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Why Organizations?
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Why Organizations?
How and Why People Organize



March 1993 | 264 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Why do organizations exist? Why cannot the market - that is, free contracts between single buyers and sellers - solve all production and distribution problems? What are the causes behind the rise of industrial enterprises and other hierarchies?

In Why Organizations?, Bengt Abrahamsson raises these and other questions and discusses the conditions for the emergence of hierarchy, bureaucracy and democracy in organizations - and why organizations are needed at all. The framework for his discussion is rationalistic organization theory based on concepts such as rationality, interest, power, form and function, external forces and inner logic, organizational mandators and executives.

 
Introduction
The Phenomenon of the Organization

 
 
The Anarchistic Ideal
The Desire for Non-Organization

 
 
Why Organizations?
 
The Theory of Groups and the Free Rider Problem
 
Special-Interest Organizations, Monopolies, and the Collective Voice
 
Outer Forces and Inner Logic
 
Why Inner Logic? On Transaction Costs and Other Forces that Create Hierarchy
 
Mastering the Organization
Problems of Bureaucracy and Legitimacy

 
 
Form and Function in Organization Theory
A Summarizing Discussion

 
 
What is Rationality? On Goal and Value Rationality, Individual and Social Rationality
 
The Concept of Interest
Subjective and Objective Interests

 
 
From the Part to the Whole, and Vice-Versa
The Problem of Aggregation and the Choice of the Unit of Analysis

 
 
The Actors in the Organization
Mandator and Executive, Employees and Clients

 
 
The Organization Process

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ISBN: 9780803950405
£32.99