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Evaluation Review

Evaluation Review

A Journal of Applied Social Research

eISSN: 15523926 | ISSN: 0193841X Frequency: Bi-monthly

Mission Statement

Continuing the mission set by its founders Richard Berk and Howard Freeman in 1977, Evaluation Review aims to advance the practice of evaluation and to publish the results of high quality evaluations. Evaluation Review focuses on rigorous evaluation of public programs and policies across a range of types of evaluation (process, implementation, impact), policy areas, and academic disciplines, all to foster evidence-based policy. Impact evaluation—in particular, but not exclusively, random assignment—is an area of focus. Papers of interest include: (i) methodological discussions of the design and analysis of evaluations, including surveys of current practice and emerging issues; (ii) results of evaluations, especially when the evaluation develops new methods or applies emerging methods; and (iii) broader perspectives on evaluation, such as the role of rigorous impact evaluation in the broader evaluation context; contracting for and disseminating results of evaluations; and the interrelation of evaluation and policy.


Evaluation Review is a forum for researchers, planners, and policymakers engaged in the development, implementation, and utilization of studies aimed at the betterment of the human condition. The Editors invite submission of papers that report findings of evaluation studies in such fields as child development, health, education, income security, manpower, mental health, criminal justice, and the physical and social environment. In addition, Evaluation Review contains articles on methodological developments, discussions of the state of the art, and commentaries on issues related to the application of research results.

Daniel Balsalobre-Lorente University of Castilla-La Mancha, Spain
Pham Hùng Hiep Thanh Do University, Vietnam
Luu Duc Toan Huynh Queen Mary University of London, UK
Associate Editors
Jing-Lin Duanmu University of Exeter, UK
Jenny Hoang-Hofstrom University of Nebraska Omaha, USA
Hannes Jarke University of Cambridge, UK
Jacob Alex Klerman Independent Evaluator, USA
Chao Liang Southwest Jiaotong University, China
Sophie Litschwartz Abt Associates
Takaaki Miyaguchi Kyoto University of Foreign Studies, Japan
Omar Paccagnella University of Padua, Italy
Bryan S. Weber City University of New York, USA
Consulting Editors
Burt S. Barnow George Washington University, USA
Douglas J. Besharov University of Maryland-College Park, USA
Joan Costa-i-Font London School of Economics, UK
Kenneth Couch University of Connecticut, USA
Shuna Ho Dalhousie University, Canada
Robert Kaestner University of Chicago, USA
Luke Miratrix Harvard University, USA
Maureen Pirog Indiana University, USA
Anne Revillard Sciences Po, France
Yuriko Sato Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan
Mei Wang WHU – Otto Beisheim School of Management, Germany
David L. Weisburd Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel and George Mason University, USA
Social Media Editors
Luong Huu-Lam IAE Paris Sorbonne Business School, France
Dang Duy Khanh Hoang King’s College London, UK
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  • General Submission Guidelines

    This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics.

    This Journal recommends that authors follow the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals formulated by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).

    Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s submission site ( to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned. Remember you can log in to the submission site at any time to check on the progress of your paper through the peer review process.

    Sage Publishing disseminates high-quality research and engaged scholarship globally, and we are committed to diversity and inclusion in publishing. We encourage submissions from a diverse range of authors from across all countries and backgrounds.

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Evaluation Review will be reviewed.

    There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this Journal. Open Access options are available - see section 3.3 below.

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere. Please see our guidelines on prior publication and note that Evaluation Review will consider submissions of papers that have been posted on preprint servers; please alert the Editorial Office when submitting (contact details are at the end of these guidelines) and include the DOI for the preprint in the designated field in the manuscript submission system. Authors should not post an updated version of their paper on the preprint server while it is being peer reviewed for possible publication in the Journal. If the article is accepted for publication, the author may re-use their work according to the Journal's author archiving policy.

    If your paper is accepted, you must include a link on your preprint to the final version of your paper.

    If you have any questions about publishing with Sage, please visit the Sage Journal Solutions Portal.

    1. What do we publish?

    1.1 Aims & Scope
    1.2 Article types
    1.3 Writing your paper

    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy
    2.2 Authorship
    2.3 Acknowledgements
    2.4 Funding
    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
    2.6 Research data

    3. Publishing policies

    3.1 Publication ethics
    3.2 Contributor’s publishing agreement
    3.3 Open access and author archiving

    4. Preparing your manuscript

    4.1 Formatting
    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
    4.3 Identifiable information
    4.4 Supplemental material
    4.5 Reference style
    4.6 English language editing services

    5. Submitting your manuscript

    5.1 ORCID
    5.2 Information required for completing your submission
    5.3 Permissions

    6. On acceptance and publication

    6.1 Sage Production
    6.2 Online First publication
    6.3 Access to your published article
    6.4 Promoting your article

    7. Further information

    7.1 Appealing the publication decision

    1. What do we publish?

    1.1 Aims & Scope

    Before submitting your manuscript to Evaluation Review, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope.

    1.2 Article types

    Full-length Articles – Articles focus on topics applicable to the broad field of evaluation. We seek articles that examine topics in evaluation methods, theory, and/or practice. In all cases, implications for practicing evaluators should be clearly identified. Examples of contributions include, but are not limited to, reviews of new developments in evaluation, descriptions of challenges or lessons from a current evaluation study, critical reviews of some area of evaluation practice, and presentations of important new techniques. Length is not a goal or criteria for manuscripts submitted to the Articles category, yet well-developed manuscripts tend to be between 20-30 pages (not more than 10,000 words excluding references, tables, and figures). Manuscripts in excess of 35 pages may be returned to the author for additional editing before review at the discretion of the editor.

    Letters and Short Communication – Short article should be solid and sound methodology; concomitantly, the length should not exceed 15 pages and have no more than 3000 words, excluding all tables, figures, and references.

    Comment, Opinion and Book Review – We also welcome present essays, opinions, commentary paper, and professional judgments. These articles may speak to and about the philosophical, ethical, and practical dilemmas of our diverse, inter- and trans- disciplinary profession. By design, the section encourages submissions from diverse points of view and experiences, in the hope that our professional dialogue will benefit from learning from multiple perspectives. Forum submissions should reference the literature that has contributed to the authors’ perspectives. Manuscripts should not exceed 15 pages and have no more than 3000 words, excluding all tables, figures, and references. The Book Review Editor solicits reviews of single books applicable to the broad field of evaluation. In addition, this section may include reviews of other kinds of resources for evaluations (e.g. – web-based resources, manuals, and handbooks). Book reviews should be less than 2,500 words long. On rare occasions, we also consider essay reviews – in-depth, peer-reviewed articles that examine one or more recent books of particular significance on a single topic. Essay reviews are between 1,000 - 3,000 words long. All reviews are commissioned by the Book Review Editor. Please contact the book review editor (Luu Duc Toan Huynh. before beginning to work on a review. You may also contact the book review editor with recommendations for books to review.

    Special Section – ERX sometimes considers and publishes special sections. Special sections consist of curated articles on a common topic or theme, assembled by an outside group and submitted for consideration through our peer review system. These sections are typically reviewed by peers external to ERX and then reviewed by ERX reviewers. Please contact the Editor if you are interested in submitting a proposal for a special section.

    1.3 Writing your paper

    The Sage Author Gateway has some general advice on how to get published, plus links to further resources. Evaluation Review requests that authors use gender-neutral text unless directly quoting another author who does not use gender-neutral language or unless the context of the manuscript appropriately calls for a specific gender.

    1.3.1 Make your article discoverable

    For information and guidance on how to make your article more discoverable, visit our Gateway page on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.

    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy

    Evaluation Review operates a strictly double-anonymised peer review process in which the reviewer’s name is withheld from the author and, the author’s name from the reviewer. The reviewer may at their own discretion opt to reveal their name to the author in their review, but our standard policy practice is for both identities to remain concealed.

    Sage does not permit the use of author-suggested (recommended) reviewers at any stage of the submission process, be that through the web-based submission system or other communication.

    Reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Our policy is that reviewers should not be assigned to a paper if:

    • The reviewer is based at the same institution as any of the co-authors.
    • The reviewer is based at the funding body of the paper.
    • The author has recommended the reviewer.
    • The reviewer has provided a personal (e.g. Gmail/Yahoo/Hotmail) email account and an institutional email account cannot be found after performing a basic Google search (name, department and institution).

    Evaluation Review is committed to delivering high quality, fast peer-review for your paper, and as such has partnered with Publons. Publons is a third-party service that seeks to track, verify and give credit for peer review. Reviewers for Evaluation Review can opt in to Publons in order to claim their reviews or have them automatically verified and added to their reviewer profile. Reviewers claiming credit for their review will be associated with the relevant journal, but the article name, reviewer’s decision and the content of their review is not published on the site. For more information visit the Publons website.

    The Editor or members of the Editorial Board may occasionally submit their own manuscripts for possible publication in the Journal. In these cases, the peer review process will be managed by alternative members of the Board and the submitting Editor/Board member will have no involvement in the decision-making process.

    2.2 Authorship

    Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.
    The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:

    1. Made a substantial contribution to the concept or design of the work; or acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data,
    2. Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,
    3. Approved the version to be published,
    4. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.

    Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. When a large, multicenter group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.

    Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section. Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on authorship.

    Please note that AI chatbots, for example ChatGPT, should not be listed as authors. For more information see the policy on Use of ChatGPT and generative AI tools.

    2.3 Acknowledgements

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.

    Please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    Per ICMJE recommendations, it is best practice to obtain consent from non-author contributors who you are acknowledging in your paper.

    2.3.1 Third party submissions
    Where an individual who is not listed as an author submits a manuscript on behalf of the author(s), a statement must be included in the Acknowledgements section of the manuscript and in the accompanying cover letter. The statements must:

    • Disclose this type of editorial assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input
    • Identify any entities that paid for this assistance
    • Confirm that the listed authors have authorized the submission of their manuscript via third party and approved any statements or declarations, e.g. conflicting interests, funding, etc.

    Where appropriate, Sage reserves the right to deny consideration to manuscripts submitted by a third party rather than by the authors themselves.

    2.3.2 Writing assistance

    Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance. It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.

    2.4 Funding

    Evaluation Review requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading.  Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the Sage Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. 

    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests

    It is the policy of Evaluation Review to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.
    Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’. For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations here.

    2.6 Research data

    The journal is committed to facilitating openness, transparency and reproducibility of research, and has the following research data sharing policy. For more information, including FAQs please visit the Sage Research Data policy pages.

    Subject to appropriate ethical and legal considerations, authors are encouraged to:

    • Share your research data in a relevant public data repository
    • Include a data availability statement linking to your data. If it is not possible to share your data, use the statement to confirm why it cannot be shared.
    • Cite this data in your research

    3. Publishing policies

    3.1 Publication ethics

    Sage is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the Sage Author Gateway.

    3.1.1 Plagiarism

    Evaluation Review and Sage take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the Journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarized other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    3.1.2 Prior publication

    If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a Sage journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the Sage Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.

    3.2 Contributor’s publishing agreement

    Before publication, Sage requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. Sage’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive license agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants Sage the sole and exclusive right and license to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than Sage. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information, please visit the Sage Author Gateway.

    3.3 Open access and author archiving

    Evaluation Review offers optional open access publishing via the Sage Choice programme and Open Access agreements, where authors can publish open access either discounted or free of charge depending on the agreement with Sage. Find out if your institution is participating by visiting Open Access Agreements at Sage. For more information on Open Access publishing options at Sage please visit Sage Open Access. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit Sage’s Author Archiving and Re-Use Guidelines and Publishing Policies.

    4. Preparing your manuscript for submission

    4.1 Formatting

    The preferred format for your manuscript is Word. LaTeX files are also accepted. A LaTex template is available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

    All manuscripts must have the following components:

    • Cover letter
    • Title page
    • Abstract (we welcome the free-style of abstract instead of structured abstract)
    • Keywords
    • JEL Classification (if possible) – Please visit for further information
    • Main document (includes references)

    Manuscripts may have the following components:

    • Figures
    • Tables
    • Supplementary file (only used if no other file category fits)

    Cover Letter

    The cover letter should simply address the editor noting the title and authors and indicating that the submission is an original manuscript that has not been published or submitted for publication in whole or part to any other publishing source. Also, if any information is suppressed from the manuscript to assure double-blind review, please include complete details in the cover letter.

    Title Page

    The title page should include:

    1. Title
    2. Running header
    3. Author information
    4. Acknowledgements
    5. Declaration

    Title. The title should be succinct and clear and accurately reflect the topic of the manuscript.

    Running Header. This is an abbreviated wording of the title and should be no longer than four or five words.

    Author Information. For each author include the following: (a) name; (b) degrees and certifications; (c) title or position, institution, and location; and (d) e-mail address. Indicate to whom correspondence should be sent with full address, phone and fax numbers of that individual. If the corresponding author is unavailable for some period of time, please note periods of absence and alternative contact information.

    Acknowledgements. If desired, provide a very brief statement of acknowledgement such as funding source and grant number.

    Declaration. The authors should declare the source of data; the data availability; any conflict of interest and the number of IRB or consent form.

    Main Document

    The main document should include: (a) title; (b) text of the manuscript; and (c) references. Manuscripts are more likely to be accepted for publication if they are written in clear, concise language, and have logical organization with good flow of content.

    Our journal also welcomes a wide range of methodologies (such as meta-analysis, econometrics, experiment, qualitative and quantitative approaches, bibliometrics, etc.).

    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics

    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit Sage’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines.

    Figures. Figures are diagrams, graphs, charts, or any form of line art, as well as photography or other grayscale images. Figures are acceptable in TIFF, EPS, JPEG, PDF, or AI file formats. Initial submitted figures should be of high enough quality to be read on-screen or in printouts by reviewers. Figures should be numbered and their placement should be listed within the text. Final figures for accepted manuscripts should be sent in camera-ready form. Electronic line-art-type figures should be of at least 1200 dpi resolution, and electronic photo or grayscale figures should be of at least 300 dpi resolution; all figures should be at least 3.3 inches wide (for one-column width) or 6.8 inches wide (for two-column width) when printed. Preparation of all figures should be consistent with Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.).

    Tables. Tables should be typed, one to a page, and numbered. Their placement should be listed within the text. Tables must be uploaded in either Microsoft Word or Excel. Preparation of tables should be consistent with Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.). Tables with any form of color accepted for publication require an expense by the author.

    4.3 Identifiable information

    Authors are required to submit:

    1. A version of the manuscript which has had any information that compromises the anonymity of the author(s) removed or anonymized. This version will be sent to the peer reviewers.
    2. A separate title page which includes any removed or anonymized material. This will not be sent to the peer reviewers.

    See for detailed guidance on making an anonymous submission.

    Figures supplied in color will appear in color online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in color in the printed version. For specifically requested color reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from Sage after receipt of your accepted article.

    4.4 Supplemental material

    This Journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc.) alongside the full-text of the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplemental files.

    4.5 Reference style

    Evaluation Review adheres to the APA reference style. View the APA guidelines to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    The authors are responsible for the accuracy of references. The list of references should include only those that are important to the text and should not be long lists that consume space unnecessarily. References should be the most current available on the topic. It is the responsibility of the author to ensure the accuracy of all components of a reference: (name(s) of author(s); date of publication; title of work; title of journal, book, or other source; location of publisher; publisher; and relevant pages). All citations in the text must be listed in the references, and all references should be cited in the text. Reference citations in the text and the references list should be prepared consistent with the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.).

    4.6 English language editing services

    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the Journal’s specifications should consider using Sage Language Services. Visit Sage Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

    5. Submitting your manuscript

    Evaluation Review is hosted on Sage Track, a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit to login and submit your article online.

    IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the Journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created.  For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.

    5.1 ORCID

    As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process Sage is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized.

    The collection of ORCID IDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this Journal. If you already have an ORCID ID you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID ID will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID ID is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.

    If you do not already have an ORCID ID please follow this link to create one or visit our ORCID homepage to learn more.

    5.2 Information required for completing your submission

    You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. The affiliation listed in the manuscript should be the institution where the research was conducted. If an author has moved to a new institution since completing the research, the new affiliation can be included in a manuscript note at the end of the paper. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).

    5.3 Permissions

    Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the Sage Author Gateway.

    6. On acceptance and publication

    6.1 Sage Production

    Your Sage Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be made available to the corresponding author via our editing portal Sage Edit or by email, and corrections should be made directly or notified to us promptly. Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate.

    6.2 Online First publication

    Online First allows final articles (completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. Visit the Sage Journals help page for more details, including how to cite Online First articles.

    6.3 Access to your published article

    Sage provides authors with online access to their final article.

    6.4 Promoting your article

    Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The Sage Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice.

    7. Further information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the Evaluation Review editorial office as follows:

    ERX Editorial Office:; or Hiep-Hung Pham (

    7.1 Appealing the publication decision

    Editors have very broad discretion in determining whether an article is an appropriate fit for their journal. Many manuscripts are declined with a very general statement of the rejection decision. These decisions are not eligible for formal appeal unless the author believes the decision to reject the manuscript was based on an error in the review of the article, in which case the author may appeal the decision by providing the Editor with a detailed written description of the error they believe occurred.

    If an author believes the decision regarding their manuscript was affected by a publication ethics breach, the author may contact the publisher with a detailed written description of their concern, and information supporting the concern, at

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