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Cultural Anthropology
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Cultural Anthropology
A Global Perspective

Tenth Edition


January 2020 | 496 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Now with SAGE Publishing!

Cultural Anthropology: A Global Perspective delves into both classic and current research in the field, reflecting a commitment to anthropology’s holistic and integrative approach. This text illuminates how the four subfields of anthropology—biological anthropology, archaeology, linguistics, and cultural anthropology—together yield a comprehensive understanding of humanity. In examining anthropological research, this text often refers to research conducted in other fields, sparking the critical imagination that brings the learning process to life. The Tenth Edition expands on the book’s hallmark three-themed approach (diversity of human societies, similarities that make all humans fundamentally alike, and synthetic-complementary approach) by introducing a new fourth theme addressing
essentialism. Recognizing the necessity for students to develop an enhanced global awareness more than ever before, author Raymond Scupin uses over 30 years of teaching experience to bring readers closer to the theories, data, and critical thinking skills vital to appreciating the full sweep of the human condition.

 
Part I: Basic Concepts of Anthropology
 
Chapter 1: Introduction to Anthropology
Anthropology: The Four Subfields

 
Holistic Anthropology, Interdisciplinary Research, and the Global Perspective

 
Anthropological Explanations

 
Humanistic Interpretive Approaches in Anthropology

 
Why Study Anthropology?

 
Summary and Review of Learning Objectives/Key Terms

 
 
Chapter 2: Human Evolution
Theory of Evolution

 
The Scientific Revolution

 
Darwin, Wallace, and Natural Selection

 
Hominin Evolution

 
Homo

 
Homo Erectus

 
Transition to Homo Sapiens

 
The Evolution of Modern Homo Sapiens

 
Modern Homo Sapiens Culture: The Upper Paleolithic

 
Skin Color

 
Summary and Review of Learning Objectives/Key Terms

 
 
Chapter 3: Culture
The Characteristics of Culture

 
Culture is Learned

 
Culture is Shared

 
Aspects of Culture

 
Cultural Diversity

 
Cultural Universals

 
Summary and Review of Learning Objectives/Key Terms

 
 
Chapter 4: The Process of Enculturation: Psychological and Cognitive Anthropology
Biology versus Culture

 
Instincts and Human Nature

 
Enculturation: Culture and Personality

 
Psychoanalytic Approaches to Anthropology

 
Enculturation and Cognition

 
Cognitive Anthropology

 
Evolutionary Psychology

 
Enculturation and Emotions

 
Neuroanthropology

 
The Limits of Enculturation

 
Summary and Review of Learning Objectives/Key Terms

 
 
Chapter 5: Language
Nonhuman Animal Communication

 
Animal Communication versus Human Language

 
The Evolution of Language

 
The Structure of Language

 
Language Acquisition

 
Language, Thought, and Culture

 
Historical Linguisitics

 
Sociolinguistics

 
Nonverbal Communication

 
Summary and Review of Learning Objectives/Key Terms

 
 
Chapter 6: Anthropological Explanations
Anthropological Explanations

 
Nineteenth Century Evolutionism

 
Diffusionism

 
Historical Particularism

 
Functionalism

 
Twentieth-Century Evolutionism

 
Marxist Anthropology

 
Symbolic Anthropology

 
Feminist Anthropology

 
Postmodernism and Anthropology

 
Twenty First Century Cultural Evolution

 
Summary and Review of Learning Objectives/Key Terms

 
 
Chapter 7: Analyzing Sociocultural Systems
Ethnographic Fieldwork

 
Ethnographic Research and Strategies

 
Ethics in Anthropological Research

 
Analysis of Ethnographic Data

 
Sociocultural Evolution: A Contemporary Model

 
Types of Sociocultural Systems

 
Cross-Cultural Research

 
Summary and Review of Learning Objectives/Key Terms

 
 
Part II: Studying Different Societies
 
Chapter 8: Environment, Subsistence, and Demography
Subsistence and the Physical Environment

 
Demography

 
Modern Foraging Environments and Subsistence

 
Demographic Conditions for Foragers

 
Environment and subsistence for Horticulturalists and Pastoralists

 
Demographics and Settlement

 
Environment, subsistence and Demography for Chiefdoms

 
Environment and Demography in Agricultural States

 
Environment and Energy Use in Industrial and Post Industrial Societies

 
Demographic Change

 
Summary and Review of Learning Objectives/Key Terms

 
 
Chapter 9: Technology and Economics
Anthropological Explanations of Technology

 
Anthropology and Economics

 
Technology in Foraging Societies

 
Economics in Foraging Societies

 
Technology among Horticutlturalists and Pastoralists

 
Economics in Horticulturalist and Pastoralist Societies

 
Technology in Chiefdoms

 
Economy in Chiefdoms

 
Technology in Agricultural States

 
Economics in Agricultural States

 
Technology and Economic Changes for Industrial and Postindustrial Societies

 
Summary and Review of Learning Objectives/Key Terms

 
 
Chapter 10: Social Structure, the Family, Marriage, and Age
Social Structure

 
Understanding Incest Avoidance and the Incest Taboo

 
Age

 
Social Structure in Hunter-Gatherer Societies

 
Social Structure in Tribes

 
Social Structure in Chiefdoms

 
Social Structure in Agricultural States

 
Social Structure in Industrial and Postindustrial Societies

 
Summary and Review of Learning Objectives/Key Terms

 
 
Chapter 11: Gender and Sexuality
The Complexities of Sex

 
The Complexities of Gender

 
LBGTQ Individuals and Culture

 
Gender in Foraging Societies

 
Gender in Tribal Societies

 
Patriarchy in Tribal Societies

 
Gender in Chiefdom Societies

 
Gender in Agricultural States

 
Gender in Industrial and Postindustrial Societies

 
Gender in Latin America, Africa. the Middle East and Asia

 
Sexuality in Different Societies

 
Summary and Review of Learning Objectives/Key Terms

 
 
Chapter 12: Politics, Warfare, and Law
Politics, Warfare, and Law

 
Political Organization in Foraging Societies

 
Warfare and Violence in Foraging Societies

 
Political Organization in Horticultural and Pastoralist Tribes

 
Explaining Tribal Warfare

 
Political Authority in Chiefdoms

 
The Evolution of Chiefdoms

 
Politics in Agricultural States

 
Political Organization in Industrial and Postindustrial States

 
Warfare and Industrial Technology

 
Summary and Review of Learning Objectives/Key Terms

 
 
Chapter 13: Religion and Aesthetics
Religion

 
Myths and Rituals

 
Rites of Passage

 
Cognition and Religion

 
Aesthetics: Art and Music

 
Religion among Foragers

 
Art, Music, and Religion among Foragers

 
Religion among Horticulturalists and Pastoralists

 
Religion in Chiefdoms

 
Art, Architecture, and Music in Chiefdoms

 
Religion and Secularization in Industrial and Postindustrial Societies

 
Art and Music in Industrial and Postindustrial Societies

 
Summary and Review of Learning Objectives/Key Terms

 
 
Part III: Globalization and its Impact
 
Chapter 14: Globalization, Culture, and Indigenous Societies
Globalization: A Contested Term

 
Globalization: Technological and Economic Trends

 
Globalization: General Theoretical Approaches

 
Anthropological Analysis and Globalization

 
Globalization, Politics, and Culture

 
Globalization and Indigenous Peoples

 
Forms of Resistance among Indigenous Peoples

 
Melanesia and New Guinea: The Cargo Cults

 
Pro- and Anti-Globalization: An Anthropological Contribution

 
Summary and Review of Learning Objectives/Key Terms

 
 
Chapter 15: Globalization, Colonialism, and Postcolonialism
Globalization and Colonialism

 
Consequences of Globalization and Colonialism

 
Political Changes: Independence and Nationalist Movements

 
Uneven Economic Development

 
Ethnographic Studies

 
Social Structure in Postcolonial Societies

 
Patterns of Ethnicity

 
Summary and Review of Learning Objectives/Key Terms

 
 
Chapter 16: Race and Ethnicity
Race, Racism, and Culture

 
Modern Racism in Western Thought

 
Critiques of Scientific Racism

 
The Cultural and Social Significance of Race

 
Ethnicity

 
Patterns of Ethnic Relations

 
Ethnic Relations in the United States

 
Ethnonationalism

 
Summary and Review of Learning Objectives/Key Terms

 
 
Chapter 17: Applied Anthropology
The Roles of the Applied Anthropologist

 
The Roles of the Applied Anthropologist in Planned Change

 
Applied Anthropology and Climate Change and Sustainability

 
Medical Anthropology

 
Cultural Resource Management: Applied Archaeology

 
Applied Anthropology and Human Rights

 
Summary and Review of Learning Objectives/Key Terms

 

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