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Becoming a Multicultural Educator
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Becoming a Multicultural Educator
Developing Awareness, Gaining Skills, and Taking Action

Third Edition
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Teaching Diverse Students

December 2018 | 472 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Providing an essential foundation for teachers-in-training and veteran educators, Becoming a Multicultural Educator: Developing Awareness, Gaining Skills, and Taking Action focuses on the development and application of research-based curriculum, instruction, and assessment strategies for multicultural education in PK–12 classrooms. Award-winning authors William A. Howe and Penelope L. Lisi bring theory and research to life through numerous exercises, case studies, reflective experiences, and lesson plans designed to heighten readers’ cultural awareness, knowledge base, and skill set. Responding to the growing need to increase academic achievement and to prepare teachers to work with diverse populations of students, the fully updated Third Edition is packed with new activities and exercises to illustrate concepts readers can apply within their future classrooms and school-wide settings. With the support of this practical and highly readable book, students will be prepared to teach in culturally responsive ways, develop a critical understanding of culture and its powerful influence on teaching and learning, and feel empowered to confront and address timely issues.

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Preface
 
Acknowledgments
 
List of Exercises
 
About the Authors
 
Section I: Background
 
Chapter 1: Multicultural Education: History, Theory, and Evolution
Changing Demographics

 
Understanding Why Race and Ethnicity Matter

 
The Need to Close the Achievement Gap

 
Prejudice and Discrimination Issues

 
Poverty and Class Issues

 
Issues on Working With Immigrants and Refugees

 
Curriculum, Instruction, and Assessment Issues

 
Teacher Preparation and Professional Development Issues

 
Available Teacher Workforce Issues

 
Community and the Role of Parents

 
Moral Obligations and Responsibilities

 
In Summary

 
Initial Focus on Ethnic Studies

 
Influential Publications and Organizational Forces

 
Influential Agencies and Organizations in the Development of Multicultural Education

 
Similarities and Differences With Other Studies of Culture

 
A Quick Comparison of Terms

 
A New Definition of Multicultural Education

 
Becoming a Multicultural Educator

 
So What Is Multicultural Education?

 
Five Approaches to Multicultural Education

 
 
Chapter 2: Becoming a Multicultural Educator: A Four-Step Model
What is Effective Teaching?

 
What is a Multicultural Educator?

 
Essential Knowledge for Multicultural Educators

 
A Repertoire of Skills for Multicultural Educators

 
Personal Qualities or Dispositions for Multicultural Educators

 
Curriculum Standards as a Guide for Multicultural Education in Schools

 
Professional Teaching Standards as a Guide for Multicultural Educators

 
Why Attend to Culture?

 
Roles and Responsibilities of Teachers in Using Culture

 
Becoming a Multicultural Educator

 
 
Section II: Knowledge
 
Chapter 3: Historical Perspectives on a Multicultural America
Race as a Biological or Social Construct

 
Native Americans

 
African Americans

 
Asian Americans

 
Hispanic Americans

 
European Americans

 
Today’s America

 
Civil Rights Movement Timeline

 
Federal Civil Rights Laws

 
Other Education Laws

 
Free Speech Rights of Students

 
 
Chapter 4: Foundational Knowledge for Culturally Responsive Teaching
Essential Elements of Culture

 
Socioeconomic Status and Education

 
Religion and Education

 
Gender and Education

 
Understanding Racism

 
Understanding the Impact of Policy on the Learning Environment

 
Learning Styles and the Achievement of Culturally Diverse Students

 
Knowledge About Communication Styles

 
The Role of Culture in the Process of Learning

 
Culturally Responsive Teaching and Curriculum Development

 
 
Section III: Awareness
 
Chapter 5: Understanding Cultural Identities and Their Influence on Teaching and Learning
What Is Cultural Identity?

 
Challenges to Uncovering Our Cultural Identities

 
Naming Groups With Which We Identify

 
The Challenge of Entitlement

 
What Does It Mean to Be White?

 
The Influence of Cultural Identity and Worldview on Approaches to Teaching and Learning

 
 
Chapter 6: Developing Awareness of All Humans as Cultural Beings
Factors That Influence Our Perceptions of Others

 
Racial Identity Development in Children

 
Self in Relation to Others as Cultural Beings

 
Responses to Differences: Stereotypes, Bias, Prejudice

 
Does Difference Make a Difference in Schools?

 
Hate Crimes, Bullying, and Harassment in Schools

 
Dealing With Bullying and Harassment

 
The Need for a Safe School Climate

 
Understanding the Law and Education

 
A Look at School Discipline

 
Helping Students and Teachers Develop Positive Perspectives and Values

 
 
Section IV: Skills
 
Chapter 7: Curriculum Development and Lesson Planning
Defining Curriculum

 
The Curriculum Development Process

 
Characteristics of a Multicultural Curriculum

 
Seven Forms of Bias in Curriculum Materials

 
Checking for Bias

 
Planning Learning Experiences From a Multicultural Perspective

 
Multicultural Principles

 
Key Concepts for a Multicultural Curriculum

 
 
Chapter 8: Instructional Approaches Needed by Multicultural Educators
The Purpose of Education

 
Models of Teaching

 
Differentiated Instruction

 
 
Chapter 9: Developing Skills in Teaching Language and Understanding Linguistic Diversity
Educating Second-Language Learners

 
Language Proficiency and Achievement

 
Experiences of English Language Learner Students

 
Language Diversity

 
Schools and the Home

 
Misdiagnosis

 
Beyond Language: Preparation for a Diverse, Global Society

 
 
Chapter 10: Assessment That Is Culturally Responsive
Evolution of Assessments

 
Types of Assessments

 
High-Stakes Testing

 
Bias in Assessment

 
Principles of High-Quality Assessment Systems

 
Guidelines for Development of Classroom-Based Culturally Responsive Assessments

 
Authentic Assessments

 
Portrait of a School in an Assessment Transition

 
 
Section V: Action
 
Chapter 11: Creating the Multicultural Classroom
A Starting Point: Developing a Multicultural Education Platform of Beliefs

 
Visioning

 
Goal Setting as a Multicultural Educator

 
Learn About Your Students

 
Maintain High Expectations for Student Outcomes

 
Work to Integrate Multiple Perspectives

 
About Collaboration

 
Functioning as a Partner

 
What Can You Do as Partners Toward Multicultural Education?

 
Instructional Practice

 
Inventories

 
Journaling and Anecdotal Logs

 
Assessment Instruments

 
Action Research

 
Professional Development Options

 
Enhancing Your Skills as a Reflective Practitioner

 
 
Chapter 12: Creating the Multicultural School
School Culture as a Shared Set of Values and Beliefs

 
Assessing School Culture

 
Developing a Shared Vision

 
Developing a Culture of Collaboration and Teamwork

 
Collection and Analysis of Student and Other Data

 
Goal Setting and Multicultural Education

 
Identification and Selection of Promising Practices

 
Implementation and Monitoring

 
Strategies to Support Teacher Learning

 
The Diversity Project: An Illustration of Schoolwide Action Planning to Implement Multicultural Education

 
 
Appendix: The Vital Multicultural Classroom: Resources, Organizations, and Associations
 
Glossary
 
References
 
Index

Supplements

Instructor Resources

SAGE edge for instructors supports your teaching by making it easy to integrate quality content and create a rich learning environment for students with:

  • a password-protected site for complete and protected access to all text-specific instructor resources; 
  • test banks that provide a diverse range of ready-to-use options that save you time. You can also easily edit any question and/or insert your own personalized questions;·        
  • multimedia content featuring original videos that meet the learning needs of today’s media-savvy students and bring concepts to life;·        
  • sample course syllabi for semester and quarter courses that provide suggested models for structuring your courses;·        
  • editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides that offer complete flexibility for creating a multimedia presentation for your course;
  • exclusive access to full-text, influential SAGE journal articles, which have been carefully selected to tie important research and scholarship to chapter concepts;         
  • lecture notes that summarize key concepts by chapter to help you prepare for lectures and class discussions; and     
  • Tables and figures from the book available for download.
Student Study Site

SAGE edge offers a robust online environment featuring an impressive array of tools and resources for review, study, and further exploration, keeping both instructors and students on the cutting edge of teaching and learning. SAGE edge content is open access and available on demand. Learning and teaching has never been easier!

SAGE edge for Students provides a personalized approach to help students accomplish their coursework goals in an easy-to-use learning environment.

  • Mobile-friendly Flashcards strengthen understanding of key terms and concepts
  • Mobile-friendly practice quizzes allow for independent assessment by students of their mastery of course material
  • Learning objectives reinforce the most important material
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected to support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter
  • Video and multimedia links that appeal to students with different learning styles

“Great book for most facets of multicultural education because it includes an equal balance of theoretical information on multicultural education as well as instructional methodology."

Maryann Dudzinski
Valparaiso University

“Accessible, a primer for those interested in learning about multicultural education."

Raphael Heaggans
Niagara University

"Becoming a Multicultural Educator puts student diversity and multicultural teaching at the center with clear coverage of important ideas, including theory and research. The authors are dedicated teacher and scholars!”

Maria Balderrama
California State University, San Bernardino

"Research based; usable for students with ESL backgrounds; strong focus on diversity in a classroom and attitudes on diversity; good case studies provided on challenging topics."

Lynne Kirst
University of Rochester

"Becoming a Multicultural Educator does a great job with incorporating real classroom applications to the discussion of diversity.”

Rhonda Wilkins
Georgia State University, Perimeter

For instructors

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