The Handbook is organized into six sections to present research in most areas of classroom assessment:
Section A provides an overview of connections between classroom assessment and learning and motivation theory and research, as well as technical and measurement issues that are important for reading subsequent chapters.
Section B includes chapters on technical measurement principles and topics that help assure the quality of research on classroom assessment.
Section C focuses on formative assessment, from theoretical perspectives to considerations of gathering evidence, giving feedback to students, and instructional correctives.
Section D includes two chapters on summative assessment and grading.
Section E emphasizes important methods of classroom assessment, including different types of items and tests, and performance and portfolio assessment.
Section F contains chapters on assessment for differentiated instruction, special needs students, and different subjects, including mathematics, reading, writing, social studies, and science.
Contributing authors include Sue Brookhart, Heidi Andrade, Paul Black, Ayita Ruiz-Primo, Sarah Bonner, Margaret Heritage, Suzanne Lane, Gavin Brown, and Carol Tomlinson.