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Theories and Applications of Counseling and Psychotherapy
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Theories and Applications of Counseling and Psychotherapy
Relevance Across Cultures and Settings



June 2018 | 640 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Theories and Applications of Counseling and Psychotherapy provides students with the foundational knowledge needed to implement various therapeutic approaches in individual and family counseling. The dynamic author team presents theories through a multicultural and social justice-oriented lens, including evidence to support each theory. Students will embrace chapter concepts through vibrant illustrations and relevant examples from movies, TV shows, photographs, paintings, musical lyrics, news articles, and other sources presented throughout.


 
Foreword
 
Preface
 
Acknowledgments
 
About the Authors
 
Chapter 1. Introduction and Overview
The Start of Contemporary Therapy and Theory  
Therapy’s Relationship to Theory  
Attributes Used to Judge the Soundness of a Theory  
The Authors’ Approach to Writing This Textbook  
Connecting the Dots: Seeing the Big Picture  
Reappearing Case Study Used in Each Theoretical Chapter  
Ongoing Exercise That Concludes in Chapter 15  
 
Chapter 2. Counselor Role and Functions, Professional Ethics, Stress, and Self-Care
Introduction  
Professional Ethics  
ACA Code of Ethics  
APA Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct  
Ethical Decision Making: Professional Counselors and Counseling Psychologists  
Therapist Well-Being and Burnout  
What Is Self-Care?  
 
Chapter 3. Psychoanalytic Theory
Introduction  
Historical Context  
Sigmund Freud’s Contribution  
Basic Concepts  
The Therapeutic Process  
Beyond Freud  
Appropriate Client Populations  
Multiculturalism and Social Justice  
Limitations and Criticisms of Psychoanalysis  
Contemporary Research Support  
Relevance of Psychoanalytic Theory  
Special Ethical Considerations  
Application: Psychoanalytic Theory  
 
Chapter 4. Adlerian Theory
Individual Psychology: An Introduction  
Alfred Adler: Inside and Outside the Inner Circle  
The Adlerian Approach: Individual Psychology  
Major Concepts  
Therapy  
Research Support  
Individual Psychology and Social Justice  
Multicultural Perspective  
Relevance of the Adlerian Approach  
Special Ethical Considerations  
Criticisms of the Adlerian Approach  
Application: Adlerian Theory  
 
Chapter 5. Existential Theory
Introduction  
Key Players of Existentialism  
Historical Context  
Basic Concepts of Existential Therapy  
The Therapeutic Process  
Multiculturalism and Social Justice  
Ethical Considerations  
Evaluating Existential Theory  
Limitations and Criticisms of Existentialism  
Relevance to Current Practice  
Applying Theory to Practice  
 
Chapter 6. Person-Centered Theory
Introduction  
Historical Context  
Carl Rogers: The Person and Founder of Person-Centered Therapy  
Basic Concepts  
The Therapeutic Process  
Variants and Extensions of Person-Centered Therapy  
Multiculturalism and Social Justice  
Special Ethical Considerations  
Research Support  
Limitations and Criticism  
Relevance to Current Practice  
Applying Person-Centered Theory  
 
Chapter 7. Gestalt Theory
Introduction  
Historical Context  
Legacy  
Basic Concepts  
The Therapeutic Process  
Limitations and Criticisms of Gestalt Therapy  
Application of Gestalt Therapy to Multicultural Populations  
Social Justice  
Research Support  
Relevance of Theory  
Special Ethical Considerations  
Application: Gestalt Theory  
 
Chapter 8. Behavioral Theory
Introduction  
Historical Context  
Key Players  
Basic Concepts  
The Therapeutic Process  
Terminology  
Multiculturalism and Social Justice  
Research: Evaluating Behavioral Approaches  
Limitations and Criticisms of Behavioral Approaches  
Relevance of Theory  
Special Ethical Considerations  
Application: Behavioral Approaches  
 
Chapter 9. Cognitive-Behavioral Theory
Introduction  
Key Players of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy  
Historical Context  
Basic Concepts  
The Therapeutic Process  
Currently Popular Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies  
Multiculturalism and Social Justice  
Special Ethical Considerations  
Evaluating the Theory  
Limitations and Criticisms of the Theory  
Relevance to Current-Day Practice  
Applying Theory to Therapy  
 
Chapter 10. Reality Therapy and Choice Theory
Introduction  
The Roots of Reality Therapy and Choice Theory: William Glasser  
Reality Therapy and Choice Theory  
Major Concepts  
Therapy  
Moving Beyond the Reality Therapy of the 1960s  
Research Support  
Relevance of Theory  
Social Justice and Multiculturalism  
Criticisms of Reality Therapy and Choice Theory  
Application: Reality Therapy and Choice Theory  
 
Chapter 11. Feminist Therapy Approaches
Introduction  
Key Players in Feminist Therapy  
Historical Context  
Basic Concepts  
Therapeutic Process  
Techniques and Strategies  
Multiculturalism and Social Justice  
Ethical Considerations  
Evaluating Theory  
Limitations and Criticisms  
Relevance of Theory to Current-Day Practice  
Applying Theory to Practice  
 
Chapter 12. Postmodernism: Constructivism and Social Constructionism
Introduction  
Key Players of Constructivism and Social Constructionism  
Historical Context  
Constructivism  
Social Constructionism  
Narrative Theory  
Basic Concepts  
The Therapeutic Process  
Multiculturalism and Social Justice  
Ethical Considerations  
Evaluating Theory  
Limitations and Criticisms of Theory  
Current Mental Health Delivery System  
Applying Theory to Practice  
 
Chapter 13. Family Therapy Approaches
Introduction  
Returning to the Issue of Defining the Word Family  
Family Therapy  
Between Family and Individual Therapy: Differences  
Family Therapy: Historical Context and Points of Origin  
Contemporary Family Therapy  
Five Approaches to Family Therapy  
Solution-Focused Therapy  
Bowen Family Systems Therapy  
Structural Therapy  
Experiential Approach  
Appropriate Client Populations: Family Therapy  
Multiculturalism  
Social Justice  
Special Ethical Considerations  
Research Findings  
Limitations and Criticisms  
Application: Family Therapy  
 
Chapter 14. Multicultural and International Approaches
Introduction  
Key Players  
Historical Context  
Basic Concepts  
The Therapeutic Process  
Social Justice  
Ethical Considerations  
Evaluating Theory  
Limitations of the Multicultural Theory  
Relevance to Current Practice  
Applying Theory to Practice  
 
Chapter 15. Moving Toward a Personal Theory of Counseling and Psychotherapy
A Wealth of Theories and Therapies  
The Journey to Find One’s Own Theoretical Approach  
Elements That Make a Theory a Theory: A Much Maligned Term Defined  
The Tangible Value of Operating From a Theoretical Position  
Boxing Differences Among the Theories Covered  
Common Factors: Corralling Similarities Among the Theories  
The Master Therapist: A Blending of Science and Art  
Integration’s Role in Constructing a Personal Approach  
Future Directions in Counseling and Psychotherapy  
 
References
 
Index

Supplements

Instructor Resource Site

The password-protected Instructor Resource Site provides a test bank with a diverse range of pre-written options, as well as editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides that offer complete flexibility for creating a multimedia presentation.

Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 4 - Alderian Theory


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