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Key Ideas in Criminology and Criminal Justice
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Key Ideas in Criminology and Criminal Justice



December 2010 | 208 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
By focusing on key ideas in both criminology and criminal justice, this book brings a new and unique perspective to understanding critical research in criminology and criminal justice -- heretofore, the practice has been to separate criminology and criminal justice. However, given their interconnected nature, this book brings both together cohesively. In going beyond simply identifying and discussing key contributions and their effects by giving students a broader socio-political context for each key idea, this book concretely conceptualizes the key ideas in ways that students will remember and understand.
 
1. Introduction
 
2. Key Idea: Rational Offending and Rational Punishment
The Social Context of Criminal Punishment  
Beccaria’s Proposal  
Why it Caught On  
Influence: The Rise of the Classical School of Criminology  
Empirical Analyses and Critiques of Free Will, Rationality, and Deterrence  
 
3. Key Idea: The Science of Criminal Behavior
The Social Context: A Time Without Criminology  
The Road to Lombroso  
Lombroso and the Body of the Criminal  
The Dissemination of Lombroso’s Theories  
Criticisms of Lombroso’s Theories  
Lombroso’s Influence  
 
4. Key Idea: Understanding Crime and Society
The Social Context of the Early Twentieth Century  
Social Disorganization and Anomie/Strain Theories  
Rejecting Individualism  
The Legacy of Anomie/Strain and Social Disorganization Theories  
 
5. Key Idea: Hirschi’s Social Bond/Social Control Theory
The Social Context of the 1960s  
Social Bond/Social Control Theory  
The Marketing of Social Bond/Social Control Theory  
The Legacy of Social Bond/Social Control Theory  
 
6. Key Idea: Rehabilitation is Dead
The Martinson Report  
Social Context  
Getting the Word Out  
The Influence of the Martinson Report  
 
7. Key Idea: Crime Control Through Selective Incapacitation
The Context: Criminology, Criminal Justice Policy, and Society in the 1970s  
James Q. Wilson’s Thinking About Crime  
Why it Caught on  
Selective Incapacitation’s Effect on Criminal Justice and Criminology: Empirical Tests, Empirical Critiques, and Ethical Dilemmas  
 
8. Key Idea: The Police Can Control Crime
The Context of Criminology and Policing  
Broken Windows Theory: Revamping the Police Role  
How Broken Windows Theory Reached its Audience  
The Influence of Broken Windows Theory  
Empirical Tests and Critiques of Broken Windows Theory and Policing  
 
9. Key Idea: The War on Drugs
Winning the War is Easy — Just Say No!  
The 1980s in Context  
The Magic in “Just Say No”  
The Impact of “Just Say No”  
 
10. Key Idea: Rehabilitation—Not Dead Yet
The Principles of Risk, Need, and Responsivity  
Social Context  
Disseminating the Principles of Effective Rehabilitation  
The Impact of Meta-Analysis and the Principles of Effective Rehabilitation  
 
11. Key Idea: Crime and the Life Course
The Criminological Context of the Early 1990s  
Life Course Theories in Criminology  
Constructing Testable Theories  
Life Course Theory Catches On  
 
12. Looking Back, Looking Forward: Conclusions
Looking Back: The Glaring Omissions?  
The Legitimate Contenders  
Looking Forward: The Future of Criminology and Criminal Justice  

This book is excellent! I will not be adopting it for the class I originally listed, but will instead save it for Intro to Criminology. The theories are explained in a way that will be more interesting for students by giving the social context as well. It is also an easy read so I can supplement it with additional pieces rather than using this book as a supplement to a larger textbook (which I think would be too much reading for undergrads).

Dr Taryn VanderPyl
Sociology Anthropology Dept, Pacific University
March 28, 2016

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