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Introduction to Criminal Justice
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Introduction to Criminal Justice
Systems, Diversity, and Change

Third Edition
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October 2018 | 424 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

“The contemporary issues and challenges confronting the U.S. justice system are critically and comprehensively examined in the latest edition of Introduction to Criminal Justice: Systems, Diversity, and Change. The text applies a unique lens to understanding the interconnected nature of crime and justice, the role of diversity, and how technology has changed the field of law enforcement, the courts, and the correctional system.” 
—Christina Mancini, Virginia Commonwealth University  

Helping students develop a passion to learn more about the dynamic field of criminal justice, this concise bestseller introduces students to the criminal justice system by following the case studies of four individuals in their real-life progression through the system. Each case study is strategically woven throughout the book to help students remember core concepts and make connections between different branches of the system. In addition to illustrating the real-life pathways and outcomes of criminal behavior and victimization, authors Callie Marie Rennison and Mary Dodge provide students with a more inclusive overview of criminal justice by offering insight into overlooked demographics and the perspectives of victims.

This newly revised Third Edition encourages students to think critically and discuss issues affecting today’s criminal justice system with engaging coverage of victims, criminal justice professionals, offenders, and controversial issues found in the criminal justice process.

INSTRUCTORS: Introduction to Criminal Justice is accompanied by a complete teaching & learning package! Contact your rep for a demo.

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Preface
 
Thank You
 
About the Authors
 
Part I: Foundations
 
Chapter 1. An Introduction to Crime and the Criminal Justice System
Introduction: Making Our Way Through the Criminal Justice System

 
What Is the Criminal Justice System?

 
How Does the Criminal Justice System Work?

 
What Is Crime?

 
Crime Definitions Change Over Time

 
The Criminal Justice System: Purpose and Perspectives

 
Criminal Justice and Public Policy

 
Crime and the Media

 
Criminal Justice Versus Criminology

 
Chapter Wrap-Up

 
 
Chapter 2. The Nature and Extent of Crime
Introduction: Why and How Is Crime Measured?

 
Measuring Violent and Property Crime

 
Violent and Property Crime Rates and Trends

 
Measuring Cybercrime

 
Measuring Terrorism

 
Measuring White-Collar Crime

 
Fear and Risk of Victimization

 
Theory in Criminal Justice

 
Chapter Wrap-Up

 
 
Chapter 3. Criminal Justice and the Law
Introduction: The Development of Law

 
History of Law

 
The Role and Purpose of Law

 
Sources of Criminal Law

 
Types of Law

 
Legal Definitions

 
Criminal Defenses

 
Evolving Standards and Practices

 
The Rights of Victims

 
Chapter Wrap-Up

 
 
PART II: LAW ENFORCEMENT
 
Chapter 4. The History of Policing
Introduction: Policing as a Dynamic Entity

 
Early English Policing

 
Colonial America and Policing

 
Advancing Professionalism in Policing: 20th-Century Reform

 
Technology

 
Diversity in Policing

 
Unrest in Policing (1960s and 1970s)

 
Policing as More Than Law Enforcement

 
Chapter Wrap-Up

 
 
Chapter 5. On the Streets: Organization, Responsibilities, and Challenges
Introduction: Contemporary Policing

 
The Police Organization

 
The Police Role

 
Who Are the Police?

 
Community Policing

 
Intelligence-Led/Evidence-Based Policing

 
21st-Century Policing

 
Controversial Issues in Policing

 
Chapter Wrap-Up

 
 
Chapter 6. Police and the Rule of Law
Introduction: The Importance of Justice, Law, and Order

 
Police and the Courts

 
Due Process and Police Activities

 
Technology

 
Warrant Requirements and Serving Warrants

 
Custodial Interrogation

 
Chapter Wrap-Up

 
 
Part III: Courts
 
Chapter 7. The Courts and Judiciary
Introduction: The Court Process

 
Federal and State Court Systems

 
Court Congestion and the Consequences

 
Specialized and Problem-Solving Courts

 
The Judiciary

 
Diversity in the Judiciary

 
Court Administration and Management

 
Chapter Wrap-Up

 
 
Chapter 8. The Prosecution, Defense, and Pretrial Activities
Introduction: Actors and Procedures in the Courtroom

 
The Prosecutor

 
The Defense Attorney

 
After the Arrest: Charging the Defendant

 
Bail and Pretrial Events

 
Plea Bargains

 
Discovery, Motions, and Scheduling

 
Scheduling and the Right to a Speedy Trial

 
Jury Selection

 
Diversity and Pretrial Events

 
Technology and Pretrial Events

 
Chapter Wrap-Up

 
 
Chapter 9. The Criminal Trial and Sentencing
Introduction: The Criminal Trial and Sentencing

 
Reaching a Verdict

 
Sentencing

 
A Special Criminal Trial: Capital Cases

 
Victims of Crime and the Criminal Trial

 
Chapter Wrap-Up

 
 
Part IV: Corrections
 
Chapter 10. Correctional Responses in the Community
Introduction: Corrections in the Community

 
The History of Corrections in the Community in the United States

 
Contemporary Use of Corrections in the Community

 
Goals of Correctional Responses in the Community

 
Types of Correctional Responses in the Community

 
Effectiveness of Corrections in the Community

 
Victims and Corrections in the Community

 
Probation Officers

 
Diversity in Community Corrections

 
Technology and Community Corrections

 
Chapter Wrap-Up

 
 
Chapter 11. Institutional Corrections
Introduction: Institutional Corrections

 
Historical Perspectives in Institutional Corrections

 
Current Perspectives in Institutional Corrections

 
Contemporary Jails and Lockups

 
Contemporary Prisons

 
Diversity in Jails and Prisons

 
Technology and Institutional Corrections

 
Chapter Wrap-Up

 
 
Chapter 12. Prison Life and Life After Prison
Introduction: Living in Prison

 
Classification Systems and Solitary Confinement

 
Prison Violence

 
Prison Challenges

 
Life After Prison: Parole and Reentry

 
Chapter Wrap-Up

 
 
Part V: Beyond the Basics
 
Chapter 13. The Juvenile Justice System
Introduction: The Juvenile Justice System

 
Juvenile Justice: A Brief History

 
Establishing Juvenile Rights

 
The Contemporary Juvenile Justice System

 
Steps in the Juvenile Justice System

 
Victims

 
Chapter Wrap-Up

 
 
Chapter 14. Exploring Specialized and Topical Issues
Introduction: Overview of Specialized and Topical Issues

 
Terrorism and Homeland Security

 
Terrorism and the Criminal Trial

 
Domestic Human and Sex Trafficking

 
The #MeToo Movement

 
Hate Crimes and Bias-Motivated Crimes

 
Violence Against College Students

 
Fatal Police Shootings

 
Forensic Science

 
CSI Effect

 
Chapter Wrap-Up

 
 
Appendix: The Bill of Rights
 
Glossary
 
Notes
 
Index

Supplements

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“The contemporary issues and challenges confronting the U.S. justice system are critically and comprehensively examined in the latest edition of Introduction to Criminal Justice: Systems, Diversity, and Change. The text applies a unique lens to understanding the interconnected nature of crime and justice, the role of diversity, and how technology has changed the field of law enforcement, the courts, and the correctional system.”

Christina Mancini
Associate Professor and Assistant Chair of Criminal Justice, Wilder School, Virginia Commonwealth University

“Great text. Very user friendly for both faculty and student. Awesome for the visual learner. Highly recommended!!”

Jeffrey M. O’Donnell
Community College of Allegheny County

“Introduction to Criminal Justice by Rennison and Dodge is one of the best books for Introduction to CJ. It is written for students who are not familiar with all the components of the criminal justice system. It also includes an instructor site that provides helpful resources for instructors. I have used this book for two semesters, and my students really seem to enjoy it.”

Dr. Brittany Rodriguez
Tarleton State University

“I found this text to be perfectly organized to present the criminal justice system from beginning to end in a very logical and sensible manner. It is well written at a level that will allow the student to better understand the complexities of the system.”

Dr. Butch Beach
Point University

“…I appreciated the inclusion of diversity and felt that the current events and contemporary issues presented throughout the book were very relevant to the study of criminal justice today…Students are always appreciative of interactive components, such as audio and video, and they enjoy reading various case studies. I also really liked the images and thought that the graphics were interesting and made the content much more understandable.”

Kweilin T. Lucas
Fort Hays State University

“Students have positively evaluated the text. I think it is comprehensive without being too hard for an introductory level course. Also, I teach many students who have no background in criminal justice (non-majors). Unlike majors, most of these students have little to no knowledge of the system (knowledge perhaps gained from television and movies). This text is suitable for them also.”

Shana L. Maier
Widener University

“The information is clearly laid out for students to grasp. The chapters are not too long and students should be able to easily grasp concepts. They cover important policy areas that are often ignored in other Intro texts.”

Michelle L. Foster
Kent State University

Current information and delivery is true to today's time. Current case information and overview is good for students to relate to.

Professor Pamela Heston
Law, Mendocino College
April 30, 2019