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Introduction to Corrections - Interactive eBook
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Introduction to Corrections - Interactive eBook

Third Edition


January 2019 | SAGE Publications, Inc

This interactive eBook includes access to SAGE Premium Video and much more!

 

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This dynamic interactive eBook goes way beyond highlighting and note taking, giving you access to SAGE Premium Video—curated and produced specifically for Introduction to Corrections, Third Edition. Read your mobile-friendly eBook and access SAGE Premium Video and multimedia tools anywhere, anytime across desktop, smartphone, and tablet devices. Simply click on icons in the eBook to experience a broad array of multimedia features, including:

 

  • VIDEO: Boost learning and bolster analysis with SAGE Premium Video, including video cases. Recapping the fundamentals in every chapter, each video activity is paired with chapter learning objectives and tied to assessment via SAGE coursepacks, offering an engaging approach that appeals to diverse learners.
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  • JOURNAL ARTICLES: Access articles from SAGE’s influential journals that offer important background and exposure to seminal work in your field of study.
  • OFFLINE READING: Using the VitalSource Bookshelf® platform, download your book to a personal computer and read it offline.
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  • ONLINE CONTENT: Access more online content via links to important data, relevant background, and profiles that enrich key concepts in the text.
 
PART I: FOUNDATIONS OF CORRECTIONS
 
Chapter 1: Early History of Punishment and the Development of Prisons in the United States
Defining Corrections: A Variety of Possibilities

 
The Notion of Punishment and Corrections Throughout History

 
The Enlightenment and Correctional Reform

 
Punishment During Early American History: 1700s–1800s

 
The Age of the Reformatory in America

 
Prisons in America: 1900s to the End of World War II

 
Modern Day Systems: Federal and State Inmate Characteristics

 
 
Chapter 2: Ideological and Theoretical Underpinnings to Sentencing and Correctional Policy
Introduction

 
Philosophical Underpinnings

 
Types of Sanctions

 
Sentencing Models

 
Criminological Theories and Corrections

 
 
Chapter 3: Correctional Law and Legal Liabilities
Introduction

 
The Hands-Off Doctrine

 
The Emergence of Inmate Rights

 
Corrections and the Constitution

 
A Restrained Hands-On Perspective and Court Deference to Prisons

 
State and Federal Legal Liabilities

 
Compliance With Judicial Orders

 
 
PART II: CORRECTIONAL PRACTICES
 
Chapter 4: Jail and Detention Facilities
Introduction

 
Jails in the Past

 
The Modern Jail

 
Jails as Short-Term Institutions

 
Jails as Long-Term Facilities

 
Health Care in Jails

 
Jail Training Standards

 
Specialized Types of Jail Sentences

 
Special Issues in Jails

 
 
Chapter 5: Probation
Introduction

 
A Brief History of Probation

 
Contemporary Probation: When the Jail Is Full

 
Characteristics of Probationers

 
The Administration of Probation

 
Probation Officers

 
Probation Revocation

 
 
Chapter 6: Intermediate Sanctions
Introduction

 
Types of Intermediate Sanctions

 
Methods of Ensuring Compliance

 
Intermediate Sanctions in Different States

 
 
Chapter 7: Facility Design to Meet Security and Programming Needs
Introduction

 
Prison Facility Designs Throughout History

 
The Rise of the Supermax

 
Accommodations for Inmates With Disabilities

 
Innovative Security Designs

 
Internal Security

 
Auxiliary Services and Physical Security

 
Technology Systems in Prisons

 
 
Chapter 8: Classification and Custody Levels
Introduction

 
History of Classification

 
Rationale for Classification

 
The Goals of Classification Systems

 
Elements of All Classification Systems

 
Special Housing Assignments

 
 
Chapter 9: Prison Subculture and Prison Gang Influence
Introduction

 
Theories of Prison Subculture

 
The Inmate Subculture of Modern Times

 
The Impact of the Inmate Subculture on Corrections Staff

 
Scenario 1

 
Scenario 2

 
Prisonization

 
The Guard Subculture

 
The Impact of Gangs Upon Prison Subculture

 
Major Prison Gangs in the United States

 
 
Chapter 10: Immigration Detention Centers Deciding to Stay or Go
Introduction

 
A History of Competing & Contradictory Objectives to Immigration Control

 
Current Organization & Implementation of Immigration Control

 
Special Insert 10.1: The 38 National Detention Standards

 
The Mission of the ERO

 
The Structure of the ERO and Detention Facilities

 
The ERO Classification System

 
Jails and Immigration Detention

 
Budgeting for ICE: Notable Concerns

 
Lobbying and Big Money for Private Prison Companies

 
Civil Rights Violations in Immigration Detention Facilities

 
Detention Facility Housing Conditions

 
Failure to Uphold Legal Requirements

 
 
Chapter 11: Female Offenders in Correctional Systems
Introduction

 
Female Offenders Behind Bars: A Detailed Look at Percentages and Rates

 
Rates of Women Held in State Prisons, in Local Jails, or on Community Supervision

 
History of Women Behind Bars

 
Women’s Reformatories in the Early Twentieth Century: A Feminist Perspective

 
Issues Related to the Modern-Day Female Offender Population

 
Considerations for Female Offenders

 
Conditions of Care for Female Offenders

 
Female Offenders and Treatment Implications

 
 
Chapter 12: Specialized Inmate Populations
Introduction

 
Administrative Considerations

 
Prison Subculture and Special Needs Offenders

 
Mentally Ill Offenders

 
Sex Offenders

 
HIV/AIDS-Related Offenders

 
Elderly Offenders

 
 
Chapter 13: Juvenile Correctional Systems
Introduction

 
History of Juvenile Corrections

 
Legal Precepts and Orientation of the Juvenile Justice System

 
Screening and Classification of Juvenile Offenders

 
Commonality of Juvenile as Victim of Prior Abuse

 
Female Juveniles in Custody

 
Juvenile Gang Members

 
Detention Versus Incarceration

 
Incarceration of Juveniles

 
 
Chapter 14: Correctional Administration
Introduction

 
Federal Bureau of Prisons Administration

 
Regional Offices and Jurisdictions

 
Correctional System Administration

 
Levels of Prison Management

 
Styles of Management

 
Management Versus Leadership

 
Women in Correctional Management

 
The Corrections Workforce

 
Emergency Management

 
 
Chapter 15: Prison Programming
Introduction

 
Medical Care

 
Food Service

 
Educational Programs

 
Prison Work Programs

 
Drug Treatment Programs

 
Recreational Programs

 
Religious Programs

 
 
Chapter 16: Parole and Reintegration
Introduction

 
Parole and Parolee Characteristics

 
The Beginning History of Parole

 
Parole at the State Level

 
Parole as the Correctional Release Valve for Prisons

 
The Role of Institutional Parole Officers

 
Common Conditions of Parole

 
Reentry Initiatives

 
The Use of Reentry Councils

 
Violations of Parole, Parole Warrants, and Parole Revocation Proceedings

 
 
PART III: ISSUES AND TRENDS IN CORRECTIONS
 
Chapter 17: The Death Penalty
Introduction

 
Constitutionality of the Death Penalty

 
Death Row Statistics

 
Methods of Execution

 
Arguments For and Against the Death Penalty

 
Brutalization Hypothesis

 
Correctional Aspects of the Death Penalty

 
 
Chapter 18: Program Evaluation, Evidence-Based Practices, and Future Trends in Corrections
Introduction

 
Evaluation Research

 
Evidence-Based Practice

 
The Future of Corrections

 

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