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Conflict Management and Peace Science

Conflict Management and Peace Science

Published in Association with Peace Science Society (International)

eISSN: 15499219 | ISSN: 07388942 | Current volume: 41 | Current issue: 3 Frequency: Bi-monthly

Conflict Management and Peace Science is a peer-reviewed journal published six times a year that contains scientific papers on topics such as:

  • international conflict
  • arms races
  • the effect of international trade on political interactions
  • foreign policy decision making
  • international mediation
  • and game theoretic approaches to conflict and cooperation

Affiliated with the Peace Science Society (International), Conflict Management and Peace Science features original and review articles focused on the scientific study of conflict and peace. Members of the Peace Science Society (International) receive an annual subscription to Conflict Management and Peace Science as a benefit of membership.

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)

The Peace Science Society (International):

  • encourages the development of peace analysis and conflict management
  • welcomes and utilizes relevant work of the social and natural sciences
  • works towards the improvement of social science theory as it relates to international relations
  • encourages and supports the publication of research, particularly but not exclusively quantitative research
  • avoids social, religious, and national bias

Peer Review Policy

All research articles in the journal have undergone rigorous peer review, based on initial editor screening and double-blind refereeing by three reviewers.

Conflict Management and Peace Science is the journal of the Peace Science Society (International). It is a peer-reviewed interdisciplinary journal that publishes original scientific manuscripts on the causes, management, and consequences of political conflict. We welcome manuscripts that (a) observe conflict at different levels of aggregation, whether inter-communal, civil, transnational, interstate, or imperial; (b) employ a variety of scientific methodologies, including quantitative and qualitative empirical analysis and formal and non-formal theory; and (c) recognize a diversity of viewpoints and experiences as relevant for understanding the how and why of political violence and its resolution.

The Peace Science Society (International):

  • Encourages the development of peace analysis and conflict management
  • Welcomes and utilizes relevant work of the social and natural sciences
  • Works toward the improvement of social science theory as it relates to international relations
  • Encourages and supports the publication of research, particularly but not exclusively quantitative research
  • Avoids social, religious, and national bias.
Margherita Belgioioso University of Leeds, UK
Daina Chiba University of Macau, China
Wakako Maekawa Osaka University, Japan
Marius Mehrl University of Leeds, UK
Emeritus Editor
Glenn Palmer Pennsylvania State University, USA
Managing Editor
Kevin Galambos University of Texas at Austin, Austin, USA
Editorial Board
Navin Bapat Political Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
Alex Braithwaite School of Government & Public Policy, University of Arizona, USA
Andrew Coe Political Science, Vanderbilt University, USA
Justin Conrad Political Science, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, USA
Jacqueline Demerrit Political Science, University of North Texas, USA
Matthew Fuhrmann Political Science, Texas A&M, USA
Anita Gohdes Hertie School of Governance, Germany
Kyle Haynes Political Science, Purdue University, USA
Jesse Johnson Political Science, University of Kentucky, USA
Danielle Jung Political Science, Emory University, USA
Soo Yeon Kim Political Science, National University of Singapore, Singapore
Brandon Kinne Political Science, University of California at Davis, USA
Bahar Leventoglu Political Science, Duke University, USA
Rupal Mehta Political Science, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, USA
Shawna Metzger Government, William & Mary
Desiree Nilsson Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University, Sweden
Steve Pickering University of Amsterdam, Netherlands
Jonathan Renshon Political Science University of Wisconsin at Madison, USA
Belgin San-Akca International Relations, Koç University, Turkey
Katherine Sawyer Political Science, Stony Brook University, USA
Atsushi Tago Political Science and Economics, Waseda University, Japan
Jakana Thomas School of Global Policy and Strategy, University of California San Diego
Cathy X. Wu Old Dominion University, USA
Editorial Assistants
Cyrus Azimy University of Leeds, UK
  • EconLit
  • International Bibliography of the Social Sciences
  • International Political Science Abstracts
  • Journal of Economic Literature
  • Journal of Economic Literature (and JEL on CD)
  • SciVal
  • Scopus
  • e-JEL
  • This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics

    Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s submission site to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Conflict Management and Peace Science will be reviewed.

    There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this Journal. Open Access options are available - see section 3.3 below.

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere. Please see our guidelines on prior publication and note that the journal may accept submissions of papers that have been posted on pre-print servers; please alert the Editorial Office when submitting (contact details are at the end of these guidelines) and include the DOI for the preprint in the designated field in the manuscript submission system. Authors should not post an updated version of their paper on the preprint server while it is being peer reviewed for possible publication in the journal. If the article is accepted for publication, the author may re-use their work according to the journal's author archiving policy.
    If your paper is accepted, you must include a link on your preprint to the final version of your paper.

    If you have any questions about publishing with Sage, please visit the Sage Journal Solutions Portal

    1. What do we publish?
      1.1 Aims & Scope
      1.2 Article types
      1.3 Writing your paper
    2. Editorial policies
      2.1 Peer review policy
      2.2 Authorship
      2.3 Acknowledgements
      2.4 Funding
      2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
      2.6 Data
    3. Publishing policies
      3.1 Publication ethics
      3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement
      3.3 Open access and author archiving
    4. Preparing your manuscript
      4.1 Formatting
      4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
      4.3 Supplementary material
      4.4 Reference style
      4.5 English language editing services
    5. Submitting your manuscript
      5.1 ORCID
      5.2 Information required for completing your submission
      5.3 Permissions
    6. On acceptance and publication
      6.1 Sage Production
      6.2 Online First publication
      6.3 Access to your published article
      6.4 Promoting your article
    7. Further information


    1. What do we publish?

    1.1 Aims & Scope

    Before submitting your manuscript to Conflict Management and Peace Science, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope.

    1.2 Article Types

    Conflict Management and Peace Science is a peer-reviewed journal published five times a year that contains scientific papers on topics such as:

    • international and civil conflict,
    • arms races,
    • the effect of international trade on political interactions,
    • foreign policy decision making,
    • international mediation,
    • war termination and the survival of peace settlements
    • and game theoretic approaches to conflict and cooperation. 

    Articles should be approximately 10,000 words in length, with a maximum of 11,000 words, inclusive of tables, figures, and references. For initial submission, figures and tables may be inline, and authors may use footnotes rather than endnotes, though these requirements may change at the production stage.

    In addition to regular articles, Conflict Management and Peace Science publishes two further types of articles. Data features introduce new or significantly revised datasets. They should introduce the new dataset and show how it can be used to make a substantial contribution to our understanding of peace and conflict. Data features can be up to 10,000 words, inclusive of tables, figures, and references.
    Research notes can be up to 6,000 words, inclusive of tables, figures, and references, and may make a more focused and narrow contribution to our understanding of peace and conflict than regular articles. Their contribution may, for instance, entail the close application of existing theory to new data, or introducing a conceptual innovation without close empirical analysis.

    Further, any supplemental material intended for the journal’s website, e.g. formal proofs or additional empirical analyses, must (a) contain a table of contents and (b) be formatted in a readable, accessible manner. For example, supplementary analyses containing raw STATA output or unformatted tables will be unsubmitted, as will any supplemental material that the editorial team deems inaccessibly formatted, requiring reformatting and resubmission. 

    All peer-reviewed articles published in Conflict Management and Peace Science will be eligible for the CMPS Article of the Year award. The $500 award, given by the Peace Science Society (International), will be announced in the year following publication of the winning article.

    1.3 Writing your paper

    The Sage Author Gateway has some general advice and on how to get published, plus links to further resources. Sage Author Services also offers authors a variety of ways to improve and enhance their article including English language editing, plagiarism detection, and video abstract and infographic preparation.

    1.3.1 Make your article discoverable

    For information and guidance on how to make your article more discoverable, visit our Gateway page on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online

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    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy

    Conflict Management and Peace Science employs a double-blind peer review process in which the reviewer's name is withheld from the author and the author's name from the reviewer.

    2.2 Authorship

    Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.
    The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:

    (i)    Made a substantial contribution to the concept or design of the work; or acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data,
    (ii)    Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,
    (iii)    Approved the version to be published,
    (iv)    Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.

    Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.

    Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section. Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on authorship. 

    Please note that AI chatbots, for example ChatGPT, should not be listed as authors. For more information see the policy on Use of ChatGPT and generative AI tools.

    2.3 Acknowledgements

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.

    Please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    2.3.1 Third party submissions

    Where an individual who is not listed as an author submits a manuscript on behalf of the author(s), a statement must be included in the Acknowledgements section of the manuscript and in the accompanying cover letter. The statements must:

    •    Disclose this type of editorial assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input 
    •    Identify any entities that paid for this assistance 
    •    Confirm that the listed authors have authorized the submission of their manuscript via third party and approved any statements or declarations, e.g. conflicting interests, funding, etc.

    Where appropriate, Sage reserves the right to deny consideration to manuscripts submitted by a third party rather than by the authors themselves.

    2.4 Funding

    Conflict Management and Peace Science requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading.  Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the Sage Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests

    Conflict Management and Peace Science encourages authors to include a declaration of any conflicting interests and recommends you review the good practice guidelines on the Sage Journal Author Gateway.

    2.6 Data

    Conflict Management and Peace Science supports the Data Access and Research Transparency (DA-RT) statement and, as such, endorses policies requiring authors to make accessible the empirical foundation and logic of inquiry of evidence-based research. Conflict Management and Peace Science requires authors to delineate clearly the analytic procedures upon which their published claims rely and, where possible, provide access to all relevant analytic materials. If such materials are not published with the article, they should be included with replication materials posted to the journal's website (see below).

    For contributions based on quantitative data, Conflict Management and Peace Science requires authors to submit their data set and all other relevant replication materials. The replication materials provided must make it feasible for others to replicate the results for all tables and figures printed in the article and in any online appendices submitted as part of the article. Conflict Management and Peace Science asks authors to use data citation practices that identify a dataset's author(s), title, date, version, and a persistent identifier. In sum, data should be referenced and cited, where possible, as an intellectual product of value.

    Authors or manuscripts submitted to Conflict Management and Peace Science are expected to conform to norms regarding the protection of human subjects. Authors of articles submitted for review may be asked by the editor to provide certification of appropriate institutional review. If cited data is restricted (e.g. classified, require confidentiality protections, were obtained under a non-disclosure agreement, or have inherent logistical constraints), authors should notify the editor at the time of submission. The editor shall have full discretion to follow the journal's policy on restricted data, including declining to review the manuscript or granting an exemption or without conditions. The editor shall inform the author of this decision prior to review.

    Authors are expected to make their data and relication materials available through the Sage Conflict Management and Peace Science website. Data will be hosted on the website as a supplementary data file.

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    3. Publishing Policies

    3.1 Publication ethics

    Sage is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the Sage Author Gateway.

    3.1.1 Plagiarism

    Conflict Management and Peace Science and Sage take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    3.1.2 Prior publication

    If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a Sage journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the Sage Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.

    3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement

    Before publication, Sage requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. Sage’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants Sage the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than Sage. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit the Sage Author Gateway.

    3.3 Open access and author archiving

    Conflict Management and Peace Science offers optional open access publishing via the Sage Choice programme and Open Access agreements, where authors can publish open access either discounted or free of charge depending on the agreement with Sage. Find out if your institution is participating by visiting Open Access Agreements at Sage. For more information on Open Access publishing options at Sage please visit Sage Open Access. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit Sage’s Author Archiving and Re-Use Guidelines and Publishing Policies.

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    4. Preparing your manuscript for submission

    4.1 Formatting

    The preferred format for your manuscript is Word. LaTeX files are also accepted. Word and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics

    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit Sage’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines.

    Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from Sage after receipt of your accepted article.

    4.3 Supplementary material

    This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files.

    4.4 Reference style

    Conflict Management and Peace Science adheres to the Sage Harvard reference style. View the Sage Harvard guidelines to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    If you use EndNote to manage references, you can download the Sage Harvard EndNote output file

    4.5 English language editing services

    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using Sage Language Services. Visit Sage Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

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    5. Submitting your manuscript

    Conflict Management and Peace Science is hosted on Sage Track, a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit to login and submit your article online.

    IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created.  For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.

    5.1 ORCID

    As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process Sage is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized. 

    The collection of ORCID IDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this journal. If you already have an ORCID ID you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID ID will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID ID is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.

    If you do not already have an ORCID ID please follow this link to create one or visit our ORCID homepage to learn more.

    5.2 Information required for completing your submission

    You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. The affiliation listed in the manuscript should be the institution where the research was conducted. If an author has moved to a new institution since completing the research, the new affiliation can be included in a manuscript note at the end of the paper. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).

    5.3 Permissions

    Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the Sage Author Gateway.

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    6. On acceptance and publication

    6.1 Sage Production

    Your Sage Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be made available to the corresponding author via our editing portal Sage Edit or by email, and corrections should be made directly or notified to us promptly. Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate. 

    6.2 Online First publication

    Online First allows final articles (completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. Visit the Sage Journals help page for more details, including how to cite Online First articles.

    6.3 Access to your published article

    Sage provides authors with online access to their final article.

    6.4 Promoting your article

    Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The Sage Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice.

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    7. Further information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the Conflict Management and Peace Science editorial office as follows:

    Individual Subscription, E-access

    Individual Subscription, Print Only

    Institutional Subscription, E-access

    Institutional Subscription & Backfile Lease, E-access Plus Backfile (All Online Content)

    Institutional Subscription, Print Only

    Institutional Backfile Purchase, E-access (Content through 1998)

    Institutional Subscription, Combined (Print & E-access)

    Institutional Subscription & Backfile Lease, Combined Plus Backfile (Current Volume Print & All Online Content)

    Individual, Single Print Issue

    Institutional, Single Print Issue