2014 Impact Factor: 0.935
2014 Ranking: 104/123 in Cardiac & Cardiovascular Systems | 56/60 in Peripheral Vascular Disease
Source: 2014 Journal Citation Reports ® (Thomson Reuters, 2015)

Editor Emeritus
K M Taylor Hammersmith Hospital, UK
Prakash P Punjabi Imperial College Healthcare, Hammersmith Hospital, London, UK

eISSN: 1477111X| ISSN: 02676591|Current volume: 30|Current issue: 7 Frequency: Bi-monthly

Perfusion is an ISI-ranked, peer-reviewed scholarly journal, which provides current information on all aspects of perfusion, oxygenation and biocompatibility and their use in modern cardiac surgery. The journal is at the forefront of international research and development and presents an appropriately multidisciplinary approach to perfusion science.

Perfusion's reputation for the highest quality research is further enhanced by collaborative ventures with:

  • The American Academy of Cardiovascular Perfusion
  • The Australian Society of Cardiovascular Perfusionists

Selected papers presented at each annual meeting are published in Perfusion following the peer-review process.

Perfusion is:

  • Scientific with ground breaking articles from international authors
  • Practical and directly relevant to the working perfusionist
  • International and respected - containing reports on the latest research and treatment innovations
  • High quality research, selected papers and collaborative ventures make this an extensive journal.

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This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Perfusion is an ISI-ranked, peer-reviewed scholarly journal, which provides current information on all aspects of perfusion, oxygenation and biocompatibility and their use in modern cardiac surgery. The journal is at the forefront of international research and development and presents an appropriately multidisciplinary approach to perfusion science.

Perfusion is:

  • Scientific with ground breaking articles from international authors
  • Practical and directly relevant to the working perfusionist
  • International and respected - containing reports on the latest research and treatment innovations
  • High quality research, selected papers and collaborative ventures make this an extensive journal.

Associate Editors
Mark Kurusz Austin, Texas
Geoffrey Lockwood London, UK
Fraser Douglas Rubens Canada
John Toomasian Ann Arbor, USA
Editorial Advisory Board
R Peter Alston Royal Infirmary at Edinburgh, UK
Gail M. Annich University of Michigan Health System, USA
Anelechi Anyanwu Mount Sinai Hospital, USA
Robert Bartlett University of Michigan, USA
Filip De Somer Universitair Ziekenhuis Gent, Belgium
Ioannis Fessatidis George Papanikolaou General Hospital, Greece
Glenn Gravlee Allegheny General Hospital, USA
Carole Hamilton University Clinic of Tubingen, Germany
Stephen Harwood Toronto General Hospital, Canada
Mansoor Husain University of Toronto, Canada
Richard Jonas Children's National Heart Institute, USA
Ramzi Khamis Hammersmith Hosptial, UK
Krishna Khargi Cardiac Center The Hague-Delft, The Netherlands
Mikhail Kosiborod Saint Luke's Mid America Heart Institute, USA
Lawrence A. Leiter St Michael's Hospital, Canada
Stephan Matthei Diabetes-Center Quakenbruck, Germany
Frank Merkle Deutches Herzzentrum Berlin, Germany
Chris Munsch Leeds General Infirmary, UK
Gerard Myers QEII Health Sciences Center, Canada
Bruce Neal The George Institute for Global Health, Australia
Vincent Olshove Nationwide Children's Hospital, USA
David Palanzo Hershey, Pennsylvania
J Peacock Nedlands, Australia
Thore Pedersen Olso, Norway
Giles Peek East Midlands Congenital Heart Centre, Glenfield Hospital, UK
Mathias Perthel Herz- und Gefabzentrum Bad Bevensen, Germany
Thomas Preston Nationwide Children's Hospital, USA
Hassan Raffa King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia
Marco Ranucci IRCCS Policlinico S. Donato, Italy
Dr Gurpreet Singh Wander Hero DMC Heart Institute, India
Ulf Smith The Sahlgrenska Academy, Sweden
Bart Staels Universiti Lille Nord de France Institut Pasteur de Lille, France
Staffen Svenmarker Umea University, Sweden
Gordon Wright University of Keele, UK
Chun-Xiu Ye Shanghai Second Medical College, China
  • Academic Search Premier
  • BIOSIS database
  • Biological Abstracts Family of Products
  • Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature CINAHL
  • Current Contents / Clinical Medicine
  • EMBASE/Excerpta Medica
  • Health Economics Evaluations Database (HEED)
  • ISI Discovery Agent
  • Index Medicus
  • Index Medicus (Ceased 2004)
  • Science Citation Index Expanded
  • Scopus
  • Thomson Reuters: BIOSIS Previews
  • Thomson Reuters: Biological Abstracts
  • This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics
    This Journal recommends that authors follow the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals formulated by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE)

    There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this journal.

    Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s submission site to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Perfusion will be reviewed.

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.

    1. Article types
    2. Editorial Policies
      2.1 Peer review policy
      2.2 Authorship
      2.3 Acknowledgments
      2.4 Funding
      2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
      2.6 Research ethics and patient consent
      2.7 Clinical Trials
      2.8 Reporting Guidelines
    3. Publishing Policies
      3.1 Publication Ethics
      3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement
      3.3 Open Access and author archiving
      3.4 Permissions
    4. Preparing your manuscript
      4.1 Word processing formats
      4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
      4.3 Supplementary material
      4.4 Journal layout
      4.5 Reference style
      4.6 English language editing services
    5. Submitting your manuscript
      5.1 How to submit your manuscript
      5.2 Title, keywords and abstracts
      5.3 Corresponding author contact details
    6. On acceptance and publication
      6.1 SAGE Production
      6.2 Access to your published article
      6.3 Online First publication
    7. Further Information

    Perfusion is a peer reviewed, ISI-ranked, MEDLINE indexed, peer-reviewed scholarly journal, which provides current information on all aspects of perfusion, oxygenation and biocompatibility and their use in modern cardiac surgery. The journal is at the forefront of international research and development and presents an appropriately multidisciplinary approach to perfusion science.

    1. Article types

    Manuscripts are considered for publication with the understanding that they have not been published previously and are not under consideration by another publication.
    The journal publishes original papers, reviews, practical techniques, case reports, letters, and book reviews.

    1.1 Summary of manuscript structure

    Structure: Manuscripts should be approximately as follows: 
    Review articles, 5,000-10,000 words; 
    Original papers, 1,500-3,000 words with up to six tables or figures; 
    Practical techniques, up to 1,500 words; 
    Case reports, up to 900 words with one table or figure; 
    Letters, up to 600 words; 
    Book reviews, up to 150 words

    Scientific papers should be divided into abstract (approximately 150 words), keywords, introduction, methods, results, discussion, acknowledgements and references. Case reports should be divided into abstract, keywords, introduction, case history, discussion, acknowledgements, and references.

    In dividing articles under headings, please grade the headings by writing A, B, C in the margin: A – subheading B – subsubheading C – subsubsubheading
    Please avoid using more than three levels of subheading.

    Article Presentation:
    Your papers should be submitted in double-spaced typescript.
    The submitted document file should be double-spaced throughout. Text should be in standard 10 or 12 point. All pages must be numbered.

    The title page:
    Give the title of the paper and a running title if the main title is very long. Authors should include their names and initials, their posts at the time they did the work and their current appointments and qualifications. The name and address of the author to whom correspondence, proofs and offprint order are to be sent should be given, together with telephone and fax numbers if possible.

    Microsoft Word is the preferred word processor. No artwork should be included in the text files. Any artwork provided on disk should be in either TIFF, or EPS format. Each piece of artwork should be saved as a separate file.

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    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy

    Perfusion's policy is to obtain at least two independent reviews of each article. Perfusion adheres to a rigorous double-blind reviewing policy in which the identity of both the reviewer and author are always concealed from both parties. Referees will be encouraged to provide substantive, constructive reviews that provide suggestions for improving the work and distinguish between mandatory and non-mandatory recommendations. Each manuscript is assigned to an Associate Editor who will obtain at least two independent reviews and will subsequently make a recommendation to the Editor-in-Chief. The Editor-in-Chief will take into account both the reviewers’ comments and the recommendation of the Associate Editor when making a decision regarding the final outcome of a paper.

    As part of the submission process you will be asked to provide the names of peers who could be called upon to review your manuscript. Recommended reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Please be aware of any conflicts of interest when recommending reviewers. Examples of conflicts of interest include (but are not limited to) the below: 

    • The reviewer should have no prior knowledge of your submission
    • The reviewer should not have recently collaborated with any of the authors
    • Reviewer nominees from the same institution as any of the authors are not permitted

    Please note that the Editors are not obliged to invite any recommended reviewers or refrain from inviting any opposed reviewers to assess your manuscript.

    2.2 Authorship

    Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.

    The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:

    1. Made a substantial contribution to the concept and design, acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data,
    2. Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,
    3. Approved the version to be published.

    Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.
    When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.

    Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section. Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on authorship.

    2.3 Acknowledgements

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.

    2.3.1 Writing Assistance

    Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance. It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.

    Please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    2.4 Funding

    Perfusion requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading.  Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests

    It is the policy of Perfusion to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.
    Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’.

    For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations.

    2.6 Research ethics and patient consent

    Medical research involving human subjects must be conducted according to the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki

    Submitted manuscripts should conform to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, and all papers reporting animal and/or human studies must state in the methods section that the relevant Ethics Committee or Institutional Review Board provided (or waived) approval. Please ensure that you have provided the full name and institution of the review committee, in addition to the approval number.

    For research articles, authors are also required to state in the methods section whether participants provided informed consent and whether the consent was written or verbal.

    Information on informed consent to report individual cases or case series should be included in the manuscript text. A statement is required regarding whether written informed consent for patient information and images to be published was provided by the patient(s) or a legally authorized representative.

    Please also refer to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Protection of Research Participants

    All research involving animals submitted for publication must be approved by an ethics committee with oversight of the facility in which the studies were conducted. The journal has adopted the Consensus Author Guidelines on Animal Ethics and Welfare for Veterinary Journals published by the International Association of Veterinary Editors.

    2.7 Clinical trials

    Perfusion conforms to the ICMJE requirement that clinical trials are registered in a WHO-approved public trials registry at or before the time of first patient enrolment as a condition of consideration for publication. The trial registry name and URL, and registration number must be included at the end of the abstract.

    2.8 Reporting guidelines

    The relevant EQUATOR Network reporting guidelines should be followed depending on the type of study. For example, all randomized controlled trials submitted for publication should include a completed Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) flow chart as a cited figure, and a completed CONSORT checklist as a supplementary file.

    Other resources can be found at NLM’s Research Reporting Guidelines and Initiatives

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    3. Publishing policies

    3.1 Publication ethics

    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway

    3.1.1 Plagiarism

    Perfusion and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of articles published in the journal. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked using duplication-checking software. Where an article is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article (removing it from the journal); taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author’s institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; banning the author from publication in the journal or all SAGE journals, or appropriate legal action.

    3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement

    Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

    3.3 Open Access and author archiving

    Perfusion offers optional open access publishing via the SAGE Choice programme. For more information please visit the SAGE Choice website. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

    3.4 Permissions

    Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

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    4. Preparing your manuscript

    4.1 Word processing formats

    Preferred formats for the text and tables of your manuscript are Word DOC, RTF, XLS. LaTeX files are also accepted. The text should be double-spaced throughout and with a minimum of 3cm for left and right hand margins and 5cm at head and foot. Text should be standard 10 or 12 point. Word and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics

    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines.

    Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article.

    Images should be supplied as bitmap based files (i.e. with .tiff or .jpeg extension) with a resolution of at least 300 dpi (dots per inch). Line art should be supplied as vector-based, separate .eps files (not as .tiff files, and not only inserted in the Word or pdf file), with a resolution of 600 dpi. Images should be clear, in focus, free of pixilation and not too light or dark.

    In text: tables and figures are either inserted as part of a sentence, for example table 1 or in parentheses for example (figure 1). Each table should carry a descriptive heading. Each figure should be submitted electronically.

    Illustrations: All illustrations and graphs should be submitted in the form of completed artwork suitable for reproduction (not photocopies). They should be separate from the typescript with legends also on a separate sheet. Please indicate the position of all figures in the text. All figures should have the 'TOP' marked on the reverse with a soft pencil. The name of the first author should also be clear. When graphs or histograms are submitted, the numerical data on which they are based should be supplied.

    Line diagrams: Remember most line drawings will need to be reduced in size to fit within the page format, (156 x 195 mm inclusive of caption). Lettering and tints may reproduce poorly when reduced and should be prepared with this in mind. It is helpful if all illustrations are prepared for the same degree of reduction.

    Photographs: Other illustrations should be black and white photographic prints (not negatives, transparencies or X-ray films) and should be trimmed to remove excess material. They should be high-quality glossy prints, showing as much contrast as possible. Colour photographs can only be accepted if the author bears the cost of reproduction. Patients in photographs should not be identifiable and should have their eyes masked. Any identifiable photograph should be accompanied by written permission from the patient, parent or guardian.

    Tables: Each table should be typed on a separate sheet. Each table should have an explanatory caption, and be clearly numbered. Indicate in the margin of the text where tables should be positioned.

    4.3 Supplementary material

    This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. These will be subjected to peer-review alongside the article.  For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files, which can be found within our Manuscript Submission Guidelines page.

    4.4 Journal layout

    Perfusion conforms to the SAGE house style. Review guidelines on SAGE UK House Style.

    When preparing your paper:

    • Use the minimum formatting.
    • Roman, bold and italic type can be used, but use only one typeface and size.
    • Capitals should be used only where they are to appear in the finished text.
    • The text should be ranged left and unjustified, with hyphenation cancelled.
    • Indents, underlining and tabs should be avoided unless absolutely necessary.
    • Headings and paragraphs should be separated by two carriage returns.
    • There should be only one space between words and only one space after any punctuation.

    (i) Spelling can be either UK or US, providing that usage is consistent within the article.
    (ii) Abbreviations should be kept to a minimum and must be clearly defined when used for the first time. Abbreviations should be typed with no full point.
    (iii) Avoid excessive capitalization. For the titles of books and articles, capitals should be used for the initial letter of the first word only. However, for the titles of journals and series, the initial letter of all principal words should be capitalized.
    (iv) Use italics for emphasis only very sparingly.
    (v) Scientific measurements should be given in SI units, but blood pressure should be expressed in mmHg and haemoglobin as g/dl.
    (vi) For numbers, adopt a rule that all numbers under 10 should be written as words, except when attached to a unit of quantity (e.g. 1 mm or 3 kg), and that numbers of 10 or more should be written as digits except at the beginning of a sentence.
    (vii) Generic names should be used for drugs. Authors should be aware of different drug names and availability in the UK, North America and Australia, and give alternative names or drugs in the text.

    Statistics: Numbers of patients or subjects should be given, with percentages in brackets. Means should be expressed as the mean with standard deviation of the mean: where appropriate, authors should also consider supplying the median. Care should be taken that all statistical methods are appropriate and that it is clear which methods were used for which analyses. Any statistical methods not in common use should be supported by references or described in detail. Results of statistical tests should be reported as well as the p values; where possible, confidence intervals should also be reported.

    4.5 Reference style

    Perfusion adheres to the SAGE Vancouver reference style. Review the guidelines on SAGE Vancouver to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    Abbreviations for titles of periodicals should conform to those used in the latest edition of Index Medicus. References should include authors' last names and initials, article title, journal, volume, page range, and year. Include the city and publisher's name for books. For further information, consult the American Medical Association Manual of Style.

    If you use EndNote to manage references, you can download the SAGE Harvard output file and the SAGE Vancouver output file

    4.6 English language editing services

    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

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    5. Submitting your manuscript

    5.1 How to submit your manuscript

    Perfusion is hosted on SAGE Track, a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit to login and submit your article online.

    IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created.  For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.

    If you would like to discuss your paper prior to submission or seek advice on the submission process please contact the Editorial Assistant:

    5.2 Title, keywords and abstracts

    Please supply a title, short title, an abstract and keywords to accompany your article. The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article online through online search engines such as Google. Please refer to the information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords by visiting the SAGE Journal Author Gateway for guidelines on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.

    5.3 Corresponding author contact details

    Provide full contact details for the corresponding author including email, mailing address and telephone numbers. Academic affiliations are required for all co-authors. These details should be presented separately to the main text of the article to facilitate anonymous peer review.

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    6. On acceptance and publication

    6.1 SAGE Production

    Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be sent by PDF to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly.

    6.2 Access to your published article

    SAGE provides authors with online access to their final article.

    6.3 Online First publication

    Online First allows final revision articles (completed articles in queue for assignment to an upcoming issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a final journal issue which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. For more information please visit our Online First Fact Sheet

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    7. Further Information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the Perfusion editorial office as follows:

    Karen O'Neill
    Editorial Assistant

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