Understanding Everyday Racism
An Interdisciplinary Theory
- Philomena Essed - University of Amsterdam, Netherlands
Other Titles in:
Ethnic Studies (General)
Ethnic Studies (General)
September 1991 | 336 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
This book compares contemporary racism in the US and the Netherlands through in-depth interviews with fifty-five black women. As an interdisciplinary analysis of gendered social constructions of racism, it breaks new ground. Essed problematizes and reinterprets many of the meanings and everyday practices that the majority of society has come to take for granted. She addresses crucial but largely neglected dimensions of racism: how it is experienced; how black women recognize its covert manifestations; how they acquire this knowledge; and how they challenge racism in everyday life. To answer these questions, over two thousand experiences of black women are analyzed within a theoretical framework that integrates the disciplines of macro- and micro-sociology, social psychology, discourse analysis, race relations theory and women's studies.
The samples include only black women with higher education. Many of their experiences of racism involve the `elite' among the dominant group. The book seriously challenges both the notion of Dutch tolerance and the idea that US racism is a problem of the past. Understanding Everyday Racism is thus urgent reading.
PART ONE: TOWARDS AN INTEGRATION OF MACRO AND MICRO DIMENSIONS OF RACISM
Some Notes on Contemporary Racism in the US
Women and Racism
Black Women with Higher Education
Conceptualizing Racism as a Process
The Notion of Everyday Racism
PART TWO: METHODOLOGICAL QUESTIONS
Methodology within Methodology
Method of Analysis
PART THREE: KNOWLEDGE AND COMPREHENSION OF EVERYDAY RACISM
General Knowledge and Scenarios of Racism
Subjective and Objective Assessments of the Comprehension of Racist Events
A Procedure for the Assessment of Racist Events
Assessing Real-life Explanations of `Unfair Treatment'
Relating Cognitive to Social Processes of Understanding
The Acquisition of Knowledge of Racism
Reconstructing Black Women's General Knowledge of Racism
PART FOUR: ANALYZING ACCOUNTS OF RACISM
Analyzing Accounts of Racism
Knowledge About Racism as an Evaluative Category in Verbal Accounts
Heuristics, Interpretations and Evaluations in Reconstructions of Racist Events
Racist Complications in Job Applications
PART FIVE: THE INTEGRATION OF RACISM IN EVERYDAY LIFE: THE STORY OF ROSA N.
The Process of Everyday Racism in the Experience of Rosa N.
The Macro Context of Experiences of Racism
PART SIX: THE STRUCTURE OF EVERYDAY RACISM
Racism as Conflict Maintaining Process
The Basic Agenda
The Agenda of the Agenda
The Structure of Everyday Racism
Appendix 1. Interview Guide
Appendix 2. General Statements about Racism
Appendix 3. `Rosa N. File'