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Organic Farming
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Organic Farming
Economics, Policy and Practices

  • Hari Ram Prajapati - Department of Political Science, Kamala Nehru College, University of Delhi.


July 2020 | SAGE Publications Pvt. Ltd
Organic farming has experienced steady growth in terms of production, number of growers, area under cultivation and rise in use of organic inputs across India and Asia in general in recent times. It has gradually emerged as a viable substitute for the high-cost, high-polluting mechanized farming prevalent in many parts of the world, including India.

This book starts with an extensive description of the economics of organic farming. Food products are grown by two groups—conventional growers, who target the mass market, and organic growers who target either the ‘niche urban market’ or the worldwide export market. The demand for major organic food items such as milk, meat, eggs and dairy products is growing rapidly in national urban and international markets. On the other hand, the conventional grower has a large share of both national and international markets. The book clearly differentiates between the economics of these two product and farming types.

The book closely analyses why some Indian states are doing better than others and why some countries are doing better than others in Asia in organic farming. It describes the state-wise growth of the organic market in India as a result of the proactive policies and actions of states which are more successful than others.

The book also presents exhaustively the international organic farming rules and regulations based on four principles—health, ecology, fairness and care, which constitute the basis for the formulation of rules and regulations by all countries, which in turn further enable the expansion and development of organic farming along scientific and democratic lines.



 
Foreword by Yoginder K Alagh
 
Preface
 
Acknowledgements
 
Section I: Economic Theories
 
ORGANIC PRODUCER AND ECONOMIC MODEL
 
Introduction
 
Meaning and Definitions
 
The Economic Model
 
An Overview of Problem
 
Some Economics Issue of Organic Producer
 
ECONOMIC THEORIES AND ORGANIC FARMING
 
Introduction
 
Classical Theory of Production and Organic Farming
 
Neoclassical Theory of Production and Organic Farming
 
Modern Theory of Production and Organic Farming
 
Empirical Enquiry on Production Theories in Agriculture and Organic Farming
 
FARM HOUSEHOLD THEORIES AND ORGANIC FARMING
 
Introduction
 
Profit-Maximizing Theory and Organic Farming
 
Utility Maximization Theory and Organic Farming
 
The Risk-Averse Theory and Organic Farming
 
Empirical Studies of Farm Household Behaviour and Organic Farming
 
PRODUCER BEHAVIOUR, RESOURCE ALLOCATION AND ORGANIC FARMING
 
Introduction
 
Theories of Resource Allocation and Organic Farming
 
Game Theory, Resource Allocation and Organic Farming
 
Technological Adaptation and Organic Farming
 
DUALITY THEORY OF PRODUCTION
 
Introduction
 
Duality Theory
 
The Cost Function Approach
 
The Profit Function Approach
 
Farm Household Approach
 
Section II: Market Structure
 
TWO GROUP NON-COLLUSIVE MODEL
 
Introduction
 
Two Groups Non-Collusive Model
 
Product Differentiation and Demand Curve
 
Two Groups-Two Price Model
 
PRODUCER BEHAVIOUR AND NICHE MARKET
 
Introduction
 
Producer Behaviour and Niche Market
 
The Economic Model for Niche Market
 
Equilibrium in Input Sector
 
Equilibrium in Organic Sector
 
Public Policy and Emergence of Organic Farming
 
ORGANIC OUTPUT MARKET IN ASIA
 
Introduction
 
Organic Output Market in Asia
 
Main Organic Market in Asia
 
ORGANIC INPUT AND OUTPUT MARKET IN INDIA
 
Introduction
 
Organic Output Market in India
 
Organic Input Market in India
 
Organic Output External Market
 
Section III: Descriptive Analysis
 
ORGANIC FARMING IN ASIA
 
Introduction
 
Status and Growth of Organic Farming in Asia
 
Major Organic Producer Countries in Asia
 
ORGANIC FARMING IN INDIA
 
Introduction
 
History of Organic Farming
 
Status and Growth of Organic Farming in India
 
Causes of Clusters in Organic Farming in India
 
HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERN
 
Introduction
 
Nutritional and Health Concern on Organic Food
 
Environmental Concern of Organic Food
 
Section IV: Public Policy
 
INTERNATIONAL POLICY AND REGULATION
 
Introduction
 
International Policy and Laws of Organic Farming
 
Principle of Organic Agriculture
 
Implementation of the Principles
 
NATIONAL POLICY AND REGULATION
 
Introduction
 
National Policy for Promoting Organic Farming
 
Certification Process and PGS-India Programme
 
Present Status of PGS-India
 
Community Based Scheme for Organic Farming
 
STATE POLICY AND REGULATION
 
Introduction
 
State Wise Organic Farming Policy
 
Zone Wise Organic Farming Policy
 
Index

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ISBN: 9789353882402
£50.00