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American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine

American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine

Published in Association with American College of Lifestyle Medicine

eISSN: 15598284 | ISSN: 15598276 | Current volume: 18 | Current issue: 2 Frequency: Bi-monthly

American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine (AJLM), published bimonthly, is a professional resource for practitioners seeking to incorporate lifestyle practices into clinical medicine. AJLM focuses on:

  • Recognizing and addressing the impact that lifestyle decisions and activities have on health
  • Emphasizing the interaction between traditional therapies (e.g. pharmaceuticals, nutritional products, etc.) and lifestyle modalities to treat disease and achieve superior outcomes
  • Highlighting and providing information about therapies that minimize the extent to which illness impacts lifestyle.

AJLM publishes a broad range of articles intended to help primary care providers and other health professionals guide their patients to lead healthier lifestyles. The journal provides commentaries and research reviews on nutrition and diet, physical activity, behavior change, cardiovascular disease, obesity, anxiety and depression, sleep problems, metabolic disease, and more—in a readable, immediately accessible, and usable format.

The journal is edited by Dr. James M. Rippe, a nationally renowned cardiologist and authority on health, fitness, healthy weight loss and lifestyle medicine. Author of over 42 books on health and fitness for the public and editor of leading medical textbooks in intensive care and lifestyle medicine, Dr. Rippe is the founder of Rippe Lifestyle Institute, a leading research, communication and health promotion organization. He is also the founder and director of the Rippe Health Evaluation, a series of comprehensive health evaluations conducted at the state-of-the-art medical facility in the town of Celebration, Florida.

A peer-reviewed professional resource, American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine covers topics including, but not limited to:

  • Addictive disorders
  • Allergies & respiratory infections
  • Anxiety & depression
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Dermatology & skin care
  • Diabetes
  • Dislipidemia
  • Hypertension
  • Men’s health
  • Metabolic Syndrome
  • Nutrition & diet
  • Obesity & weight management
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Physical Activity
  • Pulmonary medicine
  • Sleep disorders
  • Sports medicine
  • Urology
  • Women’s health 

The Official Journal of the American College of Lifestyle Medicine.

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)

American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine (AJLM) is a peer-reviewed bi-monthly resource for practitioners seeking to incorporate lifestyle practices into clinical medicine. AJLM provides commentaries and research reviews on nutrition and diet, physical activity, behavior change, cardiovascular disease, obesity, anxiety and depression, sleep problems, metabolic disease, and more. This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). The Official Journal of the American College of Lifestyle Medicine.

James M. Rippe, MD Rippe Lifestyle Institute, Shrewsbury, MA, USA; UMass Chan Medical School, Worcester, MA, USA
Associate Editors
Gia Merlo, MD, MBA New York University, NY, USA
Theodore J. Angelopoulos, PhD MPH University of Vermont, Burlington, VT, USA
Managing Editor
Elizabeth A. Grady Rippe Lifestyle Institute, Shrewsbury, MA, USA
Book Review Editor
Wayne S. Dysinger, MD, MPH Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA, USA
International Editors
Rob Lawson, BSc, MBChB, MRCGP, FRCGP Cockenzie House and Gardens, UK
John Stevens, RN, PhD, FACN Southern Cross University, Australia
Stefania Ubaldi, MD, PhD European Lifestyle Medicine Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Editorial Board
Arman Behnam, PhD Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, Illinois, USA
Nathan A. Berger, M.D. Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH, USA
Henry R. Black, MD New York University, Langone Medical Center, USA
Jonathan P. Bonnet, MD University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA
Ronald J. DeBellis, PharmD, FCCP National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD), Boston, MA, USA
Johanna Dwyer, DSC, RD, LDN Tufts New England Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA
Garry Egger, MPH, PhD Centre for Health Promotion and Research, Australia; Southern Cross University, Australia
Jane Ellery, PhD Ball State University, Muncie, IN, USA
Monica K. Esquivel, PhD, RDN, CSSD University of Hawaii Manoa, HI, USA
John P. Foreyt, PhD Baylor College of Medicine Research Center, Houston, TX, USA
Barry A. Franklin, PhD, FACSM Beaumont Health Center, Royal Oak, MI, USA
Elizabeth P. Frates, MD Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital, Charlestown, MA, USA
Susan Friedman, MD University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY, USA
Craig F. Garfield, MD, MAPP Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA
Cynthia Johnson Geyer, MD Canyon Ranch, Lenox, MA, USA
Regan A. R. Gurung, PhD Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA
George Guthrie, MD, MPH, CDE, CNS, FAAFP, FAALM American College of Lifestyle Medicine, Chesterfield, MO, USA
Craig A. Johnston, PhD University of Houston, Houston, TX, USA
David M. Joyner, MD, LLC Andrews Institute for Orthopaedics & Sports Medicine, Gulf Breeze, FL, USA
Micaela Karlsen, PhD, MSPH American College of Lifestyle Medicine, Chesterfield, MO, USA
John La Puma, MD Director, Chef Clinic Nutritional Internal Medicine, Founder,, Santa Barbara, CA, USA
Salvatore Lacagnina, DO Lee Health, Fort Myers, FL, USA
Liana Lianov, MD, MPH American Board of Lifestyle Medicine, International Positive Psychology Association, USA
JoAnn E. Manson, MD, DrPH Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
Bess H. Marcus, PhD University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA
Jeffrey I. Mechanick, MD The Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, NY, USA
Gia Merlo, MD, MBA New York University, NY, USA
Darren Morton, PhD, FASLM Avondale College of Higher Education, Australia
Michael O'Donnell, PhD, MBA, MPH American Journal of Health Promotion, Cleveland, OH, USA
Robin Ortiz, MD University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
William F. Rippe, MD Heartland Clinic, St. Joseph, MO, USA
Thomas Rowland, MD Baystate Medical Center, Springfield, MA, USA
Nancy Rudner Lugo, DrPH, RN Health Action, Maitland, FL, USA
Deepa Sannidhi, MD UC San Diego Health, San Diego, CA, USA
Ayesha Sherzai, MD Loma Linda University Loma Linda, CA, USA
Dean Sherzai, MD, PhD Loma Linda University Loma Linda, CA, USA
Richard Simpson, PhD La Trobe University, Australia
David Sleet, PhD, FAAHB National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Atlanta, GA, USA
Gerald Smith, PhD, PT University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, USA
Sneha Srivastava, PharmD, BCACP, CDCES, DipACLM, FADCES Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, North Chicago, IL, USA
Alan C. Utter, PhD, MPH, FACSM Texas Woman's University, Denton, TX, USA
Bryant J. Webber, MD, MPH, FACPM Uniformed Services University, MD, USA
  • CABI: Abstracts on Hygiene and Communicable Diseases
  • CABI: CAB Abstracts
  • CABI: Dairy Science Abstracts
  • CABI: Global Health
  • CABI: Nutrition Abstracts and Reviews Series A
  • CABI: Review of Aromatic and Medicinal Plants
  • Clarivate Analytics: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI)
  • Leisure, Recreation and Tourism Abstracts (in CAB Abstracts Database)
  • NISC
  • PubMed Central (PMC)
  • SafetyLit
  • World Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology Abstracts (in CAB Abstracts Database)
  • Manuscript Submission Guidelines: American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine

    This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics

    This Journal recommends that authors follow the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals formulated by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).

    Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s submission site to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine will be reviewed.

    There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this Journal. Open Access options are available - see section 3.3 below.

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere. Please see our guidelines on prior publication and note that American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine may accept submissions of papers that have been posted on pre-print servers; please alert the Editorial Office when submitting (contact details are at the end of these guidelines) and include the DOI for the preprint in the designated field in the manuscript submission system. Authors should not post an updated version of their paper on the preprint server while it is being peer reviewed for possible publication in the journal. If the article is accepted for publication, the author may re-use their work according to the journal's author archiving policy. If your paper is accepted, you must include a link on your preprint to the final version of your paper.

    If you have any questions about publishing with Sage, please visit the Sage Journal Solutions Portal

    1. What do we publish?
    1.1 Aims & Scope
    1.2 Article types
    1.3 Writing your paper

    2. Editorial policies
    2.1 Peer review policy
    2.2 Authorship
    2.3 Acknowledgements
    2.4 Funding
    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
    2.6 Research ethics and patient consent
    2.7 Clinical trials
    2.8 Reporting guidelines
    2.9 Research Data

    3. Publishing polices
    3.1 Publication ethics
    3.2 Contributor’s publishing agreement
    3.3 Open access and author archiving

    4. Preparing your manuscript
    4.1 Formatting
    4.2 References
    4.3 Figure & Artwork submission
    4.4 Supplemental material
    4.5 English language editing services

    5. Submitting your manuscript
    5.1 ORCID
    5.2 Information required for completing your submission
    5.3 Permissions

    6. On acceptance and publication
    6.1 Sage production
    6.2 Online First publication
    6.3 Access to your published article
    6.4 Promoting your article

    7. Further information

    1. What do we publish?

    1.1 Aims & Scope
    Before submitting your manuscript to American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine, please ensure you have read the Description.

    1.2 Article types
    The Journal welcomes manuscripts in the following areas of interest:
    • State of the Art Reviews: 8 – 12 pages (4800 –7200 words)
    • Original Research Articles: Original, in-depth, clinical or basic science investigations that aim to change clinical practice or the understanding of a disease process. Article types include, but are not limited to, clinical trials, before-and-after studies, cohort studies, case-control studies, cross-sectional surveys, and diagnostic test assessments. 8 – 12 pages (4800 –7200 words)
    • Case Reports: Reports of outcomes of individuals or small group of individuals where applications of lifestyle medicine modalities has impacted on health together with appropriate literature review. (No more than 2,000 words).
    • Perspectives/Points of View: Essays published under Perspectives/Points of View are personal vignettes or points of view that explore various areas of lifestyle medicine related to patient-physician relationships or various issues that affect practitioners of lifestyle medicine.

    If the patient(s) described in such a manuscript is identifiable a Patient Permission form, including consent for publication, must be completed and signed by the patient (or family member(s)) and submitted with the manuscript (see section 2.6). If identifiable patients are described and do not have a signed form, manuscripts will not be reviewed. Making data less specific so that patients cannot be identified is acceptable but changing any such data is not acceptable. We do not published fictional accounts.

    Manuscripts in this area are not published anonymously or pseudonymously. Manuscripts must be submitted formally through the journal’s manuscript submission system. Drafts and unfinished manuscripts will not be reviewed prior to submission. Maximum length: less than or equal to 1,500 words.

    Articles that are timely and relevant to lifestyle medicine or health care and medicine in a brief, accessible style may also be submitted under this area in AJLM.

    Manuscripts can include up to one figure or table and have a maximum of five references.

    1.3 Writing your paper
    TheSage Author Gateway has some general advice and on how to get published, plus links to further resources. Sage Author Services also offers authors a variety of ways to improve and enhance their article including English language editing, plagiarism detection, and video abstract and infographic preparation.

    1.3.1 Make your article discoverable
    When writing up your paper, think about how you can make it discoverable. The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article through search engines such as Google. For information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords, have a look at this page on the Gateway: How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online

    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy
    American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine operates a conventional single-anonymized reviewing policy in which the reviewer’s name is always concealed from the submitting author.

    As part of the submission process you will be asked to provide the names of 2 peers who could be called upon to review your manuscript. Recommended reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Please be aware of any conflicts of interest when recommending reviewers. Examples of conflicts of interest include (but are not limited to) the below:

    • The reviewer should have no prior knowledge of your submission
    • The reviewer should not have recently collaborated with any of the authors
    • Reviewer nominees from the same institution as any of the authors are not permitted

    You will also be asked to nominate peers who you do not wish to review your manuscript (opposed reviewers).

    Please note that the Editors are not obliged to invite/reject any recommended/opposed reviewers to assess your manuscript.

    The Editor or members of the Editorial Board may occasionally submit their own manuscripts for possible publication in the journal. In these cases, the peer review process will be managed by alternative members of the Board and the submitting Editor/Board member will have no involvement in the decision-making process.

    American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine is committed to delivering high quality, fast peer-review for your paper, and as such has partnered with Publons. Publons is a third party service that seeks to track, verify and give credit for peer review. Reviewers for AJLM can opt in to Publons in order to claim their reviews or have them automatically verified and added to their reviewer profile. Reviewers claiming credit for their review will be associated with the relevant journal, but the article name, reviewer’s decision and the content of their review is not published on the site. For more information visit the Publons website.

    The Sage Track site for American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine can be found here:

    2.2 Authorship
    Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.
    The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:

    (i) Made a substantial contribution to the concept or design of the work; or acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data,
    (ii) Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,
    (iii) Approved the version to be published,
    (iv) Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.

    Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship. All authors and their contact information should be listed on the title page of the manuscript as well as the online system.

    Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section. Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on authorship.

    Please note that AI chatbots, for example ChatGPT, should not be listed as authors. For more information see the policy on Use of ChatGPT and generative AI tools and Sage’s policy on using AI in peer review and publishing.

    2.3 Acknowledgements
    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.

    2.3.1 Third party submissions
    Where an individual who is not listed as an author submits a manuscript on behalf of the author(s), a statement must be included in the Acknowledgements section of the manuscript and in the accompanying cover letter. The statements must:

    •    Disclose this type of editorial assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input 
    •    Identify any entities that paid for this assistance 
    •    Confirm that the listed authors have authorized the submission of their manuscript via third party and approved any statements or declarations, e.g. conflicting interests, funding, etc.

    Where appropriate, Sage reserves the right to deny consideration to manuscripts submitted by a third party rather than by the authors themselves.

    2.3.2 Writing assistance
    Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance”).

    It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.

    Any acknowledgements should appear first at the end of your article prior to your Declaration of Conflicting Interests (if applicable), any notes and your References.

    2.4 Funding 
    American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading. Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the Sage Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
    It is the policy of American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.
    Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’.

    For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations here

    2.6 Research ethics and patient consent
    Medical research involving human subjects must be conducted according to the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki

    Submitted manuscripts should conform to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, and all papers reporting animal and/or human studies must state in the methods section that the relevant Ethics Committee or Institutional Review Board provided (or waived) approval. Please ensure that you have provided the full name and institution of the review committee, in addition to the approval number.

    For research articles, authors are also required to state in the methods section whether participants provided informed consent and whether the consent was written or verbal.

    Information on informed consent to report individual cases or case series should be included in the manuscript text. A statement is required regarding whether written informed consent for patient information and images to be published was provided by the patient(s) or a legally authorized representative. Please do not submit the patient’s actual written informed consent with your article, as this in itself breaches the patient’s confidentiality. The Journal requests that you confirm to us, in writing, that you have obtained written informed consent but the written consent itself should be held by the authors/investigators themselves, for example in a patient’s hospital record. The confirmatory letter may be uploaded with your submission as a separate file.

    Please also refer to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Protection of Research Participants

    2.7 Clinical trials
    American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine conforms to the ICMJE requirement that clinical trials are registered in a WHO-approved public trials registry at or before the time of first patient enrolment as a condition of consideration for publication. The trial registry name and URL, and registration number must be included at the end of the abstract.

    2.8 Reporting guidelines
    The relevant EQUATOR Network reporting guidelines should be followed depending on the type of study. For example, all randomized controlled trials submitted for publication should include a completed CONSORT flow chart as a cited figure and the completed CONSORT checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses should include the completed PRISMA flow chart as a cited figure and the completed PRISMA checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. The EQUATOR wizard can help you identify the appropriate guideline.

    Other resources can be found at NLM’s Research Reporting Guidelines and Initiatives

    2.9 Research Data

    The journal is committed to facilitating openness, transparency and reproducibility of research, and has the following research data sharing policy. For more information, including FAQs please visit the Sage Research Data policy pages.

    Subject to appropriate ethical and legal considerations, authors are encouraged to:

    • share your research data in a relevant public data repository
    • include a data availability statement linking to your data. If it is not possible to share your data, we encourage you to consider using the statement to explain why it cannot be shared.
    • cite this data in your research  

    3. Publishing policies

    3.1 Publication ethics
    Sage is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the Sage Author Gateway

    3.1.1 Plagiarism
    American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine and Sage take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarized other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    3.1.2 Prior publication
    If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a Sage journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the Sage Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.

    3.2 Contributor’s publishing agreement
    Before publication, Sage requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. Sage’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive license agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants Sage the sole and exclusive right and license to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than Sage. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit the Sage Author Gateway

    3.3 Open access and author archiving 
    American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine offers optional open access publishing via the Sage Choice programme and Open Access agreements, where authors can publish open access either discounted or free of charge depending on the agreement with Sage. Find out if your institution is participating by visiting Open Access Agreements at Sage. For more information on Open Access publishing options at Sage please visit Sage Open Access. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit Sage’s Author Archiving and Re-Use Guidelines and Publishing Policies.

    4. Preparing your manuscript for submission

    4.1 Formatting
    The manuscript is typed on white paper, 8½ × 11 in. (22 × 28 cm), with margins of at least 2.5 cm (1 in.) at top, bottom, and both sides.

    Use double spacing. All Manuscripts must be in double spaced format and include page numbers.

    Arrange the manuscript with the following sections and begin each section on a separate page: (1) title page, (2) abstract, (3) key words, (4) text, (5) acknowledgments, (6) references, (7) glossary (if needed), (8) tables (each table on a separate page), These sections should be considered your manuscript (main document). Your (9) figures, and (10) legends should be submitted separately in either a JPEG or TIFF format.

    All pages should be numbered consecutively, beginning with the title page, and the first author’s name and the page number should be included in the upper right corner of each page.

    Abbreviated terms are spelled out at first use and followed with the abbreviation in parentheses. Avoid overuse of contrived abbreviations.

    Written permission to use non-original material (quotations exceeding 100 words, any table or illustration) from both author and publisher of the original is included, and the source is credited in the manuscript. No article will be accepted as a submission to American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine without all required permissions.

    Title page. Include (1) the full title of the paper — short, clear, and specific; (2) authors’ full names; (3) degrees and institutional affiliation of all authors; (4) name, address (including zip code), e-mail address, and phone number of all contributing authors; and (5) a running title of 3 or 4 words. Indicate the author to whom communications should go to regarding the manuscript and reprint requests.

    Abstract. Provide an article summary of 200 words or less.

    Keywords. Include 4 to 5 key words.

    Grant and other acknowledgments. Specify support of any work discussed, by a grant or otherwise, as well as the meeting, if any, at which the paper was presented (including place and date).

    4.2 References
    Double-space references throughout, number them in the sequence in which they appear in the text, and identify them in text by superscript Arabic numerals. Accuracy and completeness of references are the author’s responsibility. Format references per the American Medical Association Manual of Style. If there are more than 6 authors, the first 3 authors are used followed by “et al” including names and initials of all authors. Index Medicus abbreviations are used for journal titles, volume, inclusive page numbers, and year:

    Mazze RI, Cousins MJ, Kosek JC. Strain differences in metabolism and susceptibility to the nephrotoxic effects of methoxyflurane in rats. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1973;184:481-488.

    Baston HC. An Introduction to Statistics in the Medical Services. Minneapolis, Minn: Burgess; 1956:110-114.

    Cohen PJ, Marshall BE. Effects of halothane on respiratory control in rat liver mitochondria. In: Fink BR, ed. Toxicity of Anesthetics. Baltimore, Md: Williams and Wilkins; 1968:24-36.

    Tables. Double space on pages separate from the text. Tables should not duplicate material text or illustrations.

    Legends. Credit for any previously published illustration must be given in the corresponding legend. All symbols should be explained in the legend.

    4.3 Figure & Artwork submission
    Artwork includes charts and graphs, maps, photographs, line art, and tables with 17 or more columns.

    Electronic art. Acceptable file formats include the following: TIFF, JPEG, and PDF. Microsoft application files are acceptable for vector art (line art).

    Scanned images. Line art (black and white) images should be scanned as a bitmap at 900ppi. Photos should be scanned as grayscale or CMYK at 300ppi.

    4.4 Supplemental material
    This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files

    4.5 English language editing services
    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using Sage Language Services. Visit Sage Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

    5. Submitting your manuscript
    American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine is hosted on Sage Track, a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit to login and submit your article online.

    IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created. For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Help.

    5.1 ORCID
    As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process Sage is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized.

    The collection of ORCID IDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this journal. If you already have an ORCID ID you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID ID will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID ID is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.

    If you do not already have an ORCID ID please follow this link to create one or visit our ORCID homepage to learn more.

    5.2 Information required for completing your submission
    You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. The affiliation listed in the manuscript should be the institution where the research was conducted. If an author has moved to a new institution since completing the research, the new affiliation can be included in a manuscript note at the end of the paper. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).

    5.3 Permissions
    Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the Sage Author Gateway

    6. On acceptance and publication

    6.1 Sage production
    Your Sage Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be made available to the corresponding author via our editing portal Sage Edit or by email, and corrections should be made directly or notified to us promptly. Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate.

    6.2 Online First publication
    Online First allows final articles (completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. Visit the Sage Journals help page for more details, including how to cite Online First articles.

    6.3 Access to your published article
    Sage provides authors with online access to their final article.

    6.4 Promoting your article
    Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The Sage Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice.

    7. Further information
    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine editorial office as follows:

    Elizabeth A. Grady, Managing Editor

    Individual Subscription, E-access

    Institutional Subscription, E-access