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Journal of Perioperative Practice

Journal of Perioperative Practice

Published in Association with The Association for Perioperative Practice

Editor in Chief
Julie Quick Birmingham City University, UK
Editorial Administrator
Gina Graydon The Association for Perioperative Practice, UK
Associate Editors
Carolina Britton Cambridge University Hospitals, UK
Daphne Martin School of Nursing and Midwifery, Queen’s University Belfast, UK

eISSN: 25157949 | ISSN: 17504589 | Current volume: 29 | Current issue: 6 Frequency: 10 Times/Year
The Journal of Perioperative Practice (JPP) is the official journal of the Association for Perioperative Practice (AfPP). It is an international, peer reviewed journal with a multidisciplinary ethos across all aspects of perioperative care. The overall aim of the journal is to improve patient safety through informing and developing practice.

It is an informative professional journal which provides current evidence-based practice, clinical, management and educational developments for practitioners working in the perioperative environment.

The journal promotes perioperative practice by publishing clinical research-based articles, literature reviews, topical discussions, advice on clinical issues, current news items and product information.

The Journal of Perioperative Practice (JPP) is the official journal of the Association for Perioperative Practice (AfPP). It is an international, peer reviewed journal with a multidisciplinary ethos across all aspects of perioperative care. The overall aim of the journal is to improve patient safety through informing and developing practice.

It is an informative professional journal which provides current evidence-based practice, clinical, management and educational developments for practitioners working in the perioperative environment.

The journal promotes perioperative practice by publishing clinical research-based articles, literature reviews, topical discussions, advice on clinical issues, current news items and product information.

Editorial Board
Hannah Abbot Birmingham City University, UK
Jenny Abraham University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust, UK
Theodoros Aslanidis St. Paul General Hospital, Greece
Nerys Bolton The Open University, UK
Victoria Cadman Sheffield Hallam University, UK
Sonya Clarke Queens University Belfast, UK
Angela Cobbold University of Suffolk, UK
Linda M Cooper Belfast Health and Social Care Trust, UK
Ann Cousley Anaesthetic Nurse Specialist, UK
Felicia Cox Royal Brompton & Harefield NHS Trust, UK
Luke Ewart Canterbury Christ Church University, UK
Theofanis Fotis University of Brighton, UK
Eleanor Freeman Queen Elizabeth Hospital, UK
Mona Guckian Fisher Independent Healthcare Consultant, UK
Lois Hamlin University of Technology Sydney, Australia
Leontia Hoy Queens University Belfast, UK
Nimmy John Belfast Health and Social Care Trust, UK
Adrian Jones Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, UK
Moyra Journeaux Harvey Besterman Education Centre, Jersey
Caroline Knight-Sinclair BPP University School of Nursing, UK
Hiroka Komori Cambridge NHS Trust, UK
Laurence Leonard Queens University Belfast, UK
Georgina Lewis Gloucestershire Hospitals NHS Trust, UK
Sue Lord Princess Alexandra Hospital NHS Trust, UK
R. Helen Lowes Sheffield Hallam University, UK
Jun Ma Beijing Tiantan Hospiral, China
Andy Mardell Cardiff and Vale University Health Board, UK
Shirley Martin Imperial College Healthcare - St Mary's Hospital, UK
Greg McConaghie Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham, UK
Daniel Morgan Royal Marsden Hospital, UK
Amanda Parker Director of Nursing and Patient Safety, UK
Susan Pirie Aberdeen Maternity Hospital, NHS Grampian, UK
Clare Prue Ramsay Health, UK
Paul Rawling Edge Hill University, UK
Daniel Rodger London South Bank University, UK
Brian Smith HE Consultant, HEA National Teaching Fellow, ODP, UK
Jane Smith Association for Perioperative Practice, UK
Susan Tame Former Lecturer, UK
Dezita Taylor-Robinson Birmingham City University, UK
Linda Walker Cardiff and Vale University Health Board, UK
  • GALE
  • OCLC
  • ProQuest
  • PubMed: MEDLINE
  • Scopus
  • Author instructions

    The Journal of Perioperative Practice (JPP) welcomes unsolicited articles on various perioperative care issues. The journal publishes literature reviews, care studies, original research and Open Learning Zone articles (OLZ).

    OLZ articles are designed as a learning tool for AfPP members to enable them to collate evidence for their Continuing Professional Development (CPD) requirements. To find out more about Open Learning Zone articles please see the OLZ Guidelines.

    All articles submitted to JPP are subject to double-blind peer review. The journal is indexed on: The International Nursing Index, PubMed and CINAHL.

    This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics.

    This Journal recommends that authors follow the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals formulated by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).

    Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s submission site to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

    1. Article types
    2. Title Page
    3. Abstract
    4. Key phrases and keywords
    5. Illustrative figures
    6. Tables
    7. Abbreviations and Units
    8. References
    9. Copyright
    10. Editorial policies
      10.1 Peer review policy
      10.2 Authorship
      10.3 Acknowledgements
      10.4 Funding
      10.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
      10.6  Research ethics and patient consent
      10.7 Reporting guidelines
      10.8 ORCID
    11. Publishing policies
      11.1 Publication ethics
      11.2 Contributor’s publishing agreement
      11.3 Open access and author archiving


    1. Article Types

    Please ensure all articles submitted are directly relevant to perioperative practice and that all claims made are backed up with appropriate and up-to-date referencing. Articles should be approximately 3000 words inclusive of abstract, references and any text in tables and figures, although this can be exceeded in special cases when agreed in advance with the Editor.

    All tables and figures should be included and numbered. Author identification should only appear on the title page (and not in any headers, footers, article text, etc). If you have any queries relating to potential articles, please contact the Editor at

    All articles should be typed using double line spacing with wide margins on both sides of the page and leaving a space between paragraphs. It should be saved in Microsoft Word. The article should be accompanied by an abstract of 70 words maximum and a minimum of three keywords.


    Word limit 2000–2500
    A discussion of a clinical condition or an aspect of clinical practice that perioperative practitioners encounter, focusing on diagnosis, treatment, referral, clinical governance or best practice. It may refresh readers’ understanding, bring them up to date with new knowledge or treatments, or challenge current thought.


    Word limit 1500–2000
    Practical articles on how to carry out techniques and interventions performed in the perioperative environment by perioperative practitioners.


    Word limit 3000–3500.
    Longer research articles may be submitted following prior agreement with the Editor.
    A report of a primary research project concerning perioperative care or a report of a service development pilot or audit. Primary research articles should include an abstract, introduction and literature review, methods, results, discussion, limitations of the study, and conclusions and suggestions for further research.


    Word limit 2000–2500
    A discussion/investigation of an issue concerning the professional development of perioperative practitioners.


    Word limit 2000–2500
    A discussion of an issue concerning the management of perioperative practitioners


    Word limit 2000–2500


    The Open Learning Zone (OLZ) was designed as a learning tool for AfPP members. It enables each member to collate evidence for their Continuing Professional Development (CPD) requirements which is part of re-registration and mandatory for both Nurses and ODPs.

    To ensure that the quality of each OLZ article is assured, we ensure that the OLZ tasks are completed and go with the article for review, therefore forming part of the peer review process. Therefore you need to:

    • Supply three to five CPD tasks relevant to the article which will enhance the learning experience of the reader.
    • Suggest how long it might take a reader to complete the OLZ task.
    • Suggest where in the article the tasks will be best placed.
    • Provide three or more website links that will provide additional information that relates to the article.

    To find out more about Open Learning Zone articles please see the OLZ Guidelines.

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    2. Title Page 

    The title page should contain only the title of the manuscript and the list of authors, and should be prepared as a separate file. Please ensure that the main manuscript contains no information that could identify the authors.

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    3. Abstract

    An abstract of between 100 and 150 words must be submitted giving a brief outline of the content of the article, including major findings (this must not be a copy of the article’s introduction). There should be no abbreviations, references or statistical results reported on in the abstract. 

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    4. Key phrases and key words

    You must supply four to six full sentences that adequately summarise the major themes of your article, as well as four to six key words/phrases to serve as database search terms for your article.

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    5. Illustrative figures

    Please provide figures and photographs as high resolution graphic files - ideally jpeg, png or tiff. Diagrams can be supplied as graphic files or, in the case of hand-drawn diagrams, scanned images. We can redraw any rough diagrams and charts.

    Authors must gain the necessary permission to reproduce figures/tables/artwork from any websites, other journals, or books BEFORE submitting their manuscripts.

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    6. Tables

    Provide each table separately and clearly typed out. Be sure all tables are cited in the text, e.g. see Table 1. Place references and explanatory matter within a table in footnotes, not in the heading. Explain all abbreviations in these footnotes. Authors must obtain permission to reproduce data from another published or unpublished source.

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    7. Abbreviations and units

    Abbreviations must be defined at first mention. JPP encourages authors to keep abbreviations to a minimum.

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    8. References

    JPP uses a modified Harvard system of referencing. Other referencing will not be accepted. References should be the newest available for your needs, unless it is a noted historical reference. Please include a DOI with a reference whenever possible. 

    In the text
     a. Use the name(s) and year (Harvard) system for references in the text:

    • As Black and White (2005) have shown…
    • As already reported (Black & White 2005)

     b. For three or more authors, print the first author’s name then add et al:

    • As Black et al (2004) have shown…

     c. When several references are cited, the order in the text should be chronological.

    In the reference list
     a. List references alphabetically.
     b. Print the names and initials of works with six or fewer authors, e.g.: Black B, White W, Green GR, Red R, Tan T (2004)
     c. For seven or more authors print the first three then add ‘et al’: Black B, White W, Green GR et al (2003)…
     d. The format/layout for a standard journal article is:

    • Surname and initials of author(s), year of publication, title of article, name of journal (in full and in bold and italics), volume number, part number in brackets and page numbers. Author(s) (year) Article title. Journal (abbreviated as in Index Medicus). Volume (Issue number): first and last page numbers. DOI.
    • For example: Gill A, Randell R 2016 Robotic surgery and its impact on teamwork in the operating theatre Journal of Perioperative Practice 26 (3) 42-45

     e. The sequence, layout and punctuation for books are:

    • Flin R, O’Connor P 2013 Safety at the Sharp End: A guide to non-technical skills Boca Baton, Florida, CRC Press
    • If referencing a chapter in a book: Chumbley G 2009 Patient-Controlled Analgesia. In: Cox F (ed) Perioperative Pain Management Oxford, Wiley-Blackwell

     f. Websites: In text, cite as for articles. In reference list as: National Patient Safety Agency 2007 PSA 21 Safer Practice with Epidural Injections and Infusions [online] Available from: and-directives/alerts/epidural-injections-and- infusions/?locale=en [Accessed November 2009]

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    9. Copyright

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.

    Authors of accepted articles are required to assign copyright in their article to SAGE, the publisher of JPP, before publication. This enables the publisher to ensure that the published article is used correctly, and to prevent unauthorised or inappropriate use of it. Please complete the copyright assignment form and submit it with your article through ScholarOne. If the article is not accepted, the copyright assignment will be void.

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    10. Editorial policies

    10.1 Peer review policy

    Each paper is reviewed by the editor and, if it is judged suitable for this publication, it is then sent to two referees for double blind peer review. Based on their recommendations, the editor then decides whether the paper should be accepted as it is, revised or rejected.

    The Editor or members of the Review Board may occasionally submit their own manuscripts for possible publication in the journal. In these cases, the peer review process will be managed by alternative members of the Board and the submitting Editor/Board member will have no involvement in the decision-making process.

    10.2 Authorship

    Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors. 

    The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:

    (i) Made a substantial contribution to the concept or design of the work; or acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data,
    (ii) Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,
    (iii) Approved the version to be published,
    (iv) Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.

    Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.

    Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section. Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on authorship.

    10.3 Acknowledgements

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support. 

    Please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    10.3.1 Writing assistance

    Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance. It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.

    10.4 Funding

    Journal of Perioperative Practice requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading.  Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. 

    10.5 Declaration of conflicting interests 

    It is the policy of Journal of Perioperative Practice to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.

    This is any possible interest, financial or otherwise, which may embarrass the author or the journal if highlighted at a later date. If you feel this applies to you, please provide a statement to run at the end of the article.

    Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’. For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations here

    10.6 Research ethics and patient consent

    Medical research involving human subjects must be conducted according to the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki

    Submitted manuscripts should conform to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, and all papers reporting animal and/or human studies must state in the methods section that the relevant Ethics Committee or Institutional Review Board provided (or waived) approval. Please ensure that you have provided the full name and institution of the review committee, in addition to the approval number.

    For research articles, authors are also required to state in the methods section whether participants provided informed consent and whether the consent was written or verbal.

    Information on informed consent to report individual cases or case series should be included in the manuscript text. A statement is required regarding whether written informed consent for patient information and images to be published was provided by the patient(s) or a legally authorized representative.

    Please also refer to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Protection of Research Participants

    10.7 Reporting guidelines

    The relevant EQUATOR Network reporting guidelines should be followed depending on the type of study. For example, all randomized controlled trials submitted for publication should include a completed CONSORT flow chart as a cited figure and the completed CONSORT checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses should include the completed PRISMA flow chart as a cited figure and the completed PRISMA checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. The EQUATOR wizard can help you identify the appropriate guideline.

    Other resources can be found at NLM’s Research Reporting Guidelines and Initiatives

    10.8 ORCID

    As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process SAGE is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized.

    The collection of ORCID iDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this journal. If you already have an ORCID iD you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID iD will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID iD is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.

    If you do not already have an ORCID iD please follow this link to create one or visit our ORCID homepage to learn more.

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    11. Publishing Policies

    11.1 Publication ethics

    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway 

    11.1.1 Plagiarism

    Journal of Perioperative Practice and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    11.1.2 Prior publication

    If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a SAGE journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the SAGE Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.

    11.2 Contributor’s publishing agreement

    Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit the SAGE Author Gateway

    11.3 Open access and author archiving

    Journal of Perioperative Practice offers optional open access publishing via the SAGE Choice programme. For more information please visit the SAGE Choice website. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

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