With the end of the Cold War, interest in the core-values of state, pluralism, secularism and equality have intensified. This important volume examines these principal values in the differing historical and socio-cultural contexts of Europe and India, emphasising their fundamental role in democratic governance, and highlighting the wide variations in both their meaning and content in different cultures. Comprising contributions from distinguished scholars, this volume constitutes a lucid and cogent analysis of recent shifts in public policies and political polemics on the meaning and content of various core-values.
PART ONE: CIVIL SPACE AND VALUE PREMISES
The Place of 'Individual' in Indian Thought and Polity
The Cultural Capital of Europe
|Values, Norms and Institutions as Devices for European Developmental Success|
The State as Value
|India, Europe, China|
More Equal but Still not Equal?
|State and Inter-group Equality in Contemporary India|
Is Secularism a Value in Itself?
PART TWO: CONCEPTS OF THE 'OTHER' IN INDIA
Unity and Diversity in India
|Two Ends of a Continuum or a Converging Horizon|
'Majorities' and 'Minorities' in Modern South Asian Islam
|A Historian's Perspective|
Basic Conflicts of 'We' and 'They' between Religious Traditions, between Hindus, Muslims and Christians in India
Basic Conflicts of 'We' and 'They' between Social and Ethnic Groups
Partha S Ghosh
'We' and 'They' Syndrome: The South Asian Experience
PART THREE: FACING UNIVERSALISM
Reforms, Democracy and Justice
|Some Issues of State and the Market in South Asia|
Is Globalistion a Threat to Regional and Local Identities?
|Personal Laws, Uniform Laws, Conversion|
Individual and Group Rights in Western Europe and India
Summary of Discussions