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International Communication Gazette

International Communication Gazette

Formerly Gazette

Cees J Hamelink University of Amsterdam, Netherlands

eISSN: 17480493 | ISSN: 17480485 | Current volume: 86 | Current issue: 2 Frequency: 8 Times/Year

International Communication Gazette is one of the world's leading communication journals publishing scholarly articles from the international community of communication scholars.

The journal covers all aspects of international communication including the structures and processes of international communication, the regulatory regimes in the field of international communication, the interaction between international and national flows of communication and the complexities of intercultural communication across national borders.

Electronic Access:

All issues of the International Communication Gazette are available on SAGE Journals.

International Communication Gazette is a major international, peer-reviewed journal. It aims to contribute to a fuller knowledge and understanding of:

  • the structures and processes of international communication
  • the regulatory regimes in the field of international communication
  • the interaction between international and national flows of communication
  • the complexities of intercultural communication across national borders

The International Communication Gazette seeks contributions that are international comparative in scope. The journal aims, wherever possible, to publish work by authors with an international reputation and contributions that are of interest to international audiences. The journal:

  • invites contributions that focus on international issues in the field of communication studies
  • seeks contributions comparing two or more countries or regions and only accept contributions on national issues in case the global significance of such issues is paramount
  • draws on high quality work from the international community of communication researchers
  • encourages innovative approaches to theoretical and methodological developments in the communications field
  • ensures that articles are written in transparent terminology and lucid style to render them accessible across the borders of specific disciplines
Cees J Hamelink University of Amsterdam, Netherlands
Managing Editor
Ester de Waal University of Amsterdam, Netherlands
Associate Editors
Leen d'Haenens KU Leuven, Belgium
Julia Hoffmann UPEACE University, Costa Rica
Beate Josephi The University of Sydney, Australia
Stijn Joye Ghent University, Belgium
Claudia Padovani University of Padova, Italy
Seija Ridell University of Tampere, Finland
Pradip Thomas School of Communication and Arts, University of Queensland, Australia
Herman Wasserman University of Cape Town, South Africa
Karin Gwinn Wilkins University of Texas at Austin, USA
Weiyu Zhang National University of Singapore, Singapore
Editorial Advisory Board
S T Kwame Boafo Kingston, Jamaica
Jean-Claude Burgelman Free University Brussels, Belgium
Richard R Cole University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
John Downing Southern Illinois University Carbondale, USA
Regina Festa University of Sao Paulo, Brazil
Margaret Gallagher Paris, France
Renaldus Gudauskas Vilnius University, Lithuania
Lea Hellmueller University of Houston, USA
Jill Hills University of Westminster
Taisto Hujanen University of Tampere, Finland
Youchi Ito Keio University, Japan
Jeffery Klaehn University of Strathclyde, UK
Wolfgang Kleinwächter NETCOM Institute for Media City Leipzig, Germany
Chin-Chuan Lee City University of Hong Kong, China
Christine Ogan Indiana University, USA
Manuel Pares I Maicas Autonomous University of Barcelona, Spain
Leela Rao Bangalore University, India
Andrei Richter Central European University, Hungary
Rafael Roncagliolo AMARC, Peru
Dov Shinar Ben Gurion University of Negev, Israel
Marsha Siefert Central European University, Hungary
Arvind Singhal University of Texas at El Paso, USA
Annabelle Sreberny SOAS, University of London, UK
John van Zyl Applied Broadcasting Centre, Johannesburg, South Africa
Shalini Venturelli American University, USA
  • Academic Abstracts FullTEXT Elite
  • Academic Index
  • Academic Search Elite
  • Academic Search Premier
  • America: History and Life
  • Business Source Corporate
  • CD-ROM - International Bibliography of Book Reviews of Scholarly Literature in the Humanities and Social Sciences
  • CD-ROM International Bibliography of Periodical Literature in the Humanities and Social Sciences
  • Clarivate Analytics: Current Contents - Social & Behavioral Sciences
  • Clarivate Analytics: Social Science Citation Index
  • ComIndex
  • CommSearch CD-ROM
  • Communication & Mass Media Complete
  • Communication & Mass Media Index
  • Communication Abstracts
  • Communication Contents
  • Communication Research Trends
  • Current Contents / Social and Behavioral Sciences
  • EBSCO: Violence & Abuse Abstracts
  • Educational Research Abstracts Online - e-Psyche
  • Educational Technology Abstracts
  • Expanded Academic Index
  • Film Literature Index
  • Historical Abstracts
  • IBZ: International Bibliography of Periodical Literature
  • Index to Journals in Communication Studies
  • Index to Journals in Mass Communication
  • International Bibliography of the Social Sciences
  • International Index to Film/Television Periodicals
  • International Political Science Abstracts
  • MLA International Bibliography
  • MasterFILE Premier
  • Newsearch
  • OCLC Public Affairs Information Service
  • Online - International Bibliography of Book Reviews of Scholarly Literature in the Humanities and Social Sciences
  • Online - International Bibliography of Periodical Literature in the Humanities and Social Sciences
  • PAIS Bulletin
  • Periodical Abstracts
  • Public Administration Abstracts
  • Research Alert
  • Social Science Source
  • Social Sciences Index
  • Social Services Abstracts
  • Sociofile
  • Sociological Abstracts
  • Sociology of Education Abstracts
  • Worldwide Political Science Abstracts
  • This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics

    Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s submission site to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of International Communication Gazette will be reviewed.

    There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this Journal. Open Access options are available - see section 3.3 below.

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.

    If you have any questions about publishing with Sage, please visit the Sage Journal Solutions Portal

    1. What do we publish?
      1.1 Aims & Scope
      1.2 Article types
      1.3 Writing your paper
    2. Editorial policies
      2.1 Peer review policy
      2.2 Authorship
      2.3 Acknowledgements
      2.4 Declaration of conflicting interests
    3. Publishing policies
      3.1 Publication ethics
      3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement
      3.3 Open access and author archiving
    4. Preparing your manuscript
      4.1 Journal Style
      4.2 Formatting
      4.3 Artwork, figures and other graphics
      4.4 Supplementary material
      4.5 Reference style
      4.6 English language editing services
    5. Submitting your manuscript
      5.1 ORCID
      5.2 Information required for completing your submission
      5.3 Permissions
    6. On acceptance and publication
      6.1 Sage Production
      6.2 Online First publication
      6.3 Access to your published article
      6.4 Promoting your article
    7. Further information

    1. What do we publish?

    1.1 Aims & Scope

    Before submitting your manuscript to International Communication Gazette, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope.

    1.2 Article Types

    The International Communication Gazette seeks contributions on international communication issues that are international comparative in scope. (i.e., comparisons of two or more countries or regions) and contribute to a fuller knowledge and understanding of:

    • the structures and processes of international communication;
    • the regulatory regimes in the field of international communication;
    • the interaction between international and national flows of communication;
    • the complexities of intercultural communication across national borders.

    The journal draws on high quality work and encourages innovative approaches to theoretical and methodological developments in the international communications field.

    Submissions should be written in English in transparent terminology and lucid style to render them accessible across the borders of specific disciplines.

    Prospective authors should consult a recent issue of International Communication Gazette so as to become acquainted with the Journal's conventions.

    The length of the article should be about 8,000 - 9,000 words (approximately 25-30 pages of double-spaced text), including notes and references and should be accompanied by an abstract of 100 to 150 words and up to 10 keywords. 

    1.3 Writing your paper

    The Sage Author Gateway has some general advice and on how to get published, plus links to further resources.

    1.3.1 Make your article discoverable

    When writing up your paper, think about how you can make it discoverable. The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article through search engines such as Google. For information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords, have a look at this page on the Gateway: How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online

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    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy

    International Communication Gazette operates a strictly anonymized peer review process in which the reviewer’s name is withheld from the author and, the author’s name from the reviewer. The reviewer may at their own discretion opt to reveal their name to the author in their review but our standard policy practice is for both identities to remain concealed.

    2.2 Authorship

    All parties who have made a substantive contribution to the article should be listed as authors. Principal authorship, authorship order, and other publication credits should be based on the relative scientific or professional contributions of the individuals involved, regardless of their status. A student is usually listed as principal author on any multiple-authored publication that substantially derives from the student’s dissertation or thesis.

    Please note that AI chatbots, for example ChatGPT, should not be listed as authors. For more information see the policy on Use of ChatGPT and generative AI tools.

    2.3 Acknowledgements

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.

    Please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    2.4 Declaration of conflicting interests

    International Communication Gazette encourages authors to include a declaration of any conflicting interests and recommends you review the good practice guidelines on the Sage Journal Author Gateway

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    3. Publishing Policies

    3.1 Publication ethics

    Sage is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the Sage Author Gateway

    3.1.1 Plagiarism

    International Communication Gazette and Sage take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    3.1.2 Prior publication

    If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a Sage journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the Sage Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.

    3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement

    Before publication, Sage requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. Sage’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants Sage the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than Sage. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit the Sage Author Gateway

    3.3 Open access and author archiving

    International Communication Gazette offers optional open access publishing via the Sage Choice programme and Open Access agreements, where authors can publish open access either discounted or free of charge depending on the agreement with Sage. Find out if your institution is participating by visiting Open Access Agreements at Sage. For more information on Open Access publishing options at Sage please visit Sage Open Access. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit Sage’s Author Archiving and Re-Use Guidelines and Publishing Policies.

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    4. Preparing your manuscript for submission

    4.1 Journal Style

    The manuscript must contain:

    • Aseparate title page that should include:
      • the title of the manuscript
      • the name(s), surname(s) and affiliation(s) of the author(s)
      • contact details of the author(s): mailing address and email
      • up to 10 keywords
    • The manuscript should be accompanied by an abstract of 100-150 words.
    • Type double-spaced and without justification. Do not insert hyphenbreaks or any other hard returns, except to indicate the end of a paragraph.
    • Use English spellings for European articles (see the Oxford English Dictionary), US spellings for North American articles. Use standard English punctuation for both. Follow normal guidelines on non-sexist terminology.
    • Headings: bold for first-order; italic for second-order; italic with text run on after a full point for third-order headings. Do not centre or indent.
    • Indent paragraphs five characters (except the first paragraph after a heading). Do not insert extra space between paragraphs, except before a new heading (two extra spaces) and after a new heading (one extra space).
    • Use single quote marks forquotations; double for quotations within quotations. (Try to use quote marks not apostrophes.) Quotations of 40 words or longer should be typed indented, without quote marks, with an extra space before and after.
    • Notes should appear asendnotes, not footnotes. If possible do not use notes, and if you must have them, then minimize their use.
    • Use fultypographical distinctions include:

    (a)when typing numbers remember to use the keys for 1 and 0, not lower-case 'l' and upper-case 'O';
    (b) for hyphens use one dash [-] and no space either side; for en rules [1985-6, pp. 27-39] use two dashes [--] and no space either side; for em rules [the punctuation 'dash'] use three dashes with a space either side [ --- ];
    (c) leave only one space after any item of punctuation - full stops, commas, semi-colons, etc.

    A difficult but significant typographical distinction is that between superior numbers used to indicate the presence of an end note and superior numbers as used in mathematical expressions. To avoid confusion use on-the-line numbers in parentheses to signal your endnotes [then present them as a typed list at the end of text, as recommended in point 6 above]; save superior numbers for the real thing.

    4.2 Formatting

    The preferred format for your manuscript is Word. LaTeX files are also accepted. Word and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

    4.3 Artwork, figures and other graphics

    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit Sage’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines  

    Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from Sage after receipt of your accepted article.

    4.4 Supplementary material

    This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files

    4.5 Reference style

    International Communication Gazette adheres to the Sage Harvard reference style. View the Sage Harvard guidelines to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    If you use EndNote to manage references, you can download the Sage Harvard EndNote output file.

    4.6 English language editing services

    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using Sage Language Services. Visit Sage Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

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    5. Submitting your manuscript

    International Communication Gazette is hosted on Sage Track, a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit to login and submit your article online.

    IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for a journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created.  For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.

    Covering letter: please attach to every submission a letter confirming that all authors have agreed to the submission and that the article is not currently being considered for publication by any other journal.

    5.1 ORCID

    As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process Sage is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities ensuring that their work is recognised.

    We encourage all authors to add their ORCIDs to their Sage Track accounts and include their ORCIDs as part of the submission process. If you don’t already have one you can create one here

    5.2 Information required for completing your submission

    You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).

    5.3 Permissions

    Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the Sage Author Gateway

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    6. On acceptance and publication

    6.1 Sage Production

    Your Sage Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be sent by PDF to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly.  Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate. 

    6.2 Online First publication

    Online First allows final articles (completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. Visit the Sage Journals help page for more details, including how to cite Online First articles.

    6.3 Access to your published article

    Sage provides authors with online access to their final article.

    6.4 Promoting your article

    Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The Sage Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice. 

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    7. Further information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the International Communication Gazette editorial office as follows:

    The Editors, International Communication Gazette,

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    Institutional Subscription, E-access

    Institutional Subscription & Backfile Lease, E-access Plus Backfile (All Online Content)

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    Institutional Subscription, Combined (Print & E-access)

    Institutional Subscription & Backfile Lease, Combined Plus Backfile (Current Volume Print & All Online Content)

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