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Learning and Memory
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Learning and Memory

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Learning | Memory

October 2017 | 360 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Learning and Memory provides students with a clear, balanced, and integrated presentation of major theoretical perspectives foundational to the study of human learning and memory. Author Darrell Rudmann uses an engaging personal writing style appropriate for students with little or no previous background in psychology to discuss topics including the major behaviorism theories of learning, modern cognitive theories of memory, social learning theories, the roles of emotion and motivation in learning, and the well-established neurological underpinnings of these perspectives. A concluding chapter on learning and memory concepts in the real world shows students to how these concepts are applied in various industries, from advertising to education and the media.

 

 
Preface
 
About the Author
 
1 History of Learning and Memory
Learning Objectives

 
Overview

 
“Buddy O’Dell”

 
Early Philosophical Approaches

 
A Twentieth-Century Approach: Behaviorism

 
Contemporary Approaches

 
Themes in the Book

 
Chapter Summary

 
Review Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Further Resources

 
References

 
 
2 Common Research Methods in Learning and Memory
Learning Objectives

 
Overview

 
Common Features

 
Issues of Quality

 
Chapter Summary

 
Review Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Further Resources

 
References

 
 
3 Neurological Basis of Learning
Learning Objectives

 
Overview

 
The Case of H.M.

 
How Neurons Communicate: Neurotransmission

 
How Neurons Adapt to Support Learning

 
Classical Conditioning

 
Skill Learning

 
Implicit Learning

 
Chapter Summary

 
Review Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Further Resources

 
References

 
 
PART I: LEARNING
 
4 Behavioral Learning
Learning Objectives

 
Overview

 
Operant Conditioning Theory

 
Strengthening Behavior

 
Schedules of Reinforcement

 
Shaping

 
Response Chains

 
Stimulus Control

 
Biological Constraints

 
Avoidance Conditioning

 
Weakening Behavior

 
Overview of Operant Conditioning Theory

 
Chapter Summary

 
Review Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Further Resources

 
References

 
 
5 Social Learning
Learning Objectives

 
Overview

 
Learning by Watching Others

 
Development of Learning

 
Social Context of Cognitive Development

 
Chapter Summary

 
Review Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Further Resources

 
References

 
 
6 Affect and Motivation in Learning
Learning Objectives

 
Overview

 
Emotions During Learning

 
Motivation

 
Classic Motivational Theories

 
Modern Motivational Theories

 
Motivation in Education

 
Chapter Summary

 
Review Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Further Resources

 
References

 
 
7 Cognitive Learning
Learning Objectives

 
Overview

 
Short-Term Memory Store

 
Baddeley’s “Working Memory” Model

 
Conscious Learning

 
Forming Memories

 
Chapter Summary

 
Review Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Further Resources

 
References

 
 
PART II: MEMORY
 
8 Retrieval
Learning Objectives

 
Overview

 
Retrieving Memories

 
Feeling of Knowing

 
Retrieval Cues

 
Prospective Memory

 
The Biological Basis of Retrieving Memories

 
Retrieval to Improve Learning

 
Situational Effects on Retrieval

 
Chapter Summary

 
Review Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Further Resources

 
References

 
 
9 Episodic and Autobiographical Memories
Learning Objectives

 
Overview

 
Episodic Memories

 
Autobiographical Memory System

 
The Structure of Autobiographical Memories

 
Conway’s Self-Memory System

 
Developmental Changes in Autobiographical Memories

 
Brain Processing Underlying Autobiographical Memories

 
Chapter Summary

 
Review Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Further Resources

 
References

 
 
10 Semantic Memory
Learning Objectives

 
Overview

 
Tulving’s Episodic/Semantic Memory Distinction

 
Meaning and Context

 
Knowledge Representation

 
Associationistic Models of Knowledge Representation

 
Holistic Approaches of Knowledge Representation

 
Constructivism

 
Chapter Summary

 
Review Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Further Resources

 
References

 
 
11 Forgetting
Learning Objectives

 
Overview

 
Forgetting Is Normal

 
Normal Rate of Forgetting

 
Forgetting Over the Lifespan

 
Causes of Forgetting

 
Other Retrieval Errors

 
Chapter Summary

 
Review Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Further Resources

 
References

 
 
PART III: ADVANCED TOPICS
 
12 Learning and Memory in the Real World
Learning Objectives

 
Overview

 
Learning and Advertising: Consumer Research

 
Learning and Education: Classroom Management

 
Learning and the Workplace: Employee Training

 
Learning and Aggression: Violence and Media

 
Memory and the Law: Eyewitness Memory

 
Chapter Summary

 
Review Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Further Resources

 
References

 
 
Index

Supplements

Instructor Resource Site

Password-protected Instructor Resources include the following:

  • A Microsoft® Word® test bank containing multiple choice questions is available for each chapter. The test bank provides you with a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity for editing any question and/or inserting your own personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding.
  • Editable chapter-specific Microsoft® PowerPoint® slides that offer complete flexibility in easily creating a multimedia presentation for your course.
  • Lecture notes that summarize key concepts on a chapter-by-chapter basis to help with preparation for lectures and class discussions.
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to certain full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected for each chapter.

“This is a good book that students from all disciplines should have no difficulty in understanding. It has an emphasis on learning and memory, but combines concepts with other types of psychology as well.”

Vivian C. Hsu
Penn State Abington

Learning and Memory is comprehensive and engaging.”

Jennifer A. Joy-Gaba
Virginia Commonwealth University

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