International Journal of Architectural Computing

International Journal of Architectural Computing

Prof. Andre Brown University of Liverpool, UK
Senior Editor
Dr.Tuba Kocaturk University of Liverpool, UK

Other Titles in:
Computer Aided Design | Design | Modeling

eISSN: 20483988 | ISSN: 14780771 | Current volume: 15 | Current issue: 1 Frequency: Quarterly
The International Journal of Architectural Computing (IJAC) is an exciting peer-reviewed journal founded by international organizations dedicated to promoting collaborative research and development of computer-aided architectural design. IJAC is committed to deepening the understanding of the foundations of digital systems for architectural design and the technologies enabling their development and application.

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

There are four issues of IJAC per year: published in both electronic and hard copies. Successively, one issue each year is supervised by Editorial Board members from its four founding organizations:
1. eCAADe Education and Research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe
2. ACADIA Association of Computer Aided Design in Architecture
3. SIGraDi Sociedad Iberoamericana de Grafica Digital
4. CAADRIA Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia

The Journal is also strongly supported by the CAADFutures Foundation and the Foundation also contributes to the editorial arrangements for IJAC.

IJAC is a peer-reviewed journal featuring high-quality, original research papers (including state-of-the-art reviews), brief papers, and letters in all theoretical and technological areas that make up the field of Architectural Computing. Certain issues will have contemporary themes.

We will consider papers on all caad-related areas, including:
• Architectural Design Decision Support Systems
• Agent-based Knowledge Application, Infrastructure and Architecture
• Responsive Environments and Smart Spaces
• Building and Construction Management and Robotics
• Cognitive Aspects of Design Computing Systems
• Computer Supported Collaborative Problem Solving and Practice
• Digital Design, Representation and Visualization
• Design Methods, Process and Creativity
• Electronic Communication, Activities and Distance Education
• Emerging Systems and Computing Paradigms
• Energy, Sustainable Building Technology Applications
• Environment and Behavior Recording and Simulations
• Evaluation and Standards for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Technologies
• System Evolution, Learning and Adaptation
• Human-Machine Interaction Design
• Implementation, Connections of Physical Environments and Virtual Worlds
• Case-Based Reasoning, Information Processing, Indexing and Retrieval
• Intelligent Support in Design and Built Environment
• Intention and Context Aware Computing
• Knowledge Based Design and Generative Systems
• Knowledge Management, Networks, and Communities
• Multi-Media Communications and Representations
• Multi-Modal Applications and Data Analysis
• Precedents, Prototypes and Case Studies
• Prediction, Evaluation and Validation
• Visual Thinking, Visual Computing, Spatial/Temporal Reasoning and Languages

Editorial Board
Henri Achten Czech Technical University in Prague, Czech Republic
Aleksander Asanowicz Technical University of Bialystok, Poland
Marc Aurel Schnabel Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand
Underléa Bruscato Universidad Federal de Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Jane Burry RMIT University, Australia
Gabriela Celani FEC - UNICAMP, Brazil
Erik Champion Curtin University, Australia
Teng-Wen Chang National Yunlin University of Science and Technology, Taiwan
Nancy Cheng University of Oregon, USA
Mike Christenson North Dakota State University, USA
Richard Coyne University of Edinburgh, UK
Mahesh Daas University of Kansas, USA
Dirk Donath University of Weimar, Germany
Thomas Fischer Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, China
Michael Fox FoxLin Inc., USA
Pablo C. Herrera Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas, Peru
Wassim Jabi University of Cardiff, UK
Branko Kolarevic University of Calgary, Canada
Tom Kvan University of Melbourne, Australia
Brian Lockyear Gnarly Designs, USA
Greg Luhan University of Kentucky, USA
Ganapathy Mahalingham North Dakota State University, USA
Bob Martens Vienna University of Technology, Austria
Tom Maver Glasgow School of Art, UK
Neri Oxman Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA
Rivka Oxman Technion-lsrael Institute of Technology, Israel
Jose Ripper Kos Federal University of Santa Catarina, Brazil
Stanislav Roudavski University of Melbourne, Australia
Pedro A. Soza Ruiz Universidade Chile, Chile
Aaron Sprecher McGill University, Canada
Johan Verbeke KU Leuven, Belgium
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    1. Article types
    2. Editorial policies
      2.1 Peer review policy
      2.2 Authorship
      2.3 Acknowledgements
      2.4 Funding
      2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
    3. Publishing policies
      3.1 Publication ethics
      3.2 Contributor's publising agreement
      3.3 Open access and author archiving
      3.4 Permissions
    4. Preparing your manuscript
      4.1 Word processing formats
      4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
      4.3 Supplementary material
      4.4 Journal layout
      4.5 Reference style
      4.6 English language editing services
    5. Submitting your manuscript
      5.1 How to submit your manuscript
      5.2 Title, keywords and abstracts
      5.3 Corresponding author contact details
    6. On acceptance and publication
      6.1 SAGE production
      6.2 Access to your published article
      6.3 Online First publication
    7. Further information

    There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this journal.

    Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s submission site,, to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of International Journal of Architectural Computing (IJAC) will be reviewed.

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.

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    1. Article types

    Research Article
    Review Article
    Short Report
    Letters to the Editor
    Book Review

    Research Article
    Research Articles should report well-defined system implementation, well conceived research investigations, and empirical studies that have potential impact on augmenting current understanding of computational, cognitive, or applied aspects of architectural computing, as well as the enabling technologies, techniques, or systems for developing and applying new advances in architectural computing.

    It is assumed that the ideas presented are important, have been well implemented, analysed, or empirically validated, and are of added value to the architectural computing research community.

    Review Article
    State-of-the-art Articles should be comprehensive scholarly reviews of significant topics. The standard and rigour expected in such articles is high. Such articles must go beyond simple review and must contribute new insights.

    Short Report
    A brief paper presenting results that are important and original, presented in concise form. The length of such articles would normally be around 2,000 words.

    Letter to the Editor and Book Review
    A Letter to the Editor is used to convey only a few principal ideas or to comment on current issues previously published in the journal. 

    Letters to the Editor and Book Reviews should not normaly exceed 500 words. Please send any enquiries about these two article types, or proposed entries for consideration, to the Editor at the email address

    Book Reviews are normally commissioned but they can be offered via the email address above. Such reviews should also be accompanied by a front cover image, and an internal image if appropriate which may be included in the printed article.

    Manuscripts should not normally exceed 6,000 words. The main body of the paper is to be preceded by an abstract of less than 150 words, as well as a list of 4 to 8 keywords.

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    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy

    International Journal of Architectural Computing (IJAC) operates a conventional single-blind reviewing policy in which the reviewer’s name is always concealed from the authors.

    As part of the submission process you will be asked to provide the names of 2 peers who may be called upon to review your manuscript. Recommended reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Please be aware of any conflicts of interest when recommending reviewers. Examples of conflicts of interest include (but are not limited to) the below:

        • The reviewer should have no prior knowledge of your submission
        • The reviewer should not have recently collaborated with any of the authors
        • Reviewer nominees from the same institution as any of the authors are not permitted

    Please note that the Editors are not obliged to invite any recommended reviewers to assess your manuscript. IJAC regularly appoints reviewers not recommended by the author.

    All manuscripts are reviewed as rapidly as possible, and an editorial decision is generally reached within 8 weeks of submission.

    2.2 Authorship

    Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.

    The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:

      1. Made a substantial contribution to the concept and design, acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data,
      2. Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,
      3. Approved the version to be published.

    Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.

    When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.

    Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section. Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on authorship.

    2.3 Acknowledgements

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support. 

    2.3.1 Writing assistance

    Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance.

    It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.

    Any acknowledgements should appear first at the end of your article prior to your Declaration of Conflicting Interests (if applicable), any notes and your References.

    2.4 Funding

    International Journal of Architectural Computing requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading.  Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests

    It is the policy of International Journal of Architectural Computing to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.

    Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’.

    For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations.

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    3. Publishing policies

    3.1 Publication ethics

    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway.

    3.1.1 Plagiarism

    International Journal of Architectural Computing and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement

    Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway. 

    3.3 Open access and author archiving

    International Journal of Architectural Computing offers optional open access publishing via the SAGE Choice programme. For more information please visit the SAGE Choice website. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

    3.4 Permissions

    Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

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    4. Preparing your manuscript

    4.1 Word processing formats

    Preferred formats for the text and tables of your manuscript are Word DOC, RTF, XLS. LaTeX files are also accepted. The text should be double-spaced throughout and with a minimum of 3cm for left and right hand margins and 5cm at head and foot. Text should be standard 10 or 12 point. Word and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics

    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines.

    Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article.

    4.3 Supplementary material

    This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. These will be subjected to peer-review alongside the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files, which can be found within our Manuscript Submission Guidelines page.

    4.4 Journal layout

    International Journal of Architectural Computing conforms to the SAGE house style. View the SAGE UK House Style guidelines. 

    4.5 Reference style

    International Journal of Architectural Computing adheres to the SAGE Vancouver reference style. View the SAGE Vancouver guidelines to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    If you use EndNote to manage references, you can download the SAGE Vancouver EndNote output file

    4.6 English language editing services

    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

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    5. Submitting your manuscript

    5.1 How to submit your manuscript

    International Journal of Architectural Computing is hosted on SAGE Track, a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit the journal’s SAGE Track site ( to log in and submit your article online.

    IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created. For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.

    5.2 Title, keywords and abstracts

    Please supply a title, abstract, and keywords to accompany your article. The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article online through online search engines such as Google. Please refer to the information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords by visiting the SAGE Journal Author Gateway for guidelines on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.

    5.3 Corresponding author contact details

    Provide full contact details for the corresponding author including email, mailing address and telephone numbers. Academic affiliations are required for all co-authors.

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    6. On acceptance and publication 

    6.1 SAGE Production

    Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be sent by PDF to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly.

    6.2 Access to your published article

    SAGE provides authors with online access to their final article.

    6.3 Online First publication

    Online First allows final revision articles (completed articles in queue for assignment to an upcoming issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a final journal issue which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. For more information please visit our Online First Fact Sheet.

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    7. Further information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the International Journal of Architectural Computing editorial office at

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