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The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice
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The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice

Seventh Edition
Experience with SAGE edge


March 2019 | 600 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice, Seventh Edition continues to demonstrate the vital role research plays in criminal justice by integrating in-depth, real-world case studies with a comprehensive discussion of research methods. By pairing research techniques with practical examples from the field, Ronet D. Bachman and Russell K. Schutt equip students to critically evaluate and confidently conduct research. Covering research findings from key areas in criminal justice, such as police use of force, cybercrime, and human trafficking, this text helps students understand the importance of research, not just the process.

 

The Seventh Edition of this best-selling text retains the strengths of previous editions while breaking ground with emergent research methods, enhanced tools for learning in the text and online, and contemporary, fascinating research findings. Students engage with the wide realm of research methods available to them, delve deeper into topics relevant to their field of study, and benefit from the wide variety of new exercises to help them practice as they learn.



Features and Benefits:

  • Updated “Research in the News” boxes feature the latest media stories which have made an impact both on researchers and practitioners in criminal justice and society as a whole.  
  • "Careers and Research” profiles highlight the relevance of research in today’s job market by demonstrating the use of research methods within a variety of professions.  
  • Real-world criminal justice cases and issues illustrate the methods described, capturing student interest and helping them better understand contemporary research and its application in their field of study
  • Expansive, up-to-date exercise sets for SPSS use in data analysis, ethics, and Internet research help students master the concepts and techniques presented

New to this Edition
- A new chapter on Social Network Analysis, Crime Mapping, and Big Data (Chapter 11) explores methods for intelligence-led policing. 
- Emerging topics in research have been added or expanded, such as the role of values in research, the Institutional Review Board, errors in survey research, and qualitative data analysis. 
- Case studies have been updated throughout to focus on challenges currently facing the criminal justice system, such as school shootings, police decision making, the evolution of cybercrime, and networks of terrorist cells.
- New Research in the News boxes explore how research has impacted some of the biggest headlines such as the link between mass killings and domestic violence, the impact of violent video games, data on gun violence, and police stops of Black drivers.
- New sections  of ‘research in a diverse society.’ Several chapters now contain new sections on the importance of making sure our samples, measurements, and methods are inclusive and sensitive to the diverse nature of our society.

 


 
SECTION I: FOUNDATIONS FOR SOCIAL RESEARCH
 
Chapter 1: Science, Society, and Research Related to Crime, Criminology, and Social Control
Reasoning About the Social World  
The Social Science Approach  
Criminal Justice and Criminological Research in Practice  
Alternative Research Orientations  
More on the Role of Values in Research  
Quantitative and Qualitative Methods  
Highlighting a Few Specific Types of Research Methods  
Strengths and Limitations of Social Research  
A Comment on Research in a Diverse Society  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 2: The Process and Problems of Research Related to Crime and Criminology
Identifying a Research Question  
Social Research Foundations  
The Role of Theory  
Social Research Strategies  
Social Research Standards  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 3: Ethical Guidelines for Research
Historical Background  
Ethical Principles  
Institutional Review Board  
Research Involving Special Populations: Prisoners and Children  
Conclusion  
 
SECTION II: FUNDAMENTALS OF RESEARCH
 
Chapter 4: Conceptualization and Measurement
Concepts  
Variables and Levels of Measurement  
Did We Measure What We Wanted to Measure?  
A Comment on Measurement in a Diverse Society  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 5: Sampling
Sample Planning  
Sampling Methods  
Sampling Distributions  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 6: Causation and Research Design
Causal Explanations  
Criteria and Cautions for Nomothetic Causal Explanations  
Research Designs and Causality  
Units of Analysis and Errors in Causal Reasoning  
Conclusion  
 
SECTION III: RESEARCH DESIGNS
 
Chapter 7: Experimental Designs
History of Experiments  
True Experiments  
Quasi-Experiments  
Validity in Experiments  
Factorial Survey Design  
Ethical Issues in Experimental Research  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 8: Survey Research
Survey Research in the Social Sciences  
Designing Questionnaires  
Writing Survey Questions  
Organization of the Questionnaire  
The Cover Letter  
Survey Designs  
Errors in Survey Research  
Ethical Issues in Survey Research  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 9: Qualitative Methods: Observing, Participating, and Listening
Fundamentals of Qualitative Methods  
Participant Observation  
Systematic Observation  
Intensive Interviewing  
Focus Groups  
Ethical Issues in Qualitative Research  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 10: Analyzing Content: Research Using Secondary, Historical, and Comparative Data, and Content Analysis
Analyzing Secondary Data  
Historical and Comparative Methods  
Comparative Research  
Content Analysis  
Methodological Issues When Using Secondary Data  
Ethical Issues When Analyzing Available Data and Content  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 11: Social Network Analysis, Crime Mapping, and Big Data
Social Network Analysis  
Crime Mapping  
Big Data  
Ethical Issues When Using Big Data  
Ethical Issues When Using Big Data  
 
Chapter 12: Evaluation and Policy Analysis
A Brief History of Evaluation Research  
Evaluation Basics  
Questions for Evaluation Research  
Design Decisions  
Evaluation in Action  
Quasi-Experimental Designs in Evaluation Research  
Nonexperimental Designs  
Qualitative and Quantitative Methods  
Policy Research: Increasing Demand for Evidence-Based Policy  
Basic Science or Applied Research  
Ethics in Evaluation  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 13: Mixing and Comparing Methods
What Are Mixed Methods?  
Strengths and Limitations of Mixed Methods  
Comparing Results Across Studies  
Ethics and Mixed Methods  
Conclusion  
 
SECTION IV: AFTER THE DATA ARE COLLECTED
 
Chapter 14: Analyzing Quantitative Data
Introducing Statistics  
Preparing Data for Analysis  
Displaying Univariate Distributions  
Summarizing Univariate Distributions  
Cross-Tabulating Variables  
Regression and Correlation  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 15: Analyzing Qualitative Data
Features of Qualitative Data Analysis  
Qualitative Compared With Quantitave Data Analysis  
Techniques of Qualitative Data Analysis  
Alternatives in Qualitative Data Analysis  
Computer-Assisted Qualitative Data Analysis  
Ethics in Qualitative Data Analysis  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 16: Summarizing and Reporting Research
Research Report Goals  
Writing Is Not Easy!  
Research Report Types  
Displaying Research  
Special Considerations for Reporting Qualitative or Mixed-Methods Research  
Ethics, Politics, and Reporting Research  
Plagiarism  
Conclusion  
 
Appendix A: Questions to Ask About a Research Article
 
Appendix B: How to Read a Research Article
 
Appendix C: How to Use a Statistical Package: IBM SPSS Statistics
 
Appendix D: How to Use a Data Spreadsheet: Excel
 
Appendix E: Data Sets

Supplements

Instructor Resource Site

SAGE edge for Instructors supports teaching by making it easy to integrate quality content and create a rich learning environment for students.

  • Test banks provide a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity to edit any question and/or insert personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding.
  • Sample course syllabi for semester and quarter courses provide suggested models for structuring one’s course.
  • Editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides offer complete flexibility for creating a multimedia presentation for the course.
  • A comprehensive list of articles on teaching research methods that offers helpful tips to use as you teach your research methods course.
  • Video and multimedia links appeal to students with different learning styles.
  • Lecture notes summarize key concepts by chapter to ease preparation for lectures and class discussions.
  • Suggested student group projects and mini-projects designed to promote students' in-depth engagement with course material.
  • Interactive exercises are geared toward helping students understand how to read and process research. With questions based on real research examples, students will see how research methods are used in practice.
  • Appendices for easy download.
  • Tables, figures, and exhibits from the printed book available in an easily-downloadable format for use in papers, hand-outs, and presentations.
  • Web exercises facilitate student use of internet resources and responses to critical thinking questions.
  • Web resources provide further exploration of topics, research, and insights.
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected to support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter.
Student Study Site

SAGE edge for Students provides a personalized approach to help students accomplish their coursework goals in an easy-to-use learning environment.Mobile-friendly eFlashcards strengthen understanding of key terms and concepts.

  • Mobile-friendly practice quizzes allow for independent assessment by students of their mastery of course material.
  • Learning objectives reinforce the most important material.
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected to support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter.
  • Interactive exercises are geared toward helping students understand how to read and process research. With questions based on real research examples, students will see how research methods are used in practice.
  • Web exercises facilitate student use of internet resources and responses to critical thinking questions.
  • Web resources provide further exploration of topics, research, and insights.
  • Video and multimedia links appeal to students with different learning styles.
  • SPSS Student Datasets, SPSS Datasets, and Codebooks to be used to answer the SPSS exercises at the end of each chapter
  • Appendices for easy download.

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ISBN: 9781544339122
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