Journal of Infection Prevention

Journal of Infection Prevention

Formerly British Journal of Infection Control

Dr Jennie Wilson University of West London, UK

eISSN: 17571782| ISSN: 17571774|Current volume: 16|Current issue: 3 Frequency: Bi-monthly

Journal of Infection Prevention is the professional publication of the Infection Prevention Society. The aim of the journal is to advance the evidence base in infection prevention and control, and to provide a publishing platform for all health professionals interested in this field of practice.

The journal has a rapidly developing, multi-professional author and readership base, including:

  • Infection prevention and control professionals
  • Public health and health protection specialists
  • Pharmacists with an interest in antimicrobial agents
  • Allied health professionals
  • Primary care professionals including general practice staff, dental staff and sexual health specialists.

The Editorial Board welcome manuscripts on a range of scientific and practice topics and are keen to support new authors. If you wish to join our panel of peer reviewers or the Editorial Board to help maintain the high quality of our publication, please contact the Editor at
This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Journal of Infection Prevention is the professional publication of the Infection Prevention Society.

The aim of the journal is to advance the evidence base in infection prevention and control, and to provide a publishing platform for all health professionals interested in this field of practice. Journal of Infection Prevention is a bi-monthly peer-reviewed publication containing a wide range of articles:

Original primary research studies
Qualitative and quantitative studies
Reviews of the evidence on various topics
Practice development project reports
Guidelines for practice
Case studies
Overviews of infectious diseases and their causative organisms
Audit and surveillance studies/projects
Outbreak reports

The journal has a rapidly developing, multi-professional author and readership base, including:

  • Infection prevention and control professionals
  • Public health and health protection specialists
  • Pharmacists with an interest in antimicrobial agents
  • Allied health professionals
  • Primary care professionals including general practice staff, dental staff and sexual health specialists.

The multi-professional Editorial Board are keen to support new authors and are happy to provide guidance on planning and writing papers for publication.

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Associate Editors
Ms Paula Cockcroft Vernacare Ltd, UK
Dr Judith Dyson University of Hull, UK
Ms Tracey Gauci Welsh Government, UK
Ms Linda Hosie Royal Berkshire NHS Foundation Trust, UK
Mr Martin Kiernan University of West London, UK
Gary Thirkell Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, UK
Dr Saber Yezli Global Centre for Mass Gathering Medicine, Saudi Arabia
Editorial Advisory Board
Dr Michael Borg Mater Dei Hospital, Malta
Dr Andre Charlett Public Health England, UK
Dr Evonne Curran Health Protection Scotland, UK
Ms Carole Fry Public Health England, UK
Professor Dinah Gould Cardiff University, UK
Mr Peter Hoffman Public Health England, UK
Professor Heather Loveday University of West London, UK
Dr Outi Lyytikainen Hospital Infection Program, Finland
Professor Shaheen Mehtar University of Stellenbosch, South Africa
Dr Maria Luisa Moro Agenzia Sanitaria e Sociale Regionale Emilia-Romagna, Italy
Dr Tyrone Pitt NHS Blood & Transplant, UK
Dr Jacqui Prieto University of Southampton, UK
Professor Jacqui Reilly Health Protection Scotland, UK
Dr Claire Rickard Griffith University, Australia
Dr Julie Robotham Public Health England, UK
Professor Sanjay Saint VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System and University of Michigan Medical School, USA
Professor Hugo Sax University Hospital Zurich, Switzerland
Professor Patricia Stone California Hospital Medical Center, USA
Ms Julie Storr IPC Consultant, UK
Professor Charles Vincent University of Oxford, UK
Dr Michael Whitby University of Queensland, Australia
Dr Neil Wigglesworth Public Health Wales, UK
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    1. Peer review policy
    2. Article types
    3. Format of Articles
    4. Publication conventions
      4.1 Funding acknowledgement
      4.2 Declaration of conflicting interests
      4.3 Ethical approval
      4.4 Informed consent
      4.5 Authorship
    5. Guidelines for preparing your manuscript
      5.1 Keywords and Abstracts
      5.2 Guidelines for submitting artwork, figures and other graphics
      5.3 Guidelines for submitting supplementary files
      5.4 English Language Editing
    6. Manuscript style
      6.1 File types
      6.2 Journal style
      6.3 Reference style
    7. How to submit your manuscript
    8. Contributor's agreement
      8.1 SAGE Choice and Open Access
    9. Permissions
    10. After acceptance
      10.1 Proofs
      10.2 E-Prints and complimentary copies
      10.3 SAGE production
      10.4 OnlineFirst publication
    11. Further information

    Journal of Infection Prevention is a peer-reviewed professional journal for all workers in infection prevention and control. The aim of the journal is to advance the evidence base in infection prevention and control, and to provide a publishing platform for all health professionals interested in this field of practice. It welcomes original articles that address aspects of infection prevention and control and contribute to development and understanding of relevant theory or practice.

    1. Peer review policy

    The journal's policy is to obtain at least two independent reviews of each article. It operates a double-blind reviewing policy in which the author and reviewer’s names are mutually concealed – as such; submitted manuscripts should contain no identifying information.

    Referees will be encouraged to provide substantive, constructive reviews that provide suggestions for improving the work and distinguish between mandatory and non-mandatory recommendations.

    The editor welcomes papers that contribute toward the development and understanding of infection prevention and control theory and practice. All manuscripts accepted for publication are subject to editing for presentation, style and grammar. Any major redrafting is agreed with the author but the editor's decision on the text is final.

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    2. Article types

    The Journal welcomes original manuscripts of the following types:

    Full-length, original research articles
    These should contain a maximum of 4,000 words, including the structured abstract of up to 250 words, text, acknowledgements and references.  Each table or figure counts as 200 words.

    These may be up to 5,000 words (excluding references) and provide a detailed overview and analysis of research evidence on an aspect of infection prevention and control. Reviews will also be submitted to a peer review process.  Authors are advised to discuss the proposed review with the editor prior to submission.

    Letters referring to topics raised by papers already published in the Journal of Infection Prevention or elsewhere, or novel findings meriting rapid dissemination.  They should not contain structural headings or a summary, and should be a maximum of 1,000 words with no more than 5 references.  Letters will not normally be peer-reviewed, but may be shown to the authors of the article being commented on, who will be invited to respond, should they wish to do so.

    Short reports
    These should contain up to 1,500 words, no more than 2 figures or tables, and up to 10 references. The format should be the same as a full length article, i.e introduction or background/methods/results/discussion and conclusion. Short reports will be subject to the same peer review process as full-length articles.

    Research-based commentaries
    These should contain up to 3,000 words, including abstract and references, and provide a succinct and balanced summary of existing research on a relevant, current topic of interest. Authors are advised to discuss the proposed commentary with the editor prior to submission.

    Paper Type

    Maximum Word length

    Abstract length


    Full-length, original research

    4,000 words

    Structured Abstract of 250 words

    No more than 50


    5,000 words

    250 words, not structured

    No more than 150


    1,000 words

    No abstract

    No more than 5

    Short Reports

    1,500 words

    100 words, not structured

    No more than 20

    Research-based commentaries

    3,000 words

    250 words, not structured

    No more than 50

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    3. Format of articles

    It is the authors' responsibility to ensure the manuscript is in the required format before submission. Papers that are submitted with references or other features that do not comply with these instructions will be returned to their authors and will not be considered for publication until they have been resubmitted. If you would like to discuss your paper prior to submission, please contact the Editor at:

    Title Page
    . This should show the title, names of all authors (but not their degrees) and the institution or department where they work.  It should also include the name, address, telephone and email address of the corresponding author to whom the proofs and correspondence should be sent.

    Front page of main document
    In addition to the title of the article, the front page should include the following information:

    • Word count
    • Approval obtained for reproduction or modification of material published elsewhere (if applicable)
    • Sources of funding (if applicable)
    • Commercial affiliations (if applicable)

    Abstract. This should not exceed 200 words, should briefly explain the study and for all full-length original articles must be structured with the following headings:-

    • Background
    • Aim/ Objective
    • Methods
    • Findings/results
    • Discussion

    Since this will be the first, and perhaps the only, part of the paper that is read it is essential that it conveys the key elements of the work.

    Keywords. Authors should provide keywords from their summary. These should be chosen carefully to ensure that those indexing and searching for papers in the field are able to locate your work.

    Main text of article
    Headings and subheadings may be used in the article with the following structure recommended:

    Background A brief statement outlining the purpose and context of the paper and aim of the study.

    Methods. A description of the approach taken to the study, setting, design and methods used, and where relevant or appropriate, the process used to obtain ethical approval and patient/participant consent.

    Results. Description of study results with no discussion of their significance or relationship to other work in the field. Information may be conveyed in text, or in figures or tables, but should not be repeated in more than one format.

    Discussion. Discription of the significance of the findings including their relationship with other research in the field and where appropriate their application in practice. It should include any weaknesses or limitations of the study. New results should not be introduced in the discussion.

    Acknowledgments: All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an `Acknowledgements’ section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chair who provided only general support. Authors should disclose whether they had any writing assistance and identify the entity that paid for this assistance. Any acknowledgements should appear first at the end of the article prior to the References.

    References. All work referred to in the manuscript must be fully cited using the Harvard system of referencing (see section 6.3).

    Tips for effective writing for publication
    It is important that the work should be written carefully and accurately, ruthlessly removing superfluous or ambiguous words. Please check the spelling, especially unusual or scientific terms or names. Start with a single sheet of paper outlining the order of ideas and arguments. Before starting to write, read some articles in respected journals that and look at the way facts are presented, arguments are made and the style of language used.

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    4. Publication conventions  

    Authors will be required to confirm the following information during the submission process:

    4.1 Funding Acknowledgement
    When the work included in a paper has been supported by a grant or supplies from any source, including a manufacturer or commercial company, this must be indicated. It will be printed at the end of the article.
    To comply with the guidance for Research Funders, Authors and Publishers issued by the Research Information Network (RIN), Journal of Infection Prevention additionally requires all Authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading. All research articles should have a funding acknowledgement in the form of a sentence as follows, with the funding agency written out in full, followed by the grant number in square brackets:

    • This work was supported by the Medical Research Council [grant number xxx].
    • Multiple grant numbers should be separated by comma and space. Where the research was supported by more than one agency, the different agencies should be separated by semi-colons, with “and” before the final funder. Thus:
    • This work was supported by the Wellcome Trust [grant numbers xxxx, yyyy]; the Natural Environment Research Council [grant number zzzz]; and the Economic and Social Research Council [grant number aaaa].

    In some cases, research is not funded by a specific project grant, but rather from the block grant and other resources available to a university, college or other research institution. Where no specific funding has been provided for the research we ask that corresponding authors use the following sentence:

    • This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

    Please include this information under a separate heading entitled “Funding” directly after any other Acknowledgements and prior to the “Declaration of Conflicting Interests” (if applicable), any Notes and your References.
    For more information on the guidance for Research Funders, Authors and Publishers, please visit:

    4.2 Declaration of conflicting interests
    Within the Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement you will be required to make a certification with respect to a declaration of conflicting interests. It is the policy of Journal of Infection Prevention to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.

    Please include any declaration at the end of the manuscript prior to the references, under a heading ‘Conflict of Interest Statement’. If no declaration is made, the following will be printed under this heading in your article: ‘None Declared’. Alternatively, you may wish to state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’.  When making a declaration, the disclosure information must be specific and include any financial relationship that all authors of the article have with any sponsoring organization and the for-profit interests that the organisation represents, and with any for-profit product discussed or implied in the text of the article.

    Any commercial or financial involvements that might represent an appearance of a conflict of interest need to be additionally disclosed in the covering letter accompanying the article to assist the Editor in evaluating whether sufficient disclosure has been made within the Conflict of Interest statement provided in the article.

    4.3 Ethical approval
    Where relevant for the work reported in the article, authors will be expected to confirm that the appropriate ethical approvals to conduct the work were obtained and indicate this in the methods section. 

    When reporting experiments on human subjects, indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional or regional) or with the Declaration of Helsinki 1975, revised Hong Kong 1989. Patient’s names, initials or hospital numbers, should not be used especially in illustrative material. When reporting experiments on animals, indicate which guideline/law on the care and use of laboratory animals was followed.

    4.4 Informed consent
    International Committee of Medical Journal Editors ("Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals":

    Participants/patients have a right to privacy that should not be infringed without informed consent. Identifying information, including names, initials, or hospital numbers, should not be published in written descriptions, photographs, and pedigrees unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the participant (or parent or guardian) gives written informed consent for publication. Informed consent for this purpose requires that a participant who is identifiable be shown the manuscript to be published.

    Complete anonymity is difficult to achieve and informed consent should be obtained if there is any doubt. For example, masking the eye region in photographs of patients is inadequate protection of anonymity. If identifying characteristics are altered to protect anonymity, such as in genetic pedigrees, authors should provide assurance that alterations do not distort scientific meaning and editors should so note.

    When informed consent has been obtained it should be indicated in the submitted article.

    4.5 Authorship
    Papers should only be submitted for consideration once all contributing authors have agreed the content of the paper. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.

    The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. The contribution of each author to the research/review should be defined and each must meet all the following criteria as defined by ICMJE:

    (i) Made a substantial contribution to the concept and design; or the acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data for the work

    (ii) Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content.

    (iii) Approved the version to be published.

    (iv) Agreed to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work were appropriately investigated and resolved.

    When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship. All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section.

    ICMJE recommendations:

    COPE Report 2003:

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    5. Guidelines for preparing the manuscript                

    The text should be double-spaced throughout and with a minimum of 3cm for left and right hand margins and 5cm at head and foot. Text should be standard 10 or 12 point font. ??font style

    5.1 Keywords and Abstracts
    The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring that readers find the article online through online search engines such as Google. Please refer to the information and guidance on how best to title the article, write the abstract and select keywords by visiting SAGE’s Journal Author Gateway Guidelines on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.

    5.2 Guidelines for submitting artwork, figures and other graphics
    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines.

    Images should be supplied as bitmap based files (i.e. with .tiff or .jpeg extension) with a resolution of at least 300 dpi (dots per inch). Line art should be supplied as vector-based, separate .eps files (not as .tiff files, and not only inserted in the Word or pdf file), with a resolution of 600 dpi. Images should be clear, in focus, free of pixilation and not too light or dark.

    If usable colour figures are submitted, these figures will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the possible costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article.

    In text: tables and figures should be either inserted as part of a sentence, for example table 1 or in parentheses for example (figure 1). Each table should carry a descriptive heading. Each figure should be submitted electronically.


    The editors encourage the inclusion of figures where appropriate. Authors should ensure that electronic copies of all figures are available for review. Authors should submit figure files as high resolution EPS or JPEG files, and send those files along with the main manuscript files.

    All figures (line drawings, graphs and photographs) should be referred to in the text. Figures are often reduced in size when appearing on the printed page - allowance for this should be made when selecting text and symbol size. Symbols and keys should be given as a key on the artwork, not in the legend. The magnifications should be indicated by a scale bar on the photograph, not as a magnification factor in the legend

    Once the publisher receives an accepted paper hard copies of photographs and other figures will be requested if necessary.

    Figure Legends

    Figure legends should be supplied for all figures. Authors should ensure that figure legends are saved separately to the figures. These should not be embeded in Word files – but supplied as individual files.


    If tables, charts or graphs are to be included, original or coordinate values should also be sent. Charts and graphs must be clearly labelled, and the axes on graphs made clear. Tables should be self-explanatory and include a brief descriptive title.

    5.3 Guidelines for submitting supplemental files
    The journal may be able to host approved supplemental materials online, alongside the full-text of articles. Supplemental files will be subjected to peer-review alongside the article. Please contact the Editor ( in the first instance. For more information refer to SAGE’s Guidelines for Authors on Supplemental Files.

    5.4 English Language Editing
    Non-English speaking authors who would like to refine their use of language in their manuscripts might consider using a professional editing service. Visit for further information.

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    6. Manuscript style

    6.1 File types
    Only electronic files conforming to the journal's guidelines will be accepted. Preferred formats for the text and tables of your manuscript are Word, and tiff or jpeg for figures (ideally figures will use journal colours). Authors should also refer to additional guideline on submitting artwork [and supplemental files] below.

    6.2 Journal Style
    Journal of Infection Prevention conforms to the SAGE house style. Click here to review guidelines on SAGE UK House Style, which is summarised in section 5.

    6.3 Reference Style
    Journal of Infection Prevention operates a SAGE Harvard reference style. Click here to review the guidelines on SAGE Harvard to ensure that your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    All references in the text must be cited from primary sources and should include the authors' names and date of publication in date order, e.g. (Skelton, 1997; Edwards, 1998; Whitehead, 2000). Where there are three or more authors, the first author's name followed by 'et al' is acceptable in text, e.g. (Troillet et al, 1999), but all authors must be cited in the reference list. Page numbers should be included in the text for all quotations, e.g. (Harthog, 2000: 136).

    Reference to a journal article should include the author's surname and initials, date of publication, title of the paper, name of the journal, volume and issue number and its first and last page numbers, e.g. Ayliffe G. (2000) Evidence Based Practices in Infection Control. Journal of Infection Control 1(4): 5-9.

    Reference to a book should include the author, date of publication, title, publisher and town of publication, e.g. Kirkwood E and Lewis C. (1989) Understanding Medical Immunology Second Edition: John Wiley and Sons: Chichester.

    Chapters in edited books should include the additional detail of chapter title and page numbers e.g. Stevens R and Jones R. (1993) Functional Bowel Disorders. In: Gastrointestinal Problems in General Practice (Jones R. ed). Oxford University Press: Oxford: 126-35.

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    7. How to submit your manuscript                                                         
    Before submitting your manuscript authors should ensure they have carefully read and adhered to all the guidelines and instructions provided above. Manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned. Journal of Infection Prevention has a fully web-based system for the submission and review of manuscripts. All submissions should be made online at the Journal of Infection Prevention SAGETRACK website:

    Note: Online submission and review of manuscripts is now mandatory for all types of papers.

    New User Account

    Please log onto the website. If you are a new user, you will first need to create an account. Follow the instructions and please ensure to enter a current and correct email address. Creating your account is a three-step process that takes a matter of minutes. When you have finished, your User ID and password is sent immediately via email. Please edit your user ID and password to something more memorable by selecting 'edit account' at the top of the screen. If you have already created an account but have forgotten your details type your email address in the 'Password Help' to receive an emailed reminder. Full instructions for uploading the manuscript are provided on the website.

    New Submission

    Submissions should be made by logging in and selecting the Author Centre and the 'Click here to Submit a New Manuscript' option. Follow the instructions on each page, clicking the 'Next' button on each screen to save your work and advance to the next screen. If at any stage you have any questions or require the user guide, please use the 'Get Help Now' button at the top right of every screen. Further help is available through ScholarOne's® Manuscript CentralTM customer support at or email the editor with your manuscript as an attachment(s) and write a note to explain why you need to submit via this route.  

    To upload your files, click on the 'Browse' button and locate the file on your computer. Select the designation of each file (i.e. main document, submission form, figure) in the drop down menu next to the browse button. When you have selected all the files you wish to upload, click the 'Upload Files' button.

    Review your submission (in both PDF and HTML formats) and then click the Submit button
    You may suspend a submission at any point before clicking the Submit button and save it to submit later. After submission, you will receive a confirmation e-mail. You can also log back into your author centre at any time to check the status of your manuscript.

    Please ensure that you submit editable/source files only (Microsoft Word or Rich Text File) and that your document does not include page numbers; the SAGETRACK system will generate them for you, and then automatically convert your manuscript to PDF file for peer review. All correspondence, including notification of the Editor's decision and requests for revisions, will be by email.


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    8. Journal contributor's publishing agreement
    Before publication, SAGE requires the corresponding author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is a exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright.  Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

    8.2 SAGE Choice and Open Access
    If you wish your article to be freely available online immediately upon publication (as some funding bodies now require), you can opt for it to be included in SAGE Choice subject to payment of a publication fee. The manuscript submission and peer reviewing procedure is unchanged. On acceptance of your article, you will be asked to let SAGE know directly if you are choosing SAGE Choice. For further information, please visit SAGE Choice.

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    9. Permissions

    Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

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    10. After acceptance           

    10.1 Proofs
    A PDF of the proofs will be emailed to the corresponding author. Corrections should be limited to typographical amendments. Authors' approval will be assumed if corrections are not returned by the date indicated.

    10.2 E-Prints and Complimentary Copies
    SAGE provides authors with access to a PDF copy of their final article. For further information please visit

    10.3 SAGE Production
    At SAGE we place an extremely strong emphasis on the highest production standards possible. We attach high importance to our quality service levels in copy-editing, typesetting, printing, and online publication ( We also seek to uphold excellent author relations throughout the publication process.

    We value your feedback to ensure that we continue to improve our author service levels. On publication all corresponding Authors will receive a brief survey questionnaire on the experience of publishing in Journal of Infection Prevention with SAGE. 

    10.4 OnlineFirst Publication
    Journal of Infection Prevention provides the opportunity for articles to be included in OnlineFirst, a feature offered through SAGE’s electronic journal platform, SAGE Journals Online. It allows final revision articles (completed articles in queue for assignment to an upcoming issue) to be hosted online prior to their inclusion in a final print and online journal issue.  This significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. For more information please visit our OnlineFirst Fact Sheet.

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    11. Further information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the Manuscript Submission process should be sent to the following address:

    Any queries regarding publication should be directed to:
    Jennie Atkinson
    Publishing Editor
    SAGE Publications
    1 Oliver's Yard
    55 City Road 
    EC1Y 1SP

    +44 (0) 207 324 8610

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