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Methods in Psychological Research

Methods in Psychological Research

Fourth Edition
Experience with SAGE edge

October 2018 | 448 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Methods in Psychological Research introduces students to the rich world of research in psychology through student-friendly writing, compelling real-world examples, and frequent opportunities for practice. Using a relaxed yet supportive tone that eases student anxiety, the authors present a mixture of conceptual and practical discussions, and spark reader interest in research by covering meaningful topics that resonate with today’s students. In-text features like Conceptual Exercises, FYI sections, and FAQ sections with accompanying visual cues support learning throughout the research experience. The Fourth Edition equips students with the tools they need to understand research concepts, conduct their own experiments, and present their findings.

About the Authors
About the Contributors
1. Introduction to Research in Psychology
Acquiring Knowledge About the World  
Psychology—Science and Art  
Critical Thinking  
Objectives of Science  
The Tenets of Science  
The Scientific Method  
Theories, Concepts, and Hypotheses  
Why We Do Research  
Approaches to Research  
Steps in Planning and Doing Research  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
2. Understanding the Research Literature
Searching the Literature  
The Research Article  
Basic Statistical Procedures  
More Complex Statistical Procedures  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
3. Research in Psychology: An Ethical Enterprise
Are Ethical Codes Necessary?  
General Principles  
Ethical Standards  
Special Populations  
Internet Research  
Bias and Intellectual Honesty  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
4. Hypothesis Testing, Power, and Control: A Review of the Basics
Three Levels of Hypotheses  
Testing the Null Hypothesis  
Statistical Significance  
Inferential Errors: Type I and Type II  
Power and How to Increase It  
Effect Size  
The Role of Replication in Research  
External and Internal Validity  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
5. Measuring Variables
Ways of Asking Questions  
Social Desirability and Response Set  
Measuring Observed Behavior  
The Importance of Precision in Measurement  
Tests, Scales, and Inventories  
Commercially Available Tests and Inventories  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
6. Selecting Research Participants
Sampling Methods  
Sample and Effect Size  
Power Revisited  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
7. Experimental Design: Independent-Groups Designs
Why We Do Experiments  
How We Do Experiments: Independent-Groups Designs  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
8. Experimental Design: Dependent-Groups and Mixed-Groups Designs
Dependent-Groups Designs  
Mixed Designs  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
9. Experimental Design: Single-Participant Designs/The Operant Approach
Single-Participant Design and the Experimental Analysis of Behavior  
Concepts in the Experimental Analysis of Behavior  
ABA and ABAB Withdrawal Designs  
Multiple-Baseline Design  
Alternating-Treatment Design  
Changing-Criterion Design  
Advantages and Disadvantages of Single-Participant Designs  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
10. Nonexperimental Research: Finding Relationships Among Variables
Longitudinal Research  
Cross-Sectional Research  
Case Studies  
Correlational Research  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
11. Data Collection Methods
Observational Research: Observing the Behavior of Individuals  
Advantages and Disadvantages of Observational Research  
Survey Research: Asking People Questions About Their Behavior  
Observing Group Behavior: The Focus Group  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
12. Program Evaluation, Archival Research, and Meta-Analytic Designs
Program Evaluation  
Archival Research  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
13. Your Research Project: Analyzing, Interpreting, and Presenting Your Research
What Are Statistics and Why Are They Necessary?  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  
14. Communicating in Psychology
Writing in Psychology  
Presenting Research in Writing  
Other Ways of Presenting Research  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Resources  


Instructor Resource Site
This password-protected SAGE edge site provides instructors helpful teaching resources. Included are PPT slides, a test bank, class activities, sample syllabi, and web resources.
Student Resource Site

This open access SAGE edge site provides students a personalized approach to accomplish coursework goals in an easy-to-use learning environment. The site includes eFlashcards for key term practice, learning objectives to reinforce key material, and open access media for concept exploration.

“This is an appealing, accessible, and highly readable introductory quantitative research textbook. The authors provide clearly written, jargon-free explanations and examples drawn from various areas of psychology to enhance a sophisticated understanding of the research process.”

Irene Karayianni
Deree College -The American College of Greece

“This book offers a straightforward progression of concepts with direct application as students prepare their research project from beginning to end.”

John E. Story
Bluegrass Community and Technical College

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ISBN: 9781506384931