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The Linacre Quarterly

The Linacre Quarterly

Published in Association with Catholic Medical Association

Editor
Barbara Golder, MD, JD Director of Adult Faith Formation and Evangelization, Minor Basilica of Sts. Peter and Paul, Chattanooga,TN, USA

Other Titles in:
Medical Ethics

eISSN: 20508549 | ISSN: 00243639 | Current volume: 85 | Current issue: 4 Frequency: Quarterly
The Linacre Quarterly (LQR) is the oldest continuously published bioethics journal in the United States. As the official journal of the Catholic Medical Association, LQR explores issues at the interface of medicine and religion, focusing on bioethics and also exploring medical topics which have an ethical dimension.

Drawing from the rich tradition of Catholic bioethics, LQR brings a holistic approach to the patient, integrating findings from clinical medicine with psychology, sociology, and religion in order to elucidate bioethical issues and their impact on patients, health-care workers, and medical systems in the setting of society and the extant culture.

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

The Linacre Quarterly (LQR) is in a unique position to provide a forum to explore the ethical questions that modern medicine poses and to bring the great riches of Catholic thought to bear on those questions and into the public square. 

LQR brings a holistic approach to the patient, integrating findings from clinical medicine with psychology, sociology, and religion in order to elucidate bioethical issues and their impact on patients, health-care workers, and medical systems in the setting of society and the extant culture.

Editor
Barbara Golder, MD, JD Director of Adult Faith Formation and Evangelization, Minor Basilica of Sts. Peter and Paul, Chattanooga,TN, USA
Executive Editor
Deacon John M. Travaline, MD Lewis Katz School of Medicine at Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Contributing Editors
Thomas Bender, MD Saint Louis University School of Medicine and SSM Health Cardinal Glennon Children's Medical Center, St. Louis, MO, USA
Marie-Alberte Boursiquot, MD Crossroads Medical Associates, LLC, Ellicott City, MD, USA
Greg F. Burke, MD Geisinger Medical Center, Danville, PA, USA
E. Wesley Ely, MD, MPH Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, and the TN Valley Veteran’s Affairs Geriatric Research Education Clinical Center or GRECC, Nashville, TN, USA
Richard J. Fehring, PhD, RN Marquette University College of Nursing, Milwaukee, WI, USA
Ashley K. Fernandes, MD, PhD The Ohio State University College of Medicine and Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH, USA
Editor Emeritus
Deacon William V. Williams, MD Havertown, PA, USA
Editorial Advisory Board
Thomas V. Berg, PhD Professor of Moral Theology, Saint Joseph's Seminary, New York, NY, USA
Raymond Leo Cardinal Burke Rome, Italy
Robert A. Destro, JD The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC, USA
Archbishop Anthony Fisher, OP Archdiocese of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Robert P. George, PhD, JD Princeton University, New Jersey, USA
John M. Haas, PhD, STL President, National Catholic Bioethics Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Joseph Koterski, SJ, PhD, STL Fordham University, Bronx, NY, USA
Janet E. Smith, PhD Sacred Heart Major Seminary, Detroit, USA
Daniel P. Sulmasy, MD, PhD Kennedy Institute of Ethics, Georgetown University, Washington, DC, USA
  • Clarivate Analytics: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI)
  • EBSCO: ATLA Catholic Periodical and Literature Index (CPLI)
  • PubMed Central (PMC)
  • Scopus
  • The Philosopher's Index
  • The Linacre Quarterly is an international, peer reviewed journal, publishing high-quality, original research. Please note that this journal only publishes manuscripts in English. Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of The Linacre Quarterly will be reviewed.

    This Journal recommends that authors follow the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals formulated by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).

    Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s submission site https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/lqr to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned. 

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.

    Download the submission guidelines or see below. 

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the editorial office:

    Email: lq@cathmed.org

    Phone: 484-270-8002

     

    1. Article Types
    2. Editorial Policies
      2.1 Peer Review Policy
      2.2 Authorship
      2.3 Acknowledgements
      2.3.1 Writing Assistance
      2.4 Funding
      2.5 Declaration of Conflicting Interests
      2.6 Research Ethics and Patient Consent
      2.7 Clinical Trials
      2.8 Reporting Guidelines
      2.9 Data
    3. Publishing Policies
      3.1 Publication Ethics
      3.1.1 Plagiarism
      3.2 Contributor's Publishing Agreement
      3.3 Open Access and Author Archiving
      3.4 Permissions
    4. Preparing your Manuscript
      4.1 Word Processing Formats
      4.2 Artwork, Figures and Other Graphics
      4.3 Supplementary Material
      4.4 Journal Layout
      4.5 Reference Style
      4.6 English Language Editing Services
    5. Submitting your Manuscript
      5.1 How to Submit your Manuscript
      5.2 Title, Keywords and Abstracts
      5.3 Corresponding Author Contact Details
    6. On Acceptance and Publication
      6.1 SAGE Production
      6.2 Access to your Published Article
      6.3 OnlineFirst Publication
    7. Further Information
      7.1 Apealing the Publication Decision

     

    1. Article Types

    • Book Review: up to 3,000 words
    • Case Report: up to 5,000 words
    • Essay: up to 8,000 words
    • Invited Commentary: up to 5,000 words
    • Invited Review: up to 10,000 words
    • On Being a Catholic Physician: up to 3,000 words
    • Opinion: up to 3,000 words
    • Original Research Report/Full Length Ethics Article: up to 10,000 words
    • Research Article: up to 10,000 words
    • Special Issue Article: up to 10,000 words
    • Systematic Review: up to 10,000 words
    • Theological/Spiritual Reflection: up to 3,000 words

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    2. Editorial Policies

    2.1 Peer Review Policy

    The Linacre Quarterly adheres to a rigorous double-blind reviewing policy in which the identity of both the reviewer and author are always concealed from both parties.

    2.2 Authorship

    All parties who have made a substantive contribution to the article should be listed as authors. Principal authorship, authorship order, and other publication credits should be based on the relative scientific or professional contributions of the individuals involved, regardless of their status. A student is usually listed as principal author on any multiple-authored publication that substantially derives from the student’s dissertation or thesis.

    Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on authorship.
     

    2.3 Acknowledgements

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support. 

    2.3.1 Writing Assistance

    Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance”). It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.

    Please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    2.4 Funding

    The Linacre Quarterly requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading. Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. 

    2.5 Declaration of Conflicting Interests

    The Linacre Quarterly encourages authors to include a declaration of any conflicting interests and recommends you review the good practice guidelines on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

    For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations.

    2.6 Research Ethics and Patient Consent

    Medical research involving human subjects must be conducted according to the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki.

    Submitted manuscripts should conform to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, and all papers reporting animal and/or human studies must state in the methods section that the relevant Ethics Committee or Institutional Review Board provided (or waived) approval. Please ensure that you have provided the full name and institution of the review committee, in addition to the approval number.

    For research articles, authors are also required to state in the methods section whether participants provided informed consent and whether the consent was written or verbal.

    For case reports: In terms of patient privacy, authors are required to follow the ICMJE Recommendations for the Protection of Research Participants. Patients have a right to privacy that should not be infringed without informed consent. Identifying information, including patients' names, initials, or hospital numbers, should not be published in written descriptions, photographs, and pedigrees unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the patient (or parent or guardian) gives written informed consent for publication. Informed consent for this purpose requires that a patient who is identifiable be shown the manuscript to be published. 

    Animal Research: All research submitted for publication must be approved by an ethics committee with oversight of the facility in which the studies were conducted. The journal has adopted the Consensus Author Guidelines on Animal Ethics and Welfare for Veterinary Journals published by the International Association of Veterinary Editors.

    2.7 Clinical Trials

    The Linacre Quarterly conforms to the ICMJE requirement that clinical trials are registered in a WHO-approved public trials registry at or before the time of first patient enrolment as a condition of consideration for publication. The trial registry name and URL, and registration number must be included at the end of the abstract.

    2.8 Reporting Guidelines

    The relevant EQUATOR Network reporting guidelines should be followed depending on the type of study. For example, all randomized controlled trials submitted for publication should include a completed Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) flow chart as a cited figure, and a completed CONSORT checklist as a supplementary file.

    Other resources can be found at NLM’s Research Reporting Guidelines and Initiatives.

    2.9 Data

    SAGE acknowledges the importance of research data availability as an integral part of the research and verification process for academic journal articles.

    The Linacre Quarterly requests all authors submit any primary data used in their research articles alongside their article submissions to be published in the online version of the journal, or provide detailed information in their articles on how the data can be obtained. This information should include links to third-party data repositories or detailed contact information for third-party data sources. Data available only on an author-maintained website will need to be loaded onto either the journal’s platform or a third-party platform to ensure continuing accessibility. Examples of data types include but are not limited to statistical data files, replication code, text files, audio files, images, videos, appendices, and additional charts and graphs necessary to understand the original research. The editors can grant exceptions for data that cannot legally or ethically be released. All data submitted should comply with Institutional or Ethical Review Board requirements and applicable government regulations. For further information, please contact the editorial office at lq@cathmed.org.

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    3. Publishing Policies

    3.1 Publication Ethics

    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway.

    3.1.1 Plagiarism

    The Linacre Quarterly and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of articles published in the journal. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked using duplication-checking software. Where an article is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article (removing it from the journal); taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author’s institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; banning the author from publication in the journal or all SAGE journals, or appropriate legal action.

    3.2 Contributor's Publishing Agreement

    Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway. 

    3.3 Open Access and Author Archiving

    The Linacre Quarterly offers optional open access publishing via the SAGE Choice program. For more information please visit the SAGE Choice website. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

    3.4 Permissions

    Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway

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    4. Preparing your Manuscript

    4.1 Word Processing Formats

    Preferred formats for the text and tables of your manuscript are Word DOC, RTF, XLS. LaTeX files are also accepted. The text should be double-spaced throughout and with a minimum of 3cm for left and right hand margins and 5cm at head and foot. Text should be standard 10 or 12 point. Word and LaTex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

    4.2 Artwork, Figures and Other Graphics

    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines. Figures supplied in color will appear in color online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in color in the printed version. For specifically requested color reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article.

    4.3 Supplementary Material

    This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc.) alongside the full-text of the article. These will be subjected to peer-review alongside the article.  For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files

    4.4 Journal Layout

    Correct preparation of the manuscript will expedite the review and publishing process. Incorrectly formatted documents will be returned to the author for correction prior to peer review. Manuscripts must conform to acceptable English usage. For further questions concerning style, consult a recent issue of this journal or the American Medical Association’s Manual of Style.

    4.5 Reference Style

    References follow the Chicago Manual of Style, 16th Edition

    Identify references in the text using the Author-Date format (look here for samples). Unpublished data may be cited in a Notes section using superscript Arabic numbers and should not be included in the References section.

    Type references double-spaced after Acknowledgments, beginning on a separate page. Alphabetize citations in the references section. 

    Journal references should provide inclusive page numbers; book references should cite specific page numbers. 

    Authors are solely responsible for accuracy, completeness, and non-duplication of references. 

    Journal abbreviations should conform to those used in Index Medicus.

    4.6 English Language Editing Services

    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information. 

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    5. Submitting your Manuscript

    5.1 How to Submit your Manuscript

    The Linacre Quarterly is hosted on SAGE Track, a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/lqr to login and submit your article online.

    IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created.  For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.

    5.2 Title, Keywords and Abstracts

    Please supply a title, short title, an abstract and keywords to accompany your article. The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article online through online search engines such as Google. Please refer to the information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords by visiting the SAGE Journal Author Gateway for guidelines on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online

    5.3 Corresponding Author Contact Details

    Provide full contact details for the corresponding author including email, mailing address and telephone numbers. Academic affiliations are required for all co-authors. These details should be presented separately to the main text of the article to facilitate anonymous peer review.

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    6. On Acceptance and Publication

    6.1 SAGE Production

    Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be sent by PDF to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly. 

    6.2 Access to your Published Article

    SAGE provides authors with online access to their final article.

    6.3 OnlineFirst Publication

    OnlineFirst allows final revision articles (completed articles in queue for assignment to an upcoming issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a final journal issue which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. For more information please visit our OnlineFirst Fact Sheet.

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    7. Further Information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the editorial office:

    Email: lq@cathmed.org

    Phone: 484-270-8002

    7.1 Appealing the Publication Decision

    Editors have very broad discretion in determining whether an article is an appropriate fit for their journal. Many manuscripts are declined with a very general statement of the rejection decision. These decisions are not eligible for formal appeal unless the author believes the decision to reject the manuscript was based on an error in the review of the article, in which case the author may appeal the decision by providing the Editor with a detailed written description of the error they believe occurred.

    If an author believes the decision regarding their manuscript was affected by a publication ethics breach, the author may contact the publisher with a detailed written description of their concern, and information supporting the concern, at publication_ethics@sagepub.com.

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