Perfusion is an ISI-ranked, peer-reviewed scholarly journal, which provides current information on all aspects of perfusion, oxygenation and biocompatibility and their use in modern cardiac surgery. The journal is at the forefront of international research and development and presents an appropriately multidisciplinary approach to perfusion science.
Selected papers presented at each annual meeting are published in Perfusion following the peer-review process.
- Scientific with ground breaking articles from international authors
- Practical and directly relevant to the working perfusionist
- International and respected - containing reports on the latest research and treatment innovations
- High quality research, selected papers and collaborative ventures make this an extensive journal.
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This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).
Perfusion is an ISI-ranked, peer-reviewed scholarly journal, which provides current information on all aspects of perfusion, oxygenation and biocompatibility and other extracorporeal technologies as used in cardiac surgery and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). The journal is at the forefront of international research and development and presents an appropriately multidisciplinary approach to perfusion science and patient critical care.
- Scientific with ground-breaking articles from international authors
- Practical and directly relevant to clinicians, researchers, and industry
- International and respected - containing reports on the latest research and treatment innovations
- High quality research, selected papers and collaborative ventures make this an extensive journal.
Associations and Societies:
Perfusion is the official journal of:
EuroELSO: European Extracorporeal Life Support Organization
Perfusion also has collaborative ventures with:
The American Academy of Cardiovascular Perfusion
|Prakash P Punjabi||Imperial College Healthcare, Hammersmith Hospital, London, UK|
|Karen O'Neill||Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, UK|
|Kenneth Taylor||London, UK|
|Xiaotong Hou||Beijing Anzhen Hospital, China|
|Mark Kurusz||University of Texas Medical Branch, USA|
|Justyna Swol||Paracelsus Medical University, Germany|
|John Toomasian||University of Michigan, USA|
|Nicholas Barrett||Guy’s and St Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom|
|Mirko Belliato||Foundation Policlinico San Matteo IRCCS, Italy|
|Christoph Benk||University Heart Center Freiburg, Germany|
|Peter P. Roeleveld||Leiden, Netherlands|
|Matteo Di Nardo||Children’s Hospital Bambino Gesù, Italy|
|Dirk W. Donker||University of Twente, Enschede, Netherlands|
|Kyriakos Anastasiadis||Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece|
|Anelechi Anyanwu||Mount Sinai Hospital, USA|
|Warwick Butt||Royal Childrens Hospital, Australia|
|David Chambers||King's College London, UK|
|Filip De Somer||Ghent University, Belgium|
|Richard Jonas||Children's National Heart Institute, USA|
|Giuseppe M Raffa||IRCCS ISMETT, Italy|
|Gerard J. Myers||Eastern Perfusion International, Canada|
|Staffan Svenmarker||Umea University, Sweden|
|Ruchan Akar||Ankara University School of Medicine, Turkey|
|R Peter Alston||Royal Infirmary at Edinburgh, UK|
|Gianni Angelini||University of Bristol, UK|
|Jutta Arens||University of Twente, Netherlands|
|Robert A. Baker||Flinders Medical Centre, Australia|
|Adrian Bauer||MediClin Heartcenter Coswig, Germany|
|Jan Belohlávek||Charles University, Czech Republic|
|Peter Bruins||St Antonius Hospital, Netherlands|
|Sadettin Dernek||Eskisehir Osmangazi University Faculty of Medicine, Turkey|
|W. Cory Ellis||Children’s Hospital Colorado, USA|
|Daniel Fitzgerald||The Brigham and Women’s Hospital, USA|
|Justin Hawkins||Nova Scotia Health Authority, Canada|
|Richard Issitt||Great Ormond Street Hospital, UK|
|Guiqing Liu||Imperial College, UK|
|Roberto Lorusso||Maastricht University, Netherlands|
|Antanas Macys||Hammersmith Hospital, UK|
|Greg Matte||Boston Children's Hospital, USA|
|Noburu Motomura||Toho University Sakura Hospital, Japan|
|Vincent Olshove||Nationwide Children's Hospital, USA|
|David Palanzo||Hershey, Pennsylvania|
|Giles Peek||University of Florida Shands Children's Hospital, USA|
|Marco Ranucci||IRCCS Policlinico S. Donato, Italy|
|Daniel Rob||General University Hospital in Prague, Czech Republic|
|Aya Saito||Yokohama, Japan|
|Kunal Sarkar||Medica Superspecialty Hospital , Kolkata, West Bengal, India|
This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics.
This Journal recommends that authors follow the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals formulated by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).
Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s submission site http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/Perfusion to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.
Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Perfusion will be reviewed.
There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this journal.
As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.
- What do we publish?
1.1 Aims & Scope
1.2 Article types
1.3 Writing your paper
- Editorial policies
2.1 Peer review policy
2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
2.6 Research ethics and patient consent
2.7 Clinical trials
2.8 Reporting guidelines
- Publishing policies
3.1 Publication ethics
3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement
3.3 Open access and author archiving
- Preparing your manuscript
4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
4.3 Supplementary material
4.4 Reference style
4.5 English language editing services
- Submitting your manuscript
5.2 Information required for completing your submission
- On acceptance and publication
6.1 Sage Production
6.2 Online First publication
6.3 Access to your published article
6.4 Promoting your article
- Further information
Before submitting your manuscript to Perfusion, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope.
Manuscripts are considered for publication with the understanding that they have not been published previously and are not under consideration by another publication.
The journal publishes original papers, reviews, practical techniques, case reports, letters, and book reviews.
Summary of manuscript structure
Structure: Manuscripts should be approximately as follows:
Review articles, 5,000-10,000 words with an abstract of no more than 250 words containing relevant subheadings as selected by the author;
Original papers, 1,500-3,000 words with up to six tables or figures and an abstract of no more than 250 words which contains the subheadings: introduction, methods, results, conclusions;
Practical techniques, up to 1,500 words;
Case reports, up to 900 words with one table or figure and an abstract of no more than 150 words which contains the subheadings: introduction, case Report, discussion, conclusion;
Letters, up to 600 words;
Book reviews, up to 150 words
Scientific papers should be divided into abstract (approximately 150 words), keywords, introduction, methods, results, discussion, acknowledgements and references. Case reports should be divided into abstract, keywords, introduction, case history, discussion, acknowledgements, and references.
In dividing articles under headings, please grade the headings by writing A, B, C in the margin: A – subheading B – subsubheading C – subsubsubheading
Please avoid using more than three levels of subheading.
Your papers should be submitted in double-spaced typescript.
The submitted document file should be double-spaced throughout. Text should be in standard 10 or 12 point. All pages must be numbered.
The title page:
Give the title of the paper and a running title if the main title is very long. Authors should include their names and initials, their posts at the time they did the work and their current appointments and qualifications. The name and address of the author to whom correspondence, proofs and offprint order are to be sent should be given, together with telephone and fax numbers if possible.
Microsoft Word is the preferred word processor. No artwork should be included in the text files. Any artwork provided on disk should be in either TIFF, or EPS format. Each piece of artwork should be saved as a separate file.
The Sage Author Gateway has some general advice and on how to get published, plus links to further resources. Sage Author Services also offers authors a variety of ways to improve and enhance their article including English language editing, plagiarism detection, and video abstract and infographic preparation.
1.3.1 Make your article discoverable
When writing up your paper, think about how you can make it discoverable. The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article through search engines such as Google. For information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords, have a look at this page on the Gateway: How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.
Sage does not permit the use of author-suggested (recommended) reviewers at any stage of the submission process, be that through the web-based submission system or other communication. Reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Our policy is that reviewers should not be assigned to a paper if:
• The reviewer is based at the same institution as any of the co-authors
• The reviewer is based at the funding body of the paper
• The author has recommended the reviewer
• The reviewer has provided a personal (e.g. Gmail/Yahoo/Hotmail) email account and an institutional email account cannot be found after performing a basic Google search (name, department and institution).
Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.
The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:
- Made a substantial contribution to the concept or design of the work; or acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data,
- Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,
- Approved the version to be published,
- Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.
Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.
Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section. Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on authorship.
Please note that AI chatbots, for example ChatGPT, should not be listed as authors. For more information see the policy on Use of ChatGPT and generative AI tools.
All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.
Any acknowledgements should appear first at the end of your article prior to your Declaration of Conflicting Interests (if applicable), any notes and your References.
2.3.1 Third party submissions
Where an individual who is not listed as an author submits a manuscript on behalf of the author(s), a statement must be included in the Acknowledgements section of the manuscript and in the accompanying cover letter. The statements must:
- Disclose this type of editorial assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input
- Identify any entities that paid for this assistance
- Confirm that the listed authors have authorized the submission of their manuscript via third party and approved any statements or declarations, e.g. conflicting interests, funding, etc.
Where appropriate, Sage reserves the right to deny consideration to manuscripts submitted by a third party rather than by the authors themselves.
2.3.2 Writing assistance
Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance.
It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.
Perfusion requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading. Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the Sage Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.
It is the policy of Perfusion to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.
Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’. For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations here.
Medical research involving human subjects must be conducted according to the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki.
Submitted manuscripts should conform to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, and all papers reporting animal and/or human studies must state in the methods section that the relevant Ethics Committee or Institutional Review Board provided (or waived) approval. Please ensure that you have provided the full name and institution of the review committee, in addition to the approval number.
For research articles, authors are also required to state in the methods section whether participants provided informed consent and whether the consent was written or verbal.
Information on informed consent to report individual cases or case series should be included in the manuscript text. A statement is required regarding whether written informed consent for patient information and images to be published was provided by the patient(s) or a legally authorized representative.
Please also refer to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Protection of Research Participants.
All research involving animals submitted for publication must be approved by an ethics committee with oversight of the facility in which the studies were conducted. The Journal has adopted the ARRIVE guidelines.
Perfusion conforms to the ICMJE requirement that clinical trials are registered in a WHO-approved public trials registry at or before the time of first patient enrolment as a condition of consideration for publication. The trial registry name and URL, and registration number must be included at the end of the abstract.
The relevant EQUATOR Network reporting guidelines should be followed depending on the type of study. For example, all randomized controlled trials submitted for publication should include a completed CONSORT flow chart as a cited figure and the completed CONSORT checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses should include the completed PRISMA flow chart as a cited figure and the completed PRISMA checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. The EQUATOR wizard can help you identify the appropriate guideline.
Other resources can be found at NLM’s Research Reporting Guidelines and Initiatives.
Sage is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the Sage Author Gateway.
Perfusion and Sage take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.
3.1.2 Prior publication
If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a Sage journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the Sage Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.
Before publication, Sage requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. Sage’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants Sage the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than Sage. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit the Sage Author Gateway.
Perfusion offers optional open access publishing via the Sage Choice programme. For more information on Open Access publishing options at Sage please visit Sage Open Access. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit Sage’s Author Archiving and Re-Use Guidelines and Publishing Policies.
Note on revisions: When submitting a revised article please check the following carefully prior to uploading the edited version:
- Are tables and figures in the correct order?
- Are table and figure citations in the correct order within the paper? (i.e. is table 1 cited before table 2?)
- Have you supplied the correct tables and figures?
- Are the references cited in the correct order within the text?
- Have the correct number of references been included within the text and in the reference list at the end of the article?
The preferred format for your manuscript is Word. LaTeX files are also accepted.
For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit Sage’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines.
Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from Sage after receipt of your accepted article.
This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files.
Perfusion adheres to the Sage Vancouver reference style. View the Sage Vancouver guidelines to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.
Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using Sage Language Services. Visit Sage Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.
Perfusion is hosted on Sage Track, a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/Perfusion to login and submit your article online.
IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created. For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.
As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process Sage is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized.
The collection of ORCID iDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this journal. If you already have an ORCID iD you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID iD will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID iD is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.
You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).
Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the Sage Author Gateway.
Your Sage Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be sent by PDF to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly. Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate.
Online First allows final articles (completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. Visit the Sage Journals help page for more details, including how to cite Online First articles.
Sage provides authors with online access to their final article.
Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The Sage Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice.
Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the Perfusion editorial office as follows: