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Journal of Advanced Oral Research

Journal of Advanced Oral Research

Published in Association with Academy of Advanced Dental Research

Editor-in-Chief
Rushabh Dagli Associate Professor, Preventive and community Dentistry, Rajasthan University of Health Science, India
Managing Editors
Santosh Kumar Associate Professor, Department of Periodontics and Implantology, Karnavati School of Dentistry, Gandhinagar, Gujarat
Piyush Limdiwala Government Dental College and Hospital, Ahmedabad, Gujarat
Samir Mulgund Royal College Of Physician, Glasgow, UK


eISSN: 23202076 | ISSN: 23202068 | Current volume: 9 | Current issue: 1-2 Frequency: Bi-annually

Call for Papers

Journal of Advanced Oral Research 
is a peer-reviewed bi-annual journal dedicated to the dissemination of scientific facts and details relevant to dentistry with a good determination for exploring and sharing the knowledge of the latest research to the oral and dental community.

Journal does not limit itself to any specialization and, therefore, interests a wide range of readers throughout the globe including:

· Orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics
· Periodontology
· Pediatric dentistry
· Prosthodontics
· Restorative dentistry and Endodontics
· Oral Implantology
· Preventive and Community dentistry (Dental public health)
· Oral and maxillofacial medicine
· Oral and maxillofacial pathology
· Oral and maxillofacial radiology
· Oral and maxillofacial surgery
· Special needs dentistry
· Oral Biology
· Forensic odontology
· Geriatric dentistry
· Dental BioMaterials

Journal scope includes original studies, systematic reviews, narrative reviews to a very unique case reports from various specialties of dentistry.

For the best coverage of the whole field of dentistry in a scholarly review format, subscribe today to the Journal of Advanced Oral Research!

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Journal of Advanced Oral Research is a peer-reviewed bi-annual journal dedicated to the dissemination of scientific facts and details relevant to dentistry with a good determination for exploring and sharing the knowledge of the latest research to the oral and dental community.

Journal does not limit itself to any specialization and, therefore, interests a wide range of readers throughout the globe including:

· Orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics
· Periodontology
· Pediatric dentistry
· Prosthodontics
· Restorative dentistry and Endodontics
· Oral Implantology
· Preventive and Community dentistry (Dental public health)
· Oral and maxillofacial medicine
· Oral and maxillofacial pathology
· Oral and maxillofacial radiology
· Oral and maxillofacial surgery
· Special needs dentistry
· Oral Biology
· Forensic odontology
· Geriatric dentistry
· Dental BioMaterials

Journal scope includes original studies, systematic reviews, narrative reviews to a very unique case reports from various specialties of dentistry.

For the best coverage of the whole field of dentistry in a scholarly review format, subscribe today to the Journal of Advanced Oral Research!

Assistant Editors
Hardy Limeback Professor and Head (Past), Department of Preventive Dentistry, University of Toronto, Canada
Saman Warnakulasurya Professor of Oral Medicine & Experimental Oral Pathology, Head and Chair of Department, King's College London, London, UK
Suhas Kulkarni Professor and Head, Public Health Dentistry, NTR University, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India
Prabhu Duraiswamy Professor, Public Health Dentistry, SRM Dental College & Hospital, Tamil Nadu, India
International Advisory Board
Leela Alluri Resident, Department of Periodontics, School of Dental Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA
Shaul Lin Head, Department of Endodontics and Dental Trauma, Graduate School of Dentistry, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel
Vineet Dhar Associate Professor, Department of Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry, University of Maryland School of Dentistry, Baltimore, USA
Fernando Luiz Zanferrari Stomatology Department, Curitiba, Brazil
Ali Borzabadi Farahani Senior Lecturer (Orthodontics), Faculty of Dentistry, BPP University, London, UK
Vesna Ambarkova Department of Preventive & Pediatric Dentistry, Ss. Cyril & Methodius University, Macedonia
Paolo Cappare Assistant Professor, Vita Salute University, Milan, Italy
Nabil Al-Zubair Assistant Professor & Consultant Orthodontist, Department of Preventive, Orthodontic & Paedodontic Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, Sana’a University, Yemen
Arthur M Kemoli Department of Pediatric & Orthodontics, University of Nairobi, Nairobi
Prashant Choudhary Assistant Professor, Faculty of Dentistry, SEGi University Sdn Bhd (100589-U), Selangor, Malaysia
Vinod Rattan Professor & Head, Department of Biochemistry, Sri Sukhmani Dental College & Hospital, Dera Bassi, Punjab, India
Deepak Viswanath Professor and Head, Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Krishnadevaraya College of Dental Sciences, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
Shyamala K Reader, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Rajarajeswari Dental College and Hospital, Bangaluru, Karnataka, India
Prashant Babaji Professor, Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Sharavathi Dental College, Shimoga, Karnataka, India
Abhisheka K N Assistant Professor, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Coorg Institute of Dental Science, Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Karnataka, India
Guntipalli M Naidu Assistant Professor, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Drs Sudha & Nageswararao Siddhartha Institute of Dental Sciences, Dr NTR University of Health Sciences, Vijayawada, Andra Pradesh, India
Shrikant Patel Assistant Professor, Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Pacific Dental College & Hospital, Rajasthan, India
Ranwa BR Sr. Biostatistician, Department of Biostatastics, Mohanlal Sukhadiya University, India
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  • Manuscript Submission Guidelines

    Journal of Advanced Oral Research

    This Journal recommends that authors follow the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals formulated by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).

    Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s submission site [https://peerreview.sagepub.com/aad] to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to the below guidelines may be returned.

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Journal of Advanced Oral Research will be reviewed. There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this journal.

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.

    1. What do we publish?

    1.1 Aims & Scope

    Before submitting your manuscript to Journal of Advanced Oral Research, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope.

    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy

    Journal operates a strictly blinded peer review process in which the reviewer’s name is withheld from the author and, the author’s name from the reviewer. The reviewer may at their own discretion opt to reveal their name to the author in their review but our standard policy practice is for both identities to remain concealed.

    2.2 Authorship

    Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.

    The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:

    (i) Made a substantial contribution to the concept or design of the work; or acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data,

    (ii) Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,

    (iii) Approved the version to be published,

    (iv) Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.

    Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.

    Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section. Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on authorship.

    2.3 Acknowledgements

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.

    2.3.1 Writing assistance

    Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance. It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.

    2.4 Funding

    Journal of Advanced Oral Research requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading. In the event of funding, state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests

    It is the policy of Journal of Advanced Oral Research to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.

    Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’. For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations here

    2.6 Research ethics and patient consent

    Medical research involving human subjects must be conducted according to the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki. Manuscripts not in agreement with the guidelines of the Helsinki Declaration as revised in 1975 will not be accepted for publication.

    Submitted manuscripts should conform to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, and all papers reporting animal and/or human studies must state in the methods section that the relevant Ethics Committee or Institutional Review Board provided (or waived) approval. Please ensure that you have provided the full name and institution of the review committee, in addition to the approval number.

    In all reports of original studies with humans, authors should specifically state the nature of the ethical review and clearance of the study protocol. Informed consent must be obtained from human subjects participating in research studies. Some reports, such as those dealing with institutionalized children or mentally retarded persons, may need additional details of ethical clearance.

    For research articles, authors are also required to state in the methods section whether participants provided informed consent and whether the consent was written or verbal.

    Information on informed consent to report individual cases or case series should be included in the manuscript text. A statement is required regarding whether written informed consent for patient information and images to be published was provided by the patient(s) or a legally authorized representative.

    Please also refer to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Protection of Research Participants

    2.7 Clinical trials

    Journal of Advanced Oral Research conforms to the ICMJE requirement that clinical trials are registered in a WHO-approved public trials registry at or before the time of first patient enrolment as a condition of consideration for publication. The trial registry name and URL, and registration number must be included at the end of the abstract.]

    Journal of Advanced Oral Research encourages authors submitting manuscripts reporting from a clinical trial to register the trials in any of the following free, public clinical trials registries: www.clinicaltrials.gov , http://clinicaltrialsdev , ifpma.org/http://isrctn.org/ . The clinical trial registration number and name of the trial register will then be published with the manuscript

    2.8 Reporting guidelines

    The relevant EQUATOR Network reporting guidelines should be followed depending on the type of study. For example, all randomized controlled trials submitted for publication should include a completed CONSORT flow chart as a cited figure and the completed CONSORT checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses should include the completed PRISMA flow chart as a cited figure and the completed PRISMA checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. The EQUATOR wizard can help you identify the appropriate guideline.

    Other resources can be found at NLM’s Research Reporting Guidelines and Initiatives

    3. Publishing Policies

    3.1 Publication ethics

    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway.

    3.1.1 Plagiarism

    Journal of Advanced Oral Research and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    3.2 Contributor’s publishing agreement

    Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright.

    3.3 Open access and author archiving

    Journal of Advanced Oral Research offers optional open access publishing via the SAGE Choice programme. For more information please visit the SAGE Choice website.

    4. Preparing your manuscript for submission

    Manuscripts should be submitted electronically on https://peerreview.sagepub.com/aad

    Structure all manuscripts submitted to AAD should follow the guidelines regarding structure as below.

    Title Page: The title page should have the following information:

    1. Article title. Authors should include all information in the title that will make electronic retrieval of the article both sensitive and specific. A title should be of no more than 50 words, a running head of no more than 50 characters.

    2. Authors’ names, institutional affiliation and each author’s highest academic degree.

    3. The name of the department(s) and institution(s) to which the work should be attributed.

    4. Disclaimers, if any.

    5. Contact information for corresponding authors. The name, mailing address, telephone and fax numbers, and e-mail address of the author responsible for correspondence about the manuscript (the “corresponding author;” this author may or may not be the “guarantor” for the integrity of the study). The corresponding author should indicate clearly whether his or her e-mail address can be published.

    6. The name and address of the author to who requests for reprints should be addressed or a statement that reprints are not available from the authors.

    7. Source(s) of support in the form of grants, equipment, drugs, or all of these.

    8. A running head. Some journals request a short running head or foot line, usually no more than 40 characters (including letters and spaces) at the foot of the title page. Running heads are published in most journals, but are also sometimes used within the editorial office for filing and locating manuscripts.

    9. Word counts. A word count for the text only (excluding abstract, acknowledgments, figure legends, and references) allows editors and reviewers to assess whether the information contained in the paper warrants the amount of space devoted to it, and whether the submitted manuscript fits within the journal’s word limits. A separate word count for the Abstract is useful for the same reason.

    10. The number of figures and tables. It is difficult for editorial staff and reviewers to determine whether the figures and tables that should have accompanied a manuscript were actually included unless the numbers of figures and tables are noted on the title page.

    11. Abstract: All manuscripts submitted to JOAOR should use a structured abstract under the headings: Objectives - Methods - Results - Conclusions. Structured abstracts are preferred for original research and systematic reviews. The abstract should provide the context or background for the study and should state the study’s purpose, basic procedures (selection of study subjects or laboratory animals, observational and analytical methods), main findings (giving specific effect sizes and their statistical significance, if possible), principal conclusions, and funding sources. It should emphasize new and important aspects of the study or observations.

    12. Main Text of Original Articles: The text of observational and experimental articles should be divided into the following sections: Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion. Long articles may need subheadings within some sections (especially Methods and Results) to clarify their content. Other types of articles, such as case reports, reviews, and editorials need to be formatted differently.

    13. Authors should number all of the pages of the manuscript consecutively, beginning with the title page, to facilitate the editorial process.

    14. Introduction: Provide a context or background for the study (that is, the nature of the problem and its significance). State the specific purpose or research objective of, or hypothesis tested by, the study or observation; the research objective is often more sharply focused when stated as a question. Both the main and secondary objectives should be clear, and any prespecified subgroup analyses should be described. Provide only directly pertinent references, and do not include data or conclusions from the work being reported.

    15. Outline the historical or logical origins of the study and not summarize the results; exhaustive literature reviews are not appropriate. It should close with the explicit statement of the specific aims/objective of the investigation and study hypothesis.

    16. Materials and Methods must contain sufficient detail such that, in combination with the references cited, all studies reported can be fully reproduced. As a condition of publication, authors are required to make materials and methods used freely available to academic researchers for their own use.

    17. Describe your selection of the observational or experimental participants (patients or laboratory animals, including controls) clearly, including eligibility and exclusion criteria and a description of the source population. It should be clarified that how and why a study was done in a particular way.

    18. When authors use such variables as race or ethnicity, they should define how they measured these variables and justify their relevance.

    19. The Methods section should include only information that was available at the time the plan or protocol for the study was being written; all information obtained during the study belongs in the results section. Inform consent and Ethical approval are must content where applicable.

    20. Authors submitting review manuscripts should include a section describing the methods used for locating, selecting, extracting, and synthesizing data. These methods should also be summarized in the abstract.

    21. Results: Present your results in logical sequence in the text, tables, and illustrations, giving the main or most important findings first. Do not repeat all the data in the tables or illustrations in the text; emphasize or summarize only the most important observations. Extra or supplementary materials and technical detail can be placed in an appendix where they will be accessible but will not interrupt the flow of the text.

    22. When data are summarized in the Results section, give numeric results not only as derivatives (for example, percentages) but also as the absolute numbers from which the derivatives were calculated, and specify the statistical methods used to analyze them. Restrict tables and figures to those needed to explain the argument of the paper and to assess supporting data. Use graphs as an alternative to tables with many entries; do not duplicate data in graphs and tables. Avoid nontechnical uses of technical terms in statistics, such as “random” (which implies a randomizing device), “normal,” “significant,” “correlations,” and “sample.”

    23. Where scientifically appropriate, analyses of the data by such variables as age and sex should be included. Also specify the software used with all relevant details of statistical analysis.

    24. Discussion: Usually start with a brief summary of the major findings, but repetition of parts of the abstract or of the results sections should be avoided. The section should end with a brief conclusion and a comment on the potential clinical program or policy relevance of the findings. Statements and interpretation of the data should be appropriately supported by original references.

    25. Emphasize the new and important aspects of the study and the conclusions that follow from them in the context of the totality of the best available evidence. For experimental studies, it is useful to begin the discussion by briefly summarizing the main findings, then explore possible mechanisms or explanations for these findings, compare and contrast the results with other relevant studies, state the limitations of the study, and explore the implications of the findings for future research and for clinical practice.

    26. Link the conclusions with the goals of the study but avoid unqualified statements and conclusions not adequately supported by the data. In particular, avoid making statements on economic benefits and costs unless the manuscript includes the appropriate economic data and analyses. Avoid claiming priority or alluding to work that has not been completed. State new hypotheses when warranted, but label them clearly as such.

    27. Tables, Figures: Tables are part of the text and should be included, one per page, after the References. All graphs, drawings, and photographs are considered figures and should be sequentially numbered with Arabic numerals. Each figure must be on a separate page and each must have a caption. All captions, with necessary references, should be typed together on a separate page and numbered clearly (Fig.1, Fig. 2, etc.). Please submit all images of manuscript in minimum 600 dpi original resolution.

    28. Figure Legends: All captions, with necessary references, should be typed together on a separate page and numbered clearly (Fig.1, Fig. 2, etc.). Type or print out legends for illustrations using double spacing, starting on a separate page, with Arabic numerals corresponding to the illustrations. When symbols, arrows, numbers, or letters are used to identify parts of the illustrations, identify and explain each one clearly in the legend. Explain the internal scale and identify the method of staining in photomicrographs.

    29. Units of Measurement: Measurements of length, height, weight, and volume should be reported in metric units (meter, kilogram, or liter) or their decimal multiples. Temperatures should be in degrees Celsius. Blood pressures should be in millimeters of mercury. Authors are requested to add alternative or non-SI units, since SI units are not universally used. Drug concentrations may be reported in either SI or mass units, but the alternative should be provided in parentheses where appropriate.

    30. Abbreviations, Symbols and Nomenclature: Use only standard abbreviations; use of nonstandard abbreviations can be confusing to readers. Avoid abbreviations in the title of the manuscript. The spelled-out abbreviation followed by the abbreviation in parenthesis should be used on first mention unless the abbreviation is a standard unit of measurement.

    4.4 Reference style

    Journal of Advanced Oral Research adheres to the SAGE Vancouver reference style. View the SAGE Vancouver guidelines to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    If you use EndNote to manage references, you can download the SAGE Vancouver EndNote output file

    4.5 English language editing services

    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

    5. On acceptance and publication

    5.1 SAGE Production

    Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be sent by PDF to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly. Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate. Please note that if there are any changes to the author list at this stage all authors will be required to complete and sign a form authorising the change

    5.2 Online First publication

    Online First allows final articles (completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication.

    5.3 Access to your published article

    SAGE provides authors with online access to their final article.

    5.4 Promoting your article

    Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The SAGE Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice. In addition, SAGE is partnered with Kudos, a free service that allows authors to explain, enrich, share, and measure the impact of their article. Find out how to maximise your article’s impact with Kudos.

    6. Further information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the Journal of Advanced Oral Research SAGE administration on the submission site.

     

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