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Journal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation

Journal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation

Published in Association with Hong Kong Orthopaedic Association
Published in Association with Hong Kong College of Orthopaedic Surgeons

Editor in Chief
Tun Hing Lui North Disrict Hospital, Hong Kong, China
Managing Editors
Tsz Lung Choi United Christian Hospital, Hong Kong, China
Yuk Chuen Siu North District Hospital, Hong Kong, China


eISSN: 22104925 | ISSN: 22104917 Frequency: Bi-annually

Journal Highlights

  • Indexed In: Scopus
  • This journal does not charge an article processing charge (APC)

Journal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation (JOTR) is a peer-reviewed open access journal that focuses on the latest trends and advances in orthopaedics, trauma, orthopaedic rehabilitation and related knowledge from all countries. Please see the Aims and Scope tab for further information.

This journal is the official publication of Hong Kong Orthopaedic Association (HKOA) and the Hong Kong College of Orthopaedic Surgeons (HKCOS).

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Submission information

Submit your manuscript today at https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/otr.

Please see the Submission Guidelines tab for more information on how to submit your article to the journal.

Open access article processing charge (APC) information

This journal is financially supported by Hong Kong Orthopaedic Association (HKOA) and the Hong Kong College of Orthopaedic Surgeons (HKCOS) and therefore does not charge an article processing charge for open access publication.

Contact

Please direct any queries to hannah.settle@sagepub.co.uk

The Journal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation (JOTR) is a peer reviewed, open access journal and is the official publication of the Hong Kong Orthopaedic Association (HKOA) and the Hong Kong College of Orthopaedic Surgeons (HKCOS). The journal is published in June and December by SAGE Publishing. The JOTR is indexed in SCOPUS, EMBASE and SIIC Data Bases. The Journal is committed to the dissemination of high-quality research related to the latest trends and advances in orthopaedics, trauma, orthopaedic rehabilitation and related knowledge from all countries. The JOTR invites original contributions including Original Articles, Review Articles, Case Reports, and Letter to the Editor. The Journal supports AudioSlides.

This Journal is subsidized open access journal where the Hong Kong Orthopaedic Association and the Hong Kong College of Orthopaedic Surgeons pay for the publishing costs incurred by the Journal. Authors do not have to pay any Article Processing Charge or Open Access Publication fee.

Editorial Office

c/o The Hong Kong College of Orthopaedic Surgeons,
Room 905, 9th Floor, Hong Kong Academy of Medicine Jockey Club Building,
99 Wong Chuk Hang Road, Aberdeen, Hong Kong SAR, China
Tel: (852) 2871-8722
Fax: (852) 2873-4077
E-mail: hkcos@hkcos.org.hk, HKJOTR@gmail.com

Section Editors
Andy SK Cheng (Occupational Therapy) Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China
Ming Yu Chiu (Sport) Caritas Medical Centre, Hong Kong, China
Ka Kin Ling (Foot and Ankle) Prince of Wales Hospital, Hong Kong, China
Arthur Ma (Paediatric) Tuen Mun Hospital, Hong Kong, China
Chun Man Ma (Spine) North Disrict Hospital, Hong Kong, China
Iris Sze Ling Ngai (Trauma) Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Hong Kong, China
Seung Hwan Rhee (International) The Seoul Hospital, Seoul, Korea
Yan Kit Sit (Adult Joint Reconstruction) Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Hong Kong, China
Suk Ling Wan (Nursing) Tuen Mun Hospital, Hong Kong, China
Arnold Wong (Physiotherapy) Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China
Man Sang Wong (P and O) Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China
Raymond Wong (Rehabilitation) United Christian Hospital, Hong Kong, China
Ronald MY Wong (Basic Science) Prince of Wales Hospital, Hong Kong, China
Edmund Yau (Hand) Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Hong Kong, China
Raymond Yau (Oncology) Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong, China
  • Clarivate Analytics: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI)
  • Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
  • Scopus
  •  

    1. Open Access
    2. What do we publish?
      2.1 Aims & scope
      2.2 Article types
      2.3 Writing your paper
    3. Editorial policies
      3.1 Peer review policy
      3.2 Authorship
      3.3 Acknowledgements
      3.4 Funding
      3.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
      3.6 Research ethics and patient consent
      3.7 Clinical trials
      3.8 Reporting guidelines
      3.9 Data
    4. Publishing policies
      4.1 Publication ethics
      4.2 Contributor's publishing agreement
    5. Preparing your manuscript
      5.1 Formatting
      5.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
      5.3 Supplementary material
      5.4 Reference style
      5.5 English language editing services
    6. Submitting your manuscript
      6.1 How to submit your manuscript
      6.2 Title, keywords and abstracts
      6.3 Information required for completing your submission
      6.4 ORCID
      6.5 Permissions
      6.6 Summary of information required for article submission
    7. On acceptance and publication
      8.1 SAGE Production
      8.2 Online publication
      8.3 Promoting your article
    8. Further information
    9. Appealing the publication decision

    This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics.

    This Journal recommends that authors follow the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals formulated by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).

    Please read the guidelines below then visit the journal’s submission site https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/otr to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned. 

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Journal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation (JOTR) will be reviewed. As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.

    Journal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation may accept submissions of papers that have been posted on pre-print servers; please alert the Editorial Office when submitting (contact details are at the end of these guidelines) and include the DOI for the preprint in the designated field in the manuscript submission system. Authors should not post an updated version of their paper on the preprint server while it is being peer reviewed for possible publication in the journal. If the article is accepted for publication, the author may re-use their work according to the journal's author archiving policy.

    If your paper is accepted, you must include a link on your preprint to the final version of your paper.

    1. Open Access

    Journal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation is an open access, peer-reviewed journal where the Hong Kong Orthopaedic Association and the Hong Kong College of Orthopaedic Surgeons pay for the publishing costs incurred by the journal. Authors do not have to pay any Article Processing Charge or Open Access Publication Fee. All articles published open access will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read, download, copy and distribute and published under a Creative Commons license.

    For general information on open access at SAGE please visit the Open Access page or view our Open Access FAQs.

    2. What do we publish?

    2.1 Aims & scope

    Before submitting your manuscript to Journal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope.

    2.2 Article types

    The categories of articles that are published in the journal are listed and described below. Please select the category that best describes your paper. If your paper does not fall into any of these categories, please contact the Editorial Office.

    Review articles

    These should aim to provide the reader with a balanced overview of an important and topical issue in research or clinical practice. They should cover aspects of a topic in which scientific consensus exists as well as aspects that remain controversial and are the subject of ongoing scientific research. All articles and data sources reviewed should include information about the specific type of study or analysis, population, intervention, exposure, and tests or outcomes. All articles or data sources should be selected systematically for inclusion in the review and critically evaluated. The format for review articles will be jointly decided by the Editors and the contributing author(s).

    Format guide:

    • Word limit: 4000 words (excluding abstract and references)
    • References: 50 or less
    • Abstract: up to 150 words, unstructured (i.e., no subheadings)
    • Keywords: up to 5 (in alphabetical order)
    • Tables/Figures: no limit, but data in text should not be repeated extensively in tables or figures.

    Research papers

    These articles typically include randomized trials, intervention studies, studies of screening and diagnostic tests, laboratory and animal studies, cohort studies, cost-effectiveness analyses, case-control studies, and surveys with high response rates, which represent new and significant contributions to the field.

    Section headings should be: Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Conflicts of Interest Statement, Funding/Support Statement, Acknowledgements (if any), and References.

    The Keywords should include not more than 5 important words that would facilitate Internet searching for the article.

    The Introduction should provide a brief background to the subject of the paper, explain the importance of the study, and state a precise study question or purpose.

    The Methods section should describe the study design and methods (including the study setting and dates, patients/participants with inclusion and exclusion criteria, patient samples or animal specimens used, the essential features of any interventions, the main outcome measures, the laboratory methods followed, or data sources and how these were selected for the study), and state the statistical procedures employed in the research.

    The Results section should comprise the study results presented in a logical sequence, supplemented by tables and/or figures. Take care that the text does not repeat data that are presented in tables and/or figures. Only emphasize and summarize the essential features of the main results.

    The Discussion section should be used to emphasize the new and important aspects of the study, placing the results in context with published literature, the implications of the findings, and the conclusions that follow from the study results.

    Format guide:

    • Word limit: 3500 words (excluding abstract and references)
    • References: 30 or less
    • Abstract: up to 150 words, structured (with the subheadings 'Background/Purpose', 'Methods', 'Results' and 'Conclusion')
    • Keywords: up to 5 (in alphabetical order)
    • Tables/Figures: no limit, but data in text should not be repeated extensively in tables or figures

    Case reports

    These are short discussions of a case or case series with unique features not previously described that make an important teaching point or scientific observation. They may describe novel techniques or use of equipment, or new information on diseases of importance. Section headings should be: Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Case Report, Discussion, Conflicts of Interest Statement, Funding/Support Statement, Acknowledgements (if any), and References.

    The Introduction should describe the purpose of the present report, the significance of the disease and its specificity, and briefly review the relevant literature.

    The Case Report should include statements of the problem, patient history, diagnosis, treatment, outcome and any other information pertinent to the case(s).

    The Discussion should compare, analyze and discuss the similarities and differences between the reported case and similar cases reported in other published articles. The importance or specificity of the case should be restated when discussing the differential diagnoses. Suggest the prognosis of the disease and possibility of prevention.

    Format guide:

    • Word limit: 2000 words (excluding abstract and references)
    • References: 10 or less
    • Abstract: up to 150 words, unstructured (i.e., no subheadings)
    • Keywords: up to 5 (in alphabetical order)
    • Tables/Figures: no limit, but data in text should not be repeated extensively in tables or figures

    Letters to the Editor

    Brief letters of constructive comments in response to previously published JOTR articles are welcome. These may also include interesting cases that do not meet the requirement of being truly exceptional, and other communications of general interest. Letters are edited, sometimes extensively, to sharpen their focus. They may be sent for peer review at the discretion of JOTR Editors. Letters are selected based on clarity, significance, and space.

    Format guide:

    • Word limit: 500 words (excluding references)
    • References: 10 or less
    • Tables/Figures: 1 table and/or 1 figure
    • No subheadings
    • Article title is required
    • Corresponding author's mailing and e-mail addresses must be included

    Clinical Images

    These are clinical presentations which are best illustrated by photographs, radiographs, or other figures. The images provided must be original and free of content that has been submitted or published elsewhere. The images must be in high resolution and high in quality. These papers are not intended as vehicles for case reports. JOTR reserves the rights to edit or abridge submitted images and may opt to publish in print, online only, or both.

    Format guide:

    • Word limit: 500 words (excluding references)
    • References: 5 or less
    • Tables/Figures: total 5 or less
    • No subheadings
    • Article title is required
    • Up to two authors may be credited with each submission. The corresponding author's mailing and e-mail addresses must be included

    Clinical Case Challenges

    These are clinical case quiz presentation in multiple choice type, which will be educational to medical practitioners and health care professionals. These papers are not intended as vehicles for case reports. At least one image (but no more than 3 images) should be included in the submission. JOTR reserves the rights to edit or abridge submitted images and may opt to publish in print, online only, or both.

    Format guide:

    • Word limit: 150 words (Question) and 200 words (Answer and explanation)
    • Multiple choice option: 5
    • No references
    • No article title
    • Figures: at least 1 but no more than 3
    • Corresponding author's mailing and e-mail addresses must be included at the end of explanation

    2.2.3 Advertisements

    Requests for information and orders should be addressed to the Editorial Secretary, Ms Irene Yu, of the Editorial Office. Advertisements are reviewed in light of appropriate ethical considerations before being accepted for publication. The publication of advertisements relies on the responsibility of the advertiser to comply with all legal requirements relating to the marketing and sale of the products or services advertised. The publication of an advertisement neither constitutes nor implies a guarantee or endorsement, by the HKOA, HKCOS and SAGE Publishing, of the product or service advertised, or the claims made for it by the advertiser. The JOTR reserves the right to discontinue any advertisement it so wishes.

    2.3 Writing your paper

    The SAGE Author Gateway has some general advice and on how to get published, plus links to further resources.

    2.3.1 Making your article discoverable

    For information and guidance on how to make your article more discoverable, visit our Gateway page on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online

    3. Editorial policies

    3.1 Peer review policy

    Following a preliminary triage to eliminate submissions unsuitable for Journal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation, all papers are sent out for review. The covering letter is important. To help the Editor in their preliminary evaluation, please indicate why you think the paper suitable for publication. If your paper should be considered for fast-track publication, please explain why.

    The journal’s policy is to have manuscripts reviewed by two expert reviewers. Journal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation utilizes a double-blind peer review process in which the reviewer and authors’ names and information are withheld from the other. All manuscripts are reviewed as rapidly as possible, while maintaining rigor. Reviewers make comments to the author and recommendations to the Editor who then makes the final decision regarding acceptance or rejection of manuscripts.

    As part of the submission process you will be asked to provide the names of two peers who could be called upon to review your manuscript. Recommended reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Please be aware of any conflicts of interest when recommending reviewers. Examples of conflicts of interest include (but are not limited to) the below:

    • The reviewer should have no prior knowledge of your submission
    • The reviewer should not have recently collaborated with any of the authors
    • Reviewer nominees from the same institution as any of the authors are not permitted

    You will also be asked to nominate peers who you do not wish to review your manuscript (opposed reviewers).

    Please note that the Editors are not obliged to invite/ reject any recommended/opposed reviewers to assess your manuscript.

    The Editor or members of the Editorial Board may occasionally submit their own manuscripts for possible publication in the journal. In these cases, the peer review process will be managed by alternative members of the Board and the submitting Editor / Board member will have no involvement in the decision-making process.

    3.2 Authorship

    Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.

    The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:

    1. Made a substantial contribution to the concept or design of the work; or acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data,
    2. Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,
    3. Approved the version to be published,
    4. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.

    Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.

    Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section.

    Any addition, deletion or rearrangement of author names in the authorship list should be made only before the manuscript has been accepted and only if approved by the journal Editor. To request such a change, the Editor must receive the following from the corresponding author: (a) the reason for the change in author list and (b) written confirmation (e-mail, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. In the case of addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed.

    Only in exceptional circumstances will the Editor consider the addition, deletion or rearrangement of authors after the manuscript has been accepted. While the Editor considers the request, publication of the manuscript will be suspended. If the manuscript has already been published in an online issue, any requests approved by the Editor will result in a corrigendum.

    Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on authorship.

    3.3 Acknowledgements

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text to facilitate anonymous peer review. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.

    3.3.1 Writing assistance

    Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance. It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.

    3.4 Funding

    Journal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading. Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

    3.5 Declaration of conflicting interests

    It is the policy of Journal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.

    Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’.

    For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations.

    3.6 Research ethics and patient consent

    Medical research involving human subjects must be conducted according to the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki.

    Submitted manuscripts should conform to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, and all papers reporting animal and/or human studies must state in the methods section that the relevant Ethics Committee or Institutional Review Board provided (or waived) approval. Please ensure that you have provided the full name and institution of the review committee, in addition to the approval number.

    For research articles, authors are also required to state in the methods section whether participants provided informed consent and whether the consent was written or verbal.

    Information on informed consent to report individual cases or case series should be included in the manuscript text. A statement is required regarding whether written informed consent for patient information and images to be published was provided by the patient(s) or a legally authorized representative. Please do not submit the patient’s actual written informed consent with your article, as this in itself breaches the patient’s confidentiality. The Journal requests that you confirm to us, in writing, that you have obtained written informed consent but the written consent itself should be held by the authors/investigators themselves, for example in a patient’s hospital record. The confirmatory letter may be uploaded with your submission as a separate file.

    Please also refer to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Protection of Research Participants

    3.7 Clinical trials

    Journal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation conforms to the ICMJE requirement that clinical trials are registered in a WHO-approved public trials registry at or before the time of first patient enrolment as a condition of consideration for publication. The trial registry name and URL, and registration number must be included at the end of the abstract.

    3.8 Reporting guidelines

    The relevant EQUATOR Network reporting guidelines should be followed depending on the type of study. For example, all randomized controlled trials submitted for publication should include a completed CONSORT flow chart as a cited figure and the completed CONSORT checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses should include the completed PRISMA flow chart as a cited figure and the completed PRISMA checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. The EQUATOR wizard can help you identify the appropriate guideline.

    Other resources can be found at NLM’s Research Reporting Guidelines and Initiatives.

    3.9 Data

    Journal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation encourages all authors submitting any primary data used in their research articles if the articles are accepted to be published in the online version of the journal, or provide detailed information in their articles on how the data can be obtained. This information should include links to third-party data repositories or detailed contact information for third-party data sources. Data available only on an author-maintained website will need to be loaded onto either the journal’s platform or a third-party platform to ensure continuing accessibility. Examples of data types include but are not limited to statistical data files, replication code, text files, audio files, images, videos, appendices, and additional charts and graphs necessary to understand the original research. The editor(s) can also grant exceptions for data that cannot legally or ethically be released. All data submitted should comply with Institutional or Ethical Review Board requirements and applicable government regulations. For further information, please contact the editorial office at HKJOTR@gmail.com.

    4. Publishing policies

    4.1 Publication ethics

    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway.

    4.1.1 Plagiarism

    Journal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarized other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    4.1.2 Prior publication

    Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract, a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, including electronically without the written consent of the copyright-holder. Please refer to the guidance on the SAGE Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.

    4.2 Contributor’s publishing agreement

    Before publication SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. Journal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation publishes manuscripts under Creative Commons licenses. The standard license for the journal is Creative Commons by Attribution Non-Commercial (CC BY-NC), which allows others to re-use the work without permission as long as the work is properly referenced and the use is non-commercial. For more information, you are advised to visit SAGE's OA licenses page.

    5. Preparing your manuscript

    5.1 Formatting

    The preferred format for your manuscript is Word. LaTeX files are also accepted. Word and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

    5.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics

    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines

    Figures supplied in color will appear in color online.

    While color figures will be reproduced on the journal's website in color free of charge, authors will be charged US$200 per page that has color figures in the print journal to cover the cost of printing in color. Authors must inform the JOTR Editorial Office upon manuscript acceptance if they intend to keep any color figures for publication in the print journal, otherwise all color figures will be converted to greyscale as default.

    5.3 Supplementary material

    Supplementary material such as datasets, podcasts, videos, images and sound clips, can be published online alongside the full-text of the article. Submitted supplementary items are published exactly as they are received (Excel or PowerPoint files will appear as such online). Please submit your material together with the article and supply a concise, descriptive caption for each supplementary file. If you wish to make changes to supplementary material during any stage of the process, please make sure to provide an updated file. Do not annotate any corrections on a previous version. Please switch off the 'Track Changes' option in Microsoft Office files as these will appear in the published version

    For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files.

    5.4 Reference style

    Journal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation adheres to the SAGE Vancouver reference style. Please review the guidelines on SAGE Vancouver to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    Text: Indicate references by superscript numbers in the text. The actual authors can be referred to, but the reference number(s) must always be given.

    List: Number the references in the list in the order in which they appear in the text.

    If you use EndNote to manage references, you can download the SAGE Vancouver output file here.

    5.5 English language editing services

    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

    6. Submitting your manuscript

    6.1 How to submit your manuscript

    Journal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation is hosted on SAGE Track, a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/otr to login and submit your article online.

    IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created. For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.

     

    6.2 Title, keywords and abstracts

    Please supply a title, short title, an abstract and keywords to accompany your article. The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article online through online search engines such as Google. Please refer to the information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords by visiting the SAGE Journal Author Gateway for guidelines on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.

    6.3 Information required for completing your submission

    Provide full contact details for the corresponding author including email, mailing address and telephone numbers. Academic affiliations are required for all co-authors. These details should be presented separately to the main text of the article to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).

    6.4 ORCID

    As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process SAGE is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized.

    The collection of ORCID iDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this journal. If you already have an ORCID iD you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID iD will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID iD is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.

    If you do not already have an ORCID iD please follow this link to create one or visit our ORCID homepage to learn more.

    6.5 Permissions

    Please ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

    6.6 Summary of information required for article submission

    The following information must be included in your submission. Items (1) and (2) are mandatory. Items (3), (4), (5) and (6) are required only if they are applicable to your manuscript.

    (1) Cover Letter. This must include the following information:

    • title of the manuscript
    • corresponding author's details (name, e-mail, mailing address, telephone and fax numbers)
    • a statement that the material contained in the manuscript has not been previously published and is not being concurrently submitted elsewhere
    • persons who do not fulfill the requirements to be listed as authors but who nevertheless contributed to the manuscript (such as those who provided writing assistance, for example) should be disclosed
    • list of manuscripts that have been published, submitted, or are in press that are similar to the submission to the JOTR (and include in your submission copies of those similar manuscripts so that JOTR Editors can be assured there is no overlap)
    • the signature of the corresponding author

    (2) Authorship, Conflicts of Interest and Ethics Statement.

    • Each author's contribution to the manuscript should be confirmed.
    • Any and all potential and actual conflicts of interest should be listed and the details of the conflict(s) described.
    • Authors are required to certify that patients' rights and confidentiality have been well protected in all aspects and they consented to the study described in the manuscript, and that all relevant ethical safeguards have been met in relation to patient protection or animal experimentation.
    • Please use the JOTR Authorship, Conflicts of Interest, and Ethics Statement. Your signature and those of ALL your coauthors must be included.

    (3) Ethics Committee Approval. Articles covering the use of human or animal samples in research, or human or animal experiments must be accompanied by a letter of approval from the relevant review committee or authorities.

    (4) Signed Statement of Informed Consent. Articles where human subjects can be identified in descriptions, photographs or pedigrees in the manuscript must be accompanied by a signed statement of informed consent to publish (in print and online) the descriptions, photographs and pedigrees from each patient who can be identified. You may use the JOTR Consent Form for Publication of Photographs/Information of Identifiable Patients if you do not have your own.

    (5) Copyright Permission. If you have reproduced or adapted material from other copyrighted sources, the letter(s) of permission from the copyright holder(s) to reproduce or adapt the copyrighted sources must be supplied. Otherwise, such material must be removed from your manuscript.

    (6) Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) flowchart for randomized controlled trials submitted for publication.

    7. On acceptance and publication

    If your paper is accepted for publication after peer review, you will first be asked to complete the contributor’s publishing agreement. Once your manuscript files have been checked for SAGE Production, the corresponding author will be asked to pay the article processing charge (APC) via a payment link. Once the APC has been processed, your article will be prepared for publication and can appear online within an average of 30 days. Please note that no production work will occur on your paper until the APC has been received.

    7.1 SAGE Production

    Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be made available to the corresponding author via our editing portal SAGE Edit, or by email to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly. Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate. Please note that if there are any changes to the author list at this stage all authors will be required to complete and sign a form authorizing the change.

    7.2 Online publication

    One of the many benefits of publishing your research in an open access journal is the speed to publication. With no page count constraints, your article will be published online in a fully citable form with a DOI number as soon as it has completed the production process. At this time it will be completely free to view and download for all.

    7.3 Promoting your article

    Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The SAGE Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice. In addition, SAGE is partnered with Kudos, a free service that allows authors to explain, enrich, share, and measure the impact of their article. Find out how to maximize your article’s impact with Kudos.

    8. Further information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the Manuscript Submission process should be sent to the Journal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation editorial office as follows:

    Editorial Office

    Journal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation (JOTR)
    c/o The Hong Kong College of Orthopaedic Surgeons
    Room 905, 9th Floor
    Hong Kong Academy of Medicine Jockey Club Building
    99 Wong Chuk Hang Road, Aberdeen
    Hong Kong SAR, China
    Tel: (852) 2871-8722
    Fax: (852) 2873-4077
    E-mails: HKJOTR@gmail.com or hkcos@hkcos.org.hk

    9. Appealing the publication decision

    Editors have very broad discretion in determining whether an article is an appropriate fit for their journal. Many manuscripts are declined with a very general statement of the rejection decision. These decisions are not eligible for formal appeal unless the author believes the decision to reject the manuscript was based on an error in the review of the article, in which case the author may appeal the decision by providing the Editor with a detailed written description of the error they believe occurred.

    If an author believes the decision regarding their manuscript was affected by a publication ethics breach, the author may contact the publisher with a detailed written description of their concern, and information supporting the concern, at publication_ethics@sagepub.com