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A Text/Reader

Second Edition

September 2017 | 720 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Victimology: A Text/Reader, Second Edition, engages students with the most current, cutting-edge articles published in the field of victimology as well as connects them to the basic concepts. Unlike existing victimology textbooks, this unique combination of published articles with original material presented in a mini-chapter format puts each topic into context so students can develop a better understanding of the extent, causes, and responses to victimization. Students will build a foundation in the history and development of the field of victimology, will be shown the extent to which people are victimized and why, will learn the specific types of victimization, and will witness the interaction between the criminal justice system and victims today. 

Visit to access these valuable instructor resources:

  • The password-protected Instructor Teaching Site includes a test bank, PowerPoint slides, sample syllabi, and more.
Section 1. Introduction to Victimology
What Is Victimology?

The History of Victimology: Before the Victims’ Rights Movement

The Role of the Victim in Crime: Victim Precipitation, Victim Facilitation, and Victim Provocation

The History of Victimology: The Victims’ Rights Movement

Contributions of the Victims’ Rights Movement

Victimology Today

Section 2. Extent, Theories, and Factors of Victimization
Measuring Victimization

Theories and Explanations of Victimization

Reading 1: Specifying the Influence of Family and Peers on Violent Victimization: Extending Routine Activities and Lifestyles Theories by Christopher J. Shcreck and Bonnie S. Fisher

Reading 2: An Investigation of Neighborhood Disadvantage, Low Self-Control, and Violent Victimization Among Youth by Chris L. Gibson

Section. 3 Consequences of Victimization
Physical Injury

Mental Health Consequences and Costs

Economic Costs

System Costs

Vicarious Victimization


Fear of Crime

Reading 3: Victimization, posttraumatic stress disorder symptomatology, and later nonsuicidal self-harm in a birth cohort by Shyamala Nada-Raja and Keren Skegg

Reading 4: The economic costs of partner violence and the cost-benefit of civil protective orders T K Logan, Robert Walker, and William Hoyt

Section 4. Recurring Victimization
Types of Recurring Victimization

Extent of Recurring Victimization

Characteristics of Recurring Victimization

Risk Factors for Recurring Victimization

Theoretical Explanations of Recurring Victimization

Consequences of Recurring Victimization

Responses to Recurring Victimization

Reading 5: The Violent and Sexual Victimization of College Women: Is Repeat Victimization a Problem? by Leah E. Daigle, Bonnie S. Fisher, and Francis T. Cullen

Reading 6: A networked boost: Burglary co-offending and repeat victimization using a network approach by Brendan Lantz and R. Barry Ruback

Section 5. Victims’ Rights and Remedies
Victims’ Rights

Financial Remedy

Remedies and Rights in Court

Reading 7: Victim Rights and New Remedies: Finally Getting Victims Their Due by Robert C. Davis and Carrie Mulford

Reading 8: Delivering a victim impact statement: Emotionally effective or counter-productive? by Kim ME Lens, Antony Pemberton, Karen Brans, Johan Braeken, Stefan Bogaerts, and Esmah Lahlah

Section 6. Homicide Victimization - Contributed by Lisa Muftic
Defining Homicide Victimization

Measurement and Extent of Homicide Victimization

Risk Factors for and Characteristics of Homicide Victimization

Different Types of Homicide Victimization

Victim Precipitation

Indirect (Secondary) Victimization

Legal and Community Responses to Homicide Victimization

Reading 9: Co-victims of homicide: A systematic review of the literature by Jennifer Connolly and Ronit Gordon

Reading 10: Victim lifestyle as a correlate of homicide clearance by Jason Rydberg and Jesenia M. Pizarro

Section 7. Sexual Victimization
What Is Sexual Victimization?

Measurement and Extent of Sexual Victimization

Risk Factors for and Characteristics of Sexual Victimization

Responses to Sexual Victimization

Consequences of Sexual Victimization

Special Case: Sexual Victimization of Males

Legal and Criminal Justice Responses to Sexual Victimization

Prevention and Intervention

Reading 11: Alcohol expectancy, drinking behavior, and sexual victimization among female and male college students by Kimberly A. Tyler, Rachel M. Schmitz, and Scott A. Adams

Reading 12: The Effectiveness of Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) Programs: A Review of Psychological, Medical, Legal, and Community Outcomes by cca Campbell, Debra Patterson, and Lauren F. Lichty

Section 8. Intimate Partner Violence
Defining Intimate Partner Violence and Abuse

Measurement and Extent

Who Is Victimized?

Risk Factors and Theories for Intimate Partner Violence

Consequences of Intimate Partner Violence

Why Abusive Relationships Continue

Criminal Justice System Responses to Intimate Partner Violence

Legal and Community Responses

Reading 13: Conflict and Control: Gender Symmetry and Asymmetry in Domestic Violence by Michael Johnson

Reading 14: Intimate partner violence and the victim-offender overlap by Marie Skubak Tillyer and Emily M. Wright

Reading 15: Voices of strength and resistance: A contextual and longitudinal analysis of women’s responses to battering by Jacquelyn Campbell, Linda Rose, Joan Kub, and Daphne Nedd

Section 9. Victimization at the Beginning and End of Life: Child and Elder Abuse
Child Maltreatment

Elder Maltreatment

Reading 16: Child abuse and neglect, developmental role attainment, and adult arrests by Maureen A. Allwood and Cathy Spatz Widom

Reading 17: The Epidemiology of Violence Against the Elderly: Implications for Primary and Secondary Prevention by Ronet Bachman and Michelle L. Meloy

Section 10. Victimization at School and Work
Victimization at School

Victimization at School: Grades K–12

Victimization at School: College

Victimization at Work

Reading 18: Traditional Bullying, Cyber Bullying, and Deviance: A General Strain Theory Approach by Carter Hay, Ryan Meldrum, and Karen Mann

Reading 19: A Multidimensional Examination of Campus Safety: Victimization, Perceptions of Danger, Worry About Crime, and Precautionary Behavior Among College Women in the Post-Clery Era by Pamela Wilcox, Carol E. Jordan, and Adam J. Pritchard

Section 11. Property and Identity Theft Victimization
Property Victimization


Motor Vehicle Theft

Household Burglary

Identity Theft

Reading 20: Linking Burglary and Target Hardening at the Property Level: New Insights Into Victimization and Burglary Protection by Alex Hirschfield, Andrew Newton, and Michelle Rogerson

Reading 21: Online routines and identify theft victimization: Further expanding routine activity theory beyond direct-contact offenses by Bradford W. Reyns

Section 12. Victimization of Special Populations
Victimization of Persons With Disabilities

Who Is Victimized?

Patterns of Victimization

Risk Factors for Victimization for Persons With Disabilities

Responses to Victims With Disabilities

Victimization of Persons With Mental Illness

Victimization of the Incarcerated

Reading 22: Partner Violence Against Women with Disabilities: Prevalence, Risk, and Explanations by Douglas A. Brownridge

Reading 23: Mental Disorder and Violent Victimization: The Mediating Role of Involvement in Conflicted Social Relationships by Eric Silver

Reading 24: Examining the effects of witnessing victimization while incarcerated on offender reentry by Jane C. Daquin, Leah E. Daigle, and Shelley Johnson Listwan

Section 13. Victimology from a Comparative Perspective - Contributed by Lisa Muftic
Victimology Across the Globe

Measurement and Extent of Victimization Across the Globe

Justice System Responses to Victimization

Victims’ Rights and Assistance Programs

Reading 25: The International Crime Victims Survey: A retrospective by John van Kesteren, Jan van Dijk, and Pat Mayhew

Reading 26: A systematic review of prevalence and risk factors for elder abuse in Asia by Elsie Yan, Ko-Ling Chan, and Agnes Tiwari

Section 14. Contemporary Issues in Victimology: Victims of Hate Crimes, Human Trafficking, and Terrorism
Victims of Hate Crimes

Victims of Human Trafficking

Victims of Terrorism

Reading 27: Hate Crimes and Stigma-Related Experiences Among Sexual Minority Adults in the United States: Prevalence Estimates From a National Probability Sample by Gregory M. Herek

Reading 28: Challenges to identifying and prosecuting sex trafficking cases in the Midwest United States by Andrea J. Nichols and Erin C. Heil

Reading 29: Does watching the news affect fear of terrorism? The importance of media exposure on terrorism fear by Ashley Marie Nellis and Joanne Savage



Instructor Resource Site
  • A Microsoft® Word® test bank is available, containing multiple choice, true/false, short answer, and essay questions for each chapter. The test bank provides you with a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity for editing any question and/or inserting your own personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding.
  • Editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides offer complete flexibility for creating a multimedia presentation for the course.
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected to support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter.
  • Video and multimedia resources which appeal to students with different learning styles

“[Strengths include] readability and user-friendly format, inclusion of scholarly articles relevant to the topic under study, and the length and number of chapters (the text can be used for a full semester course and a shortened summer course)”

Tracy G. Crump
Chicago State University

“Excellently written and comprehensive. Helpful ancillary material for teaching and student engagement. Great addition of empirical studies along with straightforward chapters”

Chad Posick
Georgia Southern University

“Well written, many learning aids within each chapter that benefit the student”

Michael S. Proctor
Texas A & M University – San Antonio

“Well researched and comprehensive coverage of topics”

Laura A. Patterson
Shippensburg University

“Great coverage of the material + additional supplemental articles…Low cost to the student”

Iryna Malendevych
University of Central Florida

“Comprehensive text that integrates theory, research, and practice”

Edna Erez
University of Illinois at Chicago

“The organization of the overall book and individual sections are fantastic. I would not have to go out of order at all when teaching.”

Melissa J. Tetzlaff-Bemiller
University of Memphis

Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 1: Introduction to Victimology

For instructors

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