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Introduction to Criminal Justice
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Introduction to Criminal Justice
Practice and Process

Fourth Edition

Other Titles in:
Criminal Justice

November 2019 | 512 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
The best-selling Introduction to Criminal Justice: Practice and Process uses a practical, applied approach to teach students the foundations of the U.S. criminal justice system. Award-winning authors Kenneth J. Peak and Tamara D. Madensen-Herold draw on their many years of combined practitioner and academic experience to explain the importance of criminal justice and show how key trends, emerging issues, and practical lessons can be applied in the field. The Fourth Edition keeps students up to date with new content on recent cases, cybercrime, policing strategies, drug abuse, human trafficking, terrorism, immigration, and much more.
 
This title is accompanied by a complete teaching and learning package. Contact your SAGE representative to request a demo.
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      Assignable video (available with SAGE Vantage) is tied to learning objectives and curated exclusively for this text to bring concepts to life. Watch a sample video now.
  • LMS Cartridge (formerly known as SAGE Coursepacks): Import this title’s instructor resources into your school’s learning management system (LMS) and save time. Don’t use an LMS? You can still access all of the same online resources for this title via the password-protected Instructor Resource Site.  Learn more.

Prefer a streamlined text? Peak and Madensen-Herold’s bestseller is now available as A Brief Introduction to Criminal Justice: Practice and Process. Learn more.

 
PREFACE
 
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
 
ABOUT THE AUTHORS
 
PART I: CRIMINAL JUSTICE AS A SYSTEM: THE BASICS
 
Chapter 1: Fundamentals of Criminal Justice: Essential Themes and Practices
Introduction

 
Foundations of Criminal Justice: Legal and Historical Bases

 
Crime Control and Due Process: Do Ends Justify Means?

 
Discretion: Making and Applying the Law

 
The Criminal Justice Process: An Overview of Flow and Functions

 
The Wedding Cake Model of Criminal Justice

 
Ethics Throughout the Criminal Justice System

 
In a Nutshell

 
Key Terms & Concepts

 
Review Questions

 
Learn by Doing

 
 
Chapter 2: Foundations of Law and Crime: Nature, Elements, and Measurement
Introduction

 
Common Law and Its Progeny

 
Modern-Day Sources and Hierarchy of Law

 
Criminal and Civil Law

 
Substantive and Procedural Law

 
Essential Elements: Mens Rea and Actus Reus

 
Felonies and Misdemeanors

 
Offense Definitions and Categories

 
Measuring Crime and Victimization

 
In a Nutshell

 
Key Terms & Concepts

 
Review Questions

 
Learn by Doing

 
 
Chapter 3: Theories of Criminality and Crime
Introduction

 
Classical and Positivist Theories

 
Biological, Trait, and Developmental Theories

 
Social Structure Theories

 
Social Process Theories

 
Social Conflict Theories

 
Feminist Theories

 
Environmental Criminology Theories

 
In Their Own Words: Offenders Speak

 
In a Nutshell

 
Key Terms & Concepts

 
Review Questions

 
Learn by Doing

 
 
Chapter 4: Ethical Essentials: Doing Right When No One Is Watching
Introduction

 
Good Examples of Bad Examples

 
Philosophical Foundations

 
Ethics in Policing

 
Ethics in the Courts

 
Ethical Conduct of Federal Employees

 
Ethics in Corrections

 
Ethics Tests for the Criminal Justice Student

 
In a Nutshell

 
Key Terms & Concepts

 
Review Questions

 
Learn by Doing

 
 
PART II: THE POLICE
 
Chapter 5: Police Organization: Structure and Functions
Introduction

 
English and Colonial Roots: An Overview

 
Policing Comes to the United States

 
Federal Law Enforcement

 
State Agencies

 
Local Agencies: Municipal Police Departments and Sheriff’s Offices

 
Interested in a Career? Some General Considerations

 
On Guard: The Private Police

 
In a Nutshell

 
Key Terms & Concepts

 
Review Questions

 
Learn by Doing

 
 
Chapter 6: Police at Work: Patrolling and Investigating
Introduction

 
From Citizen to Patrol Officer

 
Having the “Right Stuff”: Defining the Role

 
Stressors in Police Work

 
Use of Discretion

 
Community Policing and Problem Solving

 
The Work of Forensics and Detectives

 
In a Nutshell

 
Key Terms & Concepts

 
Review Questions

 
Learn by Doing

 
 
Chapter 7: Policing Methods and Challenges: Issues of Force, Liability, and Technologies
Introduction

 
Use of Force: A Sacred Trust

 
When Failing the Public Trust: Civil Liability

 
Selected Technologies: Uses and Concerns

 
In a Nutshell

 
Key Terms & Concepts

 
Review Questions

 
Learn by Doing

 
 
Chapter 8: Expounding the Constitution: Laws of Arrest, Search, and Seizure
Introduction

 
The Fourth Amendment

 
The Fifth Amendment

 
The Sixth Amendment

 
In a Nutshell

 
Key Terms & Concepts

 
Review Questions

 
Learn by Doing

 
 
PART III: THE COURTS
 
Chapter 9: Court Organization: Structure, Functions, and the Trial Process
Introduction

 
American Courts: A Dual Court System

 
State Courts

 
Federal Courts

 
Making Preparations: Pretrial Processes

 
The Trial Process

 
Technologies in the Courts

 
In a Nutshell

 
Key Terms & Concepts

 
Review Questions

 
Learn by Doing

 
 
Chapter 10: The Bench and the Bar: Those Who Judge, Prosecute, and Defend
Introduction

 
Those Who Would Be Judges: Selection Methods and Issues

 
Judges’ Benefits, Training, and Challenges

 
The Art of Judging, Courtroom Civility, and Judicial Misconduct

 
The Attorneys

 
Courtroom Work Group

 
Defenses

 
In a Nutshell

 
Key Terms & Concepts

 
Review Questions

 
Learn by Doing

 
 
Chapter 11: Court Methods and Challenges: Sentencing and Punishment
Introduction

 
Purposes of Punishment

 
Types of Sentences to Be Served

 
Sentencing Guidelines

 
Victim Impact Statements

 
Capital Punishment

 
Aggravating and Mitigating Circumstances

 
Criminal Appeals

 
In a Nutshell

 
Key Terms & Concepts

 
Review Questions

 
Learn by Doing

 
 
PART IV: CORRECTIONS
 
Chapter 12: Prisons and Jails: Structure and Function
Introduction

 
Correctional Facilities as Organizations

 
State Prisons as Organizations

 
Federal Prisons

 
Supermax Prisons

 
Private Prisons

 
Jails as Organizations

 
Technologies in Correctional Facilities: Going After Contraband

 
In a Nutshell

 
Key Terms & Concepts

 
Review Questions

 
Learn by Doing

 
 
Chapter 13: The Inmates’ World: The “Keepers” and the “Kept”
Introduction

 
The Nature of Incarceration

 
Prison and Jail as Work

 
Issues of Prison Governance

 
Prisoners’ Constitutional Rights

 
Preparation for Reentry and Aftercare

 
In a Nutshell

 
Key Terms & Concepts

 
Review Questions

 
Learn by Doing

 
 
Chapter 14: Corrections in the Community: Probation, Parole, and Other Alternatives to Incarceration
Introduction

 
Why Alternatives to Incarceration?

 
Origins of Probation and Parole

 
Probation and Parole Today

 
Do Probation and Parole Work?

 
Functions of Probation and Parole Officers

 
Other Alternatives: Intermediate Sanctions

 
Confronting Recidivists: The Risk-Need-Responsivity (RNR) Model

 
Restorative Justice

 
In a Nutshell

 
Key Terms & Concepts

 
Review Questions

 
Learn by Doing

 
 
PART V: SPANNING THE SYSTEM: METHODS AND ISSUES
 
Chapter 15: Juvenile Justice: Philosophy, Law, and Practices
Introduction

 
History of Juvenile Justice

 
Unique Philosophy, Principles, and Goals

 
Juvenile Offending Today: Extent and Possible Causes

 
Youth Gangs: An Overview

 
Aftercare and Reentry

 
Significant Court Decisions

 
In a Nutshell

 
Key Terms & Concepts

 
Review Questions

 
Learn by Doing

 
 
Chapter 16: On the Crime Policy and Prevention Agenda: Drug Abuse, Sex Trafficking, Terrorism, and Immigration
Introduction

 
America’s Drug Epidemic

 
Sex Trafficking

 
Policing Terrorism

 
Immigration: Who Should be Coming to America?

 
In a Nutshell

 
Key Terms & Concepts

 
Review Questions

 
Learn by Doing

 
 
APPENDIX: BILL OF RIGHTS
 
ASSESS YOUR AWARENESS ANSWERS
 
GLOSSARY
 
NOTES
 
INDEX

Supplements

Student Study Site

edge.sagepub.com/peak4e

 

The open-access Student Study Site makes it easy for students to maximize their study time, anywhere, anytime. It offers flashcards that strengthen understanding of key terms and concepts, as well as learning objectives that reinforce the most important material.

Instructor Resource Site
edge.sagepub.com/peak4e


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"A very comprehensive textbook that enlightens students new to Criminal Justice."

Christopher Martinez
City University of New York –Christopher

"This text addresses all of the parts of the criminal justice system. It has great resources and the student can get a good grasp on the parts of the criminal justice system."

Jessica Noble
Lewis & Clark Community College

“Excellent and comprehensive overview of the criminal justice system!”

R. D. Robertson
Bryant & Stratton College

This is a well-written book. The contents and figures are up-to-date and easy to understand. My colleagues are also recommending this book.

Dr Minxuan Lan
Justice Sciences, The University Of Findlay
August 25, 2021