British Journal of Visual Impairment
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British Journal of Visual Impairment


Editor
Dr John Ravenscroft University of Edinburgh, UK


eISSN: 17445809 | ISSN: 02646196 | Current volume: 34 | Current issue: 3 Frequency: 3 Times/Year
The British Journal of Visual Impairment is for all professionals concerned with children and adults who have a visual impairment and is a forum for all views on related subjects. The editorial board welcomes articles of current interest on research, education, health, welfare, employment and technology.

"The British Journal of Visual Impairment is a lively forum expressing current viewpoints, in an accessible form, on a variety of professional concerns. It is exceptional in that it encompasses a wide range of issues and perspectives related to visual impairment - some of these are special, some general, but all are significant." Linda Pring, Professor of Psychology, Goldsmiths College, University of London, UK.

"The British Journal of Visual Impairment combines a high standard of academic excellence with clarity of presentation and practical relevance. It is a most important forum and source of new knowledge for researchers, teachers, and for people who are interested in acquiring and maintaining literacy and spatial mobility." Dr. Susanna Millar, University of Oxford, UK

"The British Journal of Visual Impairment will provide a key platform for sharing knowledge between practitioners and researchers working in the field of visual impairment and blindness. It is vital that the impact of developments in diagnosis, assessment, treatment, management and policy is shared with and monitored by all working in this important arena." G. Morbey, Chief Executive, Sense Scotland.

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Electronic Access:

British Journal of Visual Impairment is available electronically on SAGE Journals Online at http://jvi.sagepub.com.

The British Journal of Visual Impairment is an interdisciplinary peer-reviewed publication concerned with social research, policy and practice in relation to children and adults who have visual impairment. The Journal publishes articles on visual impairment relevant to education, health, welfare, employment and the application of technology.

The journal has an international focus and seeks to publish empirical articles and scholarly comment on issues that aim to increase understanding of the potential barriers to learning and participation that may be experienced by individuals with visual impairment.

BJVI is published three times a year and submissions relevant to the focus of the journal are welcomed under the following categories (contributors should indicate under which category they wish their submission to be considered):

1. Research article (3000-5000 words) (peer reviewed)

Most research articles will be empirical submissions that are evidence based and data driven. They may also include scholarly articles such as reviews of research literature or contributions to theory.

2. Research report (1500-3000 words) (peer reviewed)

Research reports would normally meet the criteria for research articles but their shorter length might reflect a narrower scope: for examples pilot studies/studies with a small number of participants, or summaries of research in progress.

3. Practice reports - 1500 words (to be reviewed at discretion of editors)

Practice reports will include contributions from practitioners relating to innovative developments in areas such as teaching methods, curriculum development or provision.

4. Comment - 1000 words (to be reviewed at discretion of editors)

These contributions may typically initiate, or contribute to, debate on a topical issue of broad concern to the field of visual impairment and will draw upon the author's personal/professional experience. No anonymous contributions will be accepted.

Copy Editor
Editorial Board
Dr Stuart Aitken University of Edinburgh, UK
Dr Vassilios S Argyropoulos University of Thessaly, Greece
F Barlow Brown Kingston University, UK
Dr Paul Blenkhorn Sensory Software Ltd, UK
Dr Mike Brace Vision 2020 and Opsis, Birmingham, UK
Ian Bruce Centre for Charity Effectiveness, UK
Chris Corcoran University of Birmingham , UK
Dr Naomi Dale Great Ormond Street Hospital, UK
Dr Pauline Davis University of Manchester, UK
Graeme Douglas University of Birmingham , UK
Prof Gordon Dutton Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Glasgow, UK
Dr Frank Eperjesi Aston University, UK
Prof Kay Alicyn Ferrell University of Northern Colorado, USA
Prof Alistair Fielder City University, UK
Dr Gregory L. Goodrich Western Blind Rehabilitation Center and Psychology Service, California, USA
Dr Liz Hodges University of Birmingham , UK
Jill Keeffe University of Melbourne, Australia
Sue Keil Rnib, UK
Vicky Lewis The Open University
Paul Lynch University of Birmingham , UK
Prof Boguslaw Marek Catholic University of Lublin, Poland
Steve McCall University of Birmingham , UK
Mike McLinden University of Birmingham , UK
Olga Miller University of London, UK
Dr Sarah Morley Wilkins Royal National Institute of the Blind (RNIB), UK
Paul J. Pagliano James Cook University North Queensland, Australia
Sue Pavey Birmingham University, UK
Susan E Pearson NASEN, Tamworth, England
Helen Petrie University of York, UK
Jill Porter University of Bath
Linda Pring Goldsmiths College, UK
Michael Tobin University of Birmingham , UK
Dr Simon Ungar Wandsworth Schools and Community Psychology Service, Town Hall Wandsworth High Street, London SW18 2PU, Tel: (020) 8871 8744
Margaret Woodhouse Cardiff University, UK
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    1. Peer review policy
      1.1 Authorship
    2. Article types
    3. How to submit your manuscript
    4. Journal contributor’s publishing agreement
      4.1 SAGE Choice and Open Access
    5. Declaration of conflicting interests policy
    6. Other conventions
    7. Acknowledgments
      7.1 Funding acknowledgement
    8. Publishing Policies
      8.1 Publication Ethics
      8.1.1 Plagiarism
      8.2 Contributor's publishing agreement
      8.3 Open Access and author archiving
      8.4 Permissions
    9. Manuscript style
      9.1 File types
      9.2 Journal style
      9.3 Reference style
      9.4 Manuscript preparation
      9.4.1 Keywords and abstracts: Helping readers find your article online
      9.4.2 Corresponding author contact details
      9.4.3 Guidelines for submitting artwork, figures and other graphics
      9.4.4 Guidelines for submitting supplemental files
      9.4.5 English language editing services
    10. After acceptance
      10.1 Proofs
      10.2 E-Prints
      10.3 SAGE production
      10.4 OnlineFirst publication
    11. Further information

    The British Journal of Visual Impairment is an interdisciplinary peer-reviewed publication concerned with social research, policy and practice in relation to children and adults who have visual impairment. The Journal publishes articles on visual impairment relevant to education, health, welfare, employment and the application of technology.

    The journal has an international focus and seeks to publish empirical articles and scholarly comment on issues that aim to increase understanding of the potential barriers to learning and participation that may be experienced by individuals with visual impairment.

    1. Peer review policy

    BJVI operates a strictly anonymous peer review process in which the reviewer’s name is withheld from the author and, the author’s name from the reviewer. Each manuscript is reviewed by at least two referees. All manuscripts are reviewed as rapidly as possible.

    As part of the submission process you will be asked to provide the names of peers who could be called upon to review your manuscript. Recommended reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Please be aware of any conflicts of interest when recommending reviewers. Examples of conflicts of interest include (but are not limited to) the below: 

    • The reviewer should have no prior knowledge of your submission
    • The reviewer should not have recently collaborated with any of the authors
    • Reviewer nominees from the same institution as any of the authors are not permitted

    Please note that the Editors are not obliged to invite any recommended/opposed reviewers to assess your manuscript.

    1.1 Authorship

    All parties who have made a substantive contribution to the article should be listed as authors. Principal authorship, authorship order, and other publication credits should be based on the relative scientific or professional contributions of the individuals involved, regardless of their status. A student is usually listed as principal author on any multiple-authored publication that substantially derives from the student’s dissertation or thesis.

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    2. Article types

    The journal normally publishes four different types of article. These are listed below with approximate word length excluding references. Authors should indicate under which category they wish the manuscript to be considered. The text should be clearly organized, with a clear hierarchy of heading and subheading.

    • Research article (3000-5000 words) (peer reviewed)

    Most research articles will be empirical submissions that are evidence based and data driven. They may also include scholarly articles such as reviews of research literature or contributions to theory.

    • Research report (1500-3000 words) (peer reviewed)

    Research reports would normally meet the criteria for research articles but their shorter length might reflect a narrower scope: for examples pilot studies/studies with a small number of participants, or summaries of research in progress.

    • Practice report - 1500 words (to be reviewed at discretion of editors)

    Practice reports will include contributions from practitioners relating to innovative developments in areas such as teaching methods, curriculum development or provision.

    • Comment - 1000 words (to be reviewed at discretion of editors)

    These contributions may typically initiate, or contribute to, debate on a topical issue of broad concern to the field of visual impairment and will draw upon the author's personal/professional experience. No anonymous contributions will be accepted.

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    3. How to submit your manuscript

    Before submitting your manuscript, please ensure you carefully read and adhere to all the guidelines and instructions to authors provided below. Manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

    BJVI is hosted on SAGE track a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne Manuscripts. Please read the Manuscript Submission guidelines below, and then simply visit http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/bjvi to login and submit your article online.

    IMPORTANT: If you are a new user, you will first need to create an account. Submissions should be made by logging in and selecting the Author Center and the 'Click here to Submit a New Manuscript' option. Follow the instructions on each page, clicking the 'Next' button on each screen to save your work and advance to the next screen. If at any stage you have any questions or require the user guide, please use the ‘Online Help’ button at the top right of every screen. 

    All papers must be submitted via the online system. If you would like to discuss your paper prior to submission, please refer to the contact details below.

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    4. Journal contributor’s publishing agreement   
    Before publication SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

    The BJVI and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of articles published in the Journal. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the Journal against malpractice.  Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article (removing it from the journal); taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; banning the author from publication in the journal or all Sage journals, or appropriate legal action.

    4.1 SAGE Choice and Open Access

    If you or your funder wish your article to be freely available online to non subscribers immediately upon publication (gold open access), you can opt for it to be included in SAGE Choice, subject to payment of a publication fee. The manuscript submission and peer review procedure is unchanged. On acceptance of your article, you will be asked to let SAGE know directly if you are choosing SAGE Choice. To check journal eligibility and the publication fee, please visit SAGE Choice. For more information on open access options and compliance at SAGE, including self author archiving deposits (green open access) visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

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    5. Declaration of conflicting interests

    Within your Journal Contributor's Publishing Agreement you will be required to make a certification with respect to a declaration of conflicting interests. It is the policy of BJVI to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.

    Please include any declaration at the end of your manuscript after any acknowledgements and prior to the references, under a heading 'Declaration of Conflicting Interests'. If no declaration is made the following will be printed under this heading in your article: 'None Declared'. Alternatively, you may wish to state that 'The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest'.

    When making a declaration the disclosure information must be specific and include any financial relationship that all authors of the article has with any sponsoring organization and the for-profit interests the organization represents, and with any for-profit product discussed or implied in the text of the article.

    Any commercial or financial involvements that might represent an appearance of a conflict of interest need to be additionally disclosed in the covering letter accompanying your article to assist the Editor in evaluating whether sufficient disclosure has been made within the Declaration of Conflicting Interests provided in the article.

    Please acknowledge the name(s) of any medical writers who contributed to your article. With multiple authors, please indicate whether contributions were equal, or indicate who contributed what to the article.

    For more information please visit the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

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    6. Other conventions

    6.1 Informed consent

    Submitted manuscripts should be arranged according to the "Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals". The full document is available at http://icmje.org. When submitting a paper, the author should always make a full statement to the Editor about all submissions and previous reports that might be regarded as redundant or duplicate publication of the same or very similar work.

    Ethical considerations: All research on human subjects must have been approved by the appropriate research body in accordance with national requirements and must conform to the principles embodied in the Declaration of Helsinki (http:/www.wma.net) as well as to the International Ethical Guidelines for Biomedical Research Involving Human Subjects and the International Guidelines for Ethical Review for Epidemiological Studies (http:/www.cioms.ch). An appropriate statement about ethical considerations, if applicable, should be included in the methods section of the paper.

    6.2 Ethics

    When reporting experiments on human subjects, indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional or regional) or with the Declaration of Helsinki 1975, revised Hong Kong 1989. Do not use patients' names, initials or hospital numbers, especially in illustrative material. When reporting experiments on animals, indicate which guideline/law on the care and use of laboratory animals was followed.

    6.3 Data

    SAGE acknowledges the importance of research data availability as an integral part of the research and verification process for academic journal articles.

    BJVI requests all authors submitting any primary data used in their research articles to be published in the online version of the journal, or provide detailed information in their articles on how the data can be obtained. This information should include links to third-party data repositories or detailed contact information for third-party data sources. Data available only on an author-maintained website will need to be loaded onto either the journal’s platform or a third-party platform to ensure continuing accessibility. Examples of data types include but are not limited to statistical data files, replication code, text files, audio files, images, videos, appendices, and additional charts and graphs necessary to understand the original research. The editor(s) can also grant exceptions for data that cannot legally or ethically be released. All data submitted should comply with Institutional or Ethical Review Board requirements and applicable government regulations. For further information, please contact the editorial office at john.ravenscroft@ed.ac.uk.

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    7. Acknowledgements

    Any acknowledgements should appear first at the end of your article prior to your Declaration of Conflicting Interests (if applicable), any notes and your References.

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an `Acknowledgements’ section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chair who provided only general support. Authors should disclose whether they had any writing assistance and identify the entity that paid for this assistance.

    7.1 Funding Acknowledgement
    To comply with the guidance for Research Funders, Authors and Publishers issued by the Research Information Network (RIN), BJVI additionally requires all Authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading. Please visit Funding Acknowledgements on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding or state in your acknowledgments that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. 

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    8. Publishing policies

    8.1 Publication ethics

    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway.  

    8.1.1 Plagiarism

    BJVI and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    8.2 Contributor's publishing agreement

    Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

    8.3 Open Access and author archiving

    BJVI offers optional open access publishing via the SAGE Choice programme. For more information please visit the SAGE Choice website. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

    8.4 Permissions

    Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway

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    9. Manuscript style

    9.1 File types
    Only electronic files conforming to the journal's guidelines will be accepted. Preferred formats for the text and tables of your manuscript are Word DOC, RTF, XLS. LaTeX files are also accepted. Please also refer to additional guideline on submitting artwork [and supplemental files] below.

    9.2 Journal Style
    BJVI conforms to the SAGE house style. Click here to review guidelines on SAGE UK House Style

    9.3 Reference Style
    BJVI adheres to the APA reference style. Click here to review the guidelines on APA to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    9.4. Manuscript Preparation
    The text should be double-spaced throughout and with a minimum of 3cm for left and right hand margins and 5cm at head and foot. Text should be standard 10 or 12 point. Articles must be typed, written in English and avoid discriminatory language. They should be aimed at an international audience, using a clear style, avoiding jargon. You must therefore explain points that might only be understood within your own education system. Acronyms, abbreviations and technical terms should be defined when they are first used. UK spellings are preferred. If notes are essential only use endnotes. Do not indent at the start of a new paragraph; instead, leave one line between each paragraph; and at least two lines between each (sub)section and the next.

    9.4.1 Your Title, Keywords and Abstracts: Helping readers find your article online
    The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article online through online search engines such as Google. Please refer to the information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords by visiting SAGE’s Journal Author Gateway Guidelines on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online. The abstract should be strictly 100-150 words.

    9.4.2 Corresponding Author Contact details
    Provide full contact details for the corresponding author including email, mailing address and telephone numbers. Academic affiliations are required for all co-authors. These details should be presented separately to the main text of the article to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    9.4.3 Guidelines for submitting artwork, figures and other graphics
    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines.
    Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article.

    9.4.4 Guidelines for submitting supplemental files
    This journal is able to host approved supplemental materials online, alongside the full-text of articles. Supplemental files will be subjected to peer-review alongside the article. For more information please refer to SAGE’s Guidelines for Authors on Supplemental Files.

    9.4.5 English Language Editing services
    Non-English speaking authors who would like to refine their use of language in their manuscripts might consider using a professional editing service. Visit English Language Editing Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

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    10. After acceptance

    10.1 Proofs
    We will email a PDF of the proofs to the corresponding author.

    10.2 E-Prints

    SAGE provides authors with access to a PDF of their final article. For further information please visit http://www.sagepub.co.uk/authors/journal/reprint.sp.

    10.3 SAGE Production
    At SAGE we place an extremely strong emphasis on the highest production standards possible. We attach high importance to our quality service levels in copy-editing, typesetting, printing, and online publication (http://online.sagepub.com/). We also seek to uphold excellent author relations throughout the publication process.

    We value your feedback to ensure we continue to improve our author service levels. On publication all corresponding authors will receive a brief survey questionnaire on your experience of publishing in BJVI with SAGE.

    10.4 OnlineFirst Publication
    A large number of journals benefit from OnlineFirst, a feature offered through SAGE’s electronic journal platform, SAGE Journals Online. It allows final revision articles (completed articles in queue for assignment to an upcoming issue) to be hosted online prior to their inclusion in a final print and online journal issue which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. For more information please visit our OnlineFirst Fact Sheet. BJVI does not currently offer OnlineFirst.

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    11. Further information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the Manuscript Submission process should be sent to the Editorial Office

    E-mail: john.ravenscroft@ed.ac.uk

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