sentence case (only the first word and any proper noun are capitalized—e.g., ‘The software industry in India’) is to be followed for the titles of papers, books, articles, etc.
       
    • Title case: In references, Journal titles are put in title case (first letter of all words except articles and conjunctions are capitalized—e.g., Journal of Business Ethics).
       
    • Italicize: Book and Journal titles are to be italicized.

    In-text citations:

    • One work by one author: (Kessler, 2003, p. 50) or ‘Kessler (2003) found that among the epidemiological samples…’.
    • One work by two authors: (Joreskog & Sorborn, 2007, pp. 50–66) or Joreskog and Sorborn (2007) found that…
    • One work by three or more authors: (Basu, Banerji, & Chatterjee, 2007) [first instance]; Basu et al. (2007) [Second instance onwards].
    • Groups or organizations or universities: (University of Pittsburgh, 2007) or University of Pittsburgh (2007).
    • Authors with same surname and different or similar year of publication: Include the initials in all the in-text citations even if the year of publication differs, e.g., (I. Light, 2006; M. A. Light, 2008).
    • Works with no identified author or anonymous author: Cite the first few words of the reference entry (title) and then the year, e.g., (‘Study finds’, 2007); (Anonymous, 1998).

    If abbreviations are provided, then the style to be followed is: (National Institute of Mental Health [NIMH], 2003) in the first citation and (NIMH, 2003) in subsequent citations.

    • Two or more works by same author: (Gogel, 1990, 2006, in press)
    • Two or more works with different authors: (Gogel, 1996; Miller, 1999)
    • Secondary sources: Allport's diary (as cited in Nicholson, 2003).
    • Films: (Name of the Director, Year of release)
    • Mere URLs can be provided as notes before the references.

    Reference Examples:

    • Books:
      Patnaik, U. (2007). The republic of hunger. New Delhi: Three Essays Collective.
       
    • Edited Books:
      Amanor, K. S., & Moyo, S. (Eds.). (2008). Land and sustainable development in Africa. London/New York, NY: Zed Books.
       
    • Translated books:
      Amin, S. (1976). Unequal development (trans. B. Pearce). London and New York, NY: Monthly Review Press.
       
    • Book chapters:
      Chachra, S. (2011). The national question in India. In S. Moyo & P. Yeros (Eds.), Reclaiming the nation (pp. 67–78). London: Pluto Press.
       
    • Journal articles:
      Foster, J. B. (2010). The financialization of accumulation. Monthly Review62(5), 1−17.
       
    • Newsletter article, no author:
      Six sites meet for comprehensive anti-gang intiative conference. (2006, November/December). OOJDP News @ a Glance. Retrieved from http://www.ncrjs.gov/html

    [Please do not place a period at the end of an online reference.]

    • Newspaper article:
      Schwartz, J. (1993, September 30). Obesity affects economic, social status. The Washington Post, pp. A1, A4.

    [Please provide a URL if the page numbers of the article are not available.]

    • In-press article:
      Briscoe, R. (in press). Egocentric spatial representation in action and perception. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research. Retrieved from http://cogprints.org/5780/1/ECSRAP.F07.pdf
       
    • Non-English reference book, title translated into English: 
      Real Academia Espanola. (2001). Diccionario de la lengua espanola [Dictionary of the Spanish Language] (22nd ed.). Madrid, Spain: Author.
       
    • Special issue or section in a journal: 
      Haney, C., & Wiener, R. L. (Eds.) (2004). Capital punishment in the United States [Special Issue]. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law10(4), 1−17.
       
    • Online article:
      Robert, R. (2018). Egocentric spatial representation in action and perception. Retrieved from http://cogprints.org/5780/1/ECSRAP.F07.pdf

    Please Note: For each in-text citation there must be a corresponding reference in the reference list and for each reference there must be a corresponding in-text citation.

    4.5 Book Reviews
    The title of these must contain the name of the author and the book being reviewed, the place of publication and the publisher details (name and location), year of publication, number of pages, price and binding (hardbound/paperback) set as follows:
    Mark David Chong and Abraham P. Francis (Eds.), Demystifying Criminal Justice Social Work in India. New Delhi: SAGE Publications, 2017, xlix + 297 pp., ₹ 950 (hardback). ISBN: 978-93-860-6247-5.
    Reviewer’s name must be provided at the end of the book review along with the e-mail address and the affiliation.

    4.6 English language editing services
    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

    5. Submitting your manuscript
    The paper, in MS Word, should be submitted electronically to: ftredit@iift.edu  

    Authors submitting their research to the journal are required to suggest names of three researchers currently active in the specific area of research issues addressed in the paper.

    Authors will be provided with a copyright form once the contribution is accepted for publication. The submission will be considered as final only after the filled-in and signed copyright form is received. In case there are two or more authors, the corresponding author needs to sign the copyright form.

    5.1 Information required for completing your submission
    You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).

    5.2 Permissions
    Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the SAGE Author Gateway

    6. On acceptance and publication           

    6.1 SAGE Production
    Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be sent by PDF to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly.  Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate. Please note that if there are any changes to the author list at this stage all authors will be required to complete and sign a form authorising the change.

    6.2 Online First publication
    Online First allows final articles (completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. Visit the SAGE Journals help page for more details, including how to cite Online First articles.

    6.3 Access to your published article
    SAGE provides authors with online access to their final article.

    6.4 Promoting your article
    Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The SAGE Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice. In addition, SAGE is partnered with Kudos, a free service that allows authors to explain, enrich, share, and measure the impact of their article. Find out how to maximise your article’s impact with Kudos.

    7. Further information
    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the Foreign Trade Review editorial office as follows:

    E-mails: ftredit@iift.edu

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