Journal of Stroke Medicine is the official publication of Indian Stroke Association (ISA), Chennai, India. ISA was registered in 2002 and has grown over the last 18 years. Currently, more than 800 members from India and across the globe are associated with ISA.
The objectives of the Association are as follows:
1. To encourage scientific research in stroke and allied disciplines;
2. To promote, develop, provide exchange of knowledge as well as technical cooperation between research institutions in India; and
3. To conduct conferences, refresher courses, lectures, seminars, and exhibitions related to the stroke research.
The Indian National Stroke Conference (INSC) is held every year in the month of March, and ISA Stroke Summer School is organized every year for young neurologists, physicians, nurses, and therapists. ISA also conducts awareness activities for the public. The World Stroke Congress in the year 2016 in Hyderabad was organized by ISA in partnership with the World Stroke Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).
The scope of the journal is to publish peer-reviewed, high-quality research in the field of stroke medicine including epidemiology, pathophysiology and basic science, acute stroke treatment, stroke care services, surgical treatment, nursing, prevention, rehabilitation, clinical trials, and social implications. The journal strives to strike a balance between cutting-edge stroke research and practice of stroke medicine across the globe with special emphasis on low- and middle-income countries and Asia.
|Jeyaraj Durai Pandian||Christian Medical College, Ludhiana, Punjab, India|
|G Arjundas||MGR Medical University and Indian Stroke Association, Chennai, India|
|P M Dalal||Past President, Indian Stroke Association, Mumbai|
|P N Sylaja||Department of Neurology, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology (SCTIMST), Kerala, India|
|Deepak Arjundas||Vijaya Group of Hospitals and Mercury Hospital, Chennai, India|
|Dheeraj Khurana||Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India|
|Sunil K Narayan||Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Pondicherry and Stroke Subsection (Indian Academy of Neurology), Pondicherry|
|Vinit Suri||Institute of Neurosciences, Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi|
|Ashok Uppal||Stroke Foundation, Amritsar and Uppal Neuro Hospital, Amritsar|
|Anand Alurkar||K.E.M Hospital, Pune, India|
|V G Pradeep||India|
|Rohit Bhatia||Neuroscience’s Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India|
|M V Padma||Neuroscience’s Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India|
|Kameshwar Prasad||Neuroscience’s Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India|
|Subhash Kaul||Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Secunderabad, Telengana|
|Shirish M Hastak||Wockhardt Group of Hospitals|
|Man Mohan Mehndiratta||Govind Ballabh Pant Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research-GIPMER (Delhi University), New Delhi|
|M R Sivakumar||GLB Hospitals, Chennai|
|D Nagaraja||NIMHANS, Bangalore|
|Mahesh P Kate||Christian Medical College, Ludhiana and India Alliance (the Wellcome Trust/DBT, India), Punjab, India|
|Jayanta Roy||University of Calgary, Canada and AMRI Hospitals, Mukundapur, India|
|S P Gorthi||Kasturba Medical College Hospital, Manipal, India|
|Arvind Sharma||Zydus Hospital, Ahmedabad and BJ Medical College and Civil Hospital, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India|
|Anand Vaishnav||Vadodara Stroke Center, Vadodara Institute of Neurological Sciences|
|Kumravelu||Ramesh Hospitals, GUNTUR, Andhra Pradesh, India|
|P Vijaya||Lalitha Superspecialities Hospital, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India|
|Vivek Nambiar||Amrita institute of Medical Sciences, Ponekkara, Kochi, Kerala, India|
|Gigi Kurutukkulam||Rajagiri Hospital, Kochi, Kerala|
|Vikram Huded||Mazumdar Shaw Medical Centre, Bommasandra, Narayana Health, Bangalore, India|
|Vipul Gupta||Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon, Haryana, India|
|Rajsrinivas Parthasarathy||Artemis Agrim Institute of Neuroscience, Gurgaon, India|
|Yogeshwar V Kalkonde||SEARCH Gadchiroli, Maharashtra, India|
|Stephen Davis||The Royal Melbourne Hospital, University of Melbourne, Australia|
|Geoffrey A Donnan||The Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health, Australia and The University of Melbourne, Australia|
|Craig Anderson||Faculty of Medicine, UNSW Sydney, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney Australia and The George Institute for Global Health at Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, P.R. China|
|Bernard Yan||Melbourne Brain Centre at Royal Melbourne Hospital, Australia and University of Melbourne, Australia|
|Amanda Thrift||Monash Medical Centre, Australia|
|Bruce Campbell||Royal Melbourne Hospital, Australia|
|Richard Lindley||Westmead Clinical School, Australia; The George Institute for Global Health, Blacktown Hospital, Sydney, Australia|
|Valery Feigin||AUT University, New Zealand and University of Washington, Unites States|
|Velandai Srikanth||Monash University, Australia|
|Rita Krishnamurthi||Auckland University for Technology, Auckland, New Zealand|
|Bo Norrving||Lund University, Sweden|
|Markku Kaste||University of Helsinki, Finland and Helsinki University Hospital, Finland|
|Michael Brainin||Danube-University Krems, Austria|
|Werner Hacke||University of Heidelberg, Germany|
|Valeria Caso||University of Perugia Stroke Unit, Italy|
|Thorsten Steiner||Klinikum Frankfurt Höchst, Frankfurt and Heidelberg University Hospital, Heidelberg, Germany|
|Patrik Michel||Centre Hospital Universitaire, Lausanne, Switzerland|
|Gary Ford||Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, UK and University of Oxford, UK|
|Peter Langhorne||Universty of Glasgow, UK|
|Andrew Demchuk||University of Calgary, Canada|
|Michael D Hill||University of Calgary, Canada and Health Science Centre, Canada|
|Mayank Goyal||University of Calgary, Canada and Calgary Stroke Program, Canada|
|Patricia Lindsay||Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada, Canada|
|Pooja Khatri||University of Cincinnati, USA|
|Joseph Broderick||UC Neuroscience Institute, Cincinnati, USA|
|Aneesh Singhal||Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, USA and Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA|
|Seemant Chaturvedi||University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, USA|
|Shyam Prabhakaran||Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, USA|
|Vineeta Singh||San Francisco General Hospital, San Francisco, USA and University of California, San Francisco, USA|
|Gregory Roth||University of Washington, USA and Harborview Medical Center, Seattle, USA|
|Bruce Obviagle||Medical University of South Carolina, USA|
|Liping Liu||Capital Medical University, China|
|Ming||West China Hospital, Sichuan University, China|
|Lawrence Wong||The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong|
|Vincent Mok||The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong and Therese Pei Fong Chow Research Centre for Prevention of Dementia, Hong Kong|
|Nijasri C Suwanwela||Chulalongkorn University, Thailand and King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand|
|Mohammed Wasay, MD||Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan|
|Yohanna Kusuma||National Brain Centre, Jakarta, Indonesia|
|Mursyid Bustami||National Brain Centre, Jakarta, Indonesia|
|Jose C Navarro||University of Santo Tomas Hospital, Philippines, Jose R. Reyes Memorial Medical Center, Philippines and St Luke’s Medical Center, Manila, Philippines|
|Jong S. Kim||University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea|
|Tsong-Hai Lee||Linkou Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taiwan|
|Thang Huy Nguyen||Pham Ngoc Thach University of Medicine, HCM city, Vietnam and The People’s 115 hospital, Vietnam|
|N Venketasubramanian Ramani||Raffles Hospital, Singapore and National University of Singapore, Singapore|
|Shinichiro Uchiyama||International University of Health and Welfare, Japan and Sanno Hospital and Sanno Medical Center, Japan|
|Udaya Ranawaka||University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka|
|Padma Gunaratne||The National Hospital of Sri Lanka, Colombo, Sri Lanka|
|Mayowa Ojo Owolabi||University of Ibadan, Ibadan and Blossom Neurorehabilitation Center, Ibadan, Nigeria|
|Rufus Olusola Akinyemi||University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria and University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria|
|Gisele S Silva||Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, Brazil|
|Pablos Lavados||Clínica Alemana Universidad del Desarrollo, Santiago, Chile and Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile|
|Foad Abdallah||Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt|
|Ashfaq Shuaib||Hamad Medical Corporation, UAE|
Manuscript Submission Guidelines: Journal of Stroke Medicine
This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics
This Journal recommends that authors follow the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals formulated by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).
Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s peer-review and submission system [https://peerreview.sagepub.com/stm] to create account/log in to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned. Remember you can log in to the submission site at any time to check on the progress of your paper through the peer review process.
Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Journal of Stroke Medicine will be reviewed.
There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this Journal.
As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere. Please see our guidelines on prior publication and note that Journal of Stroke Medicine will consider submissions of papers that have been posted on preprint servers; please alert the Editorial Office when submitting (contact details are at the end of these guidelines) and include the DOI for the preprint in the designated field in the manuscript submission system. Authors should not post an updated version of their paper on the preprint server while it is being peer reviewed for possible publication in the Journal. If the article is accepted for publication, the author may re-use their work according to the Journal's author archiving policy.
If your paper is accepted, you must include a link on your preprint to the final version of your paper.
If you have any questions about publishing with Sage, please visit the Sage Journal Solutions Portal
2.1 Peer review policy
2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
2.6 Research ethics and patient consent
2.7 Clinical trials
2.8 Reporting guidelines
2.9 Research data
Before submitting your manuscript to Journal of Stroke Medicine, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope.
- Original Articles (3500 words, abstract 250 words, references 25–30)
- Review Articles (4500 words, 80–100 references, abstract 250 words)
- Short Reports (1500 words, ~10 references, abstract 250 words)
The Sage Author Gateway has some general advice and on how to get published, plus links to further resources. Sage Author Services also offers authors a variety of ways to improve and enhance their article including English language editing, plagiarism detection, and video abstract and infographic preparation.
1.3.1 Make your article discoverable
For information and guidance on how to make your article more discoverable, visit our Gateway page on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online
Sage does not permit the use of author-suggested (recommended) reviewers at any stage of the submission process, be that through the web-based submission system or other communication. Reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Our policy is that reviewers should not be assigned to a paper if:
• The reviewer is based at the same institution as any of the co-authors
• The reviewer is based at the funding body of the paper
• The author has recommended the reviewer
• The reviewer has provided a personal (e.g. Gmail/Yahoo/Hotmail) email account and an institutional email account cannot be found after performing a basic Google search (name, department and institution).
Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.
The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:
- Made a substantial contribution to the concept or design of the work; or acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data,
- Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,
- Approved the version to be published,
- Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.
Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.
Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section. Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on authorship.
If the named authors for a manuscript change at any point between submission and acceptance, an Authorship Change Form must be completed and digitally signed by all authors (including any added or removed) . An addition of an author is only permitted following feedback raised during peer review. Completed forms can be uploaded at Revision Submission stage or emailed to the Journal Editorial Office contact (listed on the journal’s manuscript submission guidelines). All requests will be moderated by the Editor and/or Sage staff.
Important: Changes to the author by-line by adding or deleting authors are NOT permitted following acceptance of a paper.
Please note that AI chatbots, for example ChatGPT, should not be listed as authors. For more information see the policy on Use of ChatGPT and generative AI tools.
All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.
Please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text to facilitate anonymous peer review.
2.3.1 Writing assistance
Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance. It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.
Journal of Stroke Medicine requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading. Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the Sage Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.
It is the policy of Journal of Stroke Medicine to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.
Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’. For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations here
Medical research involving human subjects must be conducted according to the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki
Submitted manuscripts should conform to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, and all papers reporting animal and/or human studies must state in the methods section that the relevant ethics committee or institutional review board provided (or waived) approval. Please ensure that you have provided the full name and institution of the review committee, in addition to the approval number.
For research articles, authors are also required to state in the methods section whether participants provided informed consent and whether the consent was written or verbal.
Information on informed consent to report individual cases or case series should be included in the manuscript text. A statement is required regarding whether written informed consent for patient information and images to be published was provided by the patient(s) or a legally authorized representative. Please do not submit the patient’s actual written informed consent with your article, as this in itself breaches the patient’s confidentiality. The Journal requests that you confirm to us, in writing, that you have obtained written informed consent but the written consent itself should be held by the authors/investigators themselves, for example in a patient’s hospital record. The confirmatory letter may be uploaded with your submission as a separate file.
Please also refer to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Protection of Research Participants
Journal of Stroke Medicine conforms to the ICMJE requirement that clinical trials are registered in a WHO-approved public trials registry at or before the time of first patient enrolment as a condition of consideration for publication. The trial registry name and URL, and registration number must be included at the end of the abstract.
The relevant EQUATOR Network reporting guidelines should be followed depending on the type of study. For example, all randomized controlled trials submitted for publication should include a completed CONSORT flow chart as a cited figure and the completed CONSORT checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses should include the completed PRISMA flow chart as a cited figure and the completed PRISMA checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. The EQUATOR wizard can help you identify the appropriate guideline.
Other resources can be found at NLM’s Research Reporting Guidelines and Initiatives
The journal is committed to facilitating openness, transparency and reproducibility of research, and has the following research data sharing policy. For more information, including FAQs please visit the Sage Research Data policy pages.
Subject to appropriate ethical and legal considerations, authors are encouraged to:
- share your research data in a relevant public data repository
- include a data availability statement linking to your data. If it is not possible to share your data, we encourage you to consider using the statement to explain why it cannot be shared.
- cite this data in your research
Sage is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the Sage Author Gateway
Journal of Stroke Medicine and Sage take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the Journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarized other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.
3.1.2 Prior publication
If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a Sage journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the Sage Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.
Before publication, Sage requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. Sage’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants Sage the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than Sage. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit the Sage Author Gateway
Journal of Stroke Medicine offers optional open access publishing via the Sage Choice programme. For more information on Open Access publishing options at Sage please visit Sage Open Access. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit Sage’s Author Archiving and Re-Use Guidelines and Publishing Policies.
The preferred format for your manuscript is Word. LaTeX files are also accepted. A LaTex template is available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.
For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit Sage’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines
Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from Sage after receipt of your accepted article.
This Journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplemental files
Journal of Stroke Medicine adheres to the AMA Manual of Style. View the guide here to ensure your manuscript conforms to this style.
IMPORTANT NOTE: To encourage a faster production process of your article, you are requested to closely adhere to the AMA reference style. Otherwise, it will entail a long process of solving copyeditor’s queries and may directly affect the publication time of your article. In case of any questions, please contact the journal editor at email@example.com
Several points to keep in mind:
- For each text citation there must be a corresponding citation in the reference list and for each reference list citation there must be a corresponding text citation.
- Cite references in consecutive order using superscript Arabic numbers. Use commas to separate multiple citation numbers in text. Corresponding references should be listed in numeric order at the end of the document. Unpublished works and personal communications (oral, written, and electronic) should be cited parenthetically (and not on the reference list). For eg., As reported previously, 1,3-8,19
- Page numbers are required for direct quotations.
- Do not use “et al.” in the Reference list at the end; names of all authors of a publication should be listed there.
- Appendices should be lettered to distinguish from numbered tables and figures. Include a descriptive title for each appendix (e.g., “Appendix A. Variable Names and Definitions”). Cross-check text for accuracy against appendices.
- Avoid using abbreviations in the title and subtitle, unless space considerations require an exception or unless the title or subtitle includes the name of a group that is best known by its acronym. In both cases the abbreviation should be expanded in the abstract and at first appearance in the text.
- Footnotes should be avoided in text, but are allowed on the title page. They are placed in the following order: author affiliations, death of an author, information about members of a group, corresponding author contact information.
Journal of Stroke Medicine is hosted on Sage Track Sage, a web-based online submission and peer review system.
Visit https://peerreview.sagepub.com/stm to login/create account and submit your article online.
IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the Journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created. For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.
As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process Sage is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized.
The collection of ORCID IDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this Journal. If you already have an ORCID ID you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID ID will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID ID is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.
You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. The affiliation listed in the manuscript should be the institution where the research was conducted. If an author has moved to a new institution since completing the research, the new affiliation can be included in a manuscript note at the end of the paper. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).
Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the Sage Author Gateway
Your Sage Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be made available to the corresponding author via email, and corrections should be made directly or notified to us promptly. Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate.
Online First allows final articles (completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. Visit the Sage Journals help page for more details, including how to cite Online First articles.
Sage provides authors with online access to their final article.
Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The Sage Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice.
Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the Journal of Stroke Medicine editorial office as follows:
Indian Stroke Association
36 Pantheon Road, Egmore, Chennai
Tel.: +91-44-2858 5024, 2855 3434