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Why Don't Women Rule the World?
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Why Don't Women Rule the World?
Understanding Women's Civic and Political Choices

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September 2019 | 488 pages | CQ Press
Why don’t women rule the world, and why don’t they have more influence over the way the world is structured? This book begins to explore this question by looking at how underrepresentation of women manifests comparatively and also by exploring how it plays out in policy. Why Don't Women Rule the World? is written by 4 high-profile leaders who teach, publish and head up national and international academic caucuses on Women and Politics. They have collaborated on a project that not only offers grounded theory with practical job-related activities; but, also with an important comparative politics perspective. The book distinguishes itself from other Women and Politics texts due to three unique features: First, each chapter explores concepts from not only a U.S. perspective, but also a comparative one, expanding students’ awareness of their own intersectional identities and the varying effects of patriarchy on women worldwide. Second, each chapter also has a policy feature, focusing on one or two policy areas allowing students to see the ways in which theories and concepts discussed in the chapter manifest in their lives. Finally, each chapter includes a political engagement feature with activities and prompts purposefully intended to bolster political interest, efficacy, and ambition. The book provides a thorough and theoretical introduction to the study of Women and Politics, while also meeting the growing demand for higher education to play a more prominent role in bolstering students’ political interest, ambition and efficacy.
 
Table of Contents
 
List of Tables, Figures, and Boxes
 
Preface
 
Acknowledgements
 
About the Authors
 
CHAPTER 1 Why Don’t Women Rule the World?
Box 1.1 Comparative Feature – Complementarian and Matriarchal Practices in Other Countries  
Box 1.2 Policy Feature – Women in the Workforce  
Box 1.3 Kimberle Crenshaw’s Ted Talk on Intersectionality  
Reification and the Social Construction of Reality  
Box 1.4 Comparative Feature – Islam, Sharia, and Feminist Thought  
Box 1.5 belle hooks  
Box 1.6 Radical Feminists and Gender Constructivism  
Conclusion  
Plan of the Book  
Ambition Activities  
Literature Cited  
 
CHAPTER 2 History of Women in Politics
Colonial History  
Box 2.1 Comparative Feature – Gender Roles in Native American Culture  
The First Wave  
Box 2.2 Sojourner Truth  
The Second Wave  
Box 2.3 Women in the Workforce in WWII  
Box 2.4 Policy Feature – The Pay Gap  
Box 2.5 Policy Feature – The Equal Rights Amendment  
The Third Wave  
Box 2.6 Comparative Feature – The Indian Feminist Movement  
Box 2.7 Trans-Exclusionary Radical Feminism?  
Conclusion  
Review Questions  
Ambition Activities  
Literature Cited  
 
CHAPTER 3 Public Opinion
Introduction  
Box 3.1 The Gallup Organization  
How individuals form opinions about gender issues  
Box 3.2 Policy Feature – Attitudes and Outcomes of Gender Equality in Comparative Perspective  
How Sex Influences Public Opinion  
Box 3.3 Policy Feature – Gender Differences about Terrorism/Security Policy  
Box 3.4 Comparative Feature – Abortion Rights Around the World  
Box 3.5 Policy Feature – Attitude Toward Fair Wage  
Partisan preferences and voting behavior  
Conclusion  
Review Questions  
Ambition Activities  
Literature Cited  
 
CHAPTER 4 Political Ambition
Box 4.1 Comparative Feature – Studies of Women’s Political Ambition in Comparative Perspective  
Promoting Women’s Access and Ambition  
Box 4.2 Comparative Feature – Access to Medical School Scandal in Japan  
Box 4.3 The “Chilly” Campus Climate and Young Women’s Political Ambition  
Box 4.4 Policy Feature – Violence against Women in Politics Worldwide  
Box 4.5 Backlash and Resurgence of Traditional Gender Roles  
Conclusion  
Review Questions  
Ambition Activities  
Literature Cited  
 
CHAPTER 5 When Women Run
Introduction  
When and Where Women Candidates Emerge  
Box 5.1 Comparative Feature – Women Candidates in Other Countries  
Box 5.2 The 2018 Electoral Environment  
Voter Perceptions of Women Candidates  
Media Coverage of Women Candidates  
Box 5.3 Comparative Feature - Iron Maidens Around the World  
Box 5.4 Women Supporting Women – Donations to Women Candidates  
Women as Candidates in 2018  
Box 5.5 What about Republican Women?  
Dismantling the Masculine Ethos of Politics in 2018 and Beyond  
Box 5.6 Comparative Feature – Candidates Training in Pakistan  
Conclusion  
Review Questions  
Ambition Activities  
Literature Cited  
CHAPTER 6 Women in Legislatures  
 
Women’s Representation in Legislatures Around the World
Box 6.1 Comparative Feature – Women in Local Government in Comparative Perspective  
Theories of Representation  
The Effect of Female Representation in Legislative Bodies  
Box 6.2 Policy Feature – Vaginas in the Legislatures  
Box 6.3 Policy Feature – Human Trafficking Legislation  
How to Increase the Number of Women in Legislative Office  
Box 6.4 Comparative Feature – The Effect of Descriptive Representation on Substantive Representation in Cuba and Rwanda  
Conclusion  
Review Questions  
Ambition Activities  
Literature Cited  
 
CHAPTER 7 Women in the Executive
Introduction  
Patriarchy, Military Masculinity, and Executive Stereotypes  
Gender Stereotypes in Leadership and the Presidency: Public Support and Media  
Box 7.1 President Trump’s Emotions and Sexist Tweets  
Descriptive Representation in Parts of The Executive  
Box 7.2 Latin American Women Presidents  
Box 7.3 Policy Feature – Women and National Security Policy  
Box 7.4 Comparative Feature – State Feminism in Spain and France  
Box 7.5 Comparative Feature – Women in Local Politics Balancing Home and Work  
Substantive and Symbolic Representation in Executive Institutions  
Conclusion  
Review Questions  
Ambition Activities  
Literature Cited  
 
CHAPTER 8 Women in the Judiciary
Women as Lawyers and In Law School  
Women as Public Legal Officials  
Box 8.1 Comparative Feature – Female Judges Worldwide  
Feminist Jurisprudence  
The Impact of Women in the Judicial Branch  
Box 8.2 Employment Discrimination – Ledbetter  
Box 8.3 Comparative Feature – Women’s Representation on International Courts and the Response of Women’s Tribunals  
The Effect of the Courts on Women’s Lives  
Box 8.4 Policy Feature – Equal Protection for LGBTQIA+ Individuals  
Increasing the Representation of Women in Judicial Branch  
Conclusion  
Box 8.5 Policy Feature—The Courts and Women’s Access to Contraception  
Box 8.6 Loretta Lynn, Changing Cultural Norms about Contraception  
Review Questions  
Ambition Activities  
Literature Cited  
 
CHAPTER 9 Social Movements
Introduction  
Box 9.1 Women’s March  
Box 9.2 Comparative Feature – #Metoo in South Korea and India  
Interest Groups, Social Movements, and Social Movement Organization  
How Do Women’s Movements Act?  
Box 9.3 Comparative Feature – Women’s Activism in Saudi Arabia  
What Explains Differences in Women’s Groups’ Activities  
Box 9.4 Comparative Feature – Women’s Groups in the United States and Germany  
Organizing Women’s Issues Outside of Social Movement Organization  
Box 9.5 Comparative Feature – When Women Organize in Parties in Addition to Movements  
Using Motherhood as an Organizing Tool  
Box 9.6 Comparative Feature – Madres of the Plaza de Mayo  
Box 9.7 Policy Feature – Black Lives Matter, Maternal Politics and the Policy of Policing  
Box 9.8 Comparative Element – Women and Peace Activism: Liberia and Korea  
Challenges for Women’s and Feminist Movements  
Box 9.9 Policy Feature – Trans Women’s Activism and Gay Rights Policy  
Review Questions  
Ambition Activities  
Literature Cited  
 
CHAPTER 10 Conclusion
Introduction  
The First Step – Admit that Patriarchy Exists  
The Second Step – Listen to Women’s Complaints and Take Their Anger Seriously  
The Third Step: Practice Listening to Women’s Complaints and Understanding Their Anger  
Box 10.1 Comparative Feature: Women’s Only Communities as an Alternative Solution  
Box 10.2 Susan M. Okin, Egalitarian Families as the Building Blocks of Egalitarian Politics  
Box 10.3 Policy Feature: The Motherhood Penalty and Pregnancy Discrimination in the United States  
Box 10.4 Comparative Feature: Patriarchal Equilibrium and the Resurgence of Authoritarian Regimes  
Box 10.5 Policy Feature: Was the Michigan Legislature’s Lame Duck Session an Example of Patriarchal Equilibrium?  
The Fourth Step: Monitor Progress and Backlash to Establish Priorities  
Box 10.6 Policy Feature-- Personhood Legislation and Women’s Rights  
The Fifth Step: Decided What to Do and Act  
Review Questions  
Ambition Activity  
Literature Cited  
 
Appendices
Appendix 1: Conducting Interviews  
Appendix 2: Comparison  
 
Index

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ISBN: 9781544317243
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