Journal of Asian and African Studies
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Journal of Asian and African Studies


Editor
Nigel C Gibson Emerson College, USA
Co-Editors Africa
Maghan Keita Villanova University, USA
Co-Editor South Asia
Anil B Deolalikar University of California, Riverside, USA
Co-Editor South-East Asia
T.Y. Wang Illinois State University, USA
Associate Editor
Jamil E. Jreisat University of South Florida, USA

eISSN: 17452538| ISSN: 00219096|Current volume: 50|Current issue: 3 Frequency: Bi-monthly

The Journal of Asian and African Studies (JAAS) was founded in 1965 to further research and study on Asia and Africa.

JAAS is a peer reviewed journal of area studies recognised for consistent scholarly contributions to cutting-edge issues and debates. The journal welcomes articles, research communiations, and book reviews that focus on the dynamics of global change and development of Asian and African nations, societies, cultures, and the global community.

Published articles cover:

  • development and change
  • technology and communication
  • globalization
  • public administration
  • policy
  • politics
  • economy
  • education
  • health, wealth, and welfare
  • poverty and growth
  • humanities
  • sociology
  • political science
  • linguistics
  • economics

JAAS adheres to a double-blind reviewing policy in which the identity of both the reviewer and author are always concealed from both parties. Decisions on manuscripts will be taken as rapidly as possible. However, while it is hoped that a decision can be made in 6-8 weeks, the refereeing process makes it impossible to predict the length of time that will be required to process any given manuscript.

"The "new nations" of Asia and Africa have dramatically different trajectories since their joint post-war appearance on the world stage, yet recent international trade and investment vicissitudes now entwine their fates once again. Only the Journal of Asian and African Studies has consistently straddled these two important rising regions with insightful scholarly comparisons and interactive analyses. " Professor Lowell Dittmer, University of California, Berkeley

"For over four decades JAAS has been a frontline forum for relevant and sophisticated scholarship in Asian and African Studies. The spirit of Bandung lives and thrives in this journal. Highly recommended." Professor Biodun Jeyifo, Harvard University

"Africa can learn much from Asia's experience and vice versa. The Journal of Asian and African Studies makes a vital contribution to learning the right lessons from this comparison, as well as assisting the Asian (and African) countries to learn from one another." Peter Warr, Director, Poverty Research Centre, Australian National University

"The Journal of Asian and African Studies is one of the important scholarly periodicals for the study of the Asian and African worlds. It brings to the fore, with erudition and sober commitment, research that breaks the bonds of intellectual dependency and brings together ideas from center to periphery, from the "mainstream" to the underside. In its pages, readers will discover more than where the field has been, but also, through the journal's offerings of articles by formerly excluded disciplinary voices, where it is going." Lewis R. Gordon, Laura H. Carnell Professor of Philosophy and Director of the Center for Afro-Jewish Studies at Temple University

Electronic Access:

Journal of Asian and African Studies is available electronically on SAGE Journals Online at http://jas.sagepub.com

The Journal of Asian and African Studies (JAAS) was founded in 1965 to further research and study on Asia and Africa.

JAAS is a peer reviewed journal of area studies recognised for consistent scholarly contributions to cutting-edge issues and debates. The journal welcomes articles, research communiations, and book reviews that focus on the dynamics of global change and development of Asian and African nations, societies, cultures, and the global community.

Published articles cover:

development and change

technology and communication

globalization

public administration

policy

politics

economy

education

health, wealth, and welfare

poverty and growth

humanities

sociology

political science

linguistics

economics

JAAS adheres to a double-blind reviewing policy in which the identity of both the reviewer and author are always concealed from both parties. Decisions on manuscripts will be taken as rapidly as possible. However, while it is hoped that a decision can be made in 6-8 weeks, the refereeing process makes it impossible to predict the length of time that will be required to process any given manuscript.

The "new nations" of Asia and Africa have dramatically different trajectories since their joint post-war appearance on the world stage, yet recent international trade and investment vicissitudes now entwine their fates once again. Only the Journal of Asian and African Studies has consistently straddled these two important rising regions with insightful scholarly comparisons and interactive analyses.Professor Lowell Dittmer, University of California, Berkeley

For over four decades JAAS has been a frontline forum for relevant and sophisticated scholarship in Asian and African Studies. The spirit of Bandung lives and thrives in this journal. Highly recommended.Professor Biodun Jeyifo, Harvard University

Book Review Editor, Asia
Anthony D'Costa Melbourne University, Australia
Book Review Editor, Africa
Richard Pithouse Rhodes University, South Africa
Editorial Assistant
Perpetua Charles Emerson College, USA
International Advisory Board
Patrick O. Alia University of Nairobi, Kenya
Samir Amin Third World Forum, Dakar, Senegal
Kunle Amuwo International Crisis Group West Africa Project, Dakar, Senegal
N'Dri Therese Assie-Lumumba Cornell University, New York, USA
Jacques Depelchin Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Brazil
Toyin Falola University of Texas, USA
Raghav Gaiha University of Delhi, India
John Edward Higginson University of Massachusetts, Amherst, USA
Kempe Ronald Hope, Sr United Nations Economics Commission for Africa, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Chi Huang National Chengchi University, Taiwan, Republic of China
Goran Hyden Department of Political Science, University of Florida, USA
Ken'ichi Ikeda The University of Tokyo, Japan
Joseph G Jabbra Lebanese American University
Raghbendra Jha Australia South Asia Research Centre, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
Kelechi A Kalu The Ohio State University, USA
Wei-chin Lee Wake Forest University, North Carolina, USA
Shangli Lin Fudan Unviersity, China
Mahmood Mamdani Columbia University, New York, USA
Stephen Ndegwa University of California, Los Angeles, USA
R. Norton Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia
Ebrima Sall CODESRIA, Dakar, Senegal
Yoshimichi Sato Tohoku University, Japan
AbdouMaliq Simone Goldsmiths, University of London, UK
Terisa E. Turner University of Guelph, Canada
Imraan Valodia University of Witwatersrand, South Africa
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    1. Article types
    2. Editorial Policies
      2.1 Peer review policy
    3. Publishing Policies
      3.1 Publication Ethics
      3.1.1 Plagiarism
    4. Authorship
    5. How to submit your manuscript
    6. Journal contributor's publishing agreement
      6.1 SAGE Choice and Open Access
    7. Statements and conventions
      7.1 Acknowledgments
      7.2 Declaration of conflicting interests
      7.3 Funding acknowledgement
      7.4 Other statements and conventions
    8. Permissions
    9. Manuscript style
      9.1 File types
      9.2 Journal style
      9.3 Reference style
      9.4 Manuscript preparation
    10. After acceptance
      10.1 Proofs
      10.2 E-Prints
      10.3 SAGE production
      10.4 OnlineFirst publication
    11. Further information

    The Journal of Asian and African Studies (JAAS) was founded in 1965 to further research and study on Asia and Africa.

    JAAS is a peer reviewed journal of area studies recognised for consistent scholarly contributions to cutting-edge issues and debates. The journal welcomes articles, research communications, and book reviews that focus on the dynamics of global change and development of Asian and African nations, societies, cultures, and the global community.

    Published articles cover:

    • development and change
    • technology and communication
    • globalization
    • public administration
    • policy
    • politics
    • economy
    • education
    • health, wealth, and welfare
    • poverty and growth
    • humanities
    • sociology
    • political science
    • linguistics
    • economics

     

    1. Article types

    The journal welcomes articles, research communications, and book reviews that focus on the dynamics of global change and development of Asian and African nations, societies, cultures, and the global community.

    Book reviews, along with the books, should be sent to:

    Asia: Anthony D’Costa, Chair of Contemporary Indian Studies, Melbourne University, Australia.
    Email: adcosta@unimelb.edu.au

    Africa: Richard Pithouse, Department of Politics, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, 6140, South Africa. Email: indianocean77@gmail.com

    Full papers are generally restricted to a maximum of 8,000 words, including all elements (title page, abstract, notes, references, tables, biographical statement, etc.). They should include an abstract of about 100 words and up to six key words.

    The abstract should cover the overall purpose or research problem, stated early in the abstract, the methodology used, including the research design, sample, and data collection methods, a concise discussion of a few significant research findings and an overview of the main conclusions of the paper.

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    2. Editorial Policies

    2.1 Peer review policy

    JAAS adheres to a double-blind reviewing policy in which the identity of both the reviewer and author are always concealed from both parties. Decisions on manuscripts will be taken as rapidly as possible. However, while it is hoped that a decision can be made in 6-8 weeks, the refereeing process makes it impossible to predict the length of time that will be required to process any given manuscript.

    As part of the submission process you will be asked to provide the names of X peers who could be called upon to review your manuscript. Recommended reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Please be aware of any conflicts of interest when recommending reviewers. Examples of conflicts of interest include (but are not limited to) the below: 

    •  The reviewer should have no prior knowledge of your submission
    •  The reviewer should not have recently collaborated with any of the authors
    •  Reviewer nominees from the same institution as any of the authors are not permitted

    Please note that the Editors are not obliged to invite any recommended/opposed reviewers to assess your manuscript.

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    3. Publishing Policies

    3.1 Publication Ethics

    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway

    3.1.1 Plagiarism

    Journal of Asian and African Studies and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of articles published in the journal. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked using duplication-checking software. Where an article is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article (removing it from the journal); taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author’s institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; banning the author from publication in the journal or all SAGE journals, or appropriate legal action.

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    4. Authorship

    Papers should only be submitted for consideration once the authorization of all contributing authors has been gathered. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.

    The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:

    1. have made a substantial contribution to the concept and design, acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data
    2. drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content
    3. approved the version to be published.

    Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.

    When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.

    Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section.
    Please refer to the ICMJE Authorship guidelines at http://www.icmje.org/ethical_1author.html.

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    5. How to submit your manuscript

    Before submitting your manuscript, please ensure you carefully read and adhere to all the guidelines and instructions to authors provided below. Manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

    JAAS is hosted on SAGE track a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Please read the Manuscript Submission guidelines below, and then simply visit http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/jaas to login and submit your article online.

    IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created.  For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.

    All papers must be submitted via the online system. If you would like to discuss your paper prior to submission, please refer to the contact details below.

    Journal editor, Nigel C. Gibson: jaastudies@gmail.com

    Each manuscript should contain:

    (i) the title of the contribution and the name(s) of the author(s) on a separate sheet of paper. The full postal address/phone/fax/email details of each author plus short biographical notes should also be included. All pages should be numbered.

    (ii) abstract of 100-150 words. The abstract should cover the overall purpose or research problem, stated early in the abstract, the methodology used, including the research design, sample, and data collection methods, a concise discussion of a few significant research findings and an overview of the main conclusions of the paper.
     
    (iii) up to 6 key words

    (iv) main text and word count suggested target is about 8000 words. Text to be clearly organized, with a clear hierarchy of headings and subheadings and quotations exceeding 40 words displayed, indented, in the text. Texts of a length greatly exceeding this will be considered as interest warrants and space permits.

    (v) end notes, if necessary, should be signalled by superscript numbers in the main text and listed at the end of the text before the references. Historical, documentary or archival sources should be cited in endnotes. Discursive endnotes are also allowed. References in both the text and in any endnotes should follow Harvard style.

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    6. Journal contributor’s publishing agreement   

    Before publication SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright.  Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

    JAAS and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of articles published in the Journal. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the Journal against malpractice.  Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article (removing it from the journal); taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; banning the author from publication in the journal or all SAGE journals, or appropriate legal action.

    6.1 SAGE Choice and Open Access

    If you or your funder wish your article to be freely available online to non subscribers immediately upon publication (gold open access), you can opt for it to be included in SAGE Choice, subject to payment of a publication fee. The manuscript submission and peer review procedure is unchanged. On acceptance of your article, you will be asked to let SAGE know directly if you are choosing SAGE Choice. To check journal eligibility and the publication fee, please visit SAGE Choice. For more information on open access options and compliance at SAGE, including self author archiving deposits (green open access) visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

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    7. Statements and conventions

    7.1. Acknowledgements

    Any acknowledgements should appear first at the end of your article prior to your Declaration of Conflicting Interests (if applicable), any notes and your References.

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an ‘Acknowledgements’ section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chair who provided only general support. Authors should disclose whether they had any writing assistance and identify the entity that paid for this assistance.

    7.2 Declaration of conflicting interests

    Within your Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement you will be required to make a certification with respect to a declaration of conflicting interests. It is the policy of JAAS to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.

    Please include any declaration at the end of your manuscript after any acknowledgements and prior to the references, under a heading ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’. If no declaration is made the following will be printed under this heading in your article: ‘None Declared’. Alternatively, you may wish to state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’. 

    When making a declaration the disclosure information must be specific and include any financial relationship that all authors of the article has with any sponsoring organization and the for-profit interests the organization represents, and with any for-profit product discussed or implied in the text of the article.

    Any commercial or financial involvements that might represent an appearance of a conflict of interest need to be additionally disclosed in the covering letter accompanying your article to assist the Editor in evaluating whether sufficient disclosure has been made within the Declaration of Conflicting Interests provided in the article.

    For more information please visit the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

    7.3 Funding Acknowledgement

    To comply with the guidance for Research Funders, Authors and Publishers issued by the Research Information Network (RIN), JAAS additionally requires all Authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading.  Please visit Funding Acknowledgements on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding or state in your acknowledgments that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

    7.4 Other statements and conventions

    Non applicable.

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    8. Permissions

    Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

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    9. Manuscript style

    9.1 File types

    Only electronic files conforming to the journal's guidelines will be accepted. Preferred formats for the text and tables of your manuscript are Word DOC, RTF, XLS. LaTeX files are also accepted.  Please also refer to additional guideline on submitting artwork below.

    9.2 Journal Style

    Articles must be written in English. Use a clear readable style, avoiding jargon. If technical terms or acronyms must be included, define them when first used. Use nonracist, non-sexist language and plurals rather than he/she.

    SPELLINGS: UK or US spellings may be used with '-ize' spellings as given in the Oxford English Dictionary (e.g. organize, recognize).

    PUNCTUATION: Use single quotation marks with double quotes inside single quotes. Dates should be presented in the form 1 May 1998. Do not use points in abbreviations, contractions or acronyms (e.g. AD, USA, Dr, PhD).

    9.3 Reference Style

    JAAS adheres to the SAGE Harvard reference style. Click here to review the guidelines on SAGE Harvard to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    The journal uses notes where necessary. Historical, documentary or archival sources should be cited in endnotes. Discursive endnotes are also allowed. Endnotes are signalled in the text by superscript numbers. References in both the text and in any endnotes should follow Harvard style. References are cited in the text thus: author, date: page; an alphabetical References section should follow the text (and endnotes if any), using the Harvard system. Titles of journals should not be abbreviated.

    If you use EndNote to manage references, download the SAGE Harvard output style by following this link and save to the appropriate folder (normally for Windows C:\Program Files\EndNote\Styles and for Mac OS X Harddrive:Applications:EndNote:Styles). Once you’ve done this, open EndNote and choose “Select Another Style...” from the dropdown menu in the menu bar; locate and choose this new style from the following screen.

    9.4 Manuscript Preparation

    The text should be double-spaced throughout and with a minimum of 3cm for left and right hand margins and 5cm at head and foot. Text should be standard 10 or 12 point.

    DATA STATEMENT
    The author(s) is responsible for accuracy and authenticity of information, data, and references in published manuscripts. Questions and requests for copies of data should be submitted to the author(s), not to the offices of JAAS.

    9.4.1 Your Title, Keywords and Abstracts: Helping readers find your article online

    The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article online through online search engines such as Google. Please refer to the information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords by visiting SAGE’s Journal Author Gateway Guidelines on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.

    9.4.2 Corresponding Author Contact details

    Provide full contact details for the corresponding author including email, mailing address and telephone numbers. Academic affiliations are required for all co-authors. These details should be presented separately to the main text of the article to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    9.4.3 Guidelines for submitting artwork, figures and other graphics

    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines.

    Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article.

    TABLES: Tables should be typed (double line-spaced) on separate sheets and their position indicated by a marginal note in the text. All tables should have short descriptive captions with footnotes and their source(s) typed below the tables.

    ILLUSTRATIONS: All line diagrams and photographs are termed 'Figures' and should be referred to as such in the manuscript. They should be numbered consecutively. Line diagrams should be presented in a form suitable for immediate reproduction (i.e. not requiring redrawing), each on a separate A4 sheet. They should be reproducible to a final printed text area of 115 mm x 185 mm. Photographs should preferably be submitted as clear, glossy, unmounted black and white prints with a good range of contrast. Slides are also acceptable. All figures should have short descriptive captions typed on a separate sheet.

    9.4.4 Guidelines for submitting supplemental files

    JAAS does not currently accept supplemental files.

    9.4.5 English Language Editing services

    Non-English speaking authors who would like to refine their use of language in their manuscripts might consider using a professional editing service.  Visit English Language Editing Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

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    10. After acceptance           

    10.1 Proofs

    We will email a PDF of the proofs to the corresponding author.

    10.2 E-Prints

    SAGE provides authors with access to a PDF of their final article. For further information please visit Offprints and Reprints on our Journal Author Gateway.

    10.3 SAGE Production

    At SAGE we place an extremely strong emphasis on the highest production standards possible. We attach high importance to our quality service levels in copy-editing, typesetting, printing, and online publication (http://online.sagepub.com/). We also seek to uphold excellent author relations throughout the publication process.

    We value your feedback to ensure we continue to improve our author service levels. On publication all corresponding authors will receive a brief survey questionnaire on your experience of publishing in JAAS with SAGE.

    10.4 OnlineFirst Publication

    A large number of journals benefit from OnlineFirst, a feature offered through SAGE’s electronic journal platform, SAGE Journals Online. It allows final revision articles (completed articles in queue for assignment to an upcoming issue) to be hosted online prior to their inclusion in a final print and online journal issue which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. For more information please visit our OnlineFirst Fact Sheet.

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    11. Further information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the Manuscript Submission process should be sent to the Editorial Office as follows:

    Journal editor, Nigel C. Gibson: jaastudies@gmail.com

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