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Investigating the Social World
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Investigating the Social World
The Process and Practice of Research

Ninth Edition (International Student Edition)
Experience with SAGE edge


April 2018 | 728 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
 
About the Author
 
Preface
 
Acknowledgments
 
Section I. Foundations for Social Research
 
1. Science, Society, and Social Research
Learning About the Social World  
Avoiding Errors in Reasoning About the Social World  
Science and Social Science  
Strengths and Limitations of Social Research  
Alternative Research Orientations  
Conclusions  
 
2. The Process and Problems of Social Research
Social Research Questions  
Social Theories  
Social Research Foundations  
Social Research Strategies  
Social Research Organizations  
Social Research Standards  
Conclusions  
 
3. Research Ethics and Research Proposals
Historical Background  
Ethical Principles  
The Institutional Review Board  
Social Research Proposals  
Conclusions  
 
Section II. Fundamentals of Social Research
 
4. Conceptualization and Measurement
Concepts  
From Concepts to Indicators  
From Observations to Concepts  
Measurement  
Levels of Measurement  
Evaluating Measures  
Conclusions  
 
5. Sampling and Generalizability
Sample Planning  
Sampling Methods  
Sampling Distributions  
Conclusions  
 
6. Research Design and Causation
Research Design Alternatives  
Criteria and Cautions for Nomothetic Causal Explanations  
Comparing Research Designs  
Conclusions  
 
Section III. Basic Social Research Design
 
7. Experiments
History of Experimentation  
True Experiments  
Quasi-Experiments  
Validity in Experiments  
Ethical Issues in Experimental  
Conclusions  
 
8. Survey Research
Survey Research in the Social Sciences  
Writing Survey Questions  
Combining Questions in Indexes  
Designing Questionnaires  
Organizing Surveys  
Ethical Issues in Survey Research  
Conclusions  
 
9. Quantitative Data Analysis
Introducing Statistics  
Preparing for Data Analysis  
Displaying Univariate Distributions  
Summarizing Univariate Distributions  
Analyzing Data Ethically: How Not to Lie With Statistics  
Cross-Tabulating Variables  
Regression Analysis  
Performing Meta-Analyses  
Analyzing Data Ethically: How Not to Lie About Relationships  
Conclusions  
 
10. Qualitative Methods
Fundamentals of Qualitative Methods  
Participant Observation  
Intensive Interviewing  
Interviewing Online  
Focus Groups  
Generalizability in Qualitative Research  
Ethical Issues in Qualitative Research  
Conclusions  
 
11. Qualitative Data Analysis
Features of Qualitative Data Analysis  
Techniques of Qualitative Data Analysis  
Alternatives in Qualitative Data  
Visual Sociology  
Systematic Observation  
Participatory Action Research  
Computer-Assisted Qualitative Data Analysis  
Ethics in Qualitative Data Analysis  
Conclusions  
 
Section IV. Complex Social Research Designs
 
12. Mixed Methods
History of Mixed Methods  
Types of Mixed Methods  
Strengths and Limitations of Mixed Methods  
Ethics and Mixed Methods  
Conclusions  
 
13. Evaluation and Policy Research
History of Evaluation Research  
Evaluation Basics  
Questions for Evaluation Research  
Design Decisions  
Policy Research  
Ethics in Evaluation  
Conclusions  
 
14. Research Using Secondary Data and “Big” Data
Secondary Data Sources  
Challenges for Secondary Data Analyses  
Big Data  
Ethical Issues in Secondary Data Analysis and Big Data  
Conclusions  
 
15. Research Using Historical and Comparative Data and Content Analysis
Overview of Historical and Comparative Research Methods  
Historical Social Science Methods  
Comparative Social Science Methods  
Demographic Analysis  
Content Analysis  
Ethical Issues in Historical and Comparative Research and Content Analysis  
Conclusions  
 
16. Summarizing and Reporting Research
Writing Research  
Displaying Research  
Reporting Research  
Ethics, Politics, and Research Reports  
Conclusions  
 
Appendix A: Questions to Ask About a Research Article
 
Appendix B: How to Read a Research Article
 
Appendix C: Table of Random Numbers
 
Glossary
 
Bibliography
 
Index

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