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Introduction to Counseling

Introduction to Counseling
An Art and Science Perspective

Fifth Edition
Additional resources:

September 2015 | 672 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Introduction to Counseling provides an overview of counseling and the helping professions from the perspective of art and science—the science of counseling that generates a knowledge base proven to promote competency and efficacy in the practitioner, and the art of using this knowledge base to build skills that can be applied sensitively to clients in a multicultural society.   

The Fifth Edition has been organized into three sections: (1) an overview of counseling and the counseling process, (2) multicultural counseling and counseling theories, and (3) special approaches and settings. It continues to address key topics and issues, including gender, culture, and sexual orientation, and offers ways to integrate multiculturalism into all aspects of counseling, rather than view it as a separate entity. Highlighting emerging trends and changes in ethical codes, as well as reflecting the latest updates to the Diagnostic Statistical Manual (DSM-5), the book successfully illustrates the importance of art and science to modern-day counseling.
Part I. An Overview of Counseling and the Counseling Process
Chapter 1: An Overview of Counseling
Welcome to the Field of Counseling  
What Is Counseling?  
Counseling: Past, Present, and Future  
Chapter 2: Professional Preparation and Ethical and Legal Issues
Becoming a Professional Counselor  
Ethical-Legal Issues  
Chapter 3: The Counseling Process
The Art and Science of the Counseling Process  
The Six Stages of the Counseling Process  
Listening Skills  
Recent Trends in the Counseling Process  
Common Problems for Beginning Counselors  
Diversity Issues  
Chapter 4: Assessment and Diagnosis
The Art and Science of Assessment and Diagnosis  
Assessment and Diagnosis  
Chapter 5: Counseling Research and Evaluation
The Art and Science of Research and Evaluation  
The Purpose of Research and Evaluation  
Overview of the Types of Research  
Part II. Developing a Personal Approach to Counseling from a Multicultural Perspective
Chapter 6: Developing a Personal Approach to Counseling from a Multicultural Perspective
The Art and Science of Developing a Personal Approach to Counseling from a Multicultural Perspective  
Developing a Personal Approach to Counseling  
An Eight-Stage Model for Developing a Personal Approach  
Multicultural Counseling  
Potential Challenges in Multicultural Counseling  
Suggestions for Incorporating a Multicultural Perspective  
Chapter 7: The Classic Theories of Freud, Adler, and Jung
The Art and Science of the Classic Theories  
An Overview of Freud, Adler, and Jung  
Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory  
Adler’s Individual Psychology  
Jung’s Analytic Psychology  
The Classic Theories and Their Use in Contemporary Practice  
Chapter 8: Experiential Theories and Approaches
The Art and Science of Experiential Counseling  
Experiential Counseling  
Experiential Theories  
Person-Centered Therapy  
Gestalt Therapy  
Existential Therapy  
Creative Arts Therapy  
Research Trends in Experiential Counseling  
Chapter 9: Cognitive–Behavioral Theories
The Art and Science of Cognitive-Behavioral Counseling  
Cognitive–Behavioral Theories  
Behavior Therapy  
Rational–Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT)  
Cognitive Therapy  
Transactional Analysis (TA)  
Reality Therapy  
Feminist Therapy  
Special Issues in Cognitive-Behavioral Counseling  
Part III. Special Approaches and Settings
Chapter 10: Marriage and Family Counseling
The Art and Science of Marriage and Family Counseling  
Evolution of Marriage and Family Counseling  
Professional Issues and Organizations  
Theoretical Foundations  
Marriage Counseling  
Family Counseling  
Chapter 11: Child and Adolescent Counseling
The Art and Science of Child and Adolescent Counseling  
Children and Adolescents from a Historical Perspective  
Developmental Theories  
Treatment Issues  
Special Problems of Children and Adolescents  
Diversity and Postmodern Issues in Child and Adolescent Counseling  
Chapter 12: Group Counseling
The Art and Science of Group Counseling  
Group Counseling  
Group Counseling from a Historical Perspective  
Comparison to Individual and Family Counseling  
Problem Solving and Group Process  
Group Size, Composition, and Duration  
Use of Coleaders  
Pregroup Screening and Orientation  
Stages in Group Counseling  
Brief-Solution-Focused Group Counseling  
Dealing with Disruptive Group Members  
Common Mistakes of Group Leaders  
Qualities of Effective Group Leaders  
Diversity Issues  
Chapter 13: Career Counseling
The Art and Science of Career Counseling  
Evolution of Career Counseling  
Theoretical Foundations  
Treatment Issues  
Special Issues  
Diversity Issues in Career Counseling  
Chapter 14: School Counseling
The Art and Science of School Counseling  
A Comprehensive Developmental Model for School Counseling  
Role and Function of School Counselors  
Special Skills and Problems  
Trends in School Counseling  
Chapter 15: Mental Health Counseling
The Art and Science of Mental Health Counseling  
Professional Issues  
The Role and Function of Mental Health Counselors  
Categories of Mental Health Services  
Strategies for Suicidal Clients  
Substance Abuse Counseling  
Gerontological Counseling  
Trends and Perspectives  


Instructor Teaching Site

Password-protected Instructor Resources include the following:

  • A Microsoft® Word® test bank is available containing multiple choice, true/false, short answer, and essay questions for each chapter. The test bank provides you with a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity for editing any question and/or inserting your own personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding.
  • A Respondus electronic test bank is available and can be used on PCs. The test bank contains multiple choice, true/false, short answer, and essay questions for each chapter and provides you with a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity for editing any question and/or inserting your own personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding. Respondus is also compatible with many popular learning management systems so you can easily get your test questions into your online course.
  • Editable, chapter-specific Microsoft® PowerPoint® slides offer you complete flexibility in easily creating a multimedia presentation for your course.
  • An author-created Instructor's Manual provides teaching resources by chapter, including chapter summaries, key concepts, learning objectives, lecture organization, discussion questions, and class activities.
Student Study Site

The open-access Student Study Site includes the following:

  • Chapter summaries with learning objectives reinforce the most important material.
  • Mobile-friendly eFlashcards reinforce understanding of key terms and concepts that have been outlined in the chapters.
  • Mobile-friendly web quizzes allow for independent assessment of progress made in learning course material.

I appreciate the organizational approach to the information. I use the personal exploration questions as reading assignments,due each Friday. Students really appreciate chapter 8 - Creative Arts Therapies!

Dr Karen Linstrum
Behavioral Sciences Dept, East Texas Baptist University
October 13, 2017

The Fifth edition utilized over 200 new references to address changes to the counseling profession and emerging trends. Some of the emerging trends included were: counseling and neuroscience, professional identity of counselors, wellness and positive psychology, evidenced based-empirically supported treatment modalities, mindfulness-based approaches, cybercounseling and other assisted-technologies in counseling, self-care for counselors, and multicultural issues relating to social justice and sexual orientation.


Two issues received special attention for the 5th edition: changes to the codes of ethics and professional conduct, and the 5th edition of the Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) (American Psychiatric Association, 2013).


Changes to Codes of Ethics and Professional Conduct

The American Counseling Association code of ethics 2014 and the American Psychological Association code of conduct 2010 were updated throughout the book to provide information regarding: client welfare, informed consent, confidentiality, and dual relations. Other ethical codes updated throughout the book included: the American School Counseling Association ethical standards for school counselors, American Mental Health Counselors Association, and the American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy.


The DSM-5

Updated information provided on the DSM-5 (American Psychiatric Association, 2013) included:

·         History of the DSM

·         Definition of mental disorders

·         Neuroscience issues in diagnosis

·         Elements of a diagnosis

·         Multicultural considerations in diagnosis

·         Categorical versus dimensional approaches to DSM-5 diagnosis

·         Personal note regarding categorical and dimensional diagnosis

·         New table differentiating categorical and dimensional diagnosis

·         Controversies regarding the DSM-5 (e.g., over-diagnosing, concerns regarding changes to diagnostic criteria for some disorders, and disorders that were added and deleted).

Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 1

Chapter 15

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ISBN: 9781483316611