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South Asian Journal of Human Resources Management

South Asian Journal of Human Resources Management

Other Titles in:
Human Resource Management

eISSN: 23495790 | ISSN: 23220937 | Current volume: 10 | Current issue: 2 Frequency: Bi-annually

South Asian Journal of Human Resources Management (SAJHRM) is a peer-reviewed scholarly outlet for publications on HRM in and out of South Asia. It includes Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. Before submission, please ensure that your paper is related to one of these eight countries.

SAJHRM is the only journal that focuses exclusively on HRM in South Asia. Human capital is at once the biggest asset and challenge for this region, and the journal is uniquely placed to address academic research and practice aspects in HRM. Accordingly, a key aim of the journal is to focus on HR issues, challenges and strategies in the region. We encourage potential authors to explore broader implications of their scholarly views and findings on the region as a whole.

The journal is published twice a year. With over 200 submissions/year, currently, our acceptance rate is about 10 per cent. To have a better chance of acceptance, your paper should address an innovative and contemporary HR topic, be contextualised within South Asia, professionally written and edited. Apart from theory, the journal pays significant attention to how HRM is practiced in and out of South Asia. More than statistically driven, purely organisational behaviour-focused topics, the journal prefers papers that directly address HR policy and practice. The journal features conceptual and empirical research papers, research notes, interviews, case studies and book reviews. We also welcome proposals for special issues. Typically, we complete the initial desk review within 3 weeks, and the first-round peer review within 3 months.

SAJHRM has a distinguished panel of advisory board members, reputed board of peer reviewers and a dedicated editorial team. Professor Dave Ulrich, a well-known HR academic, says ‘I have been privileged to serve on the editorial board of SAJHRM since its inception and I have been honoured to publish here. There are many high-quality academic outlets for innovative ideas, but this journal is clearly emerging as one of them’.

SAJHRM is listed in several journal rankings around the world, including SCOPUS, ABDC and ABS. This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

South Asian Journal of Human Resources Management (SAJHRM) is a peer-reviewed scholarly outlet for publications on HRM in and out of South Asia. It includes countries that are members of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), namely, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. In terms of the discipline focus, all articles broadly focusing on the theory and practice of managing human resources for the benefit of individuals, firms and community at large will be acceptable.

In view of the contemporary focus on Strategic HRM, the journal coverage would also include comparative research and other related management disciplines as long as one of the key aims of the manuscript is on harnessing the potential of human capital. Considering the uneven economic development within the South Asian region, the journal encourages potential authors to explore broader implications of their scholarly views and findings on the region as a whole.

A distinguishing feature of the journal is its focus on “HR in Practice”. Apart from theory, it will pay significant attention on how HRM is practiced in and out of South Asia. The journal features conceptual and empirical research papers, research notes, interviews, case studies and book reviews. In short, to be considered for publication, a manuscript should broadly focus on managing people and contextualised within one or more South Asian countries at the firm, regional, national and international levels.

Founding Editor
Mohan Thite Griffith University, Australia
Pavithra Kailasapathy Professor, HRM, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka
Associate Editors
Alka Gupta Affiliate, Bernard M. and Ruth R. Bass Center for Leadership Studies, State University of New York, USA
Amlan Haque School of Business and Law, CQUniversity, Sydney, Australia
Shamala Kumar Professor, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka
Monowar Mahmood Bang College of Business, KIMEP University, Almaty, Kazakhstan
Sudhir Saha Professor HRM & OB, Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada
Richa Saxena Associate Professor, Institute of Management Technology, Ghaziabad, India
Uthpala Senarathne Tennakoon Associate Professor, Human Resources, Bissett School of Business, Mount Royal University, Canada
Editorial Advisory Board
Ilan Alon Professor of Strategy and International Marketing, School of Business and Law, University of Agder, Norway
Jyotsna Bhatnagar Chairperson - Post Graduate Program in HR, Management Development Institute, Gurgaon, India
Anthony P D'Costa Eminent Scholar, Global Studies; Professor, College of Business, University of Alabama, Huntsville, Alabama, US
Md Musharrof Hossain Founder President, Federation of Bangladesh Human Resource Management (FBHRO) and Past President, Asia Pacific Federation of Human Resources Management (APFHRM)
Iyanatul Islam Griffith Asia Institute, Griffith University, Australia
Janaka Kumarasinghe Director Kent Ridge HR Consultants, (Past President IPM), Sri Lanka
Santrupt Misra CEO, Carbon Black Business and Director, Group Human Resources, Aditya Birla Group, India
Jamal Nasir President, Pakistan Society for Human Resources Management & Head of Human and Organizational Development, Habib Bank Limited (HBL), Pakistan
Sasmita Palo Tata Institute of Social Sciences,(TISS), Mumbai, India
Sumita Raghuram Pennsylvania State University, USA
T V Rao Adjunct Professor, Indian Institute of Management, Ahmadabad (IIMA) & Chairman, TV Rao Learning Systems P/L, India
E S Srinivas Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore, India
Vasanthi Srinivasan Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore, India
Phil Taylor Professor of Work and Employment Studies, Associate Dean International, University of Strathclyde, UK
Dave Ulrich Ross School of Business, University of Michigan & Partner, RBL Group, USA
Adrian Wilkinson Griffith University and Visiting Professor at University of Sheffield
Board of Reviewers
Arosha Adikaram University of Colombo, Sri Lanka
Upasna A Agarwal National Institute of Industrial Engineering (NITIE), Mumbai, India
Tanuja Agarwala University of Delhi, India
Ekundayo Akinlade Saint Xavier University, USA
Munira Amidkhonova University of Central Asia, Khorog, Tajikistan
Amitabh Anand SKEMA Business School, France
Sandip Anand XIMB, India
Mayuri Atapattu University of Colombo, Colombo, Sri Lanka
Mohammad Azim King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia
Gary Chaison Clark University, United States
Lakshman Chandrashekhar Florida Atlantic University, USA
Tamgid Chowdhury Associate Professor School of Business and Economics, North South University, Bangladesh
Yunhyung Chung University of Idaho, USA
Gordon Cooke Memorial University of Newfoundland, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada
Sangita De Department Employment Relations & Human Resources, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Australia
Sulakshana De Alwis NSBM Green University, Homagama, Sri Lanka
Rohit Dwivedi Rajiv Gandhi Indian Institute of Management, Shillong, India
Tehreem Fatima Superior University, Lahore, Pakistan
Dianne P Ford Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada
Neha Gangwar (GGSIPU) Periyar Management and Computer College, India
Vishal Gupta University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama
Sami Jabarkhail Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, USA
Aman Jain Indian Institute of Management, Kashipur, India
Lalatendu Kesari Jena Xavier University Bhubaneswar, India
Rotumba Arachchige Ishanka Chathurani Karunarathne Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Germany
Navaneethakrishnan Kengatharan University of Jaffna, Jaffna, Sri Lanka
Md Asaduzzaman Khan Buckinghamshire New University, Buckinghamshire, UK
Muhammad Burdbar Khan Lincoln International Business School, University of Lincoln, Lincoln, England
Saroj Koul O P Jindal Global University, India
Payal Kumar Professor (OB/HR), BML Munjal University, India
Djamel Eddine Laouisset Nottingham Business School, UK
Monowar Mahmood Bang College of Business, KIMEP University, Almaty, Kazakhstan
Ashish Malik University of Newcastle, Australia
Laxmikant Manroop Eastern Michigan University, USA
Khasro Miah North South University, Bangladesh
Daisy Mui Hung Mui Hung Kee Universiti Saind Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia
Zubair Nawaz Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China
Mousumi Padhi Xavier University, India
Dinithi Padmasiri University of Kelaniya, Kelaniya, Sri Lanka
Harold Andrew Patrick Jain (Deemed-To-Be University), Bangalore, India
Snigdha Pattnaik Xavier University Bhubaneswar, India
Subhra Pattnaik Xavier University, Bhubaneswar, India
Murugan Pattusamy University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad, India
J K S Chrisangika Perera Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka, Belihuloya, Balangoda, Sri Lanka
Tracy Porter Cleveland State University, United States
Sunil Kumar Ramdas Jain University, Bangalore, India
Sunita Rani Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration, Mussoorie, India
Srinivasa Rao Professor, ICFAI Business School, Hyderabad
Mohamed Razi University of Kelaniya, Kelaniya, Sri Lanka
Domingo Ribeiro-Soriano University of Valencia, Spain
T T Rajan Selvarajan California State University, East Bay, United States
Aloysius Sequeira National Institute of Technology Karnataka, Surathkal, India
Mohamed M Shamil University of Kelaniya, Kelaniya, Sri Lanka
Taimur Sharif ALHOSN University, UAE
Sonal Shree Symbiosis Institute of Business Management, Symbiosis International (Deemed University), Pune, India
Samir Shrivastava Swinburne University of Technology, Australia
Anupam Singh National Institute of Technology, Bhopal, India
Satvir Singh Angelo State University, USA
Shruti Tewari Indian Institute of Management, Indore, India
Nachiketa Tripathi Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, India
George Tsogas University of Buckingham, UK
Lhawang Ugyel ANU College of Asia and the Pacific, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
Prajya R Vidyarthi University of Texas at El Paso, USA
Veena Vohra Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies, (NMIMS), Mumbai, India
Chung-Jen Wang National Pingtung University of Science and Technology, Taiwan
Lin Xiu University of Minnesota Duluth, United States
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  • South Asian Journal of Human Resources Management

    This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics

    South Asian Journal of Human Resources Management is hosted on Sage Peer Review, a web-based online submission and peer review system. Please read the Manuscript Submission Guidelines below, and then visit to login and submit your article online. Remember you can log in to the submission site at any time to check on the progress of your paper through the peer review process.

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of South Asian Journal of Human Resources Management will be reviewed.

    There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this Journal. Open Access options are available - see section 3.3 below.

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere. Please see our guidelines on prior publication and note that South Asian Journal of Human Resources Management will consider submissions of papers that have been posted on preprint servers; please alert the Editorial Office when submitting (contact details are at the end of these guidelines) and include the DOI for the preprint in the designated field in the manuscript submission system. Authors should not post an updated version of their paper on the preprint server while it is being peer reviewed for possible publication in the Journal. If the article is accepted for publication, the author may re-use their work according to the Journal's author archiving policy.

    If you have any questions about publishing with Sage, please visit the Sage Journal Solutions Portal

    1. What do we publish?

    1.1 Aims & Scope
    1.2 Article types
    1.3 Writing your paper

    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy
    2.2 Authorship
    2.3 Acknowledgements
    2.4 Funding
    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
    2.6 Research data

    3. Publishing Policies

    3.1 Publication ethics
    3.2 Contributor’s publishing agreement
    3.3 Open access and author archiving

    4. Preparing your manuscript

    4.1 Formatting
    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
    4.3 Supplemental material
    4.4 Reference style

    5. Submitting your manuscript

    5.1 ORCID
    5.2 Information required for completing your submission
    5.3 Permissions

    6. On acceptance and publication

    6.1 Sage Production
    6.2 Online First publication
    6.3 Access to your published article
    6.4 Promoting your article

    7. Further information

    1. What do we publish?

    1.1 Aims & Scope

    Before submitting your manuscript to South Asian Journal of Human Resources Management, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope.

    1.2 Article types

    Research Articles This section contains full-length research articles, both conceptual and empirical, including papers submitted for special issues. The word limit for manuscripts is between 6,000 to 9,000 words. All articles must be accompanied by a descriptive abstract of 150-200 words and up to six keywords.

    For quantitative empirical papers, we encourage authors to not rely on single-source and purely cross-sectional research designs. Further, ensure that the hypotheses are theoretically developed. We encourage research using different methodologies and research design. 

    Manuscripts submitted for this section will undergo a double-blind review process after being vetted by the Editor-in-Chief and an Associate Editor.

    Practitioner Perspectives This section includes:

    • ‘Interviews’ with senior HR/General Management practitioners and policymakers
    • HR practice-oriented ‘commentaries/essays/research notes/case studies’ by HR academics/practitioners and
    • ‘Current Affairs in HR’ (Analytical reviews of events and management trends that are of significance to HRM in South Asia)

    The word limit is between 2,000 to 5,000 words. The submissions for this section can be subject to double-blind review processes after being vetted by the Editor-in-Chief and an Associate Editor.

    Book Reviews

    Critical reviews of HR/Management related books, preferably with particular reference to South Asian countries. The word limit is between 1,000 to 2,000 words. The submissions for this section will not be subject to a double-blind review process but will be vetted jointly by the Editor-in-Chief and an Associate Editor.

    Special Issues

    We invite proposals for “Special Issues” to be submitted to the Editor-in-Chief on topics of relevance to the journal. If the proposal is accepted, the authors of the proposal will be invited to serve as guest editors for the Special Issue.

    Manuscript Submission:

    Each submission should include:

    A cover letter to the Editor-in-Chief in which the author(s) need to indicate the section to which the submission belongs to, the title of the manuscript, abstract and author information (names, affiliation, address, phone number, fax number and email). The name of the corresponding author should be clearly identified with an asterisk symbol (*) next to the relevant author’s name. It is also expected that submitting authors undertake to act as reviewers for the journal (up to a maximum of three papers per year). Therefore, ‘each’ submitting author should clearly indicate up to three HRM disciplinary areas from the following list in their cover letter that they consider as their areas of expertise and hence willing to review papers in those areas: HR Planning, Recruitment & Selection, Learning & Development, Performance Management, Remuneration & Reward Management, Employment/Industrial Relations (ER/IR), HR Strategy, International HRM, HR Technology (e-HRM), Occupational Health & Safety (OHS), Career Management, HR Metrics, HR Roles, HR & Emerging Markets, HR & Cross-Cultural Management, HR & Knowledge Management, HR & Leadership, HR & Ethics/ Corporate Social Responsibility, HR & Sectoral Differentiation (Manufacturing/ Services; Public/Private; Profit/Non-Profit, Large/SMEs), HRM Education, Future of HR.

    A “blind” copy of the manuscript by deleting author identification.

    • All articles must be accompanied by an abstract of 150–200 words and 4–6 keywords.
    • Use British spellings in all cases rather than American spellings (hence, ‘programme’ not ‘pro­gram’, ‘labour’ not ‘labor’, and ‘centre’ and not ‘center’).
    • Use ‘s’ spellings instead of ‘z’ spellings. This means that words ‘recognise’, ‘organise’, ‘civilise’ will be used instead of ‘recognize’, ‘organize’, ‘civilize’.
    • Use single quotes throughout. Double quotes only to be used within single quotes. Spellings of words in quotations should not be changed. Quotations of 45 words or more should be separated from the text and indented with one space with a line space above and below. Notes should be numbered serially and presented at the end of the article. Notes must contain more than a mere reference.
    • Use ‘twentieth century’, ‘1980s’. Spell out numbers from one to nine, 10 and above to remain in figures. However, for exact measurements, use only figures (3 km, 9 per cent, not %). Use thou­sands and millions, not lakhs and crores.
    • Use of italics and diacriticals should be minimised, but used consistently.
    • Tables and figures to be indicated by numbers separately (see Table 1), not by placement (see Table below). Present all tables and figures together at the end of the article. All Figures and Tables should be cited in the text. Sources for figures and tables should be mentioned irrespective of whether or not they require permissions.
    • A consolidated listing of all books, articles, essays, theses and documents referred to (including any referred to in the tables, graphs and maps) should be provided at the end of the article. Guidelines specified in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th edition) must be followed.
    • Use endnotes instead of footnotes. Notes must contain more than a mere reference.

    1.3 Writing your paper

    The Sage Author Gateway has some general advice and on how to get published, plus links to further resources. Sage Author Services also offers authors a variety of ways to improve and enhance their article including English language editing, plagiarism detection, and video abstract and infographic preparation.

    1.3.1 Make your article discoverable
    For information and guidance on how to make your article more discoverable, visit our Gateway page on How to Help Readers Find Your Article 

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    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy

    South Asian Journal of Human Resources Management adheres to a rigorous double-blind reviewing policy in which the identity of both the reviewer and author are always concealed from both parties.

    South Asian Journal of Human Resources Management is committed to delivering high quality, fast peer-review for your paper, and as such has partnered with Publons. Publons is a third party service that seeks to track, verify and give credit for peer review. Reviewers for South Asian Journal of Human Resources Management can opt in to Publons in order to claim their reviews or have them automatically verified and added to their reviewer profile. Reviewers claiming credit for their review will be associated with the relevant journal, but the article name, reviewer’s decision and the content of their review is not published on the site. For more information visit the Publons website.

    The Editor or members of the Editorial Board may occasionally submit their own manuscripts for possible publication in the Journal. In these cases, the peer review process will be managed by alternative members of the Board and the submitting Editor/Board member will have no involvement in the decision-making process.

    2.2 Authorship

    All parties who have made a substantive contribution to the article should be listed as authors. Principal authorship, authorship order, and other publication credits should be based on the relative scientific or professional contributions of the individuals involved, regardless of their status. A student is usually listed as principal author on any multiple-authored publication that substantially derives from the student’s dissertation or thesis.

    If the named authors for a manuscript change at any point between submission and acceptance, an Authorship Change Form must be completed and digitally signed by all authors (including any added or removed) . An addition of an author is only permitted following feedback raised during peer review. Completed forms can be uploaded at Revision Submission stage or emailed to the Journal Editorial Office contact (listed on the journal’s manuscript submission guidelines). All requests will be moderated by the Editor and/or Sage staff.

    Important: Changes to the author by-line by adding or deleting authors are NOT permitted following acceptance of a paper.

    Please note that AI chatbots, for example ChatGPT, should not be listed as authors. For more information see the policy on Use of ChatGPT and generative AI tools.

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    2.3 Acknowledgements

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support. 

    Please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    2.3.1 Writing assistance

    Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance. It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.

    2.4 Funding

    South Asian Journal of Human Resources Management requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading. Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the Sage Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. . 

    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests

    South Asian Journal of Human Resources Management encourages authors to include a declaration of any conflicting interests and recommends you review the good practice guidelines on the Sage Journal Author Gateway

    Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’.

    2.6. Research data

    The journal is committed to facilitating openness, transparency and reproducibility of research, and has the following research data sharing policy. For more information, including FAQs please visit the Sage Research Data policy pages.

    Subject to appropriate ethical and legal considerations, authors are encouraged to:

    • share your research data in a relevant public data repository
    • include a data availability statement linking to your data. If it is not possible to share your data, we encourage you to consider using the statement to explain why it cannot be shared.
    • cite this data in your research

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    3. Publishing Policies

    3.1 Publication ethics

    Sage is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the Sage Author Gateway 

    3.1.1 Plagiarism
    South Asian Journal of Human Resources Management and Sage take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the Journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarized other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    3.1.2 Prior publication
    If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a Sage journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the Sage Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.

    3.2 Contributor’s publishing agreement

    Before publication, Sage requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. Sage’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants Sage the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than Sage. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit the Sage Author Gateway

    3.3 Open access and author archiving

    South Asian Journal of Human Resources Management offers optional open access publishing via the Sage Choice programme and Open Access agreements, where authors can publish open access either discounted or free of charge depending on the agreement with Sage. Find out if your institution is participating by visiting Open Access Agreements at Sage. For more information on Open Access publishing options at Sage please visit Sage Open Access. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit Sage’s Author Archiving and Re-Use Guidelines and Publishing Policies.

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    4. Preparing your manuscript for submission

    4.1 Formatting

    The preferred format for your manuscript is Word. LaTeX files are also accepted. Word and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

    Abstract: A descriptive abstract between 150-200 words with up to 6 keywords. The abstract should contain information on the aim, theory, methodology, and results.

    Main document: Research papers, both qualitative and quantitative, need to be structured such that introduction/background, literature review, theory/theoretical development of hypotheses, Methods/methodology, Results/findings, Theoretical/Practical Implications, Limitations and Recommendations for future research and finally, Conclusions are covered.


    Format for levels of heading is as follows:

    Level 1: Flush Left, Bold, Title Case Heading

    Text begins as a new paragraph.

    Level 2: Flush Left, Bold, Title Case Heading (smaller font size)

    Text begins as a new paragraph.

    Level 3: Flush Left, Bold Italic, Title Case Heading

    Text begins as a new paragraph.

    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics

    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit Sage’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines  

    Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from Sage after receipt of your accepted article.


    1. Table number and caption appear in the same line above the table.
    2. Table number should be in bold font and caption unbold font, title case.
    3. Column headings should be in title case, unbold.
    4. Row heading should be in sentence case, unbold.
    5. There should be no boldface elements and special characters in a table; if any, the author must provide the significance.


    1. Figure number and caption appear in the same line below the figure.
    2. Figure number should be in bold font and caption unbold, font title case.
    3. There should be no boldface elements or special characters in a figure; if any, the author must provide the significance.

    Use tables and figures sparingly. Please ensure that the data presented in the tables and figures do not duplicate the results described in your article. Source details are mandatory for both tables and figures. For sample table formats (Sample tables) and figures (Sample figures) you may refer to the APA publication manual.

    4.3 Supplementary material

    This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc.) alongside the full-text of the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files.

    4.4 Reference style

    South Asian Journal of Human Resources Management adheres to the APA reference style. View the APA guidelines to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    Please follow the APA referencing style for citations and references. All authors need to be mindful of plagiarism including self-plagiarism. Citing predatory journals should be avoided. Further, if data for the submitting paper is based on a large study (i.e., with actual or potential data overlap), authors are requested to inform the Editor by way of a data transparency table attached to the cover letter.

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    5. Submitting your manuscript

    South Asian Journal of Human Resources Management is hosted on Sage Peer Review, a web based online submission and peer review system. Please read the manuscript submission guidelines, and then visit to login and submit your article online.

    IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created. 

    5.1 ORCID

    As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process Sage is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized.

    The collection of ORCID IDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this Journal. If you already have an ORCID ID you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID ID will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID ID is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.

    If you do not already have an ORCID iD please follow this link to create one or visit our ORCID homepage to learn more.

    5.2 Information required for completing your submission

    You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. The affiliation listed in the manuscript should be the institution where the research was conducted. If an author has moved to a new institution since completing the research, the new affiliation can be included in a manuscript note at the end of the paper. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).

    5.3 Permissions

    Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the Sage Author Gateway

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    6. On acceptance and publication           

    6.1 Sage Production

    Your Sage Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be made available to the corresponding author via email, and corrections should be made directly or notified to us promptly. Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate.

    6.2 Online First publication

    Online First allows final articles (completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. Visit the Sage Journals help page for more details, including how to cite Online First articles.

    6.3 Access to your published article

    Sage provides authors with online access to their final article.

    6.4 Promoting your article

    Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The Sage Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice.

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    7. Further information

    All editorial correspondence should be addressed to journal administrator at

    Individual Subscription, Print Only

    Institutional Subscription, E-access

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