Irish Theological Quarterly
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Irish Theological Quarterly


Editor
Declan Marmion St Patrick's College, Maynooth, Ireland
Review Editors
Salvador Ryan St Patrick's College, Maynooth, Ireland
Liam Tracey OSM St. Patrick's College, Maynooth, Ireland


eISSN: 17524989 | ISSN: 00211400 | Current volume: 81 | Current issue: 3 Frequency: Quarterly

The Irish Theological Quarterly (ITQ) is a refereed journal of systematic, moral, and historical theology, and of sacred scripture, founded in the Pontifical University at St Patrick's College, Maynooth. It is committed to the advancement of constructive and critical scholarship in these areas and welcomes to its pages theologians from the international forum. Whereas its primary emphasis is on classical and contemporary theological issues, it also invites contributions from ancillary disciplines (such as philosophy, classical studies, and the social sciences) inasmuch as they have a direct bearing on theological reflection. Rooted in the Catholic tradition, the ITQ aims to be a place of discussion that is informed by this tradition, but it encourages equally an ecumenical and interfaith exchange in its presentations.

The ITQ carries articles by leading theologians who are international experts in their respective fields and is also a forum for young theologians to publish their research findings. It furnishes competent book reviews to keep readers informed about the current state of scholarship in theology, biblical studies, church history and cognate disciplines. It aims to provide commentary on intellectual developments that are of theological interest.
 

Secretary
Salvador Ryan St Patrick's College, Maynooth, Ireland
Business Manager
Fidelma Madden St. Patrick's College, Maynooth, Ireland
International Advisory Board
Lewis Ayres Durham University, UK
Lisa Cahill Boston College, USA
John Collins New Haven, CT
Catherine Cornille Boston College School of Theology and Ministry, USA
Peter De Mey KU Leuven, Belgium
William Desmond Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium
Robert Doran Marquette University, USA
Michael Dunne National University of Ireland, Maynooth, Ireland
Mary Forman St John's School of Theology, Collegeville, USA
Carol Harrison Oxford University, UK
Mark Humphries Swansea University, Wales, UK
Anne Hunt Australian Catholic University, Australia
Werner Jeanrond University of Glasgow, Scotland, UK
Robin Jensen University of Notre Dame, USA
Richard Kearney Boston College, USA
Edward Kessler The Woolf Institute, Cambridge, UK
Judith Lieu University of Cambridge, UK
Andrew Louth Durham University, UK
Morwenna Ludlow University of Exeter, UK
Thomas O'Loughlin University of Nottingham, UK
Teresa Okure Catholic Institute of West Africa, Nigeria
John T. Pawlikowski Catholic Theological Union, Chicago, USA
Jean Porter University of Notre Dame,USA
Elochukwu Uzukwu Duquesne University, USA
Rik Van Nieuwenhove Mary Immaculate College, University of Limerick, Ireland
  • ATLA Religion Database
  • Academic Search Premier
  • British Humanities Index
  • Christian Periodical Index
  • Dietrich's Index Philosophicus
  • I B Z - Internationale Bibliographie der Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaftlichen
  • Index Book Reviews of Religion
  • Index theologicus
  • Irish History Online
  • New Testament Abstracts
  • OCLC Article First
  • Old Testament Abstacts
  • Peeters Online Bibliographies
  • Periodicals Index Online (1906-1995)
  • Religion Index One: Periodicals
  • Religion Index Two: Multi-Author Works
  • Religious and Theological Abstracts
  • Scopus
  • The Catholic Periodical and Literature Index
  • The Philosopher's Index
  • Thomson Reuters: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI)
  • Zeller Dietrich Bibliographische Verlage
    1. Peer review policy
    2. Article types
    3. Authorship
    4. Publishing Policies
      4.1 Publication Ethics
      4.1.1 Plagiarism
    5. How to submit your manuscript
    6. Journal contributor's publishing agreement
      6.1 SAGE Choice and Open Access
    7. Statements and conventions
      7.1 Acknowledgments
      7.2 Declaration of conflicting interests
      7.3 Funding acknowledgement
      7.4 Other statements and conventions
    8. Permissions
    9. Manuscript style
      9.1 File types
      9.2 Journal style
      9.3 Reference style
      9.4 Manuscript preparation
    10. After acceptance
      10.1 Proofs
      10.2 E-Prints
      10.3 SAGE production
      10.4 OnlineFirst publication
    11. Further information

    The Irish Theological Quarterly is a refereed journal of systematic, moral, and historical theology, and of sacred scripture with a commitment to the advancement of constructive and critical scholarship in these areas and welcomes to its pages theologians from the international forum.

     

    1. Peer review policy

    The Irish Theological Quarterly is a fully refereed journal.

    The author must certify that the article is not being submitted simultaneously to another periodical.

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    2. Article types

    The Irish Theological Quarterly publishes original research articles and reviews that match the journal’s aims and scope.


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    3. Authorship

    Papers should only be submitted for consideration once the authorization of all contributing authors has been gathered. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.

    The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:

    1. have made a substantial contribution to the concept and design, acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data
    2. drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content
    3. approved the version to be published.

    Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.

    When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.

    Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section.
    Please refer to the ICMJE Authorship guidelines at http://www.icmje.org/ethical_1author.html.

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    4. Publishing policies

    4.1 Publication ethics

    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway

    4.1.1 Plagiarism

    Irish Theological Quarterly and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

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    5. How to submit your manuscript

    Before submitting your manuscript, please ensure you carefully read and adhere to all the guidelines and instructions to authors provided below. Manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

    The preferred length for an article in the Irish Theological Quarterly is circa 8000 words (10,000 words max) including footnotes; although the length of any article is to be determined by the quality and completeness of the article’s argument and methodology.

    Manuscripts should normally be submitted in a letter-perfect, electronic form as an e-mail attachment, to:

    Email: itq.editor@spcm.ie

    The Editor, Irish Theological Quarterly
    St Patrick's College
    Maynooth
    Co. Kildare
    Ireland

    Use Times New Roman 12-point type only. Do not use 'bold fonts.' Use italics where appropriate. Leave only one space after any item of punctuation - full stops, commas, semi-colons, etc.

    Double-space your entire paper without exception: main text, blurb, titles, block quotations, footnotes, etc. Do not use headers or footers. Number your pages at bottom right.

    Use one-inch margins all around. Do not justify the right side of your printed manuscript.

    Articles
    The author must certify that the article is not being submitted simultaneously to another periodical.

    Your name, as author, should be printed in large and small letters, left justified, indented, and without any titles. E.g., Padraig O'Donnell. This should be followed by a hard-return with your institutional affiliation (if applicable), likewise indented, given on the next line.

    A short ABSTRACT of 100-150 words, left justified, indented one half-inch, should follow with the heading ABSTRACT, followed by 4-6 KEYWORDS arranged in alphabetical order.

    All notes are to appear as footnotes.

    Your main title should be printed in large and small letters, in bold, and left justified only.

    Do not use italic fonts.

    Do not place a full stop after any of your headings. E.g., Approaching Theology with Newman

    At the end of your article, give a short biographical note (50 words), followed by your email and full postal address.

    Book Reviews
    Submit reviews/shorter notices by e-mail attachment (in Microsoft Word) to the review editor's office at itq.revieweditor@may.ie.

    The normal length of an Irish Theological Quarterly review is 800-1,000 words, and of a shorter notice 300-450 words. Double-space entire review or shorter notice. Number pages at bottom right. Only justify left hand margins. All paragraphs should begin with a half-inch indent.

    If a reviewer considers a book does not require a full review, a shorter notice should be submitted.

    At the end of a review/shorter notice, a reviewer should indicate her/his name (small caps) together with the name and location of her/his institution (where applicable). This information should, like the review itself, be left-justified.

    The review editor reserves the right to modify reviews in accordance with the Irish Theological Quarterly’s general editorial policy.

    The Irish Theological Quarterly cannot give any guarantees about publishing a particular review, nor about the precise publication dates for reviews submitted (though reviews will normally be published within a reasonable length of time after their submission).

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    6. Journal contributor’s publishing agreement   

    Before publication SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright.  Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

    Irish Theological Quarterly and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of articles published in the Journal. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the Journal against malpractice.  Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article (removing it from the journal); taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; banning the author from publication in the journal or all SAGE journals, or appropriate legal action.

    6.1 SAGE Choice and Open Access

    If you or your funder wish your article to be freely available online to non subscribers immediately upon publication (gold open access), you can opt for it to be included in SAGE Choice, subject to payment of a publication fee. The manuscript submission and peer review procedure is unchanged. On acceptance of your article, you will be asked to let SAGE know directly if you are choosing SAGE Choice. To check journal eligibility and the publication fee, please visit SAGE Choice. For more information on open access options and compliance at SAGE, including self author archiving deposits (green open access) visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

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    7. Statements and conventions

    7.1. Acknowledgements

    Any acknowledgements should appear first at the end of your article prior to your Declaration of Conflicting Interests (if applicable), any notes and your References.

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an ‘Acknowledgements’ section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chair who provided only general support. Authors should disclose whether they had any writing assistance and identify the entity that paid for this assistance.

    7.2 Declaration of conflicting interests

    Within your Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement you will be required to make a certification with respect to a declaration of conflicting interests. Irish Theological Quarterly does not require a declaration of conflicting interests but recommends you review the good practice guidelines on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

    7.3 Funding Acknowledgement

    To comply with the guidance for Research Funders, Authors and Publishers issued by the Research Information Network (RIN), Irish Theological Quarterly additionally requires all Authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading.  Please visit Funding Acknowledgements on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding or state in your acknowledgments that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. 

    7.4 Other statements and conventions

    Non applicable.

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    8. Permissions

    Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

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    9. Manuscript style

    9.1 File types

    Only electronic files conforming to the journal's guidelines will be accepted. Preferred formats for the text and tables of your manuscript are Word DOC, RTF, XLS. LaTeX files are also accepted.  Please also refer to additional guideline on submitting artwork below.

    9.2 Journal Style

    In general, follow the Chicago Manual of Style, 16th edition (2010), unless otherwise instructed. For spelling, follow the Oxford Dictionary.

    Articles
    Italicize titles of books and journals. Italicize foreign words, but not foreign expressions familiar in theological English (e.g. ibid., de iure, prima facie, etc.)

    Eliminate from the main text all unnecessary bibliographical data or parenthetical references to sources; such information is to be placed in the footnotes. The only exception to this would be references to biblical texts identified in parentheses, e.g., (Exod 23:5-6).

    Use single quote marks for quotations; double for quotations within quotations. Use 'smart' ('') quotes as opposed to straight quotes if possible.

    Capitalize what are clearly proper names and adjectives, and lowercase everything else except to avoid ambiguity. E.g., God in his mercy

    Do not use abbreviations. E.g., write Ex corde ecclesiae, not ECE.

    Quotations from other languages (e.g. German, French, Latin) should be translated if in the main text; the original may be reproduced in a footnote if it is deemed important.

    For Greek and Hebrew, please use the SPIonic and the SPTiberian fonts that are available, free of charge, from the SBL website (http:/www.sbl-site.org/Resources/Resources_BiblicalFonts.aspx).

    For numbers in the main text, use commas only in those of more than four figures (e.g. 10,000, as distinct from 1000). Numbers lower than ten must always be spelt as words, while those over and above are to be written as figures.

    Titles and Headings in Articles
    Start your first paragraph immediately after this without any subtitle (or block citation at this point).

    First-order headings are to be in bold, in large and small letters, and left justified only. E.g.,Certitude and the Illative Sense

    Second-order headings (subdivisions under the first-order headings) are indicated by large and small letters, in bold, italicized, and left justified only. E.g., Patristic Theology

    Third-order headings are indicated by large and small letters, left justified, but not in bold. E.g., The Oxford Sermons

    As a rule, avoid following a heading directly with a subheading.

    Block citations in Articles
    Indent your block citations one half-inch from the left margin in your text. Ensure your block citations are double-spaced.

    Citations set apart in this way should always be long enough to occupy at least four full lines on the printed journal page. Do not set apart brief citations, unless they will be the subject of some discussion and will require extraordinary relief on the page.

    When material is omitted from a citation, if the omitted material falls in the middle of a sentence, the omission should be signalled by three double-spaced periods (. . .). If the omitted material comes toward the end of a sentence, or the end of one sentence and material from one or more subsequent sentences, it should be signalled by four double- spaced periods (. . . .). Ellipsis points are rarely to be used at the beginning or at the end of quotations. The convention '[T]he etc.' is normally replaced by 'The etc.'

    Omit quotation marks at the beginning and end of block citations.

    Book Reviews
    Information about a book for review is to be given as follows: Title (in bold) + full stop + 'By'/'Edited by' + name(s) of author(s)/editor(s) + full stop + (where applicable) 'Translated by' + name(s) of translator(s) + full stop + place of publication + colon + name of publisher + comma + date of publication + full stop + Pp. + number of pages + full stop + Price (€/$/£) + hbk/pbk in brackets, where appropriate + full stop + ISBN + full stop. E.g., Nicaea and its Legacy: An Approach to Fourth-Century Trinitarian Theology. By Lewis Ayres. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. Pp. 492. Price £87.00 (hbk). ISBN 0-198-75506-6.

    If quoting from the book under review, indicate where the quotation occurs using brackets and 'p.' or 'pp.' where appropriate: e.g., (p. 125) or (pp. 122-24) followed by any necessary punctuation (e.g., full stop); i.e. do NOT end a quotation with a full stop or comma and then add the page reference.

    9.3 Reference Style

    The Irish Theological Quarterly in general follows the Chicago Manual of Style, 16th edition (2010). All notes are to appear as footnotes.

    Articles
    Double-space all footnotes.

    The first line of each footnote should be indented like a normal paragraph, and each footnote should begin with a raised number. E.g., 1 See John Madden, etc.

    Give complete bibliographical information the first time a work is referred to in your text. For information to be included in notes and the proper format, see the Chicago Manual of Style, 16th edition, chaps. 16 and 17. E.g., 1 Gerd Theissen and Annette Merz, The Historical Jesus: A Comprehensive Guide (Minneapolis: Fortress, 1998), 35. [for a book]; 2 John Galvin, 'The Origin of Faith in the Resurrection of Jesus: Two Recent Perspectives,' Theological Studies 49 (1988): 25-44. [for an article].

    In subsequent references use the 'short title' format. E.g., 1 McDermott, Word Become Flesh, 20. [for a book]; 4 Galvin, 'The Origin of Faith,' 35. [for an article]. See the Chicago Manual of Style, 16th edition, chaps. 16 and 17.

    If your first reference to an article in a journal or a collective volume refers to a specific page, give first the opening and closing pages of the article and then the specific page(s) referred to. E.g. 187-99, at 192. The dash is an 'en-dash.'

    Within a footnote, if you are quoting or referring to a source, give your reference or comment first, and then, at the end of the sentence, within parentheses, cite the source of the quote or reference. E.g.: Dunn observed this also (Dunn, The Partings of the Ways, 239).

    Spell out the full names of periodicals and series on their first occurrence. If the same periodicals and series are mentioned often in your article, standard abbreviations should be used after the first occurrence.

    For references to Aquinas, use the following format: STh I-II 65.1, ad 1.

    Follow the conventions of each language cited regarding upper and lower case in titles. For French and Spanish titles note Manual of Style, 16th ed., chap. 10. To divide titles from subtitles (in any language), use a colon (:); always capitalize the first word of the subtitle. E.g., 'Mirror of His Beauty: The femininity of God in Jewish Mysticism and in Christianity.'

    In giving publication data, generally omit the words 'Press, Verlag, Editions, Publication, Ltd.,' etc. When several cities in different countries are listed on a book's title page (e.g., Oxford/Bern/Berlin/Bruxelles/etc: Peter Lang) give the nearest (to Ireland) European place of publication. E.g., Oxford: Peter Lang.

    Book Reviews
    No footnotes are to be included in reviews.

    9.4 Manuscript Preparation

    The text should be double-spaced throughout and with a minimum of 3cm for left and right hand margins and 5cm at head and foot. Text should be standard 10 or 12 point.

    9.4.1 Your Title, Keywords and Abstracts: Helping readers find your article online

    The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article online through online search engines such as Google. Please refer to the information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords by visiting SAGE’s Journal Author Gateway Guidelines on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.

    9.4.2 Corresponding Author Contact details

    Provide full contact details for the corresponding author including email, mailing address and telephone numbers. Academic affiliations are required for all co-authors. These details should be presented separately to the main text of the article to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    9.4.3 Guidelines for submitting artwork, figures and other graphics

    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines.

    Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article.

    9.4.4 Guidelines for submitting supplemental files

    Irish Theological Quarterly does not currently accept supplemental files.

    9.4.5 English Language Editing services

    Non-English speaking authors who would like to refine their use of language in their manuscripts might consider using a professional editing service.  Visit English Language Editing Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

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    10. After acceptance           

    10.1 Proofs

    We will email a PDF of the proofs to the corresponding author for checking and correction. Proofs should be corrected carefully; the responsibility for detecting errors lies with the author.

    10.2 E-Prints

    SAGE provides authors with access to a PDF of their final article. For further information please visit Offprints and Reprints on our Journal Author Gateway.

    10.3 SAGE Production

    At SAGE we place an extremely strong emphasis on the highest production standards possible. We attach high importance to our quality service levels in copy-editing, typesetting, printing, and online publication (http://online.sagepub.com/). We also seek to uphold excellent author relations throughout the publication process.

    We value your feedback to ensure we continue to improve our author service levels. On publication all corresponding authors will receive a brief survey questionnaire on your experience of publishing in Irish Theological Quarterly with SAGE. 

    10.4 OnlineFirst Publication

    A large number of journals benefit from OnlineFirst, a feature offered through SAGE’s electronic journal platform, SAGE Journals Online. It allows final revision articles (completed articles in queue for assignment to an upcoming issue) to be hosted online prior to their inclusion in a final print and online journal issue which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. For more information please visit our OnlineFirst Fact Sheet.

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    11. Further information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the Manuscript Submission process should be sent to the Editorial Office as follows:

    The Editor, Irish Theological Quarterly
    St Patrick's College
    Maynooth
    Co. Kildare
    Ireland
    Email: itq.editor@spcm.ie

    Submit reviews/shorter notices by e-mail attachment (in Microsoft Word) to the review editor's office at itq.revieweditor@may.ie.

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