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Foundations of Qualitative Research

Foundations of Qualitative Research
Interpretive and Critical Approaches

March 2007 | 392 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Foundations of Qualitative Research introduces key theoretical and epistemological concepts in an accessible and non-intimidating style replete with historical and current real-world examples employed to bring these otherwise difficult concepts to life.
Chapter 1: World Views, Paradigms, and the Practice of Social Science Research
Case 1. Quantitative Research

Case 2. Qualitative Research

Thinking about the Foundations and Practice of Research

What This Book Is and Is Not About.

What Warrants Our Attention?

The Traditional Canon

Alternative Paradigms

New Techniques or New Paradigms?

Chapter 2: History and Context of Paradigm Development
Positivism: A Response to Metaphysical and Magical Explanations

Critical Theory: A Response to Inequities in Society

Interpretivism: A Response to the Excesses of “Scientific” Social Science

The Special Cases of Postmodernism and Feminism

Chapter 3: Foundational Issues: Postpositivist and Critical Perspectives
Social Science Research: The View from the Postpositivist Paradigm

Social Science Research: The View from the Critical Theory Paradigm

Chapter 4: History and Foundations of Interpretivist Research
(1) Nature of Reality.

(2) Purpose of Research.

(3) Acceptable Methodology/Data.

(4) The Meaning of Data

(5) Relationship of Research to Practice.

The Implications of an Interpretivist Approach

What Sorts of Research are Worthwhile?

Examples of Interpretive Research

Chapter 5: Frameworks for Qualitative Research
Postpositivist Research

“Moments” of Qualitative Research

Some General Frameworks for Qualitative Research

Chapter 6: General Guidelines for Qualitative Research
Guidelines for Qualitative Research

Situated or Contextual Understanding, Not Truth, is the Purpose of Research

Accept Multiple Sources of Influence

Take A Foundational Rather Than Technique Perspective

Practice Recursive (Iterative ) and Emergent Data Collection and Analysis

Use Multiple Sources of Data

Think of Research as a Reflective Process

The Researcher is the Primary Tool for Data Collection and Analysis

An Emphasis on Participatory versus Nonparticipatory Research.

Adopt an Open Approach

Deal With Bias Directly

Select Natural Contexts for Research

Research Should be Holistic, Not Atomistic

Research Involves More Than Induction and Deduction: Analogical Reasoning, Abduction, and Family Resemblances

Alternatives to Postpositivist Criteria for Believability: Validity and Reliability

Alternative Approaches to Validity and Reliability: Triangulation and More

Conclusions? Aren’t They Generalizations?

Chapter 7: Methods of Qualitative Research
Case 1: Action Research on a Pediatric Surgical Ward

Established Qualitative Research Methods


Case Studies: Another Form of Qualitative Observation

Interview Research


Historiography: The Research Methods of History Innovative Methods

Participatory Qualitative Research

Emancipatory Research

Critical Emancipatory Action Research

Chapter 8: Approaches to Data Analysis and Intepretation
The Purpose of Research

General Theory

Objective Description

Hermeneutic (Verstehen) Understanding

Story telling/Narrative

Data Analysis Families

Eyeballing the Data

Connoisseurship: A Global Perspective

Hermeneutics as a Data Analysis Method

Grounded Theory

Analytic Induction

A Final Topic: The Ethics of Research

Chapter 9: 21st Century Social Science: Peering into the Future
Will the Cacophony Continue?

Why Can’t Social Science Converge on The Answer?



Dialog as an Alternative to Competition

Three Approaches to Knowing in Greek Thought



The Humanities

Choices 20th Century Social Science Made

Suppose We Chose Badly

Two Theories That May Help Us Build 21st Century Social Science

Poetic Logic

Chaos and Complexity Theory: Another Route to a Nonlinea Social Science


A great introductory text to qualitative research which introduces theory step by step. An invigorating new introduction to th area.

Mr James Brighton
Department of sport and Outdoor Education, Hartpury College
February 1, 2011

Excellent! A welcome addition to the field.

Wendy Solomons
Psychology , Hertfordshire University
July 13, 2010

Although a good overview text, in this context I wanted a text that was more 'how to' than conceptual.

Professor Michael Hyman
Marketing Dept, New Mexico State University - Las Cruces
February 12, 2010

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ISBN: 9781412927413

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