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The Mixed Methods Research Workbook
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The Mixed Methods Research Workbook
Activities for Designing, Implementing, and Publishing Projects



December 2019 | 248 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Written by Michael D. Fetters, one of the leading scholars in the field and co-editor of the Journal of Mixed Methods ResearchThe Mixed Methods Research Workbook: Activities for Designing, Implementing, and Publishing Projects is the perfect tool for doctoral students and researchers who want support throughout their research project, as well as a practical way to apply the knowledge they’ve learned. With The Mixed Methods Research Workbook, you’ll be ready to tackle your mixed methods research project with confidence. 

Each chapter follows a familiar framework, starting with learning objectives for each piece of the mixed methods process. Readers have ample space in this text to write notes, fill out activities, and begin their process of actively designing and writing up a mixed methods study. This easy-to follow process gives readers an immediate structure to their projects. Exemplar boxes provide a starting framework, with the text encouraging deeper reflection on mixed methods challenges and opportunities. Stories from the field illuminate struggles and suggestions with the benefit of hindsight. Checklists at the end of each chapter help readers stay organized and key resources provide up-to-date lists of material for further study.

 From start to finish, readers can follow along with this text as they work on their projects. The text begins by assisting readers in identifying topics and conducting literature reviews in the context of mixed methods, zeroing in to address mixed-methods-specific challenges like integration, advantages of qualitative and quantitative methods, theory incorporation, and personal backgrounds. Identifying data sources helps readers organize their data collection. Two chapters on research designs structure the data collection process with procedural diagrams for major designs. A unique chapter on mixed methods sampling offers application through basic and advanced designs. Integrating and implementing mixed methods designs offer practical advice for each of these stages. Ethics in a mixed methods context readies readers for the research protocol stage. Several chapters fully explicate the data analysis process, including developing a joint display, a state-of-the-art procedure for analysis. Closing out the process, the text tackles quality and evaluation in mixed methods studies, preparing your study for publication, and writing up your article.

 
Chapter 1: Identifying a Topic, Rationale and Potential Feasibility Issues for Conducting a Mixed Methods Research or Evaluation Project
Mixed Methods Research in Context  
Getting to Work  
Brief Review of Key Elements of Qualitative Research  
Brief Review of Key Elements of Quantitative Research  
Feasibility Issues and Mixed Methods Research  
 
Chapter 2: Getting Started: Identifying a Research Topic for a Mixed Methods Project
Identifying Your Research Topic  
Translating your "Idea" to "Ink"  
Good Research Ideas Come from Stories  
Peer Feedback Guidance  
Optional Group Debrief  
 
Chapter 3: Conducting a Literature Review for a Mixed Methods Project
Purpose of Your Mixed Methods Research Literature Review  
Understanding Different Types of Literature Reviews  
Conducting a Focused Literature Review of Your Topic  
Getting the Literature Review Right-Sized  
Identifying Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods Studies  
 
Chapter 4: Incorporating Personal Contexts - Personal Background, Theory and World Views into Mixed Methods Research
Introduction to the "Personal Contexts" Concept  
Personal and Professional Experience  
Theoretical and Conceptual Models  
Philosophical Assumptions  
Concluding Checklist: Integrating Personal Contexts Across the Personal Background, the Theoretical and the Philosophical  
 
Chapter 5: Developing the Background, Research Objectives and Research Questions for a Mixed Methods Research Project
Developing the Background of Mixed Methods Research and Evaluation Projects  
Situating the Background in the Context of Field  
Developing a Working Title  
Summarizing the Overarching Context  
Identifying a Problem in the Literature  
Creating General Research Goals/Objectives  
Crafting the Mixed Methods Research Questions and Hypotheses  
Refining the Title of the Mixed Methods Project  
 
Chapter 6: Identifying Data Sources for a Mixed Methods Research Project
What is a Data Sources Table?  
Why have a Data Sources Table?  
Data Collection Procedures  
Elements of a Data Sources Table  
How to Complete a Data Sources Table When Using One Data Collection Procedure?  
Qualitative Data Sources Table Example - The MPathic-VR Mixed Methods Medical Education Study  
Activity: Completing your Qualitative Data Sources Table  
Quantitative Data Sources Table Example – The MPathic-VR Mixed Methods Education Study  
Activity: Completing Your Quantitative Data Sources Table  
 
Chapter 7: Characteristics of Core Mixed Methods Research Designs and Creating a Procedural Diagram
Getting Started with Choosing a Mixed Methods Design  
Spectrum of Fixed and Emergent Mixed Methods Research Designs  
Three Core Mixed Methods Designs  
Intent and Timing as Elements in Design Naming  
How to Choose a Mixed Methods Design  
Guidelines for Drawing Procedural Diagrams for Mixed Methods Studies  
Convergent Mixed Methods Research Design  
Explanatory Sequential Mixed Methods Research Design  
Exploratory Sequential Mixed Methods Research Design  
 
Chapter 8: Understanding and Creating Procedural Diagrams of Scaffolded Mixed Methods Designs that Expand Upon Core Designs
Mixed Methods Designs Beyond Core Designs  
What to Call the Categories of Expanded Mixed Methods Designs  
Scaffolded Mixed Methods Designs Defined  
Developing a Procedural Diagram of your Scaffolded Mixed Methods Study Design  
Steps for Creating a Scaffolded Procedural Diagram from the Beginning  
Overview of Seven Workbox Illustrations  
1. Fundamentals of General Multistage Framework  
2. Fundamentals of Mixed Methods Designs Integrated with Another Methodology  
3. Fundamentals of Methods Designs Integrated with Other Designs  
4. Fundamentals of Mixed Methods Designs Integrated with a Theoretical/Ideological Framework  
 
Chapter 9: Integrating Through Sampling in Mixed Methods Research
Why Sampling Matters  
How to Make Decisions About Sampling  
Target Population  
Sampling Timing  
Sampling Relationships  
Incorporating Timing and Sampling Relationships into Specific Mixed Methods Research Designs  
Quantitative and Qualitative Sampling Strategies to Incorporate Into Your Mixed Methods Design  
Sampling in Quantitative Research  
Sampling Strategies Used in Quantitative Data Collection for Mixed Methods Researchers  
Sampling Strategies Available for Qualitative Data Collection for Mixed Methods Researchers  
Purposeful Sampling Strategies in Qualitative Research  
Sampling Opportunities Arising from Organizational Roles and Functions  
Sampling Opportunities Based on Geographic Location and Sampling  
 
Chapter 10: Identifying the Intent of Integration and Illustrating Integration Features in Mixed Methods Procedural Diagrams
Context of Integration During Data Collection  
Integration Strategies for Use during Data Collection  
Data Collection and Analysis Integration Strategies  
Integration Procedures for Data Collection in Mixed Methods Designs  
Integrating Data Collection Strategies into Mixed Methods Studies  
Integration Procedures in Two-Phase Data Collection and Analysis Used in Sequential Designs  
Integration Procedures for Data Analysis in Mixed Methods Designs  
Activity: Identifying Integration Strategies for Data Analysis in Your Mixed Methods Project  
Integration Procedures for Adjunctive Data Collection in Mixed Methods Studies  
Add Integration Planning into your Mixed Methods Research Design Figure  
Data Collection Integration Strategies for an Explanatory Mixed Methods Research Design  
Data Collection and Analysis Integration Strategies for Convergent Mixed Methods Research Design  
 
Chapter 11: Creating an Implementation Matrix for a Mixed Methods Study
What is an Implementation Matrix?  
Why Have an Implementation Matrix?  
When Can an Implementation Matrix be used?  
Developing an Implementation Matrix  
Creating a Mixed Methods Implementation Matrix  
 
Chapter 12: Considering Ethical Conduct of Research with Human Subjects and Developing a Mixed Methods Research Protocol
Why is Human Subjects Regulation Compliance Important?  
What are Potential Risks to Human Subjects Raised by Participation in a Mixed Methods Research Study?  
Discussion of the Language of Human Subjects Versus Human Participants  
What are Potential Benefits of Participation in a Mixed Methods Research Study?  
What is a Mixed Methods Research Protocol?  
Why Have a Mixed Methods Research Protocol?  
How to Fill in the Research Protocol?  
 
Chapter 13: Fundamental Steps of Mixed Methods Research Data Analysis
Why Find Commonality Between Your Qualitative and Quantitative Data?  
Seven Core Steps in a Mixed Methods Research Analysis  
Note on Additional Advanced Mixed Methods Research Data Analysis Options  
Resources  
 
Chapter 14: Developing a Joint Display
What is a Joint Display?  
Joint Display Analysis  
Elements of Joint Display Analysis for a Mixed Methods Research or Evaluation Study  
Joint Display Innovations: A Circular Joint Display  
 
Chapter 15: Advances Procedures in Mixed Data Analysis
What are Advanced Integrated Mixed Analysis Procedures?  
Why Use Advanced Integrated Mixed Analysis Procedures?  
Determining the Need for Advanced Analysis Procedures?  
1. Joint Display Analysis  
2. Quantitizing - Data Transformation of Qualitative Data into a Quantitative Form for an Integrated Analysis  
3. Qualitizing - Data Transformation of Quantitative Data into a Qualitative Format for an Integrated Analysis  
4. Qualitative Comparative Analysis  
5. Geographic Information System Mapping  
6. Social Network Analysis  
7. Repertory Grid Analysis  
Imitation Game  
Other Choices?  
 
Chapter 16: Mixed Methods Research Integrity: Quality Considerations for Your Mixed Methods Research and Evaluation Study
Quality and Mixed Methods Research  
Three Conceptualizations of Mixed Methods Quality  
Mixed Methods Research Integrity  
Consideration of the Research Quality Issues Relative to the Qualitative and Quantitative Research  
Assessing for Threats to Quality in Qualitative Research: Trustworthiness  
Assessing for Threats to Quality in Quantitative Research: Validity, Reliability, Generalizability, Reproducibility and Replicability  
Assessing Threats to Quality in the Mixed Methods of Your Research or Evaluation Project  
Research Integrity: Quality Assessment in the Methods  
Research Integrity: Beyond the Methods  
Consideration of Research Integrity Issues from the Methodological Perspective: Johnson and Christensen's Legitimation Framework  
A Program Approach to Mixed Methods Quality: O'Cathain's Research and Evaluation Quality  
 
Chapter 17: Preparing for Submission of Mixed Methods Research and Evaluation Articles for Publication
Publishing Opportunities When Conducting Mixed Methods Research and Evaluation Projects  
Should I Write Empirical or Methodological Papers?  
Conducting a Project Inventory for Publishing Mixed Methods Research and Evaluation Studies  
Selecting Target Journals for Submitting Mixed Methods Research and Evaluation Studies  
Identifying Candidate Journals and Rating them as Submission Destinations  
Developing a Comprehensive Publication Plan  
 
Chapter 18: Writing a Mixed Methods Article Using the Hourglass Design Approach
What Are the Publication Formats for Mixed Methods Articles?  
Recognizing Your Writing Strengths and Identifying Strategies to Write—Write Early and Write Often  
Unique Features and Strategies for Writing a Mixed Methods Title  
What is the Hourglass Design for Writing?  
Using the Hourglass Model to Write Empirical Mixed Methods Articles  
The Mixed Methods Abstract  
Using the Hourglass Model of Mixed Methods Writing for the Main Text  
Unique Features and Strategies for Writing a Mixed Methods Article or Chapter  
Creating an Outline for Your Dissertation or Thesis  

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